The Battle of Pondicherry was a naval battle between a British squadron under Vice-Admiral George Pocock and French squadron under Comte d'Aché off the Carnatic coast of India near Pondicherry during the Seven Years' War. The battle took place on 10 September 1759. The outcome was indecisive.
The 1750s decade ran from January 1, 1750, to December 31, 1759.1759
was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1759th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 759th year of the 2nd millennium, the 59th year of the 18th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1759, the Gregorian calendar was
11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. In Great Britain, this year was known as the Annus Mirabilis, because of British victories in the Seven Years' War.1759 in Great Britain
Events from the year 1759 in Great Britain. This year was dubbed an "Annus Mirabilis" due to a succession of military victories in the Seven Years' War against French-led opponents.Anne Antoine, Comte d'Aché
Anne Antoine, Comte d’Aché (23 January 1701, Marbeuf – 11 February 1780) was a French naval officer who rose to the rank of vice admiral. He is best known for his service off the coast of India during the Seven Years' War, when he led the French fleet at the Battle of Cuddalore and Battle of Pondicherry. He also failed to provide adequate naval support to French troops attempting to capture Madras in 1759. After he received rumours of a British attack on the major Indian Ocean naval base Mauritius he did not go to the aid of the French forces in Pondicherry which was being besieged by the British. Pondicherry, the French capital in India, subsequently surrendered leaving Britain dominant in the continent. After the war he retired to Brest where he died in 1780.Battle of Cuddalore (1758)
For other battles with this name, see Battle of Cuddalore (disambiguation)
The naval Battle of Cuddalore took place on 29 April 1758 during the Seven Years' War near Cuddalore off the Carnatic coast of India and was an indecisive battle between a British squadron under Vice-Admiral George Pocock and French squadron under Comte d'Aché. British casualties were 29 killed and 89 wounded, while France lost 99 killed and 321 wounded. Although the battle itself was indecisive, the French fleet was able to achieve its primary objective of delivering the reinforcements that the defenders of Pondicherry were awaiting.
The two squadrons met again on 3 August in the battle of Negapatam and again on 10 September in the battle of Pondicherry.Battles of the Seven Years' War
The Seven Years' War, 1754–1763, spanned five continents, affecting Europe, the Americas, West Africa, India, and the Philippines.
The conflict split Europe into two coalitions: Kingdom of Great Britain, Prussia, Portugal, Hanover, and other small German states on one side versus the Kingdom of France, Austria-led Holy Roman Empire, Russia, Spain, several small German states, and Sweden on the other. The coalitions represented a "revolution" in diplomatic alliances, reflected in the Diplomatic Revolution. Ultimately, the victory of the Anglo-Prussian coalition undercut the balance of power in Europe, a balance that was not reestablished until 1815.Compagnies Franches de la Marine
The Compagnies Franches de la Marine (previously known as Troupes de la marine, and later being renamed and reorganized as the Troupes de Marine) were
an ensemble of autonomous infantry units attached to the French Royal Navy (French: marine royale) bound to serve both on land and sea. These troupes constituted the principal military force of France capable of intervening in actions and holding garrisons in outre-mer (overseas) from 1690 to 1761. Independent companies of the navy and colonial regulars, were under the authority of the French Minister of Marine, who was also responsible for the French navy, overseas trade, and French colonies.
In New France, these were the only regular soldiers stationed by the Crown from 1685 to 1755; that year several army battalions were dispatched to North America during the Seven Years' War between France and Great Britain, which was waged in Europe and North America.
The Naval Department of France began using the Compagnies to defend their control of the fur trade in North America with certain tribes and the safety of local civilians from raiding nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, especially the powerful Mohawk and Seneca. In 1756, after the start of the Seven Years' War (known as the French and Indian War by American historians), the Compagnies were superseded in New France by the arrival of large units of the regular army commanded by Louis-Joseph de Montcalm. After the fall of Montreal to British forces in 1760, the victors ordered the disbanding of the Compagnies in Canada. After the war ended in 1763, France ceded all of its North American territories east of the Mississippi River to the British.
In 1992 the Canadian Forces Naval Reserve revived the Compagnies as a historical re-enactment unit. It has toured the country.French ship Actif
For the French privateer of this name captured and commissioned into the Royal Navy, see HMS Actif (1794).Actif was a 64-gun ship of the line in the French Navy between 1752 and 1766.
She was built by P. Salinoc at Brest – she was laid down on 14 November 1750 and launched on 1 September 1752. She was initially commanded by captain de Caumont on the Canadian campaign, forming part of Dubois de La Motte's fleet in May 1755. At the start of the Seven Years' War. She was converted to a troop transport and reduced to 22 guns, taking nine companies of the régiment de Languedoc. On 11 September 1759 she fought at the Battle of Pondicherry. She left the fleet in 1766George Pocock
Admiral Sir George Pocock, KB (6 March 1706 – 3 April 1792) was a British officer of the Royal Navy.HMS Salisbury (1746)
HMS Salisbury was a 50-gun fourth rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. She was built during the War of the Austrian Succession and went on to see action in the Seven Years' War, serving in the East Indies.
Salisbury started her career in the western approaches, where she took part in blockades of the French coast and cruises against French ships and privateers, serving with Sir George Anson and Sir Peter Warren's fleets. During this period Salisbury's surgeon carried out experiments into the use of citrus fruit against scurvy. After some time spent as a guardship at Plymouth during the peace, Salisbury was sent to the East Indies, where she spent the rest of her career.
Salisbury was active during the Seven Years' War, serving with George Pocock's fleet, and seeing action in most of his engagements with the Comte d'Aché. She fought at Cuddalore, Negapatam and Pondicherry, and remained in the East Indies until being condemned as unserviceable at Bombay in 1761.HMS Tiger (1747)
HMS Tiger or Tygre was a 60-gun fourth rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built at Rotherhithe to the draught specified by the 1745 Establishment and launched on 23 November 1747.Jean-François-Marie de Surville
Jean-François-Marie de Surville (18 January 1717 – 8 April 1770) was a French merchant captain with the French East India Company who commanded a voyage of exploration to the South Pacific.
Born in Brittany, France, Surville joined the French East India Company when he was 10 years old, in 1727. He sailed on voyages in Indian and Chinese waters and later joined the French Navy in 1740. He fought in the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War, twice becoming a prisoner of war. After his military career ended, he rejoined the French East India Company. In 1769, he commanded an expedition into the Pacific and explored the seas around the Solomon Islands and New Zealand. While seeking help for the crew of his ship, Saint Jean-Baptiste, he drowned off the coast of Peru on 8 April 1770.List of wars involving France
The following is an incomplete list of French wars and battles from the Gauls to modern France.Pondicherry (disambiguation)
Pondicherry, officially Puducherry, is a city in the Union Territory of Puducherry.
Pondicherry may also refer to:
Puducherry, formerly Pondicherry, a Union Territory of India
Pondicherry district, a district of the Union Territory of Puducherry, containing the city of Pondicherry
Pondicherry taluk, in Pondicherry district
Puducherry (Lok Sabha constituency), a parliament constituency comprising the Union Territory of Puducherry
Battle of Pondicherry
Siege of Pondicherry (1760)
the Pondicherry football team
Pondicherry Engineering College
the Pondicherry shark
The original name of Bridgton, MainePondichéry (1754 ship)
Pondicherry (or Pondichéry) was a French East Indiaman, launched in December 1754, that the Royal Navy captured in 1756, early in the Seven Years' War with France. She was then sold and her new owners, who renamed her Pitt, proceeded to charter her to the British East India Company (EIC), for three voyages. During her first voyage she engaged a French warship, and then went on to chart a new route, Pitt's Passage, through the East Indies on the way to China. The EIC found this new route of the utmost importance as it was faster than their existing route, and was navigable in all seasons. After her return from her third voyage Pitt disappears from readily available online sources.Robert Fanshawe (Royal Navy officer)
Robert Fanshawe (4 January 1740 – 4 February 1823) was a British officer of the Royal Navy.Saint Louis (1752 ship)
Saint Louis was a French East Indiaman, launched on 27 July 1752. She served in the Indian Ocean where she participated in three battles and at least one single-ship action. In 1768, she became a careening hulk in Lorient.Siege of Pondichéry
The Siege of Pondicherry (or Pondichéry) may refer to one of the following:
the 1748 siege during the First Carnatic War (part of the War of the Austrian Succession)
the 1760-1761 siege during the Third Carnatic War (part of the Seven Years' War)
the 1778 siege during the Anglo-French War of 1778-1783
the 1793 siege during the French Revolutionary War.