On April 12, 1964, three battalions of VC invaded Kiên Long, quickly overrunning the entire district. Upon gaining control of Kien Long, they executed the district chief and his family. The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), augmented by U.S. air support, responded to the invasion in force. Although the Viet Cong were operating in the daytime, they were able to hold their own against both the ARVN and the American aircraft. After eight days of fierce combat in which heavy casualties were inflicted on both sides, the VC abandoned the district and were able to withdraw from Kien Long in an orderly fashion.
Both the ARVN and VC took heavy casualties in the fight for Kien Long. Nationwide, the ARVN took one thousand casualties (200 dead, 660 wounded, and 140 missing) from April 12 to April 20; a quarter of these were suffered at Kien Long. Additionally, the battle held major strategic significance as it marked one of the very first times that large numbers of VC operated simultaneously and openly in broad daylight.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Vietnam War:
Vietnam War – Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. This war followed the First Indochina War (1946–54) and was fought between North Vietnam—supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies—and the government of South Vietnam—supported by the United States, Philippines and other anti-communist allies. The Viet Cong (also known as the National Liberation Front, or NLF), a South Vietnamese communist common front aided by the North, fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region. The People's Army of Vietnam, also known as the North Vietnamese Army (NVA), engaged in a more conventional war, at times committing large units to battle.
Easter Offensive (1972)
Post-Paris Peace Accords (1973–1974)