Battle of An Lão

The Battle of An Lão was a battle that took place in the An Lão District of Binh Dinh, just over 300 miles north-east of Saigon.[1] The Viet Cong (VC) captured the district headquarters following an early morning surprise attack with squads scaling the fence and lobbing grenades to disable the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) machine gun positions ringing the base. A second wave of attackers infiltrated the base and ultimately took control. The VC were successful in repeatedly beating back large numbers of counterattacking ARVN troops, who rushed in by jeep and M113 armored personnel carriers. ARVN troops regained control of the district headquarters only after reinforcements are airlifted in by U.S. helicopters. The battle resulted in approximately 300 ARVN casualties, 2 American deaths, and forced as many as 7,000 villagers to abandon their homes.[2][3]

The strength of the VC attack in northern Bình Định Province indicated the changing tactics of the VC, who were prepared to switch from small-scale guerrilla actions to mobile warfare.

References

  1. ^ Tucker, The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War
  2. ^ Bowman, John S. (1985). The Vietnam War: An Almanac. New York: World Almanac Publications. ISBN 0-911818-85-5. OCLC 14098994.
  3. ^ "U.S. Casualties in Vietnam Rise; Reds Fall Back in 3-Day Battle". NY Times (AP). 1964-12-10.
An Lão District

An Lão is a district (huyện) of Bình Định Province in the South Central Coast region of Vietnam. As of 2003 the district had a population of 24,091. The district covers an area of 690 km². The district capital lies at An Lão.

Outline of the Vietnam War

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Vietnam War:

Vietnam War – Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. This war followed the First Indochina War (1946–54) and was fought between North Vietnam—supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies—and the government of South Vietnam—supported by the United States, Philippines and other anti-communist allies. The Viet Cong (also known as the National Liberation Front, or NLF), a South Vietnamese communist common front aided by the North, fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region. The People's Army of Vietnam, also known as the North Vietnamese Army (NVA), engaged in a more conventional war, at times committing large units to battle.

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