Battambang Province

Battambang (Khmer: បាត់ដំបង, IPA: [ˌɓat ɗɑm ˈɓɑːŋ], "A Lost Stick") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the far northwest. Bordering provinces are Banteay Meanchey to the north, Pursat to the east and south, Siem Reap to the northeast, and Pailin to the west. The northern and southern extremes of the province's western boundaries form part of the international border with Thailand. In addition, Tonle Sap forms part of the northeastern boundary between Siem Reap and Pursat. Its capital and largest city is Battambang.

With a population of 1,036,523, it ranks as the third most populous province. In land area, Battambang is the fifth largest province of Cambodia. Battambang is one of the provinces included in the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve.[1] The province's fertile rice fields have led to a mostly agricultural economy giving rise to the moniker "the Rice Bowl of Cambodia". The province features a range of cultures as well as natural resources. Seventy five percent of the area is jungles and mountains. The area has a tropical climate.

Battambang Province

បាត់ដំបង
Map of Cambodia highlighting Battambang Province
Map of Cambodia highlighting Battambang Province
Country Cambodia
Provincial status1907
CapitalBattambang Municipality
Government
 • GovernorNguon Ratanak (CPP)
Area
 • Total11,702.0 km2 (4,518.2 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 5th
Population
(2008)
 • Total1,036,523
 • RankRanked 3rd
 • Density89/km2 (230/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 13th
Time zoneUTC+7 (Cambodia Standard Time)
ISO 3166 codeKH-2

Etymology

Battambang literally means "Loss of Staff" in Khmer, referring to the local legend of Preah Bat Dambang Kranhoung. Stone inscriptions discovered from pre-Angkorian and Angkorian eras have as yet not mentioned any contemporary villages or districts called "Battambang" but according to the document Mohachun Khmer, "Srok Battambang" (Battambang district) was used during the Angkor and post-Angkor eras.

Administrative divisions

Battambang is subdivided into 13 districts and 1 municipality which are further subdivided into 96 subdistricts (Khmer: ឃុំ, khum) and 799 villages (Khmer: ភូមិ, phum).

ISO Code District Khmer
02-01 Banan ស្រុកបាណន់
02-02 Thma Koul ស្រុកថ្មគោល
02-03 Battambang Municipality ក្រុងបាត់ដំបង
02-04 Bavel ស្រុកបវេល
02-05 Aek Phnum ស្រុកឯកភ្នំ
02-06 Moung Ruessei ស្រុកមោងឫស្សី
02-07 Rotanak Mondol ស្រុករតនមណ្ឌល
02-08 Sangkae ស្រុកសង្កែ
02-09 Samlout ស្រុកសំឡូត
02-10 Sampov Loun ស្រុកសំពៅលូន
02-11 Phnum Proek ស្រុកភ្នំព្រឹក
02-12 Kamrieng ស្រុកកំរៀង
02-13 Koas Krala ស្រុកគាស់ក្រឡ
02-14 Rukhak Kiri ស្រុករុក្ខគីរី

Local government entities within the province include the two towns and 12 subdistrict municipalities

Historical sites

Wat Ek Phnom

Wat Ek Phnom (Khmer: វត្តឯកភ្នំ) is a partly collapsed 11th-century temple situated 11 km north of Battambang. The temple measures 52m by 49m and is surrounded by the remains of a laterite wall and an ancient baray (reservoir). A lintel depicting the Churning of the Ocean of Milk is situated above the east entrance to the central temple, the upper flanks of which hold some finely carved bas-reliefs. Construction of an oversized Buddha statue began by locals next to the temple has been stopped by the government because, they say, it mars the site’s historical provenance and "timeless beauty". Wat Ek Phnum is a very popular picnic and pilgrimage destination for Khmers at festival times.[2]

Wat Banan

Wat Banan (Khmer: ភ្នំបាណន់), located some 25 km south of Battambang City, has been likened to a smaller version of the more imposing Angkor Wat. Built in the 10th century, it is very popular at weekends with Khmer families out on picnics.

Transportation

Battambang is accessible by road, and by boat via the Sangkea River. Both the airport and railway line are not in use. Buses make 5-6 hour journey from Phnom Penh and the 3-4 hour journey from Siem Reap almost hourly.

References

  1. ^ "tsbr-ed.org". www.tsbr-ed.org. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  2. ^ Wat Ek Phnom at Lonely Planet Archived March 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine

External links

Coordinates: 13°1′43″N 102°59′22″E / 13.02861°N 102.98944°E

Aek Phnum District

Ek Phnom (Khmer: ស្រុកឯកភ្នំ, "First Mountain") is a district (srok) of Battambang Province, in north western Cambodia. The name means "only hill" in Khmer.

Andaeuk Haeb

Andaeuk Haeb (Khmer: ឃុំអណ្តើកហែប) is a khum (commune) of Rotanak Mondol District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Banan District, Battambang Province

Banan District (Khmer: ស្រុកបាណន់) is a district of Battambang Province, in north-western Cambodia.

Chaeng Mean Chey

Chaeng Mean Chey (Khmer: ឃុំ ចែងមានជ័យ) is a khum (commune) of Banan District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Chheu Teal

Chheu Teal (Khmer: ឃុំ ឈើទាល) is a khum (commune) of Banan District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Kampong Lpou

Kampong Lpou is a khum (commune) of Samlout District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Kampong Preah

Kampong Preah (Khmer: ឃុំកំពង់ព្រះ) is a khum (commune) of Sangkae District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Kamrieng (commune)

Kamrieng is a khum (commune) of Kamrieng District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Kdol Doun Teav

Kdol Doun Teav is a khum (commune) of Battambang District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Norea, Cambodia

Norea (Khmer: ឃុំនរា) is a khum (commune) of Sangkae District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Ou Char

Ou Char (Khmer: ឃុំអូរចារ) is a khum (commune) of Battambang District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Peam Aek

Peam Aek is a khum (commune) of Aek Phnum District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.Close to this place is the temple site of Wat Ek Phnom.

Phnum Sampov

Phnum Sampov (Khmer: ឃុំ ភ្នំសំពៅ) is a khum (commune) of Banan District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Prey Touch

Prey Touch is a khum (commune) of Moung Ruessei District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Prey Tralach

Prey Tralach is a khum (commune) of Moung Ruessei District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Reang Kesei

Reang Kesei (Khmer: ឃុំរាំងកេសី) is a khum (commune) of Sangkae District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Samraong Knong

Samraong Knong is a khum (commune) of Aek Phnum District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Ta Sda

Ta Sda is a khum (commune) of Sampov Loun District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Traeng

Traeng (Khmer: ឃុំត្រែង) is a khum (commune) of Rotanak Mondol District in Battambang Province in north-western Cambodia.

Places adjacent to Battambang Province
Autonomous municipality
Provinces

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