Basford, Staffordshire

Basford is a suburb which sits on high ground between Newcastle-under-Lyme and Stoke-on-Trent in Staffordshire, England.

Basford
Basford is located in Staffordshire
Basford
Basford
Location within Staffordshire
OS grid referenceSJ858469
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNewcastle
Postcode districtST5
Dialling code01782
PoliceStaffordshire
FireStaffordshire
AmbulanceWest Midlands
EU ParliamentWest Midlands
UK Parliament

History

The Roman road of Rykeneld Street from Wolstanton to Stoke would have run through Basford.

Basford's lofty position was first served by a 1759 turnpike road which was called "Fowlea Bank" by the 1770s, the name referring to the Fowlea Brook which runs through nearby Etruria and has formed the valley.[1] This old road still exists today, complete with its steep 1 in 8 gradient, surmounted by the substantial "Queen's Arms Inn" first built in 1769. After descending this bank, the crossing of the Fowlea into Etruria was then often a matter of fording the swampy valley bottom. This may have given rise to the later recorded name of Basford, being a local conflation of 'Bank' and 'Ford'.

In 1828 an easier 1 in 14 deep road cutting was made a short distance from the old road, and thereafter this became the main road linking Etruria with Wolstanton and Newcastle-under-Lyme. The banked footings of the base of this new road swept very high above the Fowlea Brook, ensuring easy passage across the valley bottom in all weathers. The new bank began to being referred to in documents as "Basford Hill" or "Basford Bank" by the 1830s.[1]

Due to abundant well-drained clay all along the valley ridge, tile and brick making is documented here as far back as the late 1600s. Rhead's book Staffordshire Pots and Potters (1906) found only a one-man water-pipe business in Basford at 1818, but noted traces of a possible early pottery: "... there were scattered foundations of what might have been a pottery in King's fields, with the remains of low arches as of oven or kiln 'mouths'." During the 1830s, the area along the base of the escarpment featured the full range of brick and tile yards and small ceramics manufactories, increasingly working at an industrial scale.[1] Despite this, substantial pockets of fields and woods persisted, notably the Etruria Woods. As late as 1929 aerial photography reveals large fields of corn and wheat being harvested directly alongside large tile-works at Basford. [2]

Basford Lawn Tennis Club was founded in 1883 and was originally sited on the present-day car park behind The Queen's Hotel (formerly the "Queen's Arms Inn"), but moved to its present location of West Avenue in 1926. The club hosted an exhibition match between Fred Perry and 'Bunny' Austin on 11 May 1936.[3]

From the 1890s onwards the area saw substantial development of vegetable growing allotments, many of which still exist today as large active allotment sites.

Hartshill and Basford Halt was a railway station located on the Market Drayton branch of the North Staffordshire Railway, and this enabled Basford people to travel to Newcastle-under-Lyme and Keele by train. The Halt closed in 1926.

The Potteries Loop Line local railway (Etruria to Kidsgrove) was closed by the notorious Dr. Beeching cuts in spring 1964. This meant it was no longer possible to travel from Etruria station to Hanley or Burslem by train.

In the 1970s a very major physical intervention in the geography of the area was the construction of the A500 road, running north-south along the escarpment bottom. This involved a complex new road interchange being built at the bottom of Basford Bank.

In 1986 Basford became home to Europe’s first purpose-built theatre in the round, when the New Vic Theatre was built on the Newcastle-under-Lyme side of Basford. This replaced the nearby Victoria Theatre at Hartshill.

As some heavy industry became defunct, various open space regeneration and reclamation schemes were undertaken from the 1990s onwards. For instance, at Haydon Street there is now a large tree-edged playing field known as "Basford Open Space" which is now called "Basford Park". The field was once the site of industrial works, but has seen major reclamation and improvements, including a paved cycle-path. Another new feature of the area is the extensive and modern children's play area nicknamed "The Grum", on a former railway tunnel entrance between Victoria Street and the Shelton New Road, which now also includes sports features such as skate ramps and a basketball court.

The Etruria railway station, very near the foot of the Basford Bank and serving Basford, was closed to passengers in 2005.

Religion

The Church of England parish church of Basford is St. Mark's Church on Basford Park Road in the deanery of Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire.[4]

There is also a Seventh-day Adventist church on Victoria Street which was registered for worship in 1948.[5]

Basford had a Wesleyan Methodist chapel opposite St. Mark's Church on Basford Park Road. Built by 1902, it was demolished in the early 2000s and the site was redeveloped with apartments.

Literary associations

The writer H. G. Wells lived in Basford from March to June 1888[6] while convalescing from illness. In his autobiography he wrote "I found... the strange landscape of the Five Towns with its blazing iron foundries, its steaming canals, its clay-whitened pot-banks and the marvellous effects of its dust and smoke-laden atmosphere, very stimulating..." "...at Etruria my real writing began..." There he began the early drafts of what would become his famous The Time Machine (1895). He planned a vast melodrama set in the Five Towns, but the only section known to survive is the macabre short story "The Cone".[7][8]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Stoke-upon-Trent - Buildings, manors and estates". British History Online. Retrieved 2010-09-29.
  2. ^ "The Etruria Tileries, Newcastle-under-Lyme, 1929". Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 2017-06-24.
  3. ^ "About Basford Lawn Tennis Club". Basford Lawn Tennis Club. Archived from the original on 11 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-28.
  4. ^ "St. Mark's Church, Basford, Stoke on Trent". The Church Of England. Retrieved 2010-09-28.
  5. ^ "Roman Catholicism and Protestant Nonconformity". British History Online. Retrieved 2010-09-29.
  6. ^ H. G. Wells writer stayed in this house during the year 1888. Open Plaques, accessed 12 May 2016.
  7. ^ An Experiment in Autobiography, by H. G. Wells: Chapter 6 The University of Adelaide eBooks.
  8. ^ Page 90 John R Hammond, A Preface to H. G. Wells, Routledge 2014.

External links

List of ecclesiastical works by Austin and Paley (1895–1916)

For lists of works by the practice during other periods, and the non-ecclesiastical works by Austin and Paley, see Lists of works by Sharpe, Paley and AustinAustin and Paley was the title of a practice of architects in Lancaster, Lancashire, England, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The practice had been founded in 1836 by Edmund Sharpe. The architects during the period covered by this list are Hubert Austin and Henry Paley. Henry Paley had joined the practice as a partner in 1886 when his father, E. G. Paley, was Austin's partner ; the practice then became known as Paley, Austin and Paley. E. G. Paley died in 1895 and the practice continued under the title of Austin and Paley. Austin's son joined the practice as a partner in 1914.This list covers the ecclesiastical works executed by the practice during the partnership of Hubert Austin and Henry Paley between 1895 and 1914. These works include new churches, restorations and alterations of older churches, additions to churches, and church fittings and furniture. The practice designed about 28 new churches and restored or modified many more. Because of the location of the practice, most of their ecclesiastical work was in the areas that are now Cumbria, Lancashire, and Greater Manchester, but examples can also be found in

Cheshire, Merseyside, North Yorkshire, Staffordshire, County Durham, Nottinghamshire, and Hertfordshire.

List of ecclesiastical works by Austin and Paley (1916–44)

For lists of works by the practice during other periods, and the non-ecclesiastical works by the practice after 1915, see Lists of works by Sharpe, Paley and AustinAustin and Paley was the title of a practice of architects in Lancaster, Lancashire, England, in the first half of the 20th century. The practice was founded in 1836 by Edmund Sharpe. Between 1895 and 1914 the partners had been Hubert Austin and Henry Paley. Henry Paley had joined the practice as a partner in 1886 when his father, E. G. Paley, was Austin's partner ; the practice then became known as Paley, Austin and Paley. E. G. Paley died in 1895 and the practice continued under the title of Austin and Paley. Austin's son, Geoffrey, joined the practice as a partner in 1914 and for a short time the practice was known as Austin, Paley and Austin. Hubert Austin died in 1915. Geoffrey Austin was on active service during the First World War and did not return to the practice, so Henry Paley continued the business of the firm as the sole partner from this time. For a time the practice continued with the title of Austin, Paley and Austin but around 1925 it reverted to the title of Austin and Paley. Henry Paley retired in 1936 but some work continued to be done by the practice until at least 1942; it was finally wound up around 1944.This list covers the ecclesiastical works executed by the practice after 1916. These works include new churches, restorations and alterations of older churches, additions to churches, and church fittings and furniture. The practice designed about 10 new churches and restored or modified many more. Because of the location of the practice, most of their ecclesiastical work was in the areas that are now Cumbria, Lancashire, and Greater Manchester, but examples can also be found in Cheshire, North Yorkshire, Staffordshire, Nottinghamshire, and the West Midlands.

St Mark's Church, Basford

St Mark's Church is in Basford, Staffordshire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church, in the deanery of Newcastle-under-Lyme, the archdeaconry of Stoke-on-Trent, and the diocese of Lichfield.

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