Barricade

Barricade, from the French barrique (barrel), is any object or structure that creates a barrier or obstacle to control, block passage or force the flow of traffic in the desired direction. Adopted as a military term, a barricade denotes any improvised field fortification, such as on city streets during urban warfare.

Barricades also include temporary traffic barricades designed with the goal of dissuading passage into a protected or hazardous area or large slabs of cement whose goal is to prevent forcible passage by a vehicle. Stripes on barricades and panel devices slope downward in the direction traffic must travel.[2][3]

There are also pedestrian barricades - sometimes called bike rack barricades for their resemblance to a now obsolete form of bicycle stand, or police barriers. They originated in France approximately 50 years ago and are now produced around the world. They were first produced in the U.S. 40 years ago by Friedrichs Mfg[4] for New Orleans's Mardi Gras parades.

Anti-vehicle barriers and blast barriers are sturdy barricades that can respectively counter vehicle and bomb attacks.[5][6]

Barykada
Polish barricade during the 1944 Warsaw Uprising
Barricades - 1848 Germany
Revolutionary barricades during the 1848 May Uprising in Dresden
Horace Vernet-Barricade rue Soufflot
Street Fighting on Rue Soufflot, Paris, June 25, 1848[1]
Exchange Pl barricade Santacon jeh
Hydraulic barricade, in 2011, defends Wall Street, in New York City

In history

The origins of the barricade are often erroneously traced back to the "First Day of the Barricades", a confrontation that occurred in Paris on 12 May 1588 in which the supporters of the Duke of Guise and the ultra-Catholic Holy League successfully challenged the authority of King Henri III. In actuality, although barricades came to widespread public awareness in that uprising (and in the equally momentous "Second Day of the Barricades" on 27 August 1648), none of several conflicting claims concerning who may have "invented" the barricade stand up to close scrutiny for the simple reason that Blaise de Monluc had already documented insurgents' use of the technique at least as early as 1569 in religiously based conflicts in southwestern France.

Although barricade construction began in France in the sixteenth century and remained an exclusively French practice for two centuries, the nineteenth century remained the classic era of the barricade. Contrary to a number of historical sources, barricades were present in various incidents of the great French Revolution of 1789, but they never played a central role in those events. They were, however, a highly visible and consequential element in many of the insurrections that occurred in France throughout the 1800s, including in the revolutions of 1830 ("the July Days") and 1848 (in both February and June.) Other Parisian events included the June Rebellion of 1832, which was smaller in scale, but rendered famous by Victor Hugo's account in Les Misérables, the combat that ended the Paris Commune in May 1871, and the more symbolic structures created in May 1968.

The barricade began its diffusion outside France in the 1780s and played a significant role in the Belgian Revolution of 1830, but it was only in the course of the upheaval of 1848 that it became truly international in scope. Its spread across the Continent was aided by the circulation of students, political refugees, and itinerant workers through the French capital, where many gained first-hand experience of one or another Parisian insurrection. The barricade had, by the middle of the nineteenth century, become the preeminent symbol of a revolutionary tradition that would ultimately spread worldwide. Barricade references appear in many colloquial expressions and are used, often metaphorically, in poems and songs celebrating radical social movements.[7][8]

Crowd control

Barricades are used for crowd control applications at public events or during exceptionally busy shopping times. Different types of barricade are designed to fit the environment and use cases the organizer decides on.

Bridge Feet
Typically used for outdoor use, where the ground is not perfectly flat. The bridge design of the feet allows for better stability.
Flat Feet
Used on surfaces such as streets, sidewalks, and tarmacs these barricades are designed for use on flat surfaces.
Heavy Duty Feet
Similar to flat feet, but larger in size and made of heavy duty steel, allowing for more durability and support.
Barricade Gates
These gates swing open like a doorway, allowing for passage of people of goods through a run of barricades.
Expanding Barricades
Designed for indoor use and for use on sites where construction or work is occurring. Easy to move and store these barricades serve as a temporary barricade.

Gallery

Barricade Paris 1871 by Pierre-Ambrose Richebourg

Paving blocks in a barricade, Paris 1871

Lokajski - Powstancy w Śródmieściu (1944)

Earthen barricade during the Warsaw Uprising

Warsaw Uprising by Lokajski - 3391

Among the materials frequently used for barricade construction are sandbags, pavement slabs and large vehicles

Lokajski - Barykada na Marszałkowskiej (1944)

Streetcar as part of a barricade

Barricades at Union Square, SF

Pedestrian barricade photo

Friedrichs model SF-1 crowd control barricade

Crowd control barricade

Warsaw Uprising - Baricade on Okopowa St

Improvised barricade made of train engines

Warsaw Uprising by Lokajski - Barricade on Zielona St - 3889

Pavement slabs barricade and a trench behind it during the Warsaw Uprising

Warsaw Uprising by Szober - Ulica Smulikowskiego

Improvised barricade built with vehicles

Warsaw Uprising by Lokajski - Cow at Nowy Świat - 4061

A barricade in Warsaw protecting civilians from enemy fire when crossing a street

MUTCD Barricades

Barricades as street and highway traffic control devices

See also

References

  1. ^ Washington and Lee University Archived 2013-10-12 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Official Florida Driver's Handbook 2008 (1 October 2008), Division of Driver's Licenses, Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles! Web-based PDF. Chapter 4, Section 7 "Special Signs." Channeling Devices.
  3. ^ United States Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration. (December 2007). "Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices" (PDF). Federal Highway Administration. pp. 6F-33. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
  4. ^ FCM Crowd control barricades; police barricades & crowd control products. "Friedrichs crowd control barricades, fencing, steel barriers, bicycle racks, custom barricades". Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  5. ^ Bristorm anti-vehicle fence Archived June 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Blast Barrier Design and Testing". 31 December 2014. Archived from the original on 17 June 2009. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  7. ^ Monluc [Montluc], Blaise de. Commentaires, 1521 – 1576. Paris: Gallimard, [1570] 1964.
  8. ^ Traugott, Mark. 2010. The Insurgent Barricade. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010.
Arresting gear

An arresting gear, or arrestor gear, is a mechanical system used to rapidly decelerate an aircraft as it lands. Arresting gear on aircraft carriers is an essential component of naval aviation, and it is most commonly used on CATOBAR and STOBAR aircraft carriers. Similar systems are also found at land-based airfields for expeditionary or emergency use. Typical systems consist of several steel wire ropes laid across the aircraft landing area, designed to be caught by an aircraft's tailhook. During a normal arrestment, the tailhook engages the wire and the aircraft's kinetic energy is transferred to hydraulic damping systems attached below the carrier deck. There are other related systems which use nets to catch aircraft wings or landing gear. These barricade and barrier systems are only used for emergency arrestments for aircraft without operable tailhooks.

Barricade (1939 film)

Barricade is a 1939 adventure film directed by Gregory Ratoff and starring Alice Faye, Warner Baxter, Charles Winninger, Arthur Treacher, and Keye Luke.

Barricade (2012 film)

Barricade is a 2012 action thriller directed by Andrew Currie. The film stars Eric McCormack. The film was released on September 9, 2012. It is the first film entirely produced by WWE Studios to not feature a wrestler in any way.

Barricade (Bengali drama)

Barricade (1975) is Bengali drama written and directed by Utpal Dutt. The drama is set into a revolution time or war time when people's army are fighting against the state army.

Barricade (Transformers)

Barricade is the name of four fictional characters in the various Transformers series in the Transformers franchise.

Barricade (song)

"Barricade" is a song by American rock band Interpol. It was released as the lead single from their self-titled fourth studio album on August 3, 2010. The song peaked at No. 39 on the Billboard Alternative Songs chart and was their fourth appearance on that chart.

Barricade tape

Barricade tape is brightly colored tape (often incorporating a two-tone pattern of alternating yellow-black or red-white stripes or the words "Caution" or "Danger" in prominent lettering) that is used to warn or catch the attention of passersby of an area or situation containing a possible hazard. It acts as a minor impediment to prevent accidental entrance to that area or situation and as a result enhances general safety.

Barricade tape is also known as construction tape or barrier tape or in reference to the safety hazard involved as caution tape, warning tape, danger tape or hazard tape. When used by a police force, the tape is named police tape.

The tape is often wrapped and affixed as a visual warning sign and demarcation, for instance against entering a dangerous area, such as an industrial or commercial building site, a roadworks construction site or the scene of an accident or a crime (for crime scene preservation), or against handling inoperative machinery or appliances.

Fire retardant gel

Fire-retardant gels are superabsorbent polymer slurries with a "consistency almost like petroleum jelly." Used as fire retardants, they can be used for structure protection and in direct-attack applications against wildfires. They are also used in the movie industry to protect stunt persons from flames when filming action movie scenes.

Frenzy (Transformers)

Frenzy is the name of several fictional characters in the various Transformers continuities in the Transformers robot superhero franchise. Wired magazine once nominated him as one of the 12 most ridiculous Transformers of all time.

HMAS Barricade (P 98)

HMAS Barricade (P 98) was an Attack class patrol boat of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).

Legends (Transformers)

Legends is a Transformers toy line introduced in 2005.

Les Misérables

Les Misérables (French pronunciation: ​[le mizeʁabl(ə)]) is a French historical novel by Victor Hugo, first published in 1862, that is considered one of the greatest novels of the 19th century. In the English-speaking world, the novel is usually referred to by its original French title. However, several alternatives have been used, including The Miserables, The Wretched, The Miserable Ones, The Poor Ones, The Wretched Poor, The Victims and The Dispossessed. Beginning in 1815 and culminating in the 1832 June Rebellion in Paris, the novel follows the lives and interactions of several characters, particularly the struggles of ex-convict Jean Valjean and his experience of redemption.Examining the nature of law and grace, the novel elaborates upon the history of France, the architecture and urban design of Paris, politics, moral philosophy, antimonarchism, justice, religion, and the types and nature of romantic and familial love. Les Misérables has been popularized through numerous adaptations for film, television and the stage, including a musical.

Operation Barricade

Operation Barricade was a British Commando raid during the Second World War. It was carried out by 11 men of No. 62 Commando over the night of 14/15 August 1942, and had as its objective an anti-aircraft gun and radar site north-west of Pointe de Saire south of Barfleur. The raiders crossed the English Channel by Motor Torpedo Boat.They opened fire on a German patrol killing three and wounding six, before withdrawing without loss to the Commandos.

Roadblock

A roadblock is a temporary installation set up to control or block traffic along a road. The reasons for one could be:

Roadworks

Temporary road closure during special events

Police chase

Robbery

Sobriety checkpointIn peaceful circumstances, they are usually installed by the police or road transport authorities; they are also commonly employed during wars and are usually staffed by heavily armed soldiers in that case. During protests and riots, both police and demonstrators sometimes use roadblocks.

The Barricade

The Barricade is a 1921 silent American melodrama film, directed by Christy Cabanne. It stars William H. Strauss, Katherine Spencer, and Kenneth Harlan, and was released on October 2, 1921.

Transformers (film) toy line

The Transformers movie toys were released in conjunction with the 2007 Transformers film, comics and video games, and expanded on the characters and story in them. They were manufactured and sold by Hasbro worldwide, except in Japan by Takara Tomy.

It was expected that the release of a new movie would involve the production and release of associated toys from Hasbro and Takara Tomy. Images surfaced, online, of some toy prototypes, notably Starscream and a new Decepticon who was to be named Blackout, along with packaged samples of movie preview "Protoform" Optimus Prime and Starscream toys. Similarly, fans found preliminary artwork of multiple characters, although it was not known at the time how close these were to the final designs. The designs were significantly different from those of the Generation 1 characters with the same names. Reactions varied widely: some fans objected strongly to the designs, occasionally going so far as to threaten a boycott if the designs were not changed to be more traditional, while others liked them. The issue became a divisive one, as detractors accused supporters of lacking respect for the franchise's history, while supporters accused detractors of being "stuck in the past", and not accepting change. Fans of the franchise have affectionately nicknamed the designs "Bayformers" due to director Michael Bay's influence.

Even though the Transformers were heavily modified for the film for a more "alien feel", they still kept some key features from the G1 look to stay true to the character's origins.

The toyline was very popular during the time. Action figures were in constant demand and sold out at many retailers during the 2007 holiday season.

In 2008, the Deluxe Class line was awarded "Boy Toy of the Year" at the 8th Annual Toy of the Year Awards, which is held at the American International Toy Fair in New York City.

Transformers Decepticons

Transformers Decepticons is a video game based on fictional alien robots, Transformers. This version follows an alternate plot of the 2007 live action film Transformers. Most prominently, while the Autobots version has missions in the Arctic, the Decepticons version contain desert missions taking place in a Qatar military base.

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