Barnsley

Barnsley (/ˈbɑːrnzli/) is a town in South Yorkshire, England, located halfway between Leeds and Sheffield. Historically in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the town centre lies on the west bank of the Dearne Valley. Barnsley is surrounded by several smaller settlements which together form the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley, of which Barnsley is the largest and its administrative centre. At the 2011 Census, Barnsley had a population of 91,297.[1]

Barnsley is a former industrial town centred on linen in its former years and coal mining, glassmaking and textiles.[2] The industries declined in the 20th century. Barnsley's culture is rooted in its industrial heritage and it has a tradition of brass bands, originally created as social clubs by its mining communities. It is also home of the Barnsley chop.

The town is accessed from junctions 36, 37 and 38 of the M1 motorway and has a railway station on the Hallam and Penistone Lines. Barnsley F.C. is the local football club, which has competed in the second tier of British football for most of its history. Barnsley F.C. also won the FA Cup in 1912.

The town of Barnsley also has a Women's Football Club which is in the fourth tier of Women's Football. Barnsley Women's Football Club was formed in 1982 and finished 4th in the FA Women's National League Division 1 North in the 2018/19 Season.

Barnsley
Barnsley Town Hall (1)

Barnsley Town Hall
Barnsley is located in South Yorkshire
Barnsley
Barnsley
Location within South Yorkshire
Population91,297 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceSE3406
• London175 mi (281 km) SSE
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBARNSLEY
Postcode districtS70-S75
Dialling code01226
PoliceSouth Yorkshire
FireSouth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament

History

Barnsley, Cheapside
Cheapside, circa 1904

The first reference to Barnsley occurs in 1086 in the Domesday Book, in which it is called Berneslai and has a population of around 200. The origin of the name Barnsley is subject to debate, but Barnsley Council claims that its origins lie in the Saxon word "Berne", for barn or storehouse, and "Lay", for field.

The town was in the parish of Silkstone and developed little until in the 1150s when it was given to the Pontefract Priory. The monks built a town where three roads met: the Sheffield to Wakefield, Rotherham to Huddersfield and Cheshire to Doncaster routes. The Domesday village became known as Old Barnsley, and a town grew up on the new site.[3]

The monks erected a chapel of ease dedicated to Saint Mary, which survived until 1820, and established a market. In 1249, a Royal charter was granted[4] to Barnsley permitting it to hold a weekly market on Wednesdays and annual four-day fair at Michaelmas. By the 1290s, three annual fairs were held. The town was the centre of the Staincross wapentake, but in the mid-16th century had only 600 inhabitants.[3]

From the 17th century, Barnsley developed into a stop-off point on the route between Leeds, Wakefield, Sheffield and London. The traffic generated as a result of its location fuelled trade, with hostelries and related services prospering. A principal centre for linen weaving during the 18th and 19th century, Barnsley grew into an important manufacturing town.

The first passenger station to serve Barnsley was opened by the North Midland Railway in 1840. Barnsley station (latter called Cudworth railway station) was located some 2½ miles away at Cudworth. On 1 January 1850 the Manchester and Leeds Railway opened Barnsley Exchange station, close to the town centre. On 1 May 1870 the Midland Railway opened Regent Street station, a temporary structure. A new station was opened by the MR on the Regent Street site on 23 August 1873. As it incorporated the old court house in its construction Regent Street station was renamed Barnsley Court House station.

Barnsley became a municipal borough in 1869, and a county borough in 1913. The town's boundaries were extended to absorb Ardsley and Monk Bretton in 1921 and Carlton in 1938.[5]

St Mary's Church, Barnsley - geograph.org.uk - 1492811
St Mary's Church (Church of England)

Barnsley was the site of a stampede that resulted in the deaths of 16 children in 1908, at a public hall now known as The Civic, when children were rushing to watch a film in the building.

Barnsley has a long tradition of glass-making,[2] however Barnsley is most famous for its coal mines. In 1960, there were 70 collieries within a 15-mile radius of Barnsley town centre, but the last of these closed in 1994.[6] The National Union of Mineworkers still has its HQ in Barnsley.[7]

George Orwell mentioned the town in The Road to Wigan Pier. He arrived in the town on 11 March 1936 and spent a number of days in the town living in the houses of the working class miners while researching for the book. He wrote very critically of the council's expenditure on the construction of Barnsley Town Hall and claimed that the money should have been spent on improving the housing and living conditions of the local miners.

Governance

Barnsley Town Hall (1)
Opened on 14 December 1933, Barnsley Town Hall is the seat of local government in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley.

Barnsley was created a county borough in 1913, administered independently of the West Riding of Yorkshire. In 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972, the county borough was abolished and Barnsley became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley in the new county of South Yorkshire, along with nine urban districts and parts of two rural districts of the surrounding area, including many towns and villages including Penistone and Cudworth.

Elections to Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council have seen the Labour Party retain control of the council at every election. Following the latest election in 2012 the council has 53 Labour, 5 Barnsley Independent Group and 5 Conservative councillors.[8] The borough council elects the mayor every year. On the day of the election, a parade takes place in front of the town hall in honour of the new mayor.

Barnsley is split into four constituencies, Barnsley Central, whose MP is Dan Jarvis of the Labour party, Barnsley East, whose MP is Stephanie Peacock of the Labour party, Penistone and Stocksbridge, whose MP is Angela Smith of The Independent Group, and Wentworth and Dearne, whose MP is John Healey of the Labour Party.

Geography

Divisions and suburbs

Ardsley, Athersley, Barugh Green, Darton, Carlton, Cudworth, Cundy Cross, Darfield, Dodworth, Elsecar, Gawber, Higham, Honeywell, Hoyland, Kendray, Kexbrough, Kingstone, Lundwood, Mapplewell, Monk Bretton, New Lodge, Oakwell, Old Town, Pogmoor, Royston, Shafton, Smithies, Staincross, Stairfoot, Wilthorpe, Woolley Colliery, Worsbrough (includes Worsbrough Bridge, Worsbrough Common, Worsbrough Dale, Worsbrough Village, and Ward Green), Wombwell.

Green belt

Barnsley is within a green belt region that extends into the borough and wider surrounding counties. It is in place to reduce urban sprawl, prevent the towns in the Barnsley/Dearne Valley conurbation from further convergence, protect the identity of outlying communities, encourage brownfield reuse, and preserve nearby countryside. This is achieved by restricting inappropriate development within the designated areas, and imposing stricter conditions on permitted building.[9]

The green belt surrounds the Barnsley built-up area, separating towns and villages throughout the borough. Larger outlying communities such as Cudworth, Dodworth, Kendray, Monk Bretton, and Worsbrough are also exempt from the green belt area. However, nearby smaller villages, hamlets and rural areas such as Swaithe, Smithley, Low Laithes, and Upper Norcroft are 'washed over' by the designation. Much semi-rural land on the fringes is also included. The green belt was first defined in 1979,[9] and the area in 2017 amounted to some 23,050 hectares (230.5 km2; 89.0 sq mi),[10] 77% of the borough.[9]

A subsidiary aim of the green belt is to encourage recreation and leisure interests,[9] with rural landscape features, greenfield areas and facilities including the River Dearne valley, and tributaries Cawthorne Dyke and Tanyard Beck; Hugset and Dovecliffe Woods; Worsbrough Mill Park and reservoir; Dearne Valley Park; Trans Pennine Trail; Kendray recreation ground; Locke Park; Stainborough Cricket Club and Park; Wentworth Castle and gardens; Barnsley Colliery; Monk Bretton Priory; Laithes Lane playing fields; and Barnsley Golf Club. Beyond Penistone, the green belt also borders the Peak District National Park.

Demography

The 2011 census recorded that the population of the town was 91,297.[11]

Ethnicity

According to the 2011 census Barnsley was:[11]

  • 94.7% White British
  • 1.1% Asian
  • 0.8% Black

Economy

Former Barnsley Main Colliery head frame - geograph.org.uk - 480767
The winding tower of the former Barnsley Main Colliery seen in 2006.

The town was known for a thriving linen trade prior to the arrival of the coal industry. From the 1850s onwards, a large number of coal pits were opened, mostly in the villages surrounding the town, especially those to the east. Coal mining was the major industry of the town until the late 1950s, when a long-term decline set in. All the mines in the borough are now closed, the last to shut being Goldthorpe Colliery in 1994.[12] Wire, linen and glass making were also major industries, but only glass making remains, with one company still operating. The coat of arms for the town has both a coal miner and a glass-blower supporting a shield and depicting local families and other industries, above a ribbon bearing the town's motto, Spectemur agendo ("Let us be judged by our acts").

Major companies in Barnsley include online retailer ASOS, the largest cake bakery in Europe, Premier Foods (formerly Lyons Bakery) who make the Mr Kipling Cake brand, Ardagh Glass (glass bottle makers), Symphony Kitchens, Premdor, several double glazing joinery manufacturers and a number of other large food manufacturers. Most of these businesses are based on industrial parks outside the town centre including many on reclaimed former coal mine sites. The town centre is now moving towards a service economy.

In July 2007, unemployment stood at 2.8% in Barnsley West & Penistone, 4.2% in Barnsley Central and 4.0% in Barnsley East & Mexborough, compared to the national average of 3.1%. Between 1997 and 2007, unemployment fell by 55.2%, 52.5% and 52.5% in the three areas respectively.[13]

The western half of the borough stretches from the M1 to the edge of the Peak District and is rural in character. This western part includes the market town of Penistone and Wentworth Castle and its Grade I listed gardens,[14] Cannon Hall Park and Museum,[15] Cawthorne Jubilee Museum,[16] Wortley Hall and gardens,[17] and Wortley Top Forge (16th century Forge).[18] Pot House Hamlet

In 2002, Barnsley Council and partners launched a consultation, "Rethinking Barnsley". It led to a regeneration programme centred on the town centre which is still underway.[19] Developments included the transport interchange, a cultural centre in the old Civic Hall, a Digital Media Centre[20] (opened August 2007), and new offices and apartments throughout the town centre. At the same time new housing areas were developed. Business parks on the M1 at Junctions 37[21] and 36, and in the Dearne Valley,[22] have expanded job opportunities. Unemployment is now below the national average. The economic development of Barnsley is led by the Barnsley Development Agency.[23]

Significant industrial employers include the Ardagh Group and ASOS.com.

Town centre

A large part of Barnsley town centre was constructed during the 1960s. The area around Cheapside and May Day Green, the Metropolitan Centre, is home to the market and many national high street chains such as Marks & Spencer, Carphone Warehouse, Vodafone, Boots, and The Body Shop. It is in the process of renovation to make space for a new retail and leisure development. Alhambra Shopping Centre, which was opened in 1991, houses retailers such as Next, Poundstretcher,and Primark. Other prominent areas include Queen Street, home to Marks and Spencer, Market Street, Eldon Street and the Victorian Arcade, which houses the majority of the independent and designer retailers in Barnsley. The town also has a large concentration of pubs and bars in the central district. There is also a twin auditorium cinema called Parkway Cinema Barnsley occupying what once was the Odeon Cinema on Eldon Street.

Outside the town centre are large retail units, retail parks and supermarkets, which include Asda, Morrisons, Currys, and Halfords.

The development of a new shopping centre was started in the town centre in late 2015.[24]

Development

Market Street towards Town Hall - geograph.org.uk - 477819
Market Street.

Barnsley town centre is undergoing a period of change. Projects include:

  • The new Barnsley Interchange (now completed).
  • The Digital Media Centre (now completed).
  • Gateway Plaza at Town End (now completed).
  • Experience Barnsley – The creation of the Barnsley People's Museum and Archives Centre. This project was awarded almost £3m of funding from the Heritage Lottery Fund, which means two floors of Barnsley's distinctive town hall were transformed into state-of-the-art museum galleries, the first devoted to the borough's stories, past and present. (Now completed)
  • Barnsley College A Block was completed and opened in September 2011.
  • Aimed for opening in 2020, a new area of town, covering the current Cheapside and semi-open market area is set to open by April 2020. The facility is yet to be constructed, and will be named 'The Glass Works'. The new facility will create an urban, glass and steel fronted open-top shopping area, comparable to that of Trinity Walk in Wakefield. The development will include a 20-screen Cineworld cinema and high street brands never before seen in Barnsley.[25] (Yet to be constructed)

Landmarks

The first bottle bank for glass recycling collection in the United Kingdom was introduced by both Stanley Race CBE, then president of the Glass Manufacturers' Federation and major employer Redfearn's (now Rexam Glass) and Ron England in Barnsley. The bottle bank opened on 24 August 1977.

Transport

Barnsley-Interchange-by-Stanley-Walker
The interior of the redeveloped Barnsley Interchange

The main transport hub is Barnsley Interchange, a combined rail and bus station that was opened on Sunday 20 May 2007, and was the first project in the remaking Barnsley scheme to be completed. Stagecoach Yorkshire run most bus services within Barnsley, operating to and from Barnsley Interchange. Stagecoach acquired the company from Yorkshire Traction in 2005.

Train services are provided by Northern. Northbound there is a half-hourly express service to Leeds which takes around 35 minutes augmented by a slower service via Castleford which takes around 50 minutes. There is an hourly service to Huddersfield via the Penistone Line. Southbound there are four trains per hour to Meadowhall Interchange and Sheffield, two of which are local stopping services and two of which are express. One service per hour continues to Chesterfield and Nottingham. Evenings and Sundays there is a less frequent service.

Barnsley is also served by:

The nearest airport is Robin Hood Airport approximately 26 miles (42 km) away.

Education

Barnsley College is one of the largest further and higher education establishments in Europe[27] and is situated on a number of sites throughout the town centre, chiefly the Old Mill Lane Site, Eastgate House, The Sci Tech Centre, the Honeywell Site and the Construction centre. The University of Huddersfield has recently opened a campus in the town on Church Street besides Barnsley Town Hall. This is known as the University Campus Barnsley.

All 14 secondary schools in Barnsley were demolished and replaced by academy education centres, named 'SuperSchools' these new schools combined all the previous LEA run comprehensive schools in the area into newly PFI built Academies under the Building Schools for the Future programme.

Notable people

Musical groups

  • The Arctic Monkeys studied music at Barnsley College
  • The Awkward Squad featuring former members of Shagpile led by venerable and legendary award-winning folk-performer Dave Burland.
  • The Bar-Steward Sons of Val Doonican are a musical-comedy band who have played almost 1000 shows since they formed in 2006. Their parody songs are performed in a Barnsley accent and dialect.
  • Bury Tomorrow - Heavy metal band featuring Barnsley born guitarist Kristan Dawson
  • The Danse Society - A positive punk-gothic rock group from Barnsley, active from 1981 to 1987. Lately reformed.
  • The Darkness studied music at Barnsley College
  • Kate Rusby, a folk singer/songwriter, has lived in Barnsley since birth.
  • Kathryn Roberts of Kathryn Roberts and Sean Lakeman, and brother Jamie Roberts of Katrina Gilmore and Jamie Roberts, both born and raised in Barnsley, have received multiple nominations at the BBC Folk Awards, Kathryn and Sean pipping Katrina and Jamie to Best Duo in 2013 and 2016
  • Party Day - Goth indie band following in the wake of Danse Society,[28] active from 1981–88
  • Sam Nixon from Sam and Mark
  • Saxon - heavy metal band which formed in, and has members from, Barnsley
  • The Sherlocks British indie rock band from Bolton upon Dearne
  • John Stones, Manchester City football player and England international, was born there.

Culture

The Lamproom Theatre - Westgate - geograph.org.uk - 485960
The Lamproom Theatre

Barnsley is home to a tradition of brass bands, which were originally created as social clubs for the mining communities. Grimethorpe Colliery Band, located in Grimethorpe, 5 miles (8 km) to the east of Barnsley, is perhaps the best known brass band in Britain. It rose to fame in the film Brassed Off and is now the 'artist in residence' at the Royal College of Music, London. The band has performed in Hyde Park during the Last Night of the Proms. Other events include Picnic In The Park, being held annually to raise funds for Barnsley Hospice

The 'Bard of Barnsley' Ian McMillan writes a column in the Barnsley Chronicle. He was nominated for a chair of poetry at Oxford University, and appears on BBC Radio 4. Barnsley has long been known as Tarn by locals.

Ken Loach's 1969 film Kes was set and filmed in several villages in Barnsley, including Lundwood and Monk Bretton, using local actors such as Freddie Fletcher. His 1977 film The Price of Coal was set at a fictional Milton colliery in the Barnsley area, although the site of filming was Thorpe Hesley, near Rotherham.

There is a live rock and hip hop music scene, which reached its height in the Britpop years, around 1997, due to its close proximity to Sheffield and Manchester. The 1980s saw the rise of Saxon (metal band), Danse Society (Goth) and Party Day (Indie-rock). Two of the Arctic Monkeys studied music at Barnsley College and Barnsley has its own rappers 'Yes Sir'. Barnsley is the home of several live music venues such as The Underground, The Garrison, The Old No 7 and The Old School House. Barnsley formerly hosted the Barnsley Origin Music festival (BOMfest), an outdoor summer music festival which catered for local and national artists which made the Daily Telegraph top 100 U.K. Summer festivals in 2009. It now hosts Barnsley Live, an annual music festival featuring local acts that takes place in the town centre over a weekend in June.

Barnsley Council operates five museums, Elsecar Heritage Centre, Cannon Hall, the Cooper Gallery Worsbrough Mill and Experience Barnsley which opened in the Town Hall in 2015.[29] Other museums in Barnsley include the volunteer-run Darfield Museum and the Cawthorne Victoria Jubilee Museum. Other heritage sites include Wortley Top Forge, Wortley Hall, Wentworth Castle, Monk Bretton Priory and Pot House Hamlet.

HIVE Gallery is a contemporary art gallery founded in 2007 by Creative Barnsley and Patrick Murphy. It is situated in Elsecar Heritage Centre and curates eight contemporary art exhibitions per year. The HIVE programme ranges from supporting emerging contemporary artists to exhibiting the work of nationally and internationally known artists. Previous shows have included famous artists such as Sir Peter Blake and Patrick Caulfield.[30]

The Lamproom Theatre has four theatrical companies, and showcases theatre in the town.

The Academy Theatre is part of the Take 2 Centre where performances range from comedy, West End performers, musicals and the traditional "An Evening With... ".[31] The Take 2 Centre houses The Take 2 Performing Arts Academy, The Academy Cafe, The Take 2 Music Centre and Lynx Training and Development.[32]

The Civic, in Barnsley town centre, is a multi-purpose performance venue in a grade II listed building, The Civic was re-opened in March 2009 after a major redevelopment. The Civic has hosted high-profile acts such as Al Murray and Russell Howard. The Civic houses a contemporary art gallery that hosts touring exhibition from the V&A and the Flow Gallery in London. The Civic also curates its own work for touring, such as Little Black Dress and most recently Brazil +55.[33]

Twin towns

Barnsley is twinned with:[34]

Sport

BarnsleyWestStand2003
The historic West Stand at Oakwell Stadium is over 100 years old

Barnsley F.C. play in the League One, the third tier of English football. Their home ground, Oakwell Stadium is situated in Oakwell, just outside the town centre. The club has had a mixed recent history. In the late 1990s they had a brief spell in the Premier League, but were relegated after one season. Subsequent seasons saw them relegated to the third tier of English football; they were promoted to the second tier in 2006, beating Swansea in the play off final. They were relegated in the 2013–14 season. After two seasons, Barnsley regained a place in the second tier, following a victory at Wembley in the 2016 Football League One play-off Final, and the winners of the 2016 Football League Trophy Final. They were again relegated to the third tier at the end of the 2017–18 season.

Also in Barnsley, there is a women's football team called Barnsley L.F.C., who currently play in the North East Regional Women's Football League Premier Division.

Speedway racing was staged at a track near Barnsley at Lundwood. The track entered a team in the Northern Leagues of 1929 and 1930. Two time British Under-21 Championship rider Josh Bates hails from the town. Greyhound racing was held at Dillington Park Stadium from 1934 -1990 [35][36] and at the Dearne Athletic and Sports Stadium in Old Mill Lane, from 1934-1935.[37] A third venue at the Queen's Ground was refused three times by the Corporation in 1936.[38]

Rugby league is played in the town, at a number of clubs, past and present. Dodworth ARLFC played in the second division of the BARLA run Pennine League, playing through the winter. They played at the Miners Welfare ground in Dodworth until deteriorating player participation forced the club to fold 5 games into the 2013/14 season. The same fate befell Hoyland Vikings ARLFC, prompting talk of a merger. This however failed to materialise leaving only one club to represent the town. The only representation now comes from the Dearne Valley Bulldogs in nearby Bolton on Dearne. Like Dodworth and Hoyland, they participate in the Pennine League. Barnsley Broncos play in the RFL conference, which is a summer competition and runs from May to September. Also based at the Miners Welfare, Barnsley Broncos were set up to play in the less intense summer season.

Shaw Lane is the home to many sports in town, cricket, rugby union, squash, bowls, football, athletics and archery are all played to a high standard and host many of the towns teams including Barnsley CC and Barnsley RUFC. Peoples Sport in Barnsley is a project writing the history of participation in sport in Barnsley is in progress and is expected to be complete in 2015.

The town also has a high standard badminton league, with three separate tiers.

The town is home to Barnsley Harriers, a nationally recognised running club.

Ardsley Golf Club, Barnsley, (now defunct) first appeared in the 1930s. The club disappeared at the onset of the Second World War.[39] Golf can still be played at Hillies in Wombwell and there is also a driving range at Staincross.

There are a number of cycling clubs in and around Barnsley, including Barnsley Road Club itself, the long-established Birdwell Wheelers and Team Cystic Fibrosis (a charity-focused team), together covering many different forms of cycle sport and leisure. There have also been various other initiatives set up to promote cycling in the town and district of Barnsley.[40]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b population of the Barnsley urban subdivision http://www.citypopulation.de/php/uk-england-yorkshireandthehumber.php
  2. ^ a b "Barnsley Life". Barnsley MBC. Archived from the original on 3 August 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
  3. ^ a b David Hey, Medieval South Yorkshire
  4. ^ "Barnsley Council - Barnsley market charter roll on display at Experience Barnsley", Barnsley.gov.uk, accessed 18 November 2018
  5. ^ "Vision of Britain website". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  6. ^ Douglass, David John (2005). Strike, not the end of the story. Overton, Yorkshire, UK: National Coal Mining Museum for England. p. 45.
  7. ^ http://www.num.org.uk/
  8. ^ "Labour's majority up to 23 - full election results here". Barnsley Chronicle. 6 May 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d "Green Belt review". www.barnsley.gov.uk.
  10. ^ "Green belt statistics - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk.
  11. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Barnsley Built-up area (E35000961)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  12. ^ "Former coal mining village of Goldthorpe marks funeral by torching Thatcher effigy". The Australian. 18 April 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
  13. ^ Page 9 for the 2007 figures. Page 36 for the fall in unemployment 1997–2007. Archived 20 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Wentworth Castle Gardens : Welcome to Wentworth Castle Gardens". Archived from the original on 6 June 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  15. ^ Cannon Hall Museum, Park and Gardens Archived 6 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ http://www.barnsley.gov.uk/bguk/Leisure_Culture/Other%20Attractions/Victoria%20Jubilee%20Museum%20 Archived 11 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ "Wortley Hall". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  18. ^ "Wortley Top Forge". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  19. ^ http://www.barnsleydevelopmentagency.co.uk/index_remaking.php Archived 10 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "Barnsley DMC: Barnsley office space, offices, meeting rooms". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  21. ^ "Capitol Park - Barnsley". Archived from the original on 29 May 2014.
  22. ^ http://www.park-springs.co.uk/index.php Archived 29 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Ledgard Jepson. "BDA". Archived from the original on 11 September 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  24. ^ "£40m redevelopment of Barnsley town centre". BBC News. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  25. ^ "Home - The Glass Works". The Glass Works.
  26. ^ "Barnsley Main: Marking Mining - Dearne Valley Landscape Partnership".
  27. ^ "Barnsley College". CGI. n.d. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  28. ^ White, Graham, Barnsley Chronicle, 4 February 1983.
  29. ^ Jepson, Ledgard. "Experience Barnsley - Official website - Annual Review". www.experience-barnsley.com.
  30. ^ ": Hive Gallery : Contemporary Art Gallery : Barnsley :". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  31. ^ "The Academy Theatre Barnsley. Live Entertainment located at The Take 2 Centre in Birdwell, Barnsley". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  32. ^ "The TAKE 2 Centre". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  33. ^ "The Civic". www.barnsleycivic.co.uk.
  34. ^ a b c "Town twinning Information about town twinning". Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council. 12 November 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  35. ^ "OS Plan 1961-1962". old-maps.co.uk. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  36. ^ Furby, R (1968). Independent Greyhound Racing. New Dominion House.
  37. ^ Barnes, Julia (1988). Daily Mirror Greyhound Fact File. Ringpress Books. ISBN 0-948955-15-5.
  38. ^ "Council's Decision on Barnsley's Greyhound Track Controversy". Barnsley Chronicle and South Yorkshire News. 15 February 1936.
  39. ^ “Ardsley Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links

1910 FA Cup Final

The 1910 FA Cup Final was the 39th FA Cup final. It was contested by Barnsley and Newcastle United. It took two matches to determine a winner. The first took place at Crystal Palace in south London on 23 April 1910 and the second on 28 April at Goodison Park in Liverpool.

1912 FA Cup Final

The 1912 FA Cup Final was the 41st FA Cup final. It was contested by Barnsley and West Bromwich Albion. It took two matches to determine a winner. The first took place at Crystal Palace on 20 April 1912 and the second on 24 April at Bramall Lane.

2007 Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2007 Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 3 May 2007 to elect members of Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council in South Yorkshire, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Labour party stayed in overall control of the council.

2011 Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2011 Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 5 May 2011 to elect members of Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council in South Yorkshire, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Labour party stayed in overall control of the council.After the election, the composition of the council was

Labour 43

Barnsley Independent Group 13

Conservative 6

Independent 1

2012 Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2012 Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 3 May 2012 to elect members of Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council in South Yorkshire, England. One third of the council will be up for election.

2015 Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2015 Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 7 May 2015 to elect members of Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council in England as part of the 2015 United Kingdom local elections. Councillors retiring at this election were Cllrs. Betty Barlow (Worsborough); Tracey Cheetham (Royston); Brian Key (Darfield); and Tom Sheard (Kingstone) (all L); Dave North (North East) and Brian Perrin (Dodworth) from the Barnsley Independent Group; and Anne Rusby (Penistone West) (C).

Barnsley F.C.

Barnsley Football Club is a professional association football club based in the town of Barnsley, South Yorkshire, England. The team play in the Championship, the second tier of the English football league system. Nicknamed "the Tykes", they were founded in 1887 by Reverend Tiverton Preedy under the name Barnsley St. Peter's. The club's colours were originally blue, but were converted to red and white in 1904 and have played in those colours ever since. Their home ground since 1888 has been Oakwell.

Barnsley won the FA Cup in 1911–12 and were also runners-up in 1909–10. The club won two trophies at Wembley Stadium in 2016 – the Football League Trophy, beating Oxford United 3–2 in the final, and the 2016 Football League play-offs, beating Millwall 3–1 in the final. Barnsley became only the second club to secure both the Football League Trophy and Football League promotion via playoff finals in the same season, after Grimsby Town F.C..

On 19 December 2017, it was announced that Patrick Cryne and family had agreed to sell a majority stake in Barnsley Football Club to a consortium involving Chien Lee of NewCity Capital, Grace Hung and Paul Conway of Pacific Media Group, Indian businessman Neerav Parekh and baseball legend Billy Beane. The new consortium holds 80% of the shares and the Cryne family holds 20% of the shares of Barnsley Football club. Barnsley fans often consider their biggest rivals to be Sheffield Wednesday, Sheffield United and Leeds United, although smaller rivalries with Doncaster Rovers, Rotherham United, Huddersfield Town and Bradford City exist.

Conor Hourihane

Conor Hourihane (born 2 February 1991) is an Irish professional footballer who plays as a central midfielder for Premier League club Aston Villa and the Republic of Ireland national team.

His previous clubs include Barnsley, Plymouth Argyle, Sunderland and Ipswich Town. He has represented the Republic of Ireland senior side at international level as well as under-19 and under-21 levels.

Danny Wilson (footballer, born 1960)

Daniel Joseph Wilson (born 1 January 1960) is a former footballer and manager.

He has previously coached Sheffield Wednesday, Bristol City, Milton Keynes Dons, Hartlepool United, Swindon Town, Sheffield United, Barnsley and Chesterfield.

EFL Championship

The English Football League Championship (often referred to as the Championship for short or the Sky Bet Championship for sponsorship reasons) is the highest division of the English Football League (EFL) and second-highest overall in the English football league system after the Premier League.

Each season, the two top-finishing teams in the Championship are automatically promoted to the Premier League. The teams that finish the season in 3rd to 6th place enter a playoff tournament, with the winner also gaining promotion to the Premier League. The three lowest-finishing teams in the Championship are relegated to League One.

The Football League Championship, which was introduced for the 2004–05 season, was previously known as the Football League First Division (1992–2004), and before that was known as Division Two (1892–1992). The winners of the Championship receive the Football League Championship trophy, the same trophy as the old First Division champions were handed prior to the Premier League's inception in 1992. Similar to other divisions of professional English football, Welsh clubs can be part of the division, making it a cross-border league.

The Championship is the wealthiest non-top flight football division in the world and the seventh richest division in Europe. With an average match attendance for the 2016–17 season of 20,130 the Championship ranked second after the German 2. Bundesliga as the most-watched secondary league in the world.

Barnsley have spent more seasons at the second level of English football than any other team and on 3 January 2011 became the first club to achieve 1,000 wins in the second level of English football with a 2–1 home victory over Coventry City. Barnsley are also the first club to play 3,000 games in second-level league football (W1028, D747, L1224). At present, Derby County and Nottingham Forest hold the longest tenure in the Championship, last being out of the division in the 2007–08 season.

EFL League One

The English Football League One (often referred to as League One for short or Sky Bet League One for sponsorship reasons) is the second-highest division of the English Football League and the third tier overall in the entire English football league system.

League One was introduced for the 2004–05 season. It was previously known briefly as the Football League Second Division and for much longer, prior to the advent of the Premier League, as the Football League Third Division.

At present (2018–19 season), Walsall hold the longest tenure in League One, last being out of the division in the 2006–07 season when they were promoted from League Two. There are currently seven former Premier League clubs competing in League One, namely Barnsley (1997–98), Blackpool (2010–11), Bradford City (2000–01), Charlton Athletic (2006–07), Coventry City (2000–01), Portsmouth (2009–10) and Sunderland (2016–17).

Hull and Barnsley Railway

The Hull Barnsley & West Riding Junction Railway and Dock Company (HB&WRJR&DCo.) was opened on 20 July 1885. It had a total projected length of 66 miles but never reached Barnsley, stopping a few miles short at Stairfoot. The name was changed to The Hull and Barnsley Railway (H&BR) in 1905. Its Alexandra Dock in Hull opened 16 July 1885.

The main line ran from Hull to Cudworth, with two other lines branching off at Wrangbrook Junction, the South Yorkshire Junction Railway to Denaby, and The Hull & South Yorkshire Extension Railway, an eight-mile branch to Wath-upon-Dearne, opened 31 March 1902. The company also had joint running powers on the Hull and Barnsley and Great Central Joint Railway (Gowdall and Braithwell Railway).

Before the Grouping of 1923, the line was taken over by the North Eastern Railway (NER). Following incorporation into the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER), duplicated infrastructure was closed or reduced in function – notably Cannon Street station and the Springhead Locomotive Works.

Closure of the greater part of the main line itself came during the time of British Railways. As of 2011 the elevated line in Hull with some of the extensions and alterations added by the NER and LNER are still in use and referred to as the Hull Docks Branch and has the Engineers' Line Reference of HJS.

John Stones

John Stones (born 28 May 1994) is an English professional footballer who plays for Premier League club Manchester City and the England national team. Mainly a centre back, he can also play as a right back.

Stones began his career with Barnsley, making his first-team debut in the Championship in March 2012 as a 17-year-old. He joined Premier League club Everton for around £3 million in January 2013 and amassed 95 appearances over four seasons. In August 2016, he signed for Manchester City for an initial £47.5 million with add-ons. He won the Premier League and EFL Cup in 2018 and 2019, and the FA Cup in 2019 as well.

Stones made his senior debut for England in May 2014 after previously being capped by England youth teams at under-19, under-20 and under-21 levels. He was chosen in England's squads for UEFA Euro 2016 and the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

Kieran Trippier

Kieran John Trippier (born 19 September 1990) is an English professional footballer who plays as a right back for Premier League club Tottenham Hotspur and the English national team.

Trippier started his career in the youth system at Manchester City but failed to make the breakthrough to the first team, having two loans at Championship club Barnsley. In 2011, he signed for Championship club Burnley on a season-long loan which was made permanent in January 2012 for an undisclosed fee. He was named in the Championship PFA Team of the Year for two consecutive seasons in 2012–13 and 2013–14. In 2014, he secured promotion with Burnley to the Premier League as the team finished runners-up in the Championship. A year later, he signed for Tottenham for a £3.5 million fee.

Trippier also represented England at all levels from under-18 to under-21, featuring in the 2009 UEFA European Under-19 Championship and 2009 FIFA U-20 World Cup. He made his senior international debut in June 2017 and was part of the team that reached the semi-finals of the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley

The Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley is a metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire, England; its main town is Barnsley.

The borough is bisected by the M1 motorway; it is rural to the west, and largely urban/industrial to the east. 68% of Barnsley's 32,863 hectares is green belt and 9% is national park land, the majority of which is West of the M1. In 2007 it was estimated that Barnsley had 224,600 residents, measured at the 2011 census as 231,221. nine tenths of whom live east of the M1.

The borough was formed under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the county borough of Barnsley with Cudworth, Darfield, Darton, Dearne, Dodworth, Hoyland Nether, Penistone, Royston, Wombwell and Worsborough urban districts, along with Penistone Rural District, part of Hemsworth Rural District and part of Wortley Rural District, all in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

The borough now forms part of both the Sheffield City Region and the Leeds City Region.

Mick McCarthy

Michael Joseph McCarthy (born 7 February 1959) is a professional football manager, pundit and former player who is currently the manager of the Republic of Ireland. Born in Barnsley, England with an Irish father, he played for the Republic of Ireland on 57 occasions scoring two goals.

McCarthy began his playing career at Barnsley in 1977, and he later had spells at Manchester City, Celtic, Lyon, and finally Millwall, retiring in 1992.

He went on to manage Millwall, and then the Republic of Ireland. He guided Ireland to the knockout stage of the 2002 FIFA World Cup in South Korea and Japan. He later managed Sunderland, Wolverhampton Wanderers and Ipswich Town. He has also been a television pundit and commentator, most recently for the BBC. He began a second tenure as manager of the Republic of Ireland football team in 2018.

Oakwell

Oakwell is a multi-purpose sports development in Barnsley, South Yorkshire, England used primarily by Barnsley Football Club for playing their home fixtures, and those of their reserves.

While the name 'Oakwell' generally refers to the main stadium, it also includes several neighbouring venues which form the facilities of the Barnsley F.C. academy – an indoor training pitch, a smaller stadium with seating on the south and west sides for around 2,200 spectators, and several training pitches used by the different Barnsley FC squads.

Oakwell was the first stadium in English football to have a designated stand for disabled supporters.Until 2003 the stadium and the vast amount of land that surrounds it were owned by Barnsley Football Club themselves; however, after the club fell into administration in 2002, the council purchased the main Oakwell Stadium to allow the club to pay its creditors and remain participants in the Football League.

S postcode area

The S postcode area, also known as the Sheffield postcode area, is a group of postcode districts in and around eight settlements with post town status: Barnsley, Chesterfield, Dronfield, Hope Valley, Mexborough, Rotherham, Sheffield and Worksop in England. Of these Dronfield and Mexborough have one postal district.

Currently the area has 49 non-sequentially numbered postal districts, three of which are 'non-geographical' being for bulk users in Sheffield and Rotherham.

South Yorkshire

South Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England. It is the southernmost county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region and had a population of 1.34 million in 2011. It has an area of 1,552 square kilometres (599 sq mi) and consists of four metropolitan boroughs, Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham and Sheffield. South Yorkshire was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972. Its largest settlement is Sheffield.

Lying on the east side of the Pennines, South Yorkshire is landlocked, and borders Derbyshire to the west and south-west, West Yorkshire to the north-west, North Yorkshire to the north, the East Riding of Yorkshire to the north-east, Lincolnshire to the east and Nottinghamshire to the south-east. The Sheffield Urban Area is the tenth most populous conurbation in the United Kingdom, and dominates the western half of South Yorkshire with over half of the county's population living within it. South Yorkshire lies within the Sheffield City Region with Barnsley also being within the Leeds City Region, reflecting its geographical position midway between Yorkshire's two largest cities.

South Yorkshire County Council was abolished in 1986 and its metropolitan boroughs are now effectively unitary authorities, although the metropolitan county continues to exist in law. As a ceremonial county, South Yorkshire has a Lord Lieutenant and a High Sheriff.

South Yorkshire was created from 32 local government districts of the West Riding of Yorkshire (the administrative county and four independent county boroughs), with small areas from Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire.

In the 2016 referendum on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union, South Yorkshire voted 62% leave and 38% remain, making it one of the most heavily Leave areas in the country.

Metropolitan districts
Major settlements
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