Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County

Barköl Kazak Autonomous County (sometimes Barkul or Balikul in English) is part of Kumul Prefecture in Xinjiang and has an area of 38,445.3 km2 (14,843.8 sq mi). It forms part of the China–Mongolia border on the county's north, while bordering Hami City in the south and Changji's Mori Kazakh Autonomous County in the east.

Barköl was made an autonomous county on October 1, 1954. It is noted for camel and horse breeding with the Barköl horse well known throughout China. Due to the large number of camels, which is unparalleled in China, the county is nicknamed of the "county of ten thousand camels".

Barköl County
باركۆل ناھىيىسى
Autonomous County
Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County
باركۆل قازاق ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى
باركول قازاق اۆتونوميالى اۋدانى
Location of Barkol within Xinjiang (China)
Country People's Republic of China
Autonomous region Xinjiang
Prefecture Hami
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)

Ethnic groups in Barkol, 2000 census

Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County
Barkol Lake, Xinjiang
Barkol Lake and Barkol, astronaut photograph from ISS
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 巴里坤哈薩克自治縣
Simplified Chinese 巴里坤哈萨克自治县
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Bālǐkūn Hāsàkèzú Zìzhìxiàn
IPA [pálìkʰwə́n xásâkʰɤ̂tsǔ tsɚ̂ʈʂɚ̂ɕjɛ̂n]
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 鎮西縣
Simplified Chinese 镇西县
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Zhènxī Xiàn
Uyghur name
باركۆل قازاق ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى
Latin Yëziqi Barköl Qazaq Aptonom Nahiyisi
Yengi Yeziⱪ Barkɵl K̡azak̡ Aptonom Nah̡iyisi
Siril Yëziqi Баркөл Қазақ Аптоном Наһийиси
Kazakh name
Kazakh باركول قازاق اۆتونوميالى اۋدانى
Баркөл Қазақ аутономиялық ауданы
Barkól Qazaq aýtonomııalyq aýdany
Ethnic group Population Percentage
Han 55,169 64.18%
Kazakh 29,236 34.01%
Mongol 1,173 1.36%
Hui 164 0.19%
Uyghur 134 0.16%
Manchu 26 0.03%
Tatar 22 0.03%
Russian 11 0.01%
Yi 9 0.01%
Others 20 0.02%

Lake Barkol

Lake Barkol is an alkali lake in a closed basin located at 43°40′05″N 92°48′11″E / 43.668°N 92.803°E. Current rainfall averages 210 millimetres (8.3 in), while the annual evaporation rate is 2,250 millimetres (89 in). Ancient shorelines show up as concentric rings on the satellite photo at right, indicating that water levels have varied many times in the past. One study identified five climates at Lake Barkol over the past 8,000 years, ranging from warm and wet to cold and wet and finally cold and dry at present. The average annual temperature in the area is now just 1 °C (34 °F), though temperatures swing from extreme highs (33.5 °C (92.3 °F)) to extreme lows (−43.6 °C (−46.5 °F)).[1]


  1. ^ Barkol Lake, Xinjiang at Nasa Earth Observatory

Coordinates: 43°36′N 93°01′E / 43.600°N 93.017°E

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