Barguzinsky Nature Reserve (Russian: Баргузинский заповедник) is the oldest of zapovedniks (nature reserves). It is located in Buryatia (Russia) on the west slope of the Barguzin Range, including the northeast shores of the Lake Baikal and a part of the lake itself. The name of the preserve (and the range) comes from the Barguzin River.
The area of the reserve is 2,482 km2 (958 sq mi). It was created in 1916 to preserve and increase the numbers of Barguzin Sable (Martes zibellina). Mountainous and taiga landscapes are also being preserved. The Barguzin Nature Reserve is inhabited by elks, musk deer (known as kabarga), brown bears, Black-capped Marmots, grouse, etc. Omuls, sigs, sturgeons, graylings, taimens (таймень), lenoks (ленок) and other fish spawn in the rivers of the reserve.
|Barguzin Nature Reserve|
Dashva, in the Barguzin Reserve
|Area||2,482 km2 (958 sq mi)|
|Governing body||Center for Russian Nature Conservation|
Barguzin may refer to:
Barguzin Nature Reserve
Barguzin (rural locality), a rural locality (a selo) in the Republic of Buryatia, Russia
Barguzin class hovercraft
BZhRK Barguzin, Russian railway-based intercontinental ballistic missile.Barguzin Range
Barguzin Range (Russian: Баргузинский хребет) is a range in Buryatia, Russia along the northeastern shore of Baikal.Its length is 280 km, height up to 2,840 m. It is mostly covered by larch taiga. The range bounds the Barguzin Valley on the northwest. A part of the Barguzin Nature Reserve is located on the western slopes of the range.Evgeny Chernikin
Evgeny Mikhailovich Chernikin (Russian: Евге́ний Миха́йлович Черни́кин, Ukrainian: Євген Михайлович Чорникiн) (20 July 1928, Alexandrovka, Luhansk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, USSR – 17 August 2009, Davsha, Republic of Buryatia, Russia) was a Soviet/Russian zoologist and ecologist, known for his works in Barguzin Sable's ecology.Great Baikal Trail
The Great Baikal Trail or GBT (Russian: Большая Байкальская Тропа or ББТ (Bolshaya Baikalskaya Tropa or BBT)) is a Russian non-profit environmental organization promoting the development of ecotourism, voluntary work, and ecological education. Based in Irkutsk, Russia, GBT is working to build hiking trails around Lake Baikal. Over the last 10 years, from 2003 to the end of 2012, GBT has run over 180 international projects, building or improving trails at various points throughout the Siberian regions of Irkutsk and Buryatia with the help of more than 4,500 volunteers from around Russia and the world.Nature reserve
A nature reserve (also known as natural reserve, bioreserve, natural/nature preserve, or natural/nature conserve) is a protected area of importance for flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research. Nature reserves may be designated by government institutions in some countries, or by private landowners, such as charities and research institutions, regardless of nationality. Nature reserves fall into different IUCN categories depending on the level of protection afforded by local laws. Normally it is more strictly protected than a nature park.Severo-Baykalsky District
Severo-Baykalsky District (Russian: Се́веро-Байка́льский райо́н; Buryat: Хойто-Байгалай аймаг, Khoito-Baigalai aimag) is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-one in the Republic of Buryatia, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the republic. The area of the district is 54,000 square kilometers (21,000 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality (an urban-type settlement) of Nizhneangarsk. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 14,035, with the population of Nizhneangarsk accounting for 35.8% of that number.Trans-Baikal conifer forests
The Trans-Baikal conifer forests ecoregion (WWF ID:PA0609) covers a 1,000 km by 1,000 km region of mountainous southern taiga stretching east and south from the shores of Lake Baikal in the Southern Siberia region of Russia, and including part of northern Mongolia. Historically, the area has been called "Dauria", or Transbaikal ("the land beyond Lake Baikal"). It is in the Palearctic ecozone (WWF System Biome), and mostly in the Boreal forests/taiga ecoregion with a subarctic, humid climate. It covers 200,465 km2 (77,400 sq mi).Zabaykalsky National Park
Zaybaybalsky National Park (Russian: Забайкальский национальный парк) (in English, "Trans-Baikal") covers the middle section of the eastern shore of Lake Baikal, the west slope of the Barguzin mountains to the east, the Ushkany Islands, and the only large peninsula on the lake Svyatoy Nos ("Holy Nose"). Of the 2,690 km2 (1,040 sq mi) of the park, 38.8 km2 are protected water areas of the lake itself.Zapovednik
Zapovednik (Russian: заповедник, plural заповедники, from the Russian заповедный, "sacred, prohibited from disturbance, committed [to protect], committed [to heritage]") is an established term on the territory of the former Soviet Union for a protected area which is kept "forever wild". It is the highest degree of environmental protection for the assigned areas, which are strictly protected and with access by the public restricted.