Bargarh district

Bargarh District is an administrative district of Odisha state in eastern India. The city of Bargarh is its district headquarters. The district was carved out of the erstwhile district of Sambalpur in 1st April, 1993.

Bargarh
District
Nickname(s): 
Rice Bowl of Odisha
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°19′59″N 83°36′58″E / 21.333°N 83.616°ECoordinates: 21°19′59″N 83°36′58″E / 21.333°N 83.616°E
Country India
StateOdisha
HeadquartersBargarh
Government
 • Collector and District MagistrateIndramani Tripathy, OAS(SAG)
 • Superintendent of PoliceShri Mukesh Kumar Bhamoo, IPS
Area
 • Total5,837 km2 (2,254 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total1,478,833
 • Rank13
 • Density253/km2 (660/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Sambalpuri language
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
768 028
Telephone code6683, 6684, 6685,0 6646
Vehicle registrationOD-17
Sex ratio976 /
Literacy75.16%
Lok Sabha constituencyBargarh
Vidhan Sabha constituency5
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,527 millimetres (60.1 in)
Avg. summer temperature46 °C (115 °F)
Avg. winter temperature10 °C (50 °F)
Websitewww.bargarh.nic.in

Geography

The district has an area of 5832 km². The district of Sambalpur is in the north east, Bolangir & Subarnapur districts are in the south, Nuapada district is in the south west and the state of Chhattisgarh is to its west.

Economy

All-season irrigation from Hirakud dam on the Mahanadi River makes the northern half of Bargarh District rich in agriculture, mostly paddy.[1]

This district is famous for centuries old handloom industry manufacturing a trade-mark textile form called Sambalpuri Saree.

Divisions

Bargarh district consists of two sub-divisions, namely Bargarh & Padampur. It comprises 12 blocks. They are Jharbandh, Paikmal, Padampur, Gaisilet, Bijepur, Sohela, Bhatli, Ambabhona, Barpali, Attabira, Bheden and Bargarh.

Bargarh has also one Municipality consisting Bargarh town having 19 wards and 4 Notified Area Council (NAC). They are Padampur, Barpali, Attabira and newly formed Bijepur.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Bargarh district has a population of 1,478,833,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[3] or the US state of Hawaii.[4] This gives it a ranking of 339th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 253 inhabitants per square kilometre (660/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 9.84%.[2] Bargarh has a sex ratio of 976 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 75.16%.[2]

It has a sizeable population of weaver community, some of whom are national awardee and even Padmashree. This district has produced many conspicuous literary prodigies like Gangadhar Meher, Hema Chandra Acharya, Dr. Prafulla Kumar Tripathy and Haldhar Nag.

The people of Bargarh district speak Kosli (Sambalpuri)Odia. In border area of Bargarh people speak in Chhattishgarhi Hindi.

Culture

Bargarh town is situated on the bank of river Jeera. The Howrah-Mumbai National Highway No-6 runs through the town. The town is famous worldwide for a 11-day-long open-air theater drama, Dhanu jatra, based on the life and times of Lord Krishna, culminating in the death of King Kansa.

Bargarh is a district in western odisha. Nuakhai is a major festival celebrated by the people of western odisha. Nuakhai is celebrated in each and every house as a harvesting ceremony. Apart from this Bargarh town organises Shyama Kali Puja every year at Kali Mandir. Dussera, Viswakarma Puja and Ganesh Puja also some important Festival which are observed here.

Bhatli which is 20 km from district headquarters popularly known as Dadhibaman Khetra or Srikhetra of Western Odisha celebrated Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra which is famous in near by locality.

In Barpali every year Sital Sasthi (marriage ceremony of Lord Shiva and Parvati) is observed which is famous in Odisha.

Baisakh Mela is observed in Nrusinghanath temple every year.

Tourism

There exists a 13th-century temple at Nrusinghanath on the foot hills of Gandhamardan. Lord Vishnu is worshiped here in a feline form, which is the only instance of its kind in the world.The famous kedarnath temple is situated in Ambabhona .Ambabhona is famous for the Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary where the Barabhakra, Pathraseni situated and the Mahanadi lies on its feet. 6 temples of Astasambhu situated in Bargarh District.

Politics

Vidhan sabha constituencies

The following are the five Vidhan sabha constituencies[5][6] of Bargarh district and the elected members[7] of that area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
1 Padampur None Jharbandh, Paikmal, Rajborasambar, Padampur (NAC) Pradeep Purohit BJP
2 Bijepur NONE Bijepur (NAC), Bijepur, Gaisilet, Barpali (NAC), Barapali (part) <Patkulunda G.P, Remta G.P, Bandhpali G.P, Khemesara G.P, Kainsir G.P, Satalma G.P, Barguda G.P, Mahada G.P, Tileimal G.P, Agalpur G.P, Bhatigaon G.P, Raxa G.P, Gopeipali G.P, Tinkani G.P, Tulundi G.P, Kumbhari G. P--> 3 Bargarh None Bargarh, Bargarh (M), Barpali (part) Debesh Acharya BJD
4 Attabira SC Attabira, Bheden Snehangini Churiya BJD
5 Bhatli None Sohella, Bhatli, Ambabhona Susanta Singh BJD

Administration

To reduce increased number of road accidents, Bargarh police administration is one of the first-movers to implement "No Helmet, No Petrol" campaign effective from 01 Sep 2015.[8]

Notable people

1. Lengu Mishra - Eminent Social worker 2. Prasanna Acharya - eminent politician and Member of parliament, ex cabinet minister. 3.Susanta Singh MLA Bhatli constituency. 4. Pradip Purohit, MLA, Padampur Assembly Constituency 5. Haldhar nag- Sambalpuri poet, Padmashri awarded. | 6. Late Kabibhusan Swapneswar Dash - eminent poet and author.

References

  1. ^ http://www.navratnanews.com
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gabon 1,576,665
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Hawaii 1,360,301
  5. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  6. ^ Seats of Odisha
  7. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME
  8. ^ http://odishatv.in/?p=91047

External links

Attabira

Attabira (Sl. No.: 4) is a Vidhan Sabha constituency of Bargarh district, Odisha.

This constituency include Attabira, Attabira block and Bheden block.

This constituency was created in 2009 in place of Melchhamunda constituency.

Barapali

Barpali is a town and a block ( Tehsil) within the Bargarh district in the state of Odisha, India. Barpali is largely famous for renowned Odia Poet Swabhaba Kabi Gangadhar Meher who was born here. However, there are several other cultural notations which have made Barpali famous nationally and internationally, like: the indigenous sambalpuri saree weaving art (Ikat design) and the earthen pottery handicrafts (Terracotta) etc, creations from the native inhabitants of Barpali. Among others, the name Barpali also draws attention towards the past studies, wide usage and then outward expansion of preliminary versions of sanitary toilets started by foreigners here, known as 'Barpali Toilets' nearly 40 years ago.

Barpali comes under the Bijepur Vidhan Sabha (State Assembly Electoral Constituency) in Odisha state and is under the Bargarh Lok Sabha constituency (Parliamentary Electoral constituency) in India.

Bargarh

Bargarh is a municipality in Bargarh district in the state of Odisha, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bargarh District . Popularly known for rice cultivation (parboiled-rice) therefore called "Bhata Handi" of Odisha State.

Bargarh (Lok Sabha constituency)

Bargarh Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 21 Lok Sabha parliamentary constituencies in Odisha state in eastern India. This constituency came into existence in 2008 as a part of the implementation of delimitation of parliamentary constituencies based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India in 2002.

Bargarh Road railway station

Bargarh Road railway station is a railway station near Bargarh city of Bargarh district, Odisha. It serves Bargarh city. Its code is BRGA. It has three platforms. Passenger, Express, and Superfast trains halt here.

Bhandarpuri

Bhandarpuri is a village in Bargarh district in the Indian state of Odisha.

Gangadhar Meher

Swabhaba kabi Gangadhara Meher (Odia: ସ୍ୱଭାବକବି ଗଙ୍ଗାଧର ମେହେର) was a renowned Odia poet of the 19th century. Though poor in wealth and education, he remained one of the most prolific and original contributor to Odia literature.

Ghess

Ghess (Odia pronunciation: [ɡʱẽs]) is a village in Bargarh district in the Kosal region of western Odisha in India. Its population in 2011 was 3,342. It is known for its culture and for its role in the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

Haldhar Nag

Haldhar Nag is a Sambalpuri poet and writer from Odisha, India. Popularly known as Lok kabi Ratna. He was born in a poor family of Ghens in Bargarh district of Odisha on 31 March 1950. Nag has been compared to Gangadhar Meher for his Kosli style of writing which is also known as Sambalpuri writing, and is the western-variation of the Odia language of writing poem.The BBC made a documentary film about his life and works. He is best known for his work Kavyanjali, an anthology of English translation of Nag's selected poetry which was launched in 2nd October 2016.He has lakhs of followers in Odisha and Chatishgarh, who congregate in large number to listen to his Sambalpuri poetry when he gives readings. Initially writing Sambalpuri folk stories, in the 1990s he started writing poems in the Sambalpuri language.Hundreds of poets imitate his style and technique boosting a robust "HaldharDhara" in Western Odisha. He has been at the forefront of the Sambalpuri language movement for inclusion in 8th schedule of Constitution. He was awarded Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award of India by Government of India in 2016.

Sambalpur University is coming up with a compilation of his writings — Haldhar Granthabali-2 — which will be a part of its syllabus.

Khaliapali

Khaliapali is a census town in Bargarh district in the Indian state of Odisha. Famous people from Khaliapali include the Khond saint Bhima Bhoi.. ACC Cement Plant is located in Khaliapali village which provides employment to most of the youths of this village. Majority of the population here depend on farming. Rice is major crop which is cultivated here.

The dusshera celebration is very grand here and it attracts thousands of worshippers from all across the district.

Kunja Bihari Meher

Kunja Bihari Meher was an Indian master craftsman and weaver from Odisha. Born in the Bargarh district, he is known for the Ikkat tradition (tie and dye) of weaving, found in the Sambalpuri sarees of Odisha, and is credited with the development of Sambalpuri handloom industry. He was awarded the fourth highest civilian award of the Padma Shri by the Government of India, in 1998. He won the National Award for Handicrafts of the National Centre for Textile Design in 2009. His son, Surendra Meher, is also a known weaver.

Larambha College

Larambha College is situated in the Larambha village of Bargarh district in Odisha, India.

The college is located at a distance of 0.75 km from State highway of Godbhaga-Sonepur that joins National Highway No 6 at Godbhaga which is 7.5 km away from Larambha. The college was founded by Braja Mohan Panda on 10 July 1964.

Originally a science college, the college now offers courses in humanities, Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, Botany, Mathematics, Economics, Political science, History and Oriya language. It also houses a higher secondary section.

The college has NCC and NSS (National Service Scheme) sections. Hostel facilities are available for residential both male and female students. A well furnished play ground is also there.

The college has been accredited as B+ by National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC). It has also been awarded Prakruti Mitra award by the State Government of Odisha.

Melchhamunda

Melchhamunda is a village in Bargarh district in the Indian state Odisha. It is situated 21 km from Padampur and 60 km from Bargarh on the Padampur state highway. Buddhist relics have been found at Ganiapali 10 km from the village, and it is identified with ancient Muchalinda, which is said to be a centre of Buddhist learning. The Bhoi Family are the head of the village.

Diptipur (part of revenue village Jhununga pali) is just 1 km from here. It is noted for the missionary activities of the Utkal Christian Council which started work here in 1956.

The activities of the Mission are divided into 3 wings -Health, Education and Agriculture. A dispensary was started in the year 1957, which then became a hospital in 1958.

Padmapur

Padampur is a town and a NAC in Bargarh district in the Koshal region of Western Orissa, India

Pasapali Sari

Pasapali Sari (Odia: ପଶାପାଲି ଶାଢ଼ି) is a handloom sari weaved mainly in the Bargarh district of Odisha, India. The name Pasapali is derived from pasā or gambling games using Chess board. These saris have intricate check patterns of contrast colors resembling the chess boards which gives it such name.

Prasanna Acharya

Prasanna Acharya (born 8 August 1949) is a politician from Odisha, India who sits in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian parliament. He is a member of the Biju Janata Dal (BJD) political party.

Acharya was a member of the national parliament, the 13th and the 14th Lok Sabha of India. He represented the Sambalpur constituency of Odisha.

In May 2009 Prasanna Acharya stood for election to the Odisha Assembly rather than for the national parliament. He was elected to represent the regional constituency of Redhakhol by a majority of around 10,000 votes.

Acharya also held the post of the Minister of Finance in Odisha.

Remunda

Remunda (anglicised Rae/moon/da/) is a village situated in Bargarh district, around 30 km away from Bargarh city in Odisha state in India.

It has a population of 6,648 people (2011). Odisha State is located on the eastern coast of India between Kolkata (Calcutta) and Chennai (Madras). The State of Odisha is like a bridge between the northern and southern halves of India, representing multifaceted synthesis. In Bargarh district, the Dhanu Yatra festival takes place every year around the last week of December or the first week of January.

Satibhata Airstrip

Satibhata Airstrip also known as Padmapur Airstrip, is located 6 km from the Padmapur city center in western Odisha, India. Nearest airport to this airstrip is Raipur's Swami Vivekananda Airport in the state of Chhattisgarh (137 km). The airport serves Padmapur city in the Bargarh district of Odisha.

Temri

Temri (also known as Temari) is a village Gram panchayat of Paikmal block and Padampur subdivision in Bargarh district in the Indian state of Odisha.

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