Bardufoss is an urban area and commercial centre in Målselv Municipality in Troms county, Norway. The three villages of Andselv, Andslimoen, and Heggelia together form the Bardufoss area. Bardufoss is located in the Målselvdalen valley near the confluence of the Barduelva and Målselva rivers. It is located about 82 kilometres (51 mi) north of the town of Narvik and about 70 kilometres (43 mi) south of the city of Tromsø. Bardufoss Airport is located here. The 2.96-square-kilometre (730-acre) urban area has a population (2017) of 2,545 which gives it a population density of 860 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,200/sq mi).
View of the Bardufoss area
|• Total||2.96 km2 (1.14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||68 m (223 ft)|
|• Density||860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Bardufoss has a civilian and military airport, Bardufoss Air Station, suitable for landing bomber aircraft, fighter jets such as F-16s, and other heavy planes. Bardufoss was also the home of the Norwegian Army's 6th division (dissolved in 2009).
There is a street in Bardufoss that is named General Fleischers Veg in honour of Carl Gustav Fleischer.
The airport was renamed Snowman International on 19 March 2011 by a Norwegian Minister after a commercial flight landed from Manchester, England, to join the celebrations.
Bardufoss is covered in flora. The natural forest is mostly made up of Downy birch, Scots pine, aspen and Grey alder. However, Norway spruce has been planted in plantations since the middle part of the 20th century for economic reasons (timber).
Although not far from the coast, Bardufoss and Målselvdalen is known for a somewhat more continental climate, and hence, colder winters (but with less humidity and little wind) compared to the coastal areas. There is a very reliable snow cover in winter, while summer days often are warmer than in Tromsø.
There is on average 93 days each winter with daily low −10 °C (14 °F) or colder, and 28 days with low −20 °C (−4 °F) or colder. The winter season sees on average 68 days with at least 50 centimetres (20 in) snow cover on the ground, 126 days with at least 25 centimetres (9.8 in) snow cover, and 179 days with at least 5 centimetres (2.0 in) snow cover. In the warm season there is on average 116 days per year when the daily average high reaches 10 °C (50 °F) or warmer and 22 days with daily average high above 20 °C (68 °F). Precipitation is fairly moderate, there is on average 75 days each year with at least 3 millimetres (0.12 in) precipitation and 15 days per year with at least 10 millimetres (0.39 in) precipitation. This is based on data from Met.no with 1971-2000 as base period.
Recent years have seen warming. Six of the monthly record highs are from after 2000. The most recent record low (November) is from 1988.
|Climate data for Bardufoss 1981-2010 (76 m, extremes 1946-2018)|
|Record high °C (°F)||8.9
|Average high °C (°F)||−4.2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−8.7
|Average low °C (°F)||−13.1
|Record low °C (°F)||−36.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||74.6
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||13||11||9||8||9||8||11||12||13||14||11||13||124|
|Source #1: Meteo Climat|
|Source #2: eklima/met.no (extremes)|
The 1978–79 Biathlon World Cup was a multi-race tournament over a season of biathlon, organised by the UIPMB (Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne et Biathlon). The season started on 10 January 1979 in Jáchymov, Czechoslovakia, and ended on 8 April 1979 in Bardufoss, Norway. It was the second season of the Biathlon World Cup, and it was only held for men.Andselv
Andselv is a village in Målselv Municipality in Troms county, Norway. The village lies along the Andselva river in the urban area called Bardufoss. Andselv is located just north of Bardufoss Airport along the European route E6 highway about 2 km (1.2 mi) north of the village of Heggelia and 3.5 km (2.2 mi) south of the village of Andslimoen.The 0.67-square-kilometre (170-acre) village has a population (2017) of 1,030 which gives the village a population density of 1,537 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,980/sq mi).Barduelva
Barduelva (Norwegian) or Álddesjohka (Northern Sami) (English: Bardu River) is a river in Troms county, Norway. The 70-kilometre (43 mi) long river is located in the municipalities of Bardu and Målselv. The river flows from the lake Altevatnet northwest to the town of Setermoen, then north to the municipal border with Målselv (with the river forming part of the border) before finally emptying into the river Målselva, just outside the village of Bardufoss and the Bardufoss Airport.
Barduelva is the largest source of hydroelectricity in all of Troms county. There are three power plants on the river: Innset, Straumsmo, and Bardufoss. Combined, they generate 1,235 gigawatt-hours (4,450 TJ) of power annually.Bardufoss Air Station
Bardufoss Air Station (IATA: BDU, ICAO: ENDU) (Norwegian: Bardufoss flystasjon) is a military air station located at Bardufoss in Målselv Municipality in Troms county in Northern Norway. It is the location of the Royal Norwegian Air Force 139 Air Wing and two helicopter squadrons; the 337 Squadron operating Lynx MK 86 for the Norwegian Coast Guard and the 339 Squadron equipped with Bell 412SPs. It is also the base for the Royal Norwegian Air Force Flight Training School. In addition, helicopter Squadron no. 334 is currently under establishment as it will be operating NH90 NFH helicopters. The delivery of the NH90 helicopters just started. 334 Squadron will only have its command post and maintenance facilities at Bardufoss, as the helicopters will be stationed on the new Fridtjof Nansen class frigates when they arrive.The air station is co-located on the same site as the commercial Bardufoss Airport. The airbase is also used by the civilian community: Norwegian Aviation College (NAC) is located at the airport, and there is also a flying club (Bardufoss Flyklubb) and a parachute jumping club. Norwegian Air Shuttle currently operates three daily flights with Boeing 737 aircraft from Bardufoss Airport to Oslo Airport, Gardermoen.Bardufoss Airport
Bardufoss Airport (Norwegian: Bardufoss lufthavn; IATA: BDU, ICAO: ENDU) is a primary airport situated at Bardufoss in Målselv Municipality in Troms county, Norway. The airport, which is the civilian sector of the Royal Norwegian Air Force's (RNoAF) Bardufoss Air Station, is operated by the state-owned Avinor. It consists of a 2,443-meter (8,015 ft) runway, a parallel taxiway and handled 218,451 passengers in 2014. Norwegian Air Shuttle operates three daily flights with Boeing 737s to Oslo. The airport's catchment area covers central Troms.
The Norwegian Army Air Service completed the air station in 1938 and expanded by them and later the Luftwaffe during World War II. Civilian operations commenced in 1956, with Bardufoss and Bodø Airport being the only land airports in Northern Norway. Services were initially provided by Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS). Bardufoss served Troms and Ofoten, until the 1964 opening of Tromsø Airport and 1973 opening of Harstad/Narvik Airport, Evenes cut away most of the population served. Braathens SAFE started flights to Bardufoss in 1967 and a new arrivals hall opened in 1972. Until 1992 the Norwegian Armed Forces operated their own charter services, after which these were coordinated with civilian scheduled services. Braathens took over the Oslo-route in 1999, a new terminal opened in 2004 and Norwegian Air Shuttle took over the Oslo route in 2008.Bardufoss concentration camp
The Bardufoss concentration camp was located in Northern Norway in the municipality of Målselv. During the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, the Nazi authorities established a "concentration camp in the town of Bardufoss," as an annex to the Grini concentration camp. It opened in March 1944 to alleviate overflowing in other camps, particularly Grini and the Falstad concentration camp. Situated in a cold climate, it was notorious for its hard work regime, sparse rations, and inadequate shelter. It is estimated that some 800 prisoners passed through the camp, and when liberated about 550 were incarcerated.Bodø Main Air Station
Bodø Air Station (IATA: BOO, ICAO: ENBO; Norwegian: Bodø hovedflystasjon) is a military airbase of the Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) located at Bodø, Norway. It is home to the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcons of the 331 and 332 Squadrons and a detachment of Westland Sea King search and rescue (SAR) helicopters of the 330 Squadron. Air defense is provided using NASAMS and RBS 70, with the battalion based at Bodin. About 1,000 employees work at the air station, of which 450 are conscripts. Operations at the air station are organized as the 132nd Air Wing, which includes the Norwegian Joint Headquarters at Reitan and a detachment of Sea Kings at Station Group Banak. Bodø serves as the main air station for Northern Norway and shares its 3,394-meter (11,135 ft) runway with Bodø Airport.
The first airfield was a simple wooden runway built in May 1940 by Allied forces during the Norwegian Campaign of World War II. The airfield was quickly bombed by the Luftwaffe, who chose to build a new airport in the same location. It remained in German use until 1945, when it was taken over by the RNoAF. Upgrading to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) standards started in 1950, and fighters have been stationed at Bodø since 1955. Aircraft previously stationed are the F-84 Thunderjet, the F-86 Sabre and the F-104 Starfighter. The air station will be closed with the delivery of the F-35 Lightning II, and only the SAR detachment will remain.Boulder Municipal Airport
Boulder Municipal Airport (IATA: WBU, ICAO: KBDU, FAA LID: BDU) is a public airport located 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of the central business district of Boulder, a city in Boulder County, Colorado, United States. It is owned by the City of Boulder and used almost exclusively for general aviation. Its location in the foothills of the Rockies east of the continental divide, gives excellent conditions for soaring and there is extensive gliding activity. It is the base of the Soaring Society of Boulder.
Most U.S. airports use the same three-letter location identifier for the FAA and IATA, but Boulder Municipal is BDU (formerly 1V5) to the FAA and WBU to the IATA (which assigned BDU to Bardufoss Airport in Bardufoss, Norway).Fred Børre Lundberg
Fred Børre Lundberg (born 25 December 1969 in Hammerfest and raised in Bardufoss) is a former Nordic combined skier from Bardu, Norway. He dominated the sport in the 1990s, winning both at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships and at the Winter Olympics.
Lundberg won six medals at the Nordic skiing world championships, including three golds (15 km individual: 1991, 1995; 4 x 5 km team: 1997) and three silvers (3 x 10 km team: 1993, 4 x 5 km team: 1995, and 1999). At the Winter Olympics, he won four medals, including two golds (15 km individual: 1994, 4 x 5 km team 1998) and two silvers (3 x 10 km team: 1992, 1994).
He won the Holmenkollen medal in 1998 (shared with Larissa Lazutina, Alexey Prokurorov, and Harri Kirvesniemi).
Lundberg lives with Marit Bjørgen, an Olympic champion in cross-country skiing, in Holmenkollen, Oslo.Heggelia
Heggelia is a village in Målselv Municipality in Troms county, Norway. The village is located along the river Barduelva and it is part of the commercial centre of Bardufoss. Heggelia is sits along the European route E6 highway about 2.5 km (1.6 mi) south of Andselv and Bardufoss Airport.The 1.55-square-kilometre (380-acre) village has a population (2017) of 970 which gives the village a population density of 626 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,620/sq mi).Målselv
Målselv (Northern Sami: Málatvuomi suohkan) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Moen. The main commercial centre of the municipality is the Bardufoss area (including Andselv, Andslimoen, and Heggelia). Other villages in the municipality include Alappmoen, Fossmoen, Holmen, and Skjold. Besides bordering Sweden to the east and the ocean (Malangen fjord) to the northwest, it borders the municipalities of Balsfjord, Storfjord, Bardu, Sørreisa, and Lenvik.
The 3,326-square-kilometre (1,284 sq mi) municipality is the 10th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Målselv is the 154th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 6,798. The municipality's population density is 2.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (5.4/sq mi) and its population has increased by 3% over the last decade.Målselva
The Målselva is a river in Målselv Municipality in Troms county, Norway. The 140-kilometre (87 mi) long river flows through the Målselvdalen valley and then empties into the Målselvfjorden, an arm of the Malangen fjord. The municipality and the valley through which the river runs are both named after the river.
The smaller rivers Divielva, Tamokelva, and Rostaelva converge near the Lille Rostavatn lake to form the Målselva river. Later, the river Barduelva joins it near Fossmoen and Bardufoss. The river drains a watershed of 6,144 square kilometres (2,372 sq mi). The Målselva river passes by the main villages of Bardufoss, Andselv, and Skjold.No. 337 Squadron RNoAF
The 337 Squadron (Norwegian: 337-skvadronen) is a maritime helicopter unit of the Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF). Based at Bardufoss Air Station, the squadron operates eight NHIndustries NH90. The helicopters are used by the Norwegian Coast Guard and serve on the Nordkapp-class, the Barentshav-class and on NoCGV Svalbard.
The unit was created on 1 May 1950 to operate de Havilland Vampire Mk. 52 fighter-bombers. The squadron was stationed at Gardermoen Air Station, although from 1952 a detachment was allocated to Bardufoss. From April 1953, 337 was based at Værnes Air Station. The Vampires were retired in 1954 and 337 was made a storage unit. It was reactivated as an operational unit on 1 September 1955, returning to Gardermoen. It then operated the North American F-86K Sabre. This role lasted 1 September 1963, when the squadron was deactivated. The squadron was reactivated on 1 January 1980 and based at Bardufoss. Its new role was to operate six Westland Lynx helicopters for the newly created Coast Guard. The NH90 replacements were ordered in 2001, but delays caused the Lynxes to remain in service until 2014.Norwegian Army
The Norwegian Army is an armed branch of the Kingdom of Norway. It currently operates in Northern Norway and in Afghanistan in Central Asia, as well as in Eastern Europe. The Army is the oldest of the Norwegian service branches, established as a modern military organization under the command of the King of Norway in 1628. The Army participated in various continental wars during the 17th, 18th and 19th century as well, both in Norway and abroad, especially in World War II (1939-1945). It constitutes part of the Norwegian military contribution as a charter member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) since 1949, as well as the European Union.Royal Norwegian Air Force
The Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) (Norwegian: Luftforsvaret) is the air force of Norway. It was established as a separate arm of the Norwegian Armed Forces on 10 November 1944. The RNoAF's peacetime establishment is approximately 2,430 employees (officers, enlisted staff and civilians). 600 personnel also serve their draft period in the RNoAF. After mobilization the RNoAF would consist of approximately 5,500 personnel.
The infrastructure of the RNoAF includes six airbases (at Ørland, Rygge, Andøya, Bardufoss, Bodø and Gardermoen), one control and reporting centre (at Sørreisa) and two training centres at Persaunet in Trondheim and at KNM Harald Haarfagre/Madlaleiren in Stavanger.Salangen Airport, Elvenes
Salangen Airport, Elvenes (Norwegian: Salangen flyplass, Elvenes; ICAO: ENLV) is a general aviation airport located at Elvenes in Salangen Municipality in Troms county, Norway. It features a grass runway measuring 800 by 80 meters (2,620 by 260 ft). It also has a water airport located on Øvrevann. The municipal airport is solely used for air sports.
The first use of the area as an airstrip was by the Norwegian Army Air Service in 1915. A permanent structure was established in 1919 and remained the sole land airport of the Air Service in Northern Norway until it was supplemented by Bardufoss Air Station in 1938. Elvenes was mostly used for aerial support of Norwegian Army exercises. The airfield was upgraded in May 1940 as part of the Norwegian Campaign under the auspice of the Royal Air Force. It was surrendered to Luftwaffe, who used it sparingly as a reserve for Bardufoss. The Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) took possession in 1945 and used it mostly for Army exercise support. Since 2001 there has been regular civilian use and the municipality bought the facility in 2006.Scandinavian Airlines System Flight 347
Scandinavian Airlines System Flight 347 was a scheduled domestic flight which, on 3 November 1994, was hijacked shortly after take-off. The flight, from Bardufoss Airport via Bodø Airport to Oslo Airport, Fornebu in Norway, was operated by a McDonnell Douglas MD-82 belonging to Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS). The hijacker was Haris Keč, a Bosnian living in Norway, who made demands that Norwegian authorities help to stop the humanitarian suffering in his home country caused by the Bosnian War. No one was injured in the incident.
Keč hijacked the aircraft with 122 passengers and a crew of six in mid-air after leaving Bardufoss. The aircraft landed as scheduled at Bodø, where all women, children and seniors were let off, along with two of the cabin crew. The aircraft then departed Bodø with 77 passengers and a crew of four. It was diverted to Gardermoen, where Keč made his demands. He surrendered at about 21:00, seven hours after take-off from Bardufoss, after some of his demands had been met. He was sentenced to four years prison for the incident.Setermoen
Setermoen is the administrative centre of Bardu Municipality in Troms county, Norway. The village is located along the Barduelva river, about 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of the village of Sjøvegan and about 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of Bardufoss.
The local council proclaimed city status for Setermoen in 1999, but this was rejected by the government of Norway since the municipality has less than 5,000 inhabitants. The 3-square-kilometre (740-acre) village has a population (2017) of 2,464 which gives the village a population density of 821 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,130/sq mi).Structure of the Norwegian Army
The Structure of the Norwegian Army has seen considerable change over the years. In 2009 the Army introduced the new command and control lines. The General Inspector now commands three subordinate major commands and 5 smaller support units:
Brigade Nord in Bardufoss
Garnisonen i Sør-Varanger in Høybuktmoen
Hans Majestet Kongens Garde - HM the Kings Guard in Oslo
Hærstaben - Army Staff in Bardufoss
Operasjonsstøtteavdelingen for Hæren - Army Operations Support Group in Bardufoss (Maintenance, Catering, etc.)
Krigsskolen - Military Academy in Oslo
Hærens befalsskole - Army Command School in Rena
Hærens våpenskole - Army Weapons School in Rena
Kampeskadronen - OPFORCE Training Squadron
Forsvarets kompetansesenter for logistikk og operativ støtte – Armed Forces Logistic and Operational Support Competence Center in Sessvollmoen
Armed Forces Military Dogs School
Armed Forces Transport School
Armed Forces Logistic School
Armed Forces Ammunition and EOD School
Armed Forces Military Police School
The Brigade Nord commands all the operational units of the Army, with the exception of His Majesty the Kings Guard and the border patrol unit stationed in Sør-Varanger. As the army has no air defence capabilities anymore it relies on the NASAMS missile units of the Royal Norwegian Air Force for air defence. The Army Special Forces Command (Norwegian: Forsvarets Spesialkommando/Hærens Jegerkommando, abbreviated to FSK/HJK) is the armed forces' ranger-/parachute and special forces unit. The FSK/HJK has the ability to execute operations in the North Sea to defend Norway's oil installations. Internationally, the FSK/HJK has undertaken in recent years out-of-area missions, most recently two missions in Afghanistan.The standing army is primarily formed around four main combat units. One of these, Hans Majestet Kongens Garde, which is also the foot guards unit of the Norwegian Army, is a light role infantry battalion dedicated to the urban warfare role. The remaining three are all classed as mechanised infantry units, but are in reality fully formed all arms battlegroups, with integrated armour and artillery units alongside the mechanised infantry. Of these, Telemarkbataljon is made up entirely of professional soldiers, while Panserbataljonen and Bataljon 2 are formed with a mixture of professional soldiers and conscripts.