Bardhaman

Bardhaman (pronounced [ˈbɑ:dəˌmən]) is a city in West Bengal state in eastern India. It is the headquarters of Purba Bardhaman district, having become a district capital during the period of British rule. Burdwan, an alternative name for the city, has remained in use since that period.

The history of Burdwan is known from about 5000 BC (the Mesolithic or Late Stone Age). The origin of this name dates back to the 6th century BCE and is ascribed to Vardhaman Swami or Mahavira (599-527 BCE), the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, who spent some time in Astikagrama, according to the Jain scripture of Kalpasutra. This place was renamed as Vardhamana in his honour.

Bardhaman

Burdwan
Curzon Gate
Barddhaman Junction railway station nameplate
Tyrannosaurus rex - Fibreglass Statue - Bardhaman Science Centre - Bardhaman 2015-07-24 1528
Sarbamangala temple
Durga, Burdwan, West Bengal, India 21 10 2012 02
Bardhaman Arcade
Clockwise from the top : Curzon Gate, Bardhaman Science Centre(outside)
Maa Durga puja, Shopping Mall, Sarbamangala temple
Railway Station
The Gateway Of West Bengal
Nickname(s): 
  • Royal Heritage City of West Bengal *City Of Peace
Bardhaman is located in West Bengal
Bardhaman
Bardhaman
Bardhaman is located in India
Bardhaman
Bardhaman
Bardhaman is located in Asia
Bardhaman
Bardhaman
Coordinates: 23°14′N 87°52′E / 23.233°N 87.867°ECoordinates: 23°14′N 87°52′E / 23.233°N 87.867°E
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPurba Bardhaman
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • ChairmanDr. Swarup Datta[1]
Area
 • Metropolitan City / Urban Agglomeration26.30 km2 (10.15 sq mi)
Elevation
30 m (100 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Metropolitan City / Urban Agglomeration347,016
 • Density13,000/km2 (34,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
522,445
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
713101, 713102, 713103, 713104 713141,713149
Telephone code+91-342
Vehicle registrationWB42
Lok Sabha constituencyBardhaman-Durgapur
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBardhaman Dakshin
Websitepurbabardhaman.gov.in

History

During the period of Jahangir this place was named Badh-e-dewan (district capital). The city owes its historical importance to being the headquarters of the Maharajas of Burdwan, the premier noblemen of lower Bengal, whose rent-roll was upwards of 300,000. Bardhaman Raj was founded in 1657 by Sangam Rai, of a Hindu Khatri family of Kotli in Lahore, Punjab, whose descendants served in turn the Mughal Emperors and the British government. The East Indian Railway from Howrah was opened in 1855. The great prosperity of the raj was due to the excellent management of Maharaja Mahtab Chand (died 1879), whose loyalty to the government especially during the "Hul" (Santhal rebellion) of 1855-56 and the Indian rebellion of 1857 was rewarded with the grant of a coat of arms in 1868 and the right to a personal salute of 13 guns in 1877. Maharaja Bijaychand Mahtab (born 1881), who succeeded his adoptive father in 1888, earned great distinction by the courage with which he risked his life to save that of Sir Andrew Fraser, the lieutenant-governor of Bengal, on the occasion of the attempt to assassinate him made by freedom fighters of Bengal on 7 November 1908.[2]

Mahtab Chand Bahadur and later Bijoy Chand Mahtab struggled their best to make this region culturally, economically and ecologically healthier. The chief educational institution was the Burdwan Raj College, which was entirely supported out of the maharaja's estate. Sadhak Kamalakanta as composer of devotional songs and Kashiram Das as a poet and translator of the great Mahabharata were possibly the best products of such an endeavour. Pratap Chandra Roy was the publisher of the first translation in the world to translate Mahabharata in English (1883–1896).[3] The society at large also continued to gain the fruits. We find, among others, the great rebel poet Kazi Nazrul Islam and Kala-azar-famed U. N. Brahmachari as the relatively recent illustrious sons of this soil. Batukeshwar Dutt an Indian revolutionary and independence fighter in the early 1900s was born on 18 November 1910 in a village Oari in Burdwan district. He is best known for having exploded a few bombs, along with Bhagat Singh, in the Central Legislative Assembly in New Delhi on 8 April 1929. The city became an important centre of North-Indian classical music as well.

Geography

[Full screen]
Cities and towns in the Bardhaman Sadar North subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre, H: historical site, W: river project, C: craft centre
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

The region has an average elevation of 40 metres (131 ft). The city is situated 1100 km from New Delhi and a little less than 100 km north-west of Kolkata on the Grand Trunk Road (NH-2) and Eastern Railway. The chief rivers are the Damodar and the Banka.[4]

The first epigraphic reference to the name of this place occurs in a 6th-century AD copper plate found in Mallasarul village under Galsi Police Station. Archeological evidences suggest that this region, forming a major part of Radh Bengal, could be traced even back to 4000 BCE.

Police stations

Burdwan police station has jurisdiction over Bardhaman municipal area and Burdwan I and Burdwan II CD Blocks. The area covered is 192.15 km2. There are out posts at Barabazar, Muradpur, Keshabganj, Nutanganj and Birhata.2[5][6]

Women police station Burdwan has jurisdiction over Bardhaman municipal area and Burdwan I and Burdwan II CD Blocks. The area covered is 192.15 km.[5][6]

Demographics

In the 2011 census, Bardhaman Urban Agglomeration had a population of 347,016, out of which 177,055 were males and 169,961 were females. 25,069 people were between the ages of 0–6 years. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 88.62%.[7]

Culture

Burdwan has a multi-cultural heritage. The deuls (temples of rekha type) found here are reminiscent of Bengali Hindu architecture. The old temples bear signs of Hinduism, mostly belonging to the Sakta and Vaishnava followers.

The Kankaleswari Kali is also located in the city of Burdwan. Burdwan experienced and survived numerous violent conflicts, mainly due to Mughal, Pashtun and Maratha invaders. The city of Bardhaman was visited by notables of the Delhi Sultanate from Raja Todarmal to Daud Karnani, from Sher Afghan and Kutub-ud-din to Ajimuswan to the future Mughal emperor Shah Jahan while he was still a rebel. Bardhaman also has a number of Bengali Christians, and although they are a minority, there are many churches in the city.

Places of interest

Sarbamangala temple
Sarbamangala Temple
108 shiv temple
108 Shiva Temple
Golapbag
Hawa Mahal (Golapbag)
Meghnad Saha Planetarium
Meghnad Saha Planetarium, Golapbag, Bardhaman
Burdwan Church 14 06 2012
Christ Church
Damodar River
Damodar River
Curzon Gate
Curzon Gate
Burdwan Palace
Inside view of the palace of Burdwan Maharaja
Science centre bardhaman
Science Centre
Maa Kankaleshwari at her temple
Maa Kankaleshwari at her temple
Pir baharam
Mazar of Sufi Pir Baharam Sakka
Damodareshwar Shiva Temple, Burdwan
Damodareshwar Shiva Temple, Damodarpally, Burdwan
  • The Shrine of Sarvamangala, said to contain the remnant of Sati's body, the umbilicus, is situated here. Aside this, there are quite a number of temples and Sivalingams.
  • The Curzon Gate Erected in 1903, by the king of Burdwan Maharaja Bijoy Chand Mahatab to celebrate Lord Curzon's visit, it is an archway towering over the road. The Royal Palace is situated one km from the gate.
  • The Golapbag: Golap Bag, or the Garden of Rose, of Bardhaman, is a favourite tourist haunt. It is the botanical and zoological garden established by the King Bijoy Chand Mahatab in 1884. Famous botanist Dalton Hooker came there and listed 128 types of trees. At present there are numerous mango, casuarina, eucalyptus and other trees in the garden. The University of Bardhaman also takes classes in the complex. Distance from railway station is about two and half km.
  • 108 Shiva Temple At Nawab Hat, On the Burdwan-Siuri NH, some 4 kilometres from rail station, is a group of 108 Siva lingam temples built in 1788 popularly known as 108 Shiva Temple. Rani Bishnukumari (queen of Burdwan) ordered to build this temple. Here each year a week-long festival is celebrated on the occasion of "Maha-Shivratri".
  • Birhata Kalibari (Boro Maa): The temple of 10 feet sculpture of goddess Kali made up of touchstone. The goddess is known locally as Boro Maa. The locality had been named after this temple as Kali Bazar. The temple has two parts bisected by a lane. One part contains Kali Mandir and the other, Durga Mandir.
  • Meghnad Saha planetarium: Bardhaman have a planetarium named after India's scientist Meghnad Saha. It is the second planetarium of the state after Kolkata's Birla planetarium.
  • Ramana Bagan: It is the forest office of Bardhaman sub-division. It is at east side of Golapbag. This forest is pointed as sanctuary. This is also called deer park. Deers, tigers, crocodiles, and different kinds of birds make this place beautiful.
  • Science Center: There is a science museum in Burdwan called the Science Center situated at Golapbag Road near Burdwan University. It offers insight into the animal kingdom, the environment, application of laws of physics etc.
  • Tomb of Sher Afghan: The Tomb of Sher Afghan, the last of the Afghan jagirdars in Bardhaman, is located at Pir Beharam near Rajbati (Burdwan Royal Palace). Sher Afghan married Nurjahan. He revolted against Mughal Samrat and to control this, Mughal Samrat Jahangir had sent Kutubuddin. Both died at war in 1610 AD and both were buried at the burial ground of Pir Baharam. Distance from railway station is about two and half km.
  • Kankaleshwari Kali Mandir: The ashram is situated in Kanchan-Nagar is an icon of skeleton with a famous Kali temple. The goddess is made of stone and the temple is 200 years old.
  • The Palace of Burdwan Maharaja
  • Hawa Mahal (Golapbag)
  • Christ Church: This is a very old Christ Church in Bardhaman near "Curzon Gate".
  • Town Hall : The Town Hall was built sometime between 1890 and 1894 and was handed to the Municipality of Bardhaman to help them preserve the remnants of Lala Bansogopal Nandey. The municipality board restored the hall in 1990 to its present form of 2400 square feet from its earlier form of 704 square feet with a seating capacity of 485 seats.
  • Damodar River Beach
  • The Barddhaman Bridge: a cable-stayed bridge over the railways near the Barddhaman railway station.
  • Damodareshwar Shiva Temple is located at Damodarpally, near D.V.C. Bungalow. It was founded on 21 July 2015 (5th Srabon, 1422 in Bengali). ArdhaNarishwar Narmada Shiva-lingam is worshiped here.

Localities in Bardhaman

Damodar River Beach Burdwan
Damodar River beach at Sadarghat Burdwan
  • Alamganj
  • Amra
  • Angirbagan
  • Baburbag
  • Badamtalla
  • Bahir Sarbamangla
  • Bajepratappur
  • Barabalidanga
  • Baranilpur
  • BB Ghosh Road
  • BC Road
  • Berhmore
  • Bidhanpalli
  • Bijayram
  • Birhata
  • Bhatchala
  • Borehat
  • Boronilpur
  • Burdwan Raj College More
  • Chotonilpur
  • Dhaldighi
  • Dewandighi
  • Frazer Avenue
  • Gangpur
  • Goda
  • Golapbagh
  • Hatudewan
  • Ichlabad (2-5)
  • Indraprastha
  • Joteram
  • Kamnara
  • Kalibazar
  • Kalna Gate (Sukantapally)
  • Kanchannagar
  • Kantapukur
  • Kanainatsal
  • Kestopur
  • Keshabgunj Choti
  • Khagragarh
  • Khapukur
  • Khana
  • Khoshbagan
  • Lakurdi
  • Lasker Dighi
  • Laxmipur
  • Locogolghar Colony
  • Meghnadsaha Pally
  • Mehendibagan
  • Mirzapur
  • Mirchoba
  • Narimore
  • Natunpalli
  • Nawabhat
  • Netajinagar
  • Nirmal Jhil
  • Nutanganj
  • Parkus Road
  • Pirbaharam
  • Policeline
  • Polempur
  • Railway Loco Colony
  • Radhanagar
  • Rajbati
  • Rajganj
  • Rasikpur
  • Rathtala
  • Rayan
  • Renaissance Township
  • Sadarghat
  • Sakaripukur
  • Saktigarh
  • Saraitikar
  • Sarbamangla Para
  • Shyamlal
  • Shreepally
  • Subhashpalli
  • Sadhanpur
  • Talit
  • Tarabagh
  • Tejganj
  • Tentultala Bazar
  • Telipukur
  • Tinkonia
  • Udaypally
  • Ulhas
  • Vivekanand College More

Shopping malls in Bardhaman

  • City Tower: Grand Trunk Road, Bardhaman
  • Reliance Trendz: opposite to Burdwan Head Post Office, Grand Trunk Road, Bardhaman
  • Burdwan Arcade: Jail Khana More, B.B. Ghosh Road, Bardhaman
  • Big Bazaar: Burdwan Arcade, Jail Khana More, B.B. Ghosh Road, Bardhaman
  • mBazar: Town Hall Para, GT Road
  • V Mart:GT Road,Parbirhata, Bardhaman,713101
  • Pantaloons: Parbirhata Junction, Near Clock Tower, GT Road, Bardhaman -713101
  • Citi Mart: 105, BC Rd, beside burdwan sadar thana, Bardhaman, West Bengal 713101

Cinema halls

  • Inox: Address:BB Ghosh Road, Bardhaman
  • Sanskriti Metro: Curzon Gate, Bardhaman
  • Bichitra Cinema
  • Burdwan Cinema: BC Road Bardhaman

Foods

  • Sitabhog and Mihidana are two famous sweets of Burdwan, introduced first in honour of the Raj family.
  • Shaktigarh's langcha is another local specialty for Shaktigarh in the eastern part of Burdwan City.
  • Rice is the staple food of Bengal and is the main agricultural produce of Burdwan district. Bardhaman is called the rice bowl of West Bengal.
  • Fish is also the favourite curry item, usually taken with rice, of Bardhaman as well as West Bengal.

Transport

Road

  • The Grand Trunk Road runs across the city; NH 19 (old numbering NH 2) bypasses the city. South Bengal State Transport Corporation (SBSTC) and private operators operate buses from Bolpur, Asansol, Baharampur, Kirnahar, Bankura, Esplanade and Saltlake. It takes around 2–2​12 hours. Bardhaman is well connected by bus with numerous places all around. Most of the buses arrive and leave from Alisha Bus Stand and Nababhat Bus Stand. Burdwan also has a facility of bus service known as Town Service which connects different areas within the city.
  • Sadarghat Road also connects Bardhaman with Bankura(indirectly) and Hooghly (directly) district.

Rail

  • The main Howrah-Delhi rail track passes through Bardhaman, and the city is served by Bardhaman railway station. The Howrah Rajdhani Express(via Patna) was recently entitled a scheduled stop at Bardhaman. One can take a local train from Howrah to reach in two hrs. One can also travel along the Sahibganj Loop, which branches off, one station after Bardhaman. The narrow gauge line to Katwa was upgraded to broad gauge in 2013, up to Balgona.

Rickshaws

  • Cycle rickshaws and E-Rickshaws (Toto) are available for travel within the city.
  • Also available mini bus within city and surrounding. Recently city connector by SBSTC underJnnurm project has been provided.

Education

University

The University of Burdwan was formally inaugurated on 15 June 1960 by Sukumar Sen, its first Vice-chancellor. It was after the abolition of the Zamindari system in the fifties that Uday Chand Mahtab, the last representative of the Burdwan Raj, left almost his entire property in Burdwan to the state government. This, coupled with the initiative of the then Chief Minister of West Bengal, Bidhan Chandra Roy, facilitated the establishment of this university. Presently, the administrative works are mostly done at the Rajbati (the palace of Barddhamana Maharaja) campus; on the other hand, academic activities centre on the Golapbag campus. With social responsibilities in mind, the university actively patronised the construction of a science centre and the Meghnad Saha Planetarium.

Colleges

Schools

  • Acharya Durga Prasanna Bidya Mandir (NL- Boronilpur Bazar)
  • Bardhaman Banipith School
  • Burdwan Harisava Hindu Girls' High School
  • Bardhaman Bidyarthi Bhaban High School
  • Bardhaman Bidyarthi Bhaban Girls' High School
  • Burdwan CMS High School (Main), B. C. Road - West Bengal Board
  • Burdwan CMS High School (Morning), Baburbag - West Bengal Board
  • Burdwan High Madrasa
  • Burdwan Model School
  • Burdwan Maharani Adhirani Girls' School - West Bengal Board of Secondary Education
  • Burdwan Municipal Girls' High School - West Bengal Board
  • Burdwan Municipal High School - West Bengal Board
  • Burdwan Nehru Vidya Mandir Hindi High School (H.S.) - West Bengal Board of Secondary Education
  • Burdwan Nivedita Kanya Vidyalaya
  • Burdwan Railway Vidyapith
  • Burdwan Ramashis Hindi High School under West Bengal Board of Secondary Education
  • Burdwan Rose Garten School
  • Burdwan Raj Collegiate School
  • Burdwan Rose Garten School - English medium
  • Burdwan South Point School - English medium kindergarten
  • Burdwan Sri Ramkrishna Saradapith Uchha Vidyala - West Bengal Board
  • Burdwan Town School
  • Delhi Public School, Asansol
  • Delhi Public School, Burdwan
  • Delhi Public School, Durgapur
  • Dinanathdas High School - Bengali medium
  • East West Model School - ICSE and ISC
  • Harijan School
  • Holy Rock School - ICSE
  • Ichlabad High School - Bengali medium (West Bengal Board)
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Burdwan - CBSE
  • Khaja Anower Sahid Berh High School
  • Kshetia High School
  • Magnus Global School
  • Modern Public School (Co-Ed) English medium
  • Narayana School
  • Raj Collegiate School - West Bengal Board
  • Rathtala Manohardas Vidyaniketan (Boys) - Bengali medium
  • Rathtala Manohardas Vidyaniketan (Girls) - Bengali medium
  • Sadhumati Balika Bidyalaya
  • St. Xaviers School - ICSE and ISC
  • St. Paul's Academy, ICSE and ISC
  • Shastri Hindi Primary School
  • Tej Ganj High School

Climate

The Köppen Climate Classification sub-type for this climate is "Aw" (tropical savanna climate).

Climate data for Burdwan, India
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.0
(78.8)
27.5
(81.5)
34.5
(94.1)
37.4
(99.4)
32.6
(90.7)
34.9
(94.9)
32
(90)
32.3
(90.1)
32.4
(90.3)
32.0
(89.6)
28.0
(82.4)
26.0
(78.8)
31.32
(88.38)
Average low °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
15
(59)
20
(68)
24.9
(76.8)
25.9
(78.6)
26.0
(78.8)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24.7
(76.5)
17.5
(63.5)
12.5
(54.5)
21
(70)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.7)
38
(1.5)
33
(1.3)
48
(1.9)
130
(5)
240
(9.6)
350
(13.7)
310
(12.3)
290
(11.4)
160
(6.2)
28
(1.1)
5.1
(0.2)
140
(5.4)
Average rainy days 4 3 4 6 10 18 23 22 18 11 3 1 123
Source: Weather2[8]

References

  1. ^ "Burdwan Municipality". burdwanmunicipality.gov.in. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Burdwan" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 811.
  3. ^ Kisari Mohan Ganguli tr. (1883). "Translator's Preface". The Mahabharata Book 1: Adi Parva. p. xii.
  4. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Barddhaman, India". fallingrain.com. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  5. ^ a b "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Purba Bardhaman District Police". Police Station. West Bengal Police. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  7. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
  8. ^ "weather2.com". Weather2. 2013. Retrieved on 6 October 2013.

External links

Barddhaman Junction railway station

Barddhaman is a railway junction station on the Howrah-Delhi main line and is located in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. EMU services from Howrah along Howrah-Bardhaman main line and Howrah-Bardhaman chord terminate at Bardhaman. It serves Bardhaman, the second most populous city in West Bengal.

Bardhaman Dakshin

Bardhaman Dakshin (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (earlier called Burdwan South) is an assembly constituency in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Bardhaman Uttar

Bardhaman Uttar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (earlier called Burdwan North) is an assembly constituency in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. The seat is reserved for scheduled castes from 2011.

Bardhaman district

Bardhaman district (Bengali: [bɔrdʱoman]) (also spelled Burdwan or Barddhaman) was a district in West Bengal. On 7 April 2017, the district was bifurcated into Purba Bardhaman district and Paschim Bardhaman district. The headquarters of the district was Bardhaman, and it housed the cities of Asansol and Durgapur. Great revolutionary Rashbehari Bose was born in village Subaldaha, Bardhaman district.

It was the seventh most populous district in India (out of 640) at the time of bifurcation.

Bardhaman–Asansol section

The Bardhaman–Asansol section is a railway line connecting Bardhaman and Asansol. This 106 kilometres (66 mi) track is part of the Howrah–Delhi main line, Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line and Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. It is under the jurisdiction of Eastern Railway, and is connected to the South Eastern Railway through Asansol Adra line at Asansol Jn and Kalipahari Damodar connector at Kalipahari (this line is only used by freight trains).

Bardhaman–Katwa line

The Bardhaman–Katwa line is a 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) broad gauge branch line connecting Bardhaman and Katwa in Purba Bardhaman district of West Bengal. It is under the jurisdiction of Eastern Railway. The line was a narrow gauge line, before its gauge conversion began on 2010. The gauge conversion was done in two phases along with electrification and the full broad gauge line was thrown open for public again on 12 January 2018.

Bhatar (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Bhatar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is an assembly constituency in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Dainhat

Dainhat is a Town and a municipality under Katwa police station and Katwa subdivision, in Purba Bardhaman district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Guskara

Guskara or Guskhara is a town and a municipality under Ausgram police station in Bardhaman Sadar North subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Howrah–Bardhaman chord

The Howrah–Bardhaman chord is a broad-gauge rail line connecting Howrah and Bardhaman. The 95-kilometre long (59 mi) railway line operates in Howrah, Hooghly and Purba Bardhaman districts in the state of West Bengal. It is part of the Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line, Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line and the Kolkata Suburban Railway system.

Howrah–Bardhaman main line

The Howrah–Bardhaman main line is a broad-gauge railway line connecting Howrah and Bardhaman via Bandel. The 108 kilometres (67 mi) railway line operates in Howrah, Hooghly and Purba Bardhaman districts in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is part of the Howrah–Delhi main line and the Kolkata Suburban Railway system.

Jamalpur (community development block)

Jamalpur is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Kalna, India

Ambika Kalna or simply Kalna is a city, a municipality and headquarters of Kalna subdivision in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is situated on the western bank of the Bhāgirathi. The town is more popularly known as Ambika Kalna, named after a very popular deity, Goddess Kali, Maa Ambika. It has numerous historical monuments such as the Rajbari (the palace) and the 108 Shiva temples. The town of Kalna, is 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.

Katwa

Katwa is a municipality town and the headquarters of Katwa subdivision in Purba Bardhaman district of Indian state of West Bengal.

Katwa I

Katwa I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Katwa subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Katwa II

Katwa II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Katwa subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Manteswar (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Manteswar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is an assembly constituency in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Memari

Memari is a town, a municipality and headquarters of the Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Purba Bardhaman district

Purba Bardhaman district is in West Bengal. It was formed on 7 April 2017 after bifurcation of the erstwhile Bardhaman district and its headquarters is Bardhaman.

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