Bardhaman (pronounced [ˈbɑ:dəˌmən]) is a city in West Bengal state in eastern India. It is the headquarters of Purba Bardhaman district, having become a district capital during the period of British rule. Burdwan, an alternative name for the city, has remained in use since that period.
The history of Burdwan is known from about 5000 BC (the Mesolithic or Late Stone Age). The origin of this name dates back to the 6th century BCE and is ascribed to Vardhaman Swami or Mahavira (599-527 BCE), the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, who spent some time in Astikagrama, according to the Jain scripture of Kalpasutra. This place was renamed as Vardhamana in his honour.
Clockwise from the top : Curzon Gate, Bardhaman Science Centre(outside)
Maa Durga puja, Shopping Mall, Sarbamangala temple
The Gateway Of West Bengal
|• Chairman||Dr. Swarup Datta|
|• Metropolitan City / Urban Agglomeration||26.30 km2 (10.15 sq mi)|
|Elevation||30 m (100 ft)|
|• Metropolitan City / Urban Agglomeration||347,016|
|• Density||13,000/km2 (34,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
713101, 713102, 713103, 713104 713141,713149
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bardhaman-Durgapur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Bardhaman Dakshin|
During the period of Jahangir this place was named Badh-e-dewan (district capital). The city owes its historical importance to being the headquarters of the Maharajas of Burdwan, the premier noblemen of lower Bengal, whose rent-roll was upwards of 300,000. Bardhaman Raj was founded in 1657 by Sangam Rai, of a Hindu Khatri family of Kotli in Lahore, Punjab, whose descendants served in turn the Mughal Emperors and the British government. The East Indian Railway from Howrah was opened in 1855. The great prosperity of the raj was due to the excellent management of Maharaja Mahtab Chand (died 1879), whose loyalty to the government especially during the "Hul" (Santhal rebellion) of 1855-56 and the Indian rebellion of 1857 was rewarded with the grant of a coat of arms in 1868 and the right to a personal salute of 13 guns in 1877. Maharaja Bijaychand Mahtab (born 1881), who succeeded his adoptive father in 1888, earned great distinction by the courage with which he risked his life to save that of Sir Andrew Fraser, the lieutenant-governor of Bengal, on the occasion of the attempt to assassinate him made by freedom fighters of Bengal on 7 November 1908.
Mahtab Chand Bahadur and later Bijoy Chand Mahtab struggled their best to make this region culturally, economically and ecologically healthier. The chief educational institution was the Burdwan Raj College, which was entirely supported out of the maharaja's estate. Sadhak Kamalakanta as composer of devotional songs and Kashiram Das as a poet and translator of the great Mahabharata were possibly the best products of such an endeavour. Pratap Chandra Roy was the publisher of the first translation in the world to translate Mahabharata in English (1883–1896). The society at large also continued to gain the fruits. We find, among others, the great rebel poet Kazi Nazrul Islam and Kala-azar-famed U. N. Brahmachari as the relatively recent illustrious sons of this soil. Batukeshwar Dutt an Indian revolutionary and independence fighter in the early 1900s was born on 18 November 1910 in a village Oari in Burdwan district. He is best known for having exploded a few bombs, along with Bhagat Singh, in the Central Legislative Assembly in New Delhi on 8 April 1929. The city became an important centre of North-Indian classical music as well.
|Cities and towns in the Bardhaman Sadar North subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district|
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre, H: historical site, W: river project, C: craft centre
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
The region has an average elevation of 40 metres (131 ft). The city is situated 1100 km from New Delhi and a little less than 100 km north-west of Kolkata on the Grand Trunk Road (NH-2) and Eastern Railway. The chief rivers are the Damodar and the Banka.
The first epigraphic reference to the name of this place occurs in a 6th-century AD copper plate found in Mallasarul village under Galsi Police Station. Archeological evidences suggest that this region, forming a major part of Radh Bengal, could be traced even back to 4000 BCE.
Burdwan police station has jurisdiction over Bardhaman municipal area and Burdwan I and Burdwan II CD Blocks. The area covered is 192.15 km2. There are out posts at Barabazar, Muradpur, Keshabganj, Nutanganj and Birhata.2
In the 2011 census, Bardhaman Urban Agglomeration had a population of 347,016, out of which 177,055 were males and 169,961 were females. 25,069 people were between the ages of 0–6 years. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 88.62%.
Burdwan has a multi-cultural heritage. The deuls (temples of rekha type) found here are reminiscent of Bengali Hindu architecture. The old temples bear signs of Hinduism, mostly belonging to the Sakta and Vaishnava followers.
The Kankaleswari Kali is also located in the city of Burdwan. Burdwan experienced and survived numerous violent conflicts, mainly due to Mughal, Pashtun and Maratha invaders. The city of Bardhaman was visited by notables of the Delhi Sultanate from Raja Todarmal to Daud Karnani, from Sher Afghan and Kutub-ud-din to Ajimuswan to the future Mughal emperor Shah Jahan while he was still a rebel. Bardhaman also has a number of Bengali Christians, and although they are a minority, there are many churches in the city.
The University of Burdwan was formally inaugurated on 15 June 1960 by Sukumar Sen, its first Vice-chancellor. It was after the abolition of the Zamindari system in the fifties that Uday Chand Mahtab, the last representative of the Burdwan Raj, left almost his entire property in Burdwan to the state government. This, coupled with the initiative of the then Chief Minister of West Bengal, Bidhan Chandra Roy, facilitated the establishment of this university. Presently, the administrative works are mostly done at the Rajbati (the palace of Barddhamana Maharaja) campus; on the other hand, academic activities centre on the Golapbag campus. With social responsibilities in mind, the university actively patronised the construction of a science centre and the Meghnad Saha Planetarium.
|Climate data for Burdwan, India|
|Average high °C (°F)||26.0
|Average low °C (°F)||12.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||18
|Average rainy days||4||3||4||6||10||18||23||22||18||11||3||1||123|
Barddhaman is a railway junction station on the Howrah-Delhi main line and is located in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. EMU services from Howrah along Howrah-Bardhaman main line and Howrah-Bardhaman chord terminate at Bardhaman. It serves Bardhaman, the second most populous city in West Bengal.Bardhaman Dakshin
Bardhaman Dakshin (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (earlier called Burdwan South) is an assembly constituency in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.Bardhaman Uttar
Bardhaman Uttar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (earlier called Burdwan North) is an assembly constituency in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. The seat is reserved for scheduled castes from 2011.Bardhaman district
Bardhaman district (Bengali: [bɔrdʱoman]) (also spelled Burdwan or Barddhaman) was a district in West Bengal. On 7 April 2017, the district was bifurcated into Purba Bardhaman district and Paschim Bardhaman district. The headquarters of the district was Bardhaman, and it housed the cities of Asansol and Durgapur. Great revolutionary Rashbehari Bose was born in village Subaldaha, Bardhaman district.
It was the seventh most populous district in India (out of 640) at the time of bifurcation.Bardhaman–Asansol section
The Bardhaman–Asansol section is a railway line connecting Bardhaman and Asansol. This 106 kilometres (66 mi) track is part of the Howrah–Delhi main line, Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line and Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. It is under the jurisdiction of Eastern Railway, and is connected to the South Eastern Railway through Asansol Adra line at Asansol Jn and Kalipahari Damodar connector at Kalipahari (this line is only used by freight trains).Bardhaman–Katwa line
The Bardhaman–Katwa line is a 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) broad gauge branch line connecting Bardhaman and Katwa in Purba Bardhaman district of West Bengal. It is under the jurisdiction of Eastern Railway. The line was a narrow gauge line, before its gauge conversion began on 2010. The gauge conversion was done in two phases along with electrification and the full broad gauge line was thrown open for public again on 12 January 2018.Bhatar (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
Bhatar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is an assembly constituency in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.Dainhat
Dainhat is a Town and a municipality under Katwa police station and Katwa subdivision, in Purba Bardhaman district in the state of West Bengal, India.Guskara
Guskara or Guskhara is a town and a municipality under Ausgram police station in Bardhaman Sadar North subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.Howrah–Bardhaman chord
The Howrah–Bardhaman chord is a broad-gauge rail line connecting Howrah and Bardhaman. The 95-kilometre long (59 mi) railway line operates in Howrah, Hooghly and Purba Bardhaman districts in the state of West Bengal. It is part of the Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line, Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line and the Kolkata Suburban Railway system.Howrah–Bardhaman main line
The Howrah–Bardhaman main line is a broad-gauge railway line connecting Howrah and Bardhaman via Bandel. The 108 kilometres (67 mi) railway line operates in Howrah, Hooghly and Purba Bardhaman districts in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is part of the Howrah–Delhi main line and the Kolkata Suburban Railway system.Jamalpur (community development block)
Jamalpur is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.Kalna, India
Ambika Kalna or simply Kalna is a city, a municipality and headquarters of Kalna subdivision in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is situated on the western bank of the Bhāgirathi. The town is more popularly known as Ambika Kalna, named after a very popular deity, Goddess Kali, Maa Ambika. It has numerous historical monuments such as the Rajbari (the palace) and the 108 Shiva temples. The town of Kalna, is 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.Katwa
Katwa is a municipality town and the headquarters of Katwa subdivision in Purba Bardhaman district of Indian state of West Bengal.Katwa I
Katwa I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Katwa subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.Katwa II
Katwa II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Katwa subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.Manteswar (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
Manteswar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is an assembly constituency in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.Memari
Memari is a town, a municipality and headquarters of the Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.Purba Bardhaman district
Purba Bardhaman district is in West Bengal. It was formed on 7 April 2017 after bifurcation of the erstwhile Bardhaman district and its headquarters is Bardhaman.