Barcelona–El Prat Airport

Barcelona–El Prat Airport[4][5] (IATA: BCN, ICAO: LEBL) (Catalan: Aeroport de Barcelona – el Prat, Spanish: Aeropuerto Josep Tarradellas Barcelona-El Prat), also known as El Prat Airport, is an international airport located 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest[6] of the centre of Barcelona, lying in the municipalities of El Prat de Llobregat, Viladecans, and Sant Boi, in the Autonomous community of Catalonia, in Spain.

It is the second largest and second busiest airport in Spain behind Madrid-Barajas Airport, and the seventh busiest in Europe. In 2018, Barcelona Airport handled a record 50.2 million passengers, up 6.1% from 2017. It is a hub for Level and Vueling, and a focus city for Air Europa, Iberia, EasyJet, Norwegian and Ryanair. The airport mainly serves domestic European destinations, also having flights to North America (United States and Canada), South America (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Peru), Middle East (Israel, Lebanon, Iran, Jordan, United Arab Emirates and Qatar), Asia (Pakistan, China, South Korea, Singapore and Hong Kong), and Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Gambia, Ethiopia and Senegal).

The Barcelona–Madrid air shuttle service, known as the "Puente Aéreo" (in Spanish), or "Pont Aeri" (in Catalan) literally "Air Bridge", was the world's busiest route until 2008, with the highest number of flight operations (971 per week) in 2007.[7] The schedule has been reduced since February 2008, when a Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line was opened, covering the distance in 2 hours 30 minutes, and quickly became popular.[8]

Barcelona–El Prat Airport

Aeropuerto Josep Tarradellas Barcelona–El Prat
Aeroport de Josep Tarradellas Barcelona–El Prat
Aena Barcelona logo
BCN AIRPORT FROM FLIGHT BCN-ORY A320 EC-MLE (43952944862)
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerENAIRE
OperatorAena
ServesBarcelona, Spain
LocationEl Prat de Llobregat
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL14 ft / 4 m
Coordinates41°17′49″N 002°04′42″E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°ECoordinates: 41°17′49″N 002°04′42″E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°E
Websiteaena.es
Map
BCN is located in Spain
BCN
BCN
Location within Spain
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07L/25R 3,743 12,281 Asphalt concrete
07R/25L 2,660 8,727 Asphalt concrete
02/20 2,528 8,293 Asphalt concrete
07C/25C (planned in 21 October 2018) 2,530 8,295 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers50,172,457
Passenger change 17–18Increase 6.1%
Aircraft movements335,651
Movements change 17–18Increase 3.7%
Cargo (t)172,939.9
Cargo change 17–18Increase 10.8%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[1]
Spanish AIP, AENA,[2][3]

History

LEBL Layout
Airport Layout

Barcelona's first airfield, located at El Remolar, began operations in 1916. However, it did not have good expansion prospects, so a new airport at El Prat opened in 1918. The first plane was a Latécoère Salmson 300 which arrived from Toulouse with final destination Casablanca. The airport was used as headquarters of the Aeroclub of Catalonia and the base for the Spanish Navy's Zeppelin fleet. Scheduled commercial service began in 1927 with an Iberia service to Madrid Cuatro Vientos Airport. This was Iberia's first route. During the time of the Second Spanish Republic El Prat was one of the bases of LAPE (Líneas Aéreas Postales Españolas).[9]

In 1948, a runway was built (now called runway 07-25); in the same year the first overseas service was operated by Pan American World Airways to New York City, using a Lockheed Constellation. Between 1948 and 1952, a second runway was constructed (runway 16–34), perpendicular to the previous, also taxiways were constructed and a terminal to accommodate passengers. In 1963, the airport reached one million passengers a year. A new control tower was built in 1965. In 1968, a new terminal was opened, which still exists and is in use as what is now Terminal 2B.[10]

On 3 August 1970, Pan American World Airways inaugurated regular service between Barcelona, Lisbon and New York, operated by a Boeing 747. On 4 November of the same year, Iberia began the "Air-shuttle" service between Barcelona and Madrid–Barajas. A few years later, in 1976, a terminal was built specifically for Iberia's air-shuttle service and a terminal exclusively for cargo, an annexed mail service and an aircraft ramp for air cargo. In 1977, the airport handled over 5 million passengers annually.

From the late seventies to the early nineties, the airport was stalled in traffic and investments until the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona. El Prat underwent a major development consisting of the modernization and expansion of the existing terminal, which became known as Terminal B, and the construction of two further terminals flanking that, known as Terminals A and C respectively.[10] The development included jetways for direct access to the aircraft. This reform was designed by architect Ricardo Bofill Levi.

In 1992, a new control tower was inaugurated also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi, but this was replaced by another much needed control tower in 2006.

The new Terminal 1 was inaugurated on 16 June 2009, covering 545,000 m2 (5,866,331 sq ft). 70% of today's flights operate from Terminal 1. The old Terminals A, B and C are now known as Terminals 2A, 2B and 2C.

Due to the strong drop in air traffic after 1999 and the crisis in the aviation sector in 2001 many charter operations from Girona and Reus were diverted to El Prat, which helped the airport to survive the crisis.

On 1 February 2014, Barcelona–El Prat was the first Spanish airport to receive a daily flight with the Airbus A380-800, on the Emirates route to Dubai International Airport. Emirates also offers a second daily flight, also operated by the A380-800.

International Airlines Group (IAG) announced in December 2016 flights from Barcelona to the US, Latin America and Asia for the summer of 2017. IAG, formed by British Airways, Iberia, Vueling and Aer Lingus, created Level, the second airline, after Norwegian, launching low-cost long haul flights from the Catalan city.[11] They announced flights from June 2017 to Los Angeles, Oakland, Punta Cana and Buenos Aires.

Operations

Most of the traffic at Barcelona Airport is domestic and European, in which Vueling has an operational base. Intercontinental connections have not generated a significant amount of passenger traffic during the last years. In the early twenty-first century the airport passenger carried numbers and the number of operations increased significantly.

Low-cost airline traffic grew significantly, especially after the creation of operating bases by Vueling and Clickair at the airport. Vueling and Clickair merged in July 2009, operating under the Vueling name. Other low-cost airlines operate from the airport, including Ryanair, EasyJet, Norwegian Air International, EasyJet Switzerland, Wizz Air and Transavia.com. A new base was established at the airport in September 2010.

The airport has 3 runways, two parallel, nominated 07L/25R and 07R/25L (the later opened in 2004), and a cross runway 02/20. There are two terminals: T2, which is the sum of the previous Terminals A, B and C, located on the north side of the airport and T1, on the west side, which opened on 16 June 2009. As of 2014 the two terminals had a combined total of 268 check-in counters and 64 boarding gates. Operations at the airport are restricted exclusively to Instrument flight rules (IFR) flights, except for sanitary, emergency and government VFR flights.

A plan for expansion (Plan Barcelona)[12] was completed in 2009, adding a third terminal building (also designed by Ricardo Bofill) and control tower. An additional runway (07R/25L) was also built. The airport became capable of handling 55 million passengers annually (up from 33 million in 2007). The airport expanded in area from 8.45 to 15.33 square kilometres (3.26 to 5.92 sq mi). Further expansion was planned to be finished by 2012, with a new satellite terminal to raise capacity to 70 million passengers annually, this is better explained in Terminal T1 section.

The airport is the subject of a political discussion over management and control between the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Spanish Government, which has involved AENA (airport manager) and various airlines, Iberia and Spanair mainly. Part of the controversy is about the benefits that the airport generates, which are used in maintenance and investments in other airports in the network of AENA and government investments in other economic areas.

Terminals

17-12-04-Aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat-RalfR-DSCF0722
The new control tower is a hyperboloid structure.
T1 Prat Aitor Agirregabiria
Terminal 1
14-08-04-barcelona-RalfR-03
Terminal 2

Terminal 1

A new Terminal 1, designed by Ricardo Bofill was inaugurated on 16 June 2009. It is the fifth largest in the world, and has an area of 548,000 m2 (5,900,000 sq ft), an aircraft ramp of 600,000 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft), 13,000 new parking spaces and 45 new gates expandable to 60. This terminal is also capable of handling large aircraft like the Airbus A380-800 or Boeing 747-8I.

The terminal handles both Schengen and non-Schengen flights. It is split into 5 Modules with Module A handling flights to Madrid, Module B handling Schengen flights, Module C handling Air Nostrum flights, Module D handling non-Schengen European flights and Module E handling non-Schengen non-European flights.

Its facilities include:

  • 258 check-in counters
  • 60 jetways (some are prepared for the A380, with double jetway)
  • 15 baggage carousels (one new carousel is equivalent to 4 carousels in the old terminal) and
  • 12,000 parking spaces, in addition to the 12,000 already in terminal 2.

The forecast is that the airport will be able to handle 55 million passengers annually —as opposed to the 30 million people before its construction— and will reach 90 operations an hour.

The extension of the airport with a total investment of €5.1 billion in the future will include a new satellite terminal and refurbishment of existing terminals. The civil engineering phase of the South Terminal had a budget of €1 billion.

It is also planned the construction of a satellite terminal —T1S or Terminal 1 Satèl·lit, in Catalan— considering that the airport is on the verge of collapse because terminals cannot handle all passengers because of space shortage. This terminal will be at 1,5 kilometres from the current T1 terminal, behind the 02-20, transversal, runway. With this action, the airport will be able to increase its passenger capacity to 70 million people annually.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is divided into three linked sections, known as Terminal 2A, 2B and 2C. Terminal 2B is the oldest part of the complex still in use, dating back to 1968. Terminals 2A and 2C were added in order to expand the airport capacity before the arrival of the 1992 Summer Olympics held in city.[10] This expansion was also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi.

This terminal is mostly occupied by low-cost airlines, although there are some full-service airlines which also use this terminal.

Following the opening of Terminal 1 in 2009, Terminal 2 became almost empty until the airport authorities lowered landing fees to attract low-cost and regional carriers to fill the terminal. Whilst this has helped, the complex is nowhere near full capacity and Terminal 2A is currently unused for departures. Terminal 2C is used only by EasyJet and EasyJet Switzerland flights, with flights to the UK using module M0, whilst flights to the rest of Europe use module M1. Terminal 2B is mostly used by Ryanair and others, like Transavia. And T2A is adapted for large airplanes, such as B777. The terminal is also split into Modules, where flights to schengen destinations use Module U and flights to non Schengen destinations use Modules W and Y.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

The following airlines operate regular scheduled flights to and from Barcelona:[13]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Cork
Aeroméxico Mexico City (begins 16 June 2019)[14]
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Algérie Algiers, Oran
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca, Fez, Nador, Tangier
airBaltic Riga
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong[15]
Air Europa Madrid, Palma de Mallorca
Seasonal Charter: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade (resumes 4 June 2019)[16]
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino
American Airlines Miami, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare,[17] Philadelphia
Arkia Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Armenia Aircompany Seasonal: Yerevan
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon[18]
Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vágar
Avianca Bogotá
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Bucharest, Iași
British Airways London–Gatwick (ends 31 March 2019),[19][20] London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Seasonal: Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong [21]
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines New York–JFK
Seasonal: Atlanta
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bordeaux, Bristol, Geneva, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Southend, Lyon, Manchester,[22] Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Belfast–International
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai–International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi[23]
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart, Vienna
Finnair Helsinki
Georgian Airways Tbilisi[24]
GetJet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius (begins 27 April 2019)[25]
Iberia Madrid
Iberia Regional Badajoz, Burgos,[26] León, Valencia
Seasonal: Melilla
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Jet2.com Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester
Joon Paris–Charles de Gaulle[27]
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Perú Lima
Laudamotion Vienna
Level Boston, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, New York–JFK (begins 27 July 2019),[28] San Francisco, Santiago de Chile (begins 31 March 2019),[28] Vienna
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini[29]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, London–Gatwick, Los Angeles, Newark, Oakland,[30] Oslo–Gardermoen, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–North
Seasonal: Bergen, Billund, Chicago–O'Hare (begins 7 June 2019),[31] Dubrovnik, Fort Lauderdale,[32] Stavanger, Trondheim
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Sialkot[33]
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha
Rossiya Airlines Saint Petersburg
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Birmingham, Bologna, Brussels, Budapest, Charleroi, Cardiff (begins 2 April 2019), Cologne/Bonn, Dublin, Edinburgh, Fez, Frankfurt,[34] Fuerteventura, Gothenburg (begins 2 April 2019), Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kiev-Boryspil, Krakow, Liverpool, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Luxembourg, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Menorca, Nador, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Prague,[35] Rome–Fiumicino, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Sofia, Stockholm–Skavsta, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Turin, Valladolid, Venice, Vigo (ends 31 March 2019),[36] Vilnius, Warsaw–Modlin
Seasonal: East Midlands, Glasgow-Prestwick
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo, Saint Petersburg (begins 28 April 2019)[37]
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Bergen, Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda
Singapore Airlines Milan, Singapore
SkyUp Kiev–Zhuliany [38]
Smartwings Seasonal: Prague
Sun D'Or Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon, Porto[39]
TAROM Bucharest, Oradea (begins 25 March 2019)[40]
Transavia Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Rotterdam/The Hague
Transavia France Paris–Orly
TUI fly Belgium Antwerp, Ostend/Bruges
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk (ends 2 March 2019),[41] Istanbul (begins 3 March 2019),[41] Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
Seasonal: Lviv
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Washington–Dulles
Ural Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: Saint Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
Vueling A Coruña, Aalborg, Algiers, Alicante, Almería, Amsterdam, Asturias, Athens, Banjul, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Beirut, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux, Brussels, Budapest, Cagliari, Catania, Copenhagen, Dakar–Diass, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Florence, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Granada, Hamburg, Hannover, Helsinki,[42] Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, La Palma, Lanzarote, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow (ends 30 March 2019),[43] Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marseille, Menorca, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Munich, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Nuremberg, Oran, Oslo–Gardermoen, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Pisa, Porto, Prague, Rennes, Rome–Fiumicino, St Petersburg, San Sebastián, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tangier, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Toulouse, Turin, Valencia, Valladolid, Venice, Vienna, Vigo, Zürich
Seasonal: Alghero, Bastia, Belgrade, Brest, Brindisi, Bucharest, Casablanca, Corfu, Faro, Fez, Genoa, Heraklion, Kiev–Zhuliany, Kraków, Lille, Minsk, Mykonos, Nador, Olbia, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Santorini, Split, Tunis, Zadar, Zagreb
WestJet Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson (begins 25 May 2019)[44]
Windrose Airlines Seasonal: Kiev–Boryspil[45]
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Chișinău, Cluj–Napoca, Craiova, Debrecen, Katowice, Kutaisi,[46] Riga, Sofia, Timişoara, Vilnius,
Seasonal: Skopje[47]
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Brussels, Liège
Cargolux Hong Kong, Baku, Luxembourg
DHL Aviation Vitoria
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al-Maktoum
FedEx Express Paris–Charles de Gaulle
MNG Airlines Charter: Istanbul–Atatürk
Swiftair Madrid, Palma de Mallorca
ULS Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Valencia

Statistics

Main airlines

Main airlines in 2017
Rank Airline Passengers
1 Vueling 17,174,966
2 Ryanair 6,962,954
3 EasyJet 3,143,891
4 Norwegian 1,586,744
5 Lufthansa 1,425,433
6 Iberia 1,338,263
7 Air Europa 1,052,286
8 British Airways 843,648
9 Air France 777,655
10 Wizz Air 768,044
11 KLM 574,985
12 Transavia 572,902
13 TAP Portugal 555,243
14 Emirates 551,008
15 Eurowings 542,492

Busiest international routes

Busiest International Routes in 2017
Rank Airport Passengers
1 London Gatwick 1,460,914
2 Amsterdam Schiphol 1,363,965
3 Paris Charles de Gaulle 1,290,861
4 Rome Fiumicino 1,225,979
6 Paris Orly 1,163,701
5 Frankfurt International 937,469
7 Brussels National 927,483
8 Munich F.J.Strauss 837,259
13 Lisbon 836,924
10 Milan Malpensa 758,520
9 London Heathrow 684,967
11 Zürich International 649,719
12 Geneva Cointrin 637,998
15 Dublin 572,623
14 London Luton 507,191
Barcelona Airport Passenger volume progression (1963-2017)
Barcelona Airport Passenger volume progression (1963-2017)
Barcelona Airport cargo volume progression (1999-2017)
Barcelona Airport cargo volume progression (1999-2017)
Passenger Volume
Year Passengers %
1963 1,000,000
1977 5,000,000
1990 9,205,000
1991 9,145,000 -0.7
1992 10,196,000 +11.5
1993 9,999,000 -2.0
1994 10,647,285 +6.5
1995 11,727,814 +10.1
1996 13,434,679 +14.6
1997 15,065,724 +12.1
1998 16,194,805 +7.3
1999 17,421,938 +7.6
2000 19,809,567 +13.8
2001 20,745,536 +4.7
2002 21,348,211 +2.9
2003 22,752,667 +6.6
2004 24,558,138 +7.9
2005 27,152,745 +10.6
2006 30,008,152 +10.5
2007 32,898,249 +9.6
2008 30,208,134 -8.2
2009 27,311,765 -9.4
2010 29,209,595 +6.5
2011 34,398,226 +17.8
2012 35,144,503 +2.2
2013 35,216,828 +0.2
2014 37,559,044 +6.7
2015 39,711,276 +5.7
2016 44,154,693 +11.2
2017 47,284,500 +7.1
2018 50,172,457 +6.1
2019 (Jan) 3,274,938 +7.1

Source: Aeroport de Barcelona, AENA.

Operations Volume
Year Operations %
1999 233,609 -
2000 255,913 +9.5
2001 273,119 +6.3
2002 271,023 -0.8
2003 282,021 +4.1
2004 291,369 +3.3
2005 307,798 +5.6
2006 327,636 +6.4
2007 352,501 +7.6
2008 321,491 -8.8
2009 278,965 -13.3
2010 277,832 -0.4
2011 303,054 +9.1
2012 290,004 -4.3
2013 276,497 -4,7
2014 283,850 +2,7
2015 288,878 +1,8
2016 307,864 +6,6
2017 323,539 +5,1
2018 335,651 +3.7
2019 (Jan) 24,005 +7.2
Cargo Volume
Year Tonnes %
1999 88,217 -
2000 88,269 +2.4
2001 81,882

-7.8

2002 75,905

-7.3

2003 70,118

-7.6

2004 84,985 +21.2
2005 90,446 +6.4
2006 93,404 +3.3
2007 96,770 +3.6
2008 104,329 +7.7
2009 89,813 -13.6
2010 104,279 +16.1
2011 96,572 -7.4
2012 96,522 -0.1
2013 100,288 +3.9
2014 102,692 +2.4
2015 117,219 +14.1
2016 132,754 +13.3
2017 156,105 +14.9
2018 172,939 +10.8
2019 (Jan) 12,978 +5.9

Ground transportation

Rail

Train

Terminal 2 has its own Rodalies Barcelona commuter train station on the line R2, which runs from the Maçanet-Massanes station every 30 minutes, with major stops at Barcelona Sants railway station and the fairly central Passeig de Gràcia railway station to provide transfer to the Barcelona Metro system, also in Clot station. Passengers for T1 must take a connecting bus from Terminal 2B to Terminal 1. As part of the major expansion above, a new shuttle train is going to be built from Terminal 1 to Barcelona Sants (connected with the high speed train, the AVE) and Passeig de Gràcia Stations is expected by the end of 2020.

Metro

Also this airport is linked to Barcelona by underground (metro) since 12 February 2016[48][49] by Line 9 of the Barcelona Metro with a station in each terminal, the Aeroport T1 station situated directly underneath the airport terminal T1 and the Aeroport T2 station close to the Aeroport rail station at the terminal T2. The line connects with several Barcelona Metro lines to the city center.

Road

The C-32B highway connects the airport to a main traffic interchange between Barcelona's Ronda de Dalt beltway and major motorways. There is provision for parking cars at the airport, with about 24,000 parking spaces.

Bus

The Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) public bus line 46 runs from Paral·lel Avenue. The Aerobús offers direct transfers from T1 and T2 to the city center at Plaça Catalunya. Another company offers transfers from Barcelona Airport to nearest airports like Reus Airport or Girona–Costa Brava, provincial and national capitals and links with France or Andorra.

Incidents and accidents

  • On 21 October 1994 a Falcon 20 cargo aircraft made an emergency landing at the airport after suffering a malfunction in its landing gear; none of the three crewmembers were injured.
  • On 19 February 1998, two people, the commander and the pilot died in an Ibertrans general aviation plane crash in the borough of Gavà shortly after taking off from El Prat.
  • On 28 July 1998 a general aviation cargo plane carrying press from Mallorca crashed next to one of the fences surrounding the airport, killing two crew members and co-pilot.
  • On 3 December 2010, during the Spanish air traffic controllers strike, Barcelona Airport remained inoperative when all Spanish air traffic controllers walked out in a coordinated wildcat strike. Following the walkout, the Spanish Government authorized the Spanish military to take over air traffic control operations.[50] On the morning of 4 December, the government declared a 'State of Alert', ordering the controllers back to work. Shortly after the measure was implemented, controllers started returning to work and the strike was called off.[51]

References

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  9. ^ aomd88. "Airline memorabilia: Alas de la República: CLASSA, LAPE (1934)". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  10. ^ a b c "History – Barcelona–El Prat Airport". aena. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
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  12. ^ Barcelona / Plan Barcelona Archived 5 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Aena.es. Retrieved on 4 October 2011.
  13. ^ aena.es - Destinos retrieved 16 February 2017
  14. ^ "Grab tickets for our new Barcelona - Mexico City route!". AeroMexico. January 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
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  31. ^ "Norwegian volarà a Chicago des del Prat" [Norwegian will fly to Chicago from El Prat]. ara.cat Economia (in Catalan). ARA. 15 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  32. ^ Liu, Jim (2 October 2018). "Norwegian converts Spain – Ft. Lauderdale service to seasonal in 2018/19". Routesonline. UBM (UK) Ltd.
  33. ^ Liu, Jim (31 December 2018). "Pakistan International Europe routing changes from Jan 2019". Routesonline. UBM (UK) Ltd.
  34. ^ "RyanAir introduces Winter plane 2017/2018 from Frankfurt Am Main Vor". RyanAir. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  35. ^ "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  36. ^ https://www.ryanair.com/gb/en/
  37. ^ Liu, Jim (29 November 2018). "S7 Airlines adds St. Petersburg – Barcelona route in April 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  38. ^ "SkyUp Airlines moves Kiev – Barcelona launch to Jan 2019". routesonline.com. 1 November 2018.
  39. ^ "TAP Air Portugal plans to expand Porto network in S18". Routesonline. 18 December 2017.
  40. ^ TAROM deschide Oradea către noi destinații (in Romanian)
  41. ^ a b https://www.reuters.com/article/us-turkey-airport/new-istanbul-airport-will-be-fully-open-march-3-milliyet-newspaper-idUSKCN1OQ1G4. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  42. ^ Spanish airline Vueling will add more flights to Helsinki in winter season 2017–2018 aviation24.be. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017
  43. ^ https://www.vueling.com/en
  44. ^ "Buenos días, Barcelona". Westjet. 30 October 2018. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  45. ^ "Welcome to Barcelona!". windrose.aero. 5 February 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  46. ^ "Rome, Paris, Barcelona, Prague: Wizz Air launches new direct flights from Kutaisi". agenda.ge. 6 October 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  47. ^ "Welcome to the world of opportunity! - Wizz Air". wizzair.com.
  48. ^ "Cuenta atrás para la inauguración del metro al aeropuerto de El Prat" [Countdown to the opening the metro to the airport of El Prat]. La Vanguardia (Press release) (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 14 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  49. ^ "El metro hacia El Prat comenzará a funcionar el día 12 de febrero" [The metro to el Prat gonna starts on 12 February]. La Vanguardia (Press release) (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
  50. ^ Batty, David (4 December 2010). "Spanish airports reopen after strike causes holiday chaos". guardian.co.uk. London. Retrieved 5 December 2010.
  51. ^ Owen, Edward (4 December 2010). "Spanish air traffic controllers marched back to work as airports reopen". telegraph.co.uk. London. Retrieved 5 December 2010.

External links

Media related to Barcelona Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Barcelona El Prat Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage

Aeroport

Aeroport or Aéroport may refer to:

Aeroport District, a district of Northern Administrative Okrug of Moscow, Russia

Aeroport (Moscow Metro), a station of the Moscow Metro, Moscow, Russia

Aeroport (Kiev Metro), a station on the Podilsko-Vyhurivska Line of the Kiev Metro, Kiev, Ukraine

Airport T2 station, a Rodalies de Catalunya station serving Barcelona–El Prat Airport, in El Prat de Llobregat, Catalonia, Spain

Aeroport, Oymyakonsky District, Sakha Republic, a village in Oymyakonsky District, Sakha Republic

Aeroport, Tomponsky District, Sakha Republic, a village in Tomponsky District, Sakha Republic

Aéroport, place of Gustaf III Airport

Airport T1 (Barcelona Metro)

Airport T1 (Catalan: Aeroport T1) is a Barcelona Metro station that serves terminal T1 of Barcelona–El Prat Airport, in the municipality of El Prat de Llobregat, to the southwest of Barcelona. It is the southern terminus of the airport branch of Barcelona Metro line 9 (L9) and is operated by Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB).

Opened in 2016, the station is located underneath the airport terminal and consists of two levels. The trains run on the lower level, where there is a 16-metre (52 ft) island platform featuring screen doors. Adjacent to the station is a depot that can accommodate 12 trains. A new commuter rail link is projected to reach the station around 2018.

Airport T2 station

Airport T2 (Catalan: Aeroport T2) is both a Rodalies de Catalunya commuter rail station and a Barcelona Metro station serving terminal complex T2 of Barcelona–El Prat Airport. They are located adjacent to the airport's terminal T2B, in the municipality of El Prat de Llobregat, to the southwest of Barcelona, in Catalonia, Spain. The Rodalies de Catalunya station is the southern terminus of the current rail link coming from El Prat de Llobregat railway station. It is operated by Renfe Operadora and is served by Barcelona commuter rail service line R2 Nord. The metro station is on the airport branch of Barcelona Metro line 9 (L9) and is operated by Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB).

Opened in 1975, the current Rodalies de Catalunya station is the only commuter rail station serving the airport, so that it is simply known as Airport (Catalan: Aeroport). Besides, it is due to disappear around 2018 with the construction of a new airport rail link, which will also reach airport terminal T1. The Barcelona Metro line 9 station started operating in 2016, when the line's 20-kilometre-long (12 mi) portion between the airport terminals and Zona Universitària station in western Barcelona opened for passenger service as the L9 Sud ("South").

Autoritat del Transport Metropolità

The Metropolitan Transport Authority (Catalan: Autoritat del Transport Metropolità, ATM) is a public consortium intended to coordinate the operation and project the expansion of the public transport system in the Barcelona metropolitan area. It is made up of the Government of Catalonia and local administrations. It has been known as ATM Àrea de Barcelona since 2003 to differentiate it from the other existing Catalan public transport authorities in the Girona, Camp de Tarragona and Lleida areas, which are also identified as ATM. As of January 2015, the ATM-managed public transport system comprises 50 different operating companies and serves 346 municipalities, accounting for a population of over 5.7 million.Created in 1997, the ATM has since developed an Integrated Fare System (Catalan: Sistema Tarifari Integrat, STI) based on concentric fare zones. There currently exist about 80 different types of multiple-time tickets or unlimited passes for use on the STI, all of which allow free-of-charge interchange between transport modes in a single trip. In 2012, it was announced that the ATM was planning to upgrade the current magnetic stripe-based technology used on the STI to a contactless smart card validation system known as T-Mobilitat, reducing all the existing ATM cards to one.

Barcelona Metro line 8

— Line 8, coloured pink (termini: Plaça Espanya - Molí Nou-Ciutat Cooperativa) and operated by FGC, is part of the Barcelona Metro network, and therefore of the larger ATM fare-integrated transport system. It joins Plaça Espanya, in the Sants-Montjuïc district of Barcelona with metropolitan area municipalities of L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Cornellà de Llobregat and Sant Boi de Llobregat.

Clickair

Clickair was a low-cost airline that was based in the Parc de Negocis Mas Blau in El Prat de Llobregat, near Barcelona, Spain. Clickair flew to nearly 40 destinations in Europe. The airline's main base was Barcelona–El Prat Airport with further bases at Málaga, Seville and Valencia. Clickair merged into Vueling on 15 July 2009.

El Prat de Llobregat

El Prat de Llobregat (Catalan pronunciation: [əl ˈpɾad də ʎuβɾəˈɣat]), commonly known as El Prat [əl ˈpɾat], is a municipality in the comarca of Baix Llobregat in

Catalonia, Spain. It is situated in the delta of the Llobregat river on the right bank, bordering the coast of the Mediterranean Sea between Barcelona and Viladecans. More than a quarter of the area of the municipality is occupied by Barcelona–El Prat Airport. Apart from the transport links to the airport, the town of El Prat is served by a railway station on the coast line from Barcelona to Valencia. The municipality also has a beach and a small nature reserve at the Llac (Lake) de la Ricarda i del Remolar. El Prat is famous for its blue-legged chickens (known as gall potablava in Catalan). El Prat forms part of the metropolitan area of Barcelona.

Europa – Fira station

Europa | Fira is a railway and metro station on the Llobregat–Anoia Line. It is located underneath Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, near Plaça d'Europa and Carrer d'Amadeu Torner, in the L'Hospitalet de Llobregat municipality, to the south-west of Barcelona, in Catalonia, Spain. Opened on 13 May 2007 (2007-05-13), it was due to be named Amadeu Torner, in reference to the street of the same name. The station can be accessed from both sidewalks of Gran Via, serving as a major public transport access to the Gran Via business center. It is served by Line 8, Line 9, Baix Llobregat Metro lines S33, S4 and S8, and commuter rail lines R5, R6, R50 and R60.

Barcelona Metro line 9 (designated L9 Sud) started services at the station on February 12, 2016, when the line's 20-kilometre-long (12 mi), 15-station portion between Barcelona–El Prat Airport and Zona Universitària station in western Barcelona opens for passenger service.

Fira (Barcelona Metro)

Fira, originally known as Fira 2 – Pedrosa, is a Barcelona Metro station serving Fira de Barcelona's Fira Gran Via major trade fair venue and the Pedrosa industrial park, in the L'Hospitalet de Llobregat municipality, to the south-west of Barcelona. It is situated underneath Avinguda Joan Carles I, at the intersection with Pedrosa and Botànica streets. It has a direct access to Fira Gran Via's main entrance. The station was designed by Japanese architect Toyo Ito.

The station opened for passenger service on 12 February 2016, when the 20-kilometre-long (12 mi), 15-station portion belonging to Barcelona Metro line 9 between Barcelona–El Prat Airport and Zona Universitària station in western Barcelona started operating. Designated L9 Sud ("L9 South"), the new Barcelona Metro line 9 section offers a regular service frequency of 7 minutes in each direction, though additional partial services may be added if necessary.

Level (airline)

Level, styled as LEVEL, is an airline brand under which three European airlines owned by the International Airlines Group (IAG) operate low-cost flights.

Level was marketed initially as a low-cost, long-haul carrier, and began transatlantic services from Barcelona–El Prat Airport in June 2017. In July 2018, Level expanded with long-haul services from Paris Orly Airport which eventually took over the operation of IAG affiliate OpenSkies, and began its first short-haul services from Vienna International Airport.

List of busiest airports by international passenger traffic

The following is a list of the world's largest airports by international passenger traffic.

List of defunct airlines of Spain

This is a list of the defunct airlines of Spain.

Llobregat Delta

The Llobregat Delta (Catalan: Delta del Llobregat) is the delta of the Llobregat river, located near the city of Barcelona, Catalonia, northeastern Spain. The current delta has been altered by farming, urban development, industrialisation and transport infrastructures such as the Port of Barcelona and the Barcelona El Prat Airport.

R10 (Rodalies de Catalunya)

The R10 was a line of Rodalies de Catalunya's Barcelona commuter rail service, operated by Renfe Operadora. It linked half-hourly Barcelona–El Prat Airport with Barcelona's Estació de França, using the Aragó Tunnel through central Barcelona, calling at Sants and Passeig de Gràcia stations. R10 services spanned 22 kilometres (14 mi) of railway lines and six stations. At the time it suspended services, the trains used on the line were Civia electrical multiple units (EMU).The direct services between the airport and central Barcelona, previously provided by Barcelona commuter rail service line R1, had been discontinued on 4 December 2005 due to the construction works of the Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line in Barcelona's southern accesses. At that moment, the R1 started operating as a shuttle line between the airport and El Prat de Llobregat railway station. On 22 July 2006, the R10 started services as a newly created line of the Rodalies Barcelona commuter rail system, predecessor of Rodalies de Catalunya, providing a direct rail link between the airport and central Barcelona anew. The construction works of the new Sagrera railway station and the urban renewal project associated with it caused the suspension of the R10 on 31 January 2009. Barcelona commuter rail service line R2 then took over the service previously offered by the line, incorporating the branch lines to the airport and Estació de França. The R10 was initially scheduled to resume services two years later.In the long-term future, it is projected that the R10 will be definitely suspended, and the branch line to Estació de França will be dismantled. Barcelona commuter rail service lines R4 and R7 will be rerouted in order to serve as the direct rail link between the airport and central Barcelona, using the airport as their southern terminus.

R2 (Rodalies de Catalunya)

The R2 is a line of Rodalies de Catalunya's Barcelona commuter rail service, operated by Renfe Operadora. It is a major north–south axis in the Barcelona metropolitan area, running from the southern limits of the province of Girona to the northern limits of the province of Tarragona, via Barcelona. North of Barcelona, the line uses the Barcelona–Cerbère railway, running inland through the Vallès Oriental region. South of Barcelona, it uses the conventional Madrid–Barcelona railway, running along the coast through the Garraf region. The R2 had an annual ridership of 33.6 million in 2016, achieving an average weekday ridership of 125,948 according to 2008 data, which makes it the busiest line of the Barcelona commuter rail service.All R2 trains use the Aragó Tunnel in Barcelona, where they share tracks with Rodalies de Catalunya's regional rail lines R11, R13, R14, R15 and R16, calling at Sants and Passeig de Gràcia stations.

The line originally had no branches, with Sant Vicenç de Calders and Maçanet-Massanes serving as its only southernmost and northernmost terminus, respectively. In 2009, it took over the service offered by Barcelona commuter rail service line R10, incorporating the branch lines to Barcelona–El Prat Airport and Barcelona's Estació de França. A new line scheme has been in operation ever since; the services starting or terminating at the airport run north towards Maçanet-Massanes and are designated R2 Nord ("North"), whilst the ones starting or terminating at Estació de Fraça run south towards Sant Vicenç de Calders and are designated R2 Sud ("South"). The rest of the services, simply designated R2, operate between Castelldefels and Granollers Centre.

Together with lines R1, R3 and R4, the R2 (then simply numbered line 2) started services in 1989 as one of the first lines of the Cercanías commuter rail system for Barcelona, known as Rodalies Barcelona. In the long-term future, it is projected to take over the R4 south of Barcelona, connecting the inland regions of the Barcelona metropolitan area.

R7 (Rodalies de Catalunya)

The R7 is a line of Rodalies de Catalunya's Barcelona commuter rail service, operated by Renfe Operadora. It links Sant Andreu Arenal railway station in northern Barcelona with Cerdanyola Universitat railway station, which serves the Bellaterra campus of the Autonomous University of Barcelona. The R7 shares tracks for most of its length with Barcelona commuter rail service lines R3 and R4, as well as regional rail line R12. According to 2010 data, the line's average weekday ridership is 8,140.R7 services started operating in 2005, initially running between Martorell and L'Hospitalet de Llobregat stations, via the Vallès Occidental region. The line used most part of the Castellbisbal–Mollet-Sant Fost railway, and the entire Meridiana Tunnel through central Barcelona. It became the first passenger service to use the Castellbisbal–Mollet-Sant Fost railway, originally designed to serve as Barcelona's rail freight bypass. In 2011, the R7 was shortened, so that it began to operate in its current configuration between Sant Andreu Arenal and Cerdanyola Universitat stations. Most part of its original route was then taken over by the R8, which came into service the same year, running between Martorell and Granollers. In the long-term future, it is projected that the R7 will be extended southwards to Barcelona–El Prat Airport, using the Meridiana Tunnel.

Sant Andreu Comtal railway station

Barcelona Sant Andreu Comtal is a Rodalies de Catalunya station in the Sant Andreu district of Barcelona. It is served by Barcelona commuter rail service lines R2 and R2 Nord, as well as regional line R11. Passengers can also commute here to Barcelona Metro line 1 station Sant Andreu. It is located completely over ground.

Sant Andreu Comtal railway station used to have up to 10 rail tracks, which were decreased to 2 in 2010 due to the construction works for building the new Sagrera railway station.

Sitges

Sitges (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈsidʒəs]) is a town about 35 kilometres southwest of Barcelona, in Catalonia, renowned worldwide for its Film Festival and Carnival. Located between the Garraf Massif and the sea, it is known for its beaches, nightspots, and historical sites.

While the roots of Sitges' artistic reputation date back to the late 19th century, when Catalan painter Santiago Rusiñol took up residence there during the summer, the town became a centre for the 1960s counterculture in mainland Spain, in Francoist Spain, and became known as "Ibiza in miniature".

Today, Sitges' economy is based on tourism and culture offering more than 4,500 hotel beds, half of them in four-star hotels.

Almost 35% of the approximately 26,000 permanent inhabitants are from the Netherlands, the UK, France and Scandinavia, whose children attend international schools in the area. There are 17 beaches. Sitges was also the site of the annual Bilderberg conference held in June 2010.

Sitges has been referred to as the Saint-Tropez of Spain, with property prices approaching those of the most expensive European cities, the main reason for this being the setting by the sea and the surrounding Parc Natural del Garraf. Proximity to Barcelona-El Prat Airport is also a major advantage.

Spanair

Spanair S.A. was a Spanish airline, with its head office in the Spanair Building in L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, near Barcelona. It was, until 2009 a subsidiary of the SAS Group; the same parent company in control of Scandinavian Airlines and held slightly under 20% of the company. Spanair provided a scheduled passenger network within Spain and Europe, with an extension to West Africa. Worldwide charters were also flown for tour companies. Its main hub was Barcelona El Prat Airport, with focus cities at Madrid-Barajas Airport and Palma de Mallorca Airport. The airline had 3,161 employees and was a Star Alliance member from 2003 until its demise.

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