Barbara M. Levick (born 21 June 1931) is a British historian and epigrapher, focusing particularly on the early Roman Republic and late Empire. She is recognised within her field as one of the leading Roman historians of her generation.
Levick was educated at St Hugh's College, Oxford. Her DPhil, on the subject of Roman colonies in South Asia minor was undertaken in the mid 1950s and supervised by Ronald Syme. For this research she made two solo trips to Turkey, placing herself in a tradition at this time of largely Scottish and male epigraphers travelling in Anatolia. She focused however on Psidia, a region that lay away from the routes explored by a group of her male contemporaries, although she was the only one to publish a book as a result of research from these expeditions.
In 1959 Levick was appointed a university Fellow and tutor for Roman History at St Hilda's College, Oxford, and in 1967 published her first monograph, drawing on material from her doctoral thesis, which forty years after its publication was described as a "resilient classic of Roman history".  The importance of this work came from both its focus on the Roman impact on Asia Minor, and the drawing together of both epigraphic and numismatic evidence. In this work she used the discoveries she made at Yalvaç, and considered again material that had been neglected since the 1920s.
She was an influential editor of inscriptions who shaped the format of the Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua series, directing two volumes of its publication. Her biographies of Roman emperors and Imperial women are widely known and receive largely positive reviews from their critics. 
Her portrait was painted for St Hilda's College by Jane Cursham.
A fuller bibliography of her works up to 2007 can be found in the Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies. Supplement, No. 100, VITA VIGILIA EST: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF BARBARA LEVICK (2007).
Publius Aelius Hadrianus Marullinus (c.31–c.91), also known as Aelius Hadrianus Marullinus or Aelius Marullinus was a Spanish Roman Senator of Praetorian rank that lived during the Roman Empire in the 1st century.Crepereia (gens)
The gens Crepereia was a plebeian family of equestrian rank at ancient Rome. The family appears in history from the first century BC to the first or second century AD. Cicero describes the strict discipline of the Crepereii.Elaine Matthews
Elaine Matthews BA BPhil (19 August 1942 - 26 June 2011) was a British classical scholar at the University of Oxford and one of the principal contributors to the Lexicon of Greek Personal Names.Gratus
For the saint, see Gratus of Aosta.Gratus was a Roman soldier and member of the Praetorian Guard who played a part in the accession of Claudius to the imperial throne.In the immediate aftermath of the assassination of Caligula in AD 41, Claudius fled and hid himself in the palace near a room Suetonius names as the Hermaeum. Anthony Barrett suggests that this may have been the Aula Isiaca, a room in the east wing of the palace decorated with Egyptian motifs. Josephus describes how Gratus discovered him and drew him from his hiding place:
But when Gratus, who was one of the soldiers that belonged to the palace, saw him, but did not well know by his countenance who he was, because it was dark, though he could well judge that it was a man who was privately there on some design, he came nearer to him; and when Claudius desired that he would retire, he discovered who he was, and owned him to be Claudius. So he said to his followers, "This is a Germanicus; come on, let us choose him for our emperor."
In hailing him as "Germanicus," Gratus was evoking the memory of Claudius' older brother, who was still popular among the troops. Though initially apprehensive about his safety, Claudius accompanied Gratus and his fellow guards to the Praetorian camp, where he was ultimately proclaimed Emperor. Barbara Levick suggests that, rather than stumbling upon him accidentally, Gratus may have been actively searching for Claudius as part of a faction intent on putting him on the throne.Gratus appears as a minor character in Robert Graves' novel I, Claudius. In the BBC TV adaptation he was portrayed by Bernard Hill.Isabelle Cogitore
Isabelle Cogitore (29 July 1964, Épinal) is a French historian, a specialist of ancient Rome, professor of Latin language and literature at the Stendhal University in Grenoble.Levick
Levick is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Barbara Levick (born 1931), English historian and biographer
Derek Levick (1929–2004), English cricketer
Frank Levick (died 1908), English footballer
George Murray Levick (1876–1956), English explorer
Oliver Levick, English professional footballerList of Augustae
Augusta (Classical Latin: [awˈɡʊsta]; plural Augustae; Greek: αὐγούστα) was a Roman imperial honorific title given to empresses and honoured women of the imperial families. It was the feminine form of Augustus. In the third century, Augustae could also receive the titles of Mater Castrorum ("Mother of the Camp") and Mater Patriae ("Mother of the Fatherland").
The title implied the greatest prestige. Augustae could issue their own coinage, wear imperial regalia, and rule their own courts.List of Roman consuls designate
This is a list of Roman consuls designate, individuals who were either elected or nominated to the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic, or a high office of the Empire, but who for some reason did not enter office at the beginning of the year, either through death, disgrace, or due to changes in imperial administration.List of biographers
Biographers are authors who write an account of another person's life, while autobiographers are authors who write their own biography.Lucius Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus
Lucius Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus was a Roman senator, who was active during the reign of Tiberius. He was consul in AD 32. Ten years later, he revolted against the emperor Claudius, but was swiftly defeated.Lucius Volusius Saturninus (suffect consul 3)
Lucius Volusius Saturninus (38/37 BC - 56 AD) was a Roman senator who held several offices in the emperor's service. Saturninus attracted the attention of his contemporaries for his long life: he died at the age of 93, and having sired a son at the age of 62.Messalina
Valeria Messalina ([waˈɫɛrja mɛssaːˈliːna], sometimes spelled Messallina; c. 17/20–48) was the third wife of the Roman Emperor Claudius. She was a paternal cousin of the Emperor Nero, a second-cousin of the Emperor Caligula, and a great-grandniece of the Emperor Augustus. A powerful and influential woman with a reputation for promiscuity, she allegedly conspired against her husband and was executed on the discovery of the plot. Her notorious reputation arguably results from political bias, but works of art and literature have perpetuated it into modern times.Philiscus of Thessaly
Philiscus of Thessaly (2nd-3rd century) was a Roman era sophist, who according to Philostratus, joined 'geometricians and philosophers' associated with Julia Domna (Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Septimius Severus)Quintus Volusius Saturninus
Quintus Volusius Saturninus (born AD 25) was a Roman Senator who lived in the Roman Empire during the Principate. He was consul in the year 56 with Publius Cornelius Scipio as his colleague.Sabinus (cognomen)
Sabinus is an ancient Roman cognomen originally meaning "Sabine"; that is, it indicated origin among the Sabines, an ancient people of Latium. It was used by a branch of the gens Flavia, of the gens Calvisia, and several others, and is by far the most common of the cognomina indicating ethnic origin that were in use during the Republican and Augustan eras. Sabine heritage carried a positive stereotype of traditional values and trustworthiness, and since the cognomen may have been appropriated by some politicians for its aura of uprightness, it should not always be taken as a mark of authentic Sabine origin.Suetonius on Christians
The Roman historian Suetonius (c. AD 69 – c. AD 122) mentions early Christians and Jesus Christ in his work Lives of the Twelve Caesars.One passage in the biography of the Emperor Claudius Divus Claudius 25, refers to agitations in the Roman Jewish community and the expulsion of Jews from Rome by Claudius during his reign (AD 41 to AD 54), which may be the expulsion mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles (18:2). In this context "Chresto" is mentioned. Some scholars see this as a likely reference to Jesus, while others see it as referring to an otherwise unknown person living in Rome.Christians are explicitly mentioned in Suetonius' biography of the Emperor Nero (Nero 16) as among those punished during Nero's reign. These punishments are generally dated to around AD 64, the year of the Great Fire of Rome. In this passage Suetonius describes Christianity as excessive religiosity (superstitio) as do his contemporaries, Tacitus and Pliny.Historians debate whether or not the Roman government distinguished between Christians and Jews prior to Nerva's modification of the Fiscus Judaicus in AD 96. From then on, practising Jews paid the tax, Christians did not.Theano (philosopher)
Theano (; Greek: Θεανώ; fl. 6th-century BC), or Theano of Crotone, is the name given to perhaps two Pythagorean philosophers. She has been called the pupil, daughter or wife of Pythagoras, although others made her the wife of Brontinus. Her place of birth and the identity of her father are just as uncertain, leading some authors to suggest that there was more than one person whose details have become merged (these are sometimes referred to as Theano I and Theano II). A few fragments and letters ascribed to her have survived which are of uncertain authorship.Tymandus
Tymandus also known as Mandos, Mandas Kiri, or Yassi Veran, was a Roman and Byzantine-era city in northern Pisidia (now southern Turkey). A number of monuments from Roman times remain in the area.