Barbados–United States relations

The United States and Barbados have had cordial bilateral relations since Barbados' independence in 1966. The United States has supported the government's efforts to expand the country's economic base and to provide a higher standard of living for its citizens. Barbados is a beneficiary of the U.S. Caribbean Basin Initiative. U.S. assistance is channeled primarily through multilateral agencies such as the Inter-American Development Bank and the World Bank, as well as the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) office in Bridgetown.

Barbados–United States relations
Map indicating locations of Barbados and United States

Barbados

United States
Diplomatic mission
Embassy of Barbados, Washington, DCEmbassy of the United States, Bridgetown
Envoy
Ambassador John BealeAmbassador Larry Palmer

Country comparison

Barbados Barbados[1] United States United States[2]
Population 277,821 (2010)[3] 308,745,538 (2010)[4]
Area 430 km2 (170 sq mi) 9,833,517 km2 (3,796,742 sq mi)
Density 646.1 / km2 (1,634.2 / sq mi) 31.3 / km2 (81.3 / sq mi)
Capital Bridgetown Washington, DC
Largest city Bridgetown (88,529; 2010)[5] New York (8,175,133; 2010)
Government Parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm Federal presidential republic
Official language(s) English None (English de facto)
Main religion(s) Protestant 66.4%, Roman Catholic 3.8%, other Christian 5.4% (2010 est.) Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 est.)
Ethnic group(s) black 92.4%, white 2.7%, mixed 3.1%, East Indian 1.3%, other 0.2%, unspecified 0.2% (2010 est.) White 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
GDP (nominal) $4.412 billion (2015 est.) $17.95 trillion (2015 est.)
Expatriate populations 985 American-born people live in Barbados (2010)[6] 53,720 Barbadian-born people live in the United States (2014 est.)[7]
Military expenditures $49 million (2007)[8] $596 billion (2015)[9]

History

In the early 17th century Barbadians began large-scale migration from Barbados to the areas of North and South Carolina, becoming among some of the first resident settlers in those states.[10]

The first English settlement in South Carolina was made in 1670, when three shiploads of emigrants from Barbados sailed up the Ashley River. The first ship to land was the Carolina, in April 1670. It was followed shortly by the Port Royal and the Three Brothers. These three ships left Barbados with 150 people on board; two died en route. The settlers pitched their tents on its banks and built a town, which has since wholly disappeared. Ten years later, a more favorable site for the town, between the Cooper and Ashley Rivers, was chosen. This is where Charles Town was founded in 1680, where it remains today with the slightly altered name Charleston. Since the Barbadians had been in the "plantation" business for decades, they brought this concept and its associated culture to Charles Town in the 1670s.[11]

In 1751, George Washington visited Barbados.[12] He stayed at what is now George Washington House (Barbados).

The U.S. Government has been represented on Barbados since 1923. From 1956 to 1978, the United States operated a chemical weapons trade in Barbados.

In 1993–94 Barbados was considering joining the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).[1] However, by 1996, this bid was put off in favour of the seeking admission to the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA).[2]

In May 1997, Barbadian Prime Minister Owen Arthur hosted U.S. President Bill Clinton and 14 other Caribbean leaders during the first-ever U.S.-regional summit in Bridgetown, Barbados. The summit strengthened the basis for regional cooperation on justice and counter narcotics issues, finance and development, and trade.

Barbados receives counter-narcotics assistance and is eligible to benefit from the U.S. military's exercise-related and humanitarian assistance construction program.

Mission

American Embassy in Bridgetown
United States Embassy in Wildey, Saint Michael, Barbados

The first embassy for the United States to Barbados was located at the former Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Building on Broad Street. Later, this was transformed from a consulate to an embassy in 1966. After outgrowing the available space on Broad Street, the embassy began searching for a new home. In 1997, the diplomatic mission sought a purpose-built location in Wildey and in 2003, construction of the new U.S. Embassy designed by Sorg Architects began.[13] On January 11, 2007, the embassy moved from three old locations into the one new facility.[14] The current mission houses eight US government agencies, working in 24 countries and territories across the region.[15]

Bilateral relations

Barbados and U.S. authorities cooperate closely in the fight against narcotics trafficking and other forms of transnational crime. In 1996, the United States and Barbados signed a mutual legal assistance treaty (MLAT) and an updated extradition treaty covering all common offenses, including conspiracy and organized crime. A maritime law enforcement agreement was signed in 1997.

A popular tourist destination, Barbados had around 570,000 tourists in 2006, mainly cruise ship visitors. The majority of tourists are from the United Kingdom, Germany, the Caribbean, and the United States. An estimated 3,000 Americans reside in the country.

In 2011 Barbados was added to a US work visa list.[16]

Diplomatic missions

See also

Notes

  1. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bb.html
  2. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html
  3. ^ http://www.geohive.com/cntry/barbados.aspx
  4. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/00
  5. ^ http://www.geohive.com/cntry/barbados.aspx
  6. ^ http://www.barstats.gov.bb/files/documents/PHC_2010_Census_Volume_1.pdf p. 102
  7. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_5YR/B05006
  8. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/spending.htm
  9. ^ https://www.sipri.org/sites/default/files/SIPRI-Milex-data-1988-2015.xlsx
  10. ^ The Barbados Tourism Encyclopaedia - U.S.A. - Barbadian Ties
  11. ^ "Carolina - The Barbadian Settlers, et.al."
  12. ^ "George Washington House". Barbados.org.
  13. ^ United States Embassy, Bridgetown, Barbados, Sorg Architects
  14. ^ U.S. EMBASSY COMPOUND BRIDGETOWN, BARBADOS, Archello Online
  15. ^ Remarks for the “Lime” with the new Barbados Parliament and Senators Archived July 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, US Embassy, 2008
  16. ^ Staff writer (17 January 2011). "Barbados added to US work visa list". BBCCaribbean.com. Retrieved 17 January 2011. Barbados is among 15 countries added to a list eligible to participate in two United States foreign workers programmes known and H2A and H2B. [. . .] Jamaica, Belize and the Dominican Republic are among the 53 nations approved under both programmes.

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website https://www.state.gov/countries-areas/ (U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets).[3]

External links

Barbadian Americans

Barbadian (or Bajan) Americans are Americans of Barbadian heritage or ancestry. The 2000 Census recorded 53,785 US residents born on the Caribbean island 52,170 of whom were born to non-American parents and 54,509 people who described their ethnicity as Barbadian. In the 2010 US Census estimation report, over 62,000 Barbadian Americans live in the US, the majority in the New York City area extending from Rhode Island to Delaware. In past years, some also moved to the areas of Chicago, Illinois, and Boston, Massachusetts.

Brown Girl, Brownstones

Brown Girl, Brownstones is the debut novel by the internationally recognized writer Paule Marshall, first published in 1959, and dramatized by CBS Television Workshop in 1960. The story is about Barbadian immigrants in Brooklyn, New York. The book gained further recognition after it was reprinted in 1981 by the Feminist Press.

Courtney Blackman

Sir Courtney Blackman, KA is an economist, an international business consultant, and a diplomat from Barbados. He holds an Honours degree in Modern History from the University of the West Indies, and a Ph.D. degree from the Graduate School of Business of the Columbia University (New York City), where he majored in Money and Banking, with a minor in International Business. He later worked on Wall Street as an Economist from 1968 to 1971 at the now defunct Irving Trust Company, going on to become Associate Professor of Management at Hofstra University on Long Island, New York. Over the course of his career, he has served as Governor to the Central Bank of Barbados, Ambassador to the United Nations, Ambassador to the United States, and Permanent Representative for Barbados to the Organization of American States.Blackman is known for correcting any of the erroneous statements or reports made about Barbados in the International Community, in the past he often referred to the country of Barbados, as "the most successful predominantly black country in the world".In 1998 Blackman was conferred the highest honour in Barbados; he was made a Knight of St. Andrew (KA) of the Order of Barbados.

Embassy of Barbados in Washington, D.C.

The Embassy of Barbados in Washington, D.C. is the primary diplomatic mission of Barbados to the United States of America, and the Organisation of American States (OAS). It is maintained by Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Barbados. The present Ambassador is Noel Anderson Lynch, appointed on October 1, 2018, who replaced Selwin Charles Hart.It is located to the East of the official Embassy Row area at 2144 Wyoming Avenue N.W. in Washington, D.C.'s Kalorama neighborhood.

Foreign relations of Barbados

This article deals with the diplomatic affairs, foreign policy and international relations of Barbados.

At the political level, these matters are officially handled by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which answers to the Prime Minister. The Minister of Foreign Affairs, since May 2018 is: Senator The Hon. Jerome X. Walcott.

Barbados is a moderate political and economic power in the Caribbean region.

Between independence in 1966 and the 1990s, Barbados has used a pro business and investment policy to expand its influence in the world. Through the usage of its network of international bilateral relations, the country has been able to maintain an independent foreign policy. Barbados' recent policy has been to focus and strengthen ties with nations that country feels will enhance its diplomacy or foreign trade. Barbados has sought to engage in multilateral diplomacy through the United Nations, the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), the Association of Caribbean States (ACS), the group of ACP countries, the Organization of American States, and several other agencies which it is engaged. In 2008 Barbados and the other members of CARICOM signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the European Union and its European Commission. The deal covers CARICOM's membership in the Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM). CARIFORUM in turn is a part of the Group of African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) States. The agreement outlines Barbados' future development and trade ties with the European Union, and serves as a blueprint for future relations between both trading blocs under the Cotonou Agreement and the Lomé Convention.At times Barbados has found itself as a countervailing force to U.S. political and economic influence in the English-speaking Caribbean.

As a small nation, the primary thrust of Barbados' diplomatic activity has been within international organisations. Currently Barbados has established official diplomatic relations with 105 countries around the globe.

Foreign relations of the United States

The United States has formal diplomatic relations with most nations. This includes all U.N. member states except for Bhutan, Iran, North Korea, and Syria. Additionally, the U.S. has diplomatic relations with the European Union, the Holy See and Kosovo. The United States federal statutes relating to foreign relations can be found in Title 22 of the United States Code.

George Washington House (Barbados)

George Washington House in Barbados is a historic house where the future first U.S. President George Washington visited, in 1751. He was 19 years old at the time and traveling with his ailing half-brother, Lawrence Washington. In 2011, the property was designated as a UNESCO protected property within the World Heritage Site of Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison area.

Barbados apparently is the only country outside the present United States that George Washington ever visited.In 1997, during an official visit to Barbados with her husband, President Bill Clinton, First Lady Hillary Clinton unveiled a plaque outside the house that reads:

On the occasion of his visit to Barbados this plaque was presented by President William Jefferson Clinton to The Right Honourable Owen S. Arthur, Prime Minister, and to the People of Barbados in a spirit of friendship and goodwill which binds our two countries and in recognition that George Washington, the first President of the United States of America, lived in this house during his visit to this fair country in 1751. The house is owned and maintained by the Barbados National Trust.

Index of Barbados-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the nation of Barbados.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Barbados

The United States Ambassador to Barbados is the official representative of the government of the United States to the government of Barbados. The title of the ambassador is United States Ambassador to Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean and is concurrently the ambassador to Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines, while resident in Bridgetown, Barbados.

Outline of Barbados

The following outline is provided as an overview of and introduction to Barbados:

Barbados – sovereign island country in the Lesser Antilles. It is one of the Caribbean's leading tourist destinations and is one of the most developed islands in the region.

United States Navy Facility, Barbados

The Naval Facility (NAVFAC) Barbados, TWI was a naval base which was commissioned on 1 October 1957, with a complement of about 12 officers and about 88 enlisted personnel. It was located at site of Harrison's Point, in the Parish of Saint Lucy in the British colonial territory of Barbados of the West Indies. The facility opened about one-month following the U.S. Navy Facility established in the island of Eleuthera in The Bahamas. NAVFAC Barbados was operated by the United States Navy for twenty-two years and was officially decommissioned on 31 March 1979.

Motto: Arcana Maris Quaerere

United States presidential visits to the Caribbean

Nine United States presidents and one president-elect have made presidential visits to the Caribbean since 1928. Franklin D. Roosevelt made the most trips to the Caribbean islands (14), either for vacation or while involved with Allied diplomatic interactions during World War II. Of the 13 sovereign countries in the region, four—Dominica, the Dominican Republic, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines—have not as of yet been visited by an American president.

Bilateral relations
Missions
Diplomacy

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