Barbacha is a small region containing 34 separate villages in northern Algeria in the region of Kabylie. The population is mainly composed of indigenous Amazigh people and is quite poor, containing little roads and existing in a mountainous area.
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Following the 2001 Black Spring in Algeria, residents in the area began to become increasingly hostile towards the government and police. Often engaging in arson attacks against local courts, government offices, political party offices, welfare centres and police stations under the slogan 'You can't kill us, we are already dead!' alongside road blockades and strikes. The police, gendarmerie and military were expelled from the region and Barbacha has since seen very little crime. There is still a functioning city government, making Barbacha a functioning model of dual power. Democratic assemblies modelled off traditional village councils were created as a dual power system and coordinate further protests, garbage collection, fuel distribution, cleaning, welfare programs and maintenance for local schools and public services. The area has been praised by anarchists as a positive development for the community and is noted for its strong sense of anti-authoritarianism.
Anarchism is an anti-authoritarian political philosophy that advocates self-managed, self-governed societies based on voluntary, cooperative institutions and the rejection of hierarchies those societies view as unjust. These institutions are often described as stateless societies, although several authors have defined them more specifically as distinct institutions based on non-hierarchical or free associations. Anarchism holds the state to be undesirable, unnecessary and harmful.Anarchism is usually placed on the far-left of the political spectrum, and much of its economics and legal philosophy reflect anti-authoritarian interpretations of communism, collectivism, syndicalism, mutualism, or participatory economics. As anarchism does not offer a fixed body of doctrine from a single particular worldview, many anarchist types and traditions exist and varieties of anarchy diverge widely. Anarchist schools of thought can differ fundamentally, supporting anything from extreme individualism to complete collectivism. Strains of anarchism have often been divided into the categories of social and individualist anarchism, or similar dual classifications.Anarchism in Africa
Anarchism in Africa refers both to purported anarchic political organisation of some traditional African societies and to modern anarchist movements in Africa.Barbacha District
Barbacha District is a district of Béjaïa Province, Algeria.Bejaia Province
The Bejaia province (Arabic: ولاية بجاية, ⵜⴰⵎⵏⴰⴹⵜ ⵏ ⴱⴳⴰⵢⴻⵜ, French: Wilaya de Béjaïa), stylized Béjaïa in French, is a province of Algeria in the Kabylie region. The province's capital city is Béjaïa.
Gouraya National Park is located in Béjaïa Province. A population of an endangered primate species, the Barbary macaque, is found within the park; this primate has a severely restricted and disjunctive range.Black Spring (Algeria)
The Black Spring (Berber: Tafsut Taberkant) was a series of violent disturbances and political demonstrations by Kabyle activists in the Kabylie region of Algeria in 2001, which were met by repressive police measures and became a potent symbol of Kabyle discontent with the national government. The protests took place against a backdrop of long-standing cultural marginalization of the Highlander Kabyle, a homogeneous Berber linguistic group in Algeria (Berber speakers form some 25%–35% of the total population, although exact numbers are disputed) despite the most rigid government-sponsored Arabization measures of the 1960s through the 1980s having been lifted. The name "Black Spring" alludes to the events known as the Berber Spring of the 1980s, in which mainly Kabyle civil society activists challenged the ban on Berber culture then in place, demanding cultural rights and democracy.Hamza Anani
Hamza Anani (born 6 January 1988 in Barbacha, Béjaïa Province) is an Algerian professional footballer. He currently plays as a forward for the Algerian Ligue 2 club AS Aïn M'lila.List of anarchist communities
This is a list of anarchist communities representing any society or portion thereof founded by anarchists that functions according to anarchist philosophy and principles. Anarchists have been involved in a wide variety of community experiments since the 19th century. There are numerous instances in which a community organizes itself along philosophically anarchist lines to promote regional anarchist movements, counter-economics and countercultures. These have included intentional communities founded by anarchists as social experiments and community oriented projects, such as collective organizations and cooperative businesses. There are also several instances of mass society "anarchies" that have come about from explicitly anarchist revolutions, including the Free Territory of Ukraine and the Shinmin autonomous region in Manchuria.List of postal codes in Algeria
List of postal codes of cities in Algeria; the first two numbers stand for the provincial code; postal codes of larger cities are mostly formed of the provincial code and the zeros after it. There are also large neighborhoods in the official city limits with their own postal codes.Movement for the Autonomy of Kabylie
The Movement for the autonomy of Kabylie (MAK; Kabyle: Timanit i Tmurt n Yeqbayliyen; French: Mouvement pour l'autonomie de la Kabylie) is a non-violent autonomist
Kabyle political organization seeking self-government rule for the province of Kabylie in Algeria. It was founded by the folk singer Ferhat Mehenni, now President of The Provisional Government of Kabylie in exile, after the "Black Spring" disturbances in 2001.
MAK claims to speak for the minority Kabyle people who claims frustration by the efforts of the Algerian government to assimilate the remaining minorities into the Arabized Berber majority. The immediate goal of MAK is the regional autonomy for the province of Kabylie, which according to Mehenni could be the "first step towards a federalist Algerian State".Rim'K
Abdelkrim Brahmi a.k.a. Rim'K (born 21 June 1978 in Paris, France) is a French rapper of Algerian descent. Rim'K was raised in the Parisian suburb of Vitry-sur-Seine. His family is originally from Barbacha in Algeria and is mentioned many times in his lyrics.
He is a member of the group 113 alongside Mokobé and AP and the super-group music collective Mafia K-1 Fry. He also has a group called Maghreb United.Workers' control
Workers' control is participation in the management of factories and other commercial enterprises by the people who work there. It has been variously advocated by anarchists, socialists, communists, social democrats, Distributionists and Christian democrats, and has been combined with various socialist and mixed economy systems.
Workers' councils are a form of workers' control. Council communism, such as in the early Soviet Union, advocates workers' control through workers councils and factory committees. Syndicalism advocates workers' control through trade unions. Guild socialism advocates workers' control through a revival of the guild system. Participatory economics represents a recent variation on the idea of workers' control.
Workers' control can be contrasted to control of the economy via the state, such as nationalization and central planning (see state socialism) versus control of the means of production by owners, which workers can achieve through employer provided stock purchases, direct stock purchases, etc., as found in capitalism.