Baramulla

Baramulla (ˌbærəˈmʊlə) is a city and a municipality in the Baramulla district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir (India). It is on the bank of the Jhelum River downstream from Srinagar, the state capital. The city was earlier known as Varahamula which is Sanskrit for "boar's molar".[1]

Baramulla
City
Baramulla is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Baramulla
Baramulla
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Baramulla is located in India
Baramulla
Baramulla
Baramulla (India)
Coordinates: 34°11′53″N 74°21′50″E / 34.198°N 74.364°ECoordinates: 34°11′53″N 74°21′50″E / 34.198°N 74.364°E
Country India
StateJammu and Kashmir
DistrictBaramulla
Population
(2011)
 • Total1,015,503(as per 2,011 census)
 • Rank4th
Languages
 • OfficialUrdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
193101 (New City), 193102 (Old City), 193103 (Khawajabagh area)
Telephone code01952
Vehicle registrationJK-05
Sex ratio873 /
Literacy79.6%
Websitewww.baramulla.nic.in

Origin

The name Baramulla is derived from the Sanskrit Varahamula (वराहमूल), a combination of varaha (boar) and mul (root or deep) meaning "boar's molar."

According to Hindu teachings, the Kashmir Valley was once a lake known as Satisaras (Parvati's Lake in Sanskrit). Ancient Hindu texts relate that the lake was occupied by the demon Jalodbhava (meaning "originated from water") until Lord Vishnu assumed the form of a boar and struck the mountain at Varahamula. This created an opening for the water to flow out of the lake.[2]

The modern Baramulla was called Varahamulaksetra or Varahaksetra in the ancient days. Originally, it was a suburb of Huviskapura (modern Ushkur). Associated with the Adivaraha, the boar incarnation of Visnu, it was considered very sacred. Consequently, many temples and monasteries were built in the 9th and 10th centuries, during the region of Lalitaditya Muktapida, (Queen) Sugandha, and Ksemagupta, when the cult of Visnu flourished there.

History

Ancient and medieval

Buddhist tope baramula1868
This general view of the unexcavated Buddhist stupa near Baramulla, with two figures standing on the summit, and another at the base with measuring scales, was taken by John Burke in 1868. The stupa, which was later excavated, dates to 500 CE.

The city of Baramulla was founded by Raja Bhimsina in 2306 B.C. A number of visitors have traveled to Baramulla, including Xuanzang from China and a British historian named Moorcraft. Additionally, Mughal emperors were fascinated by Baramulla. Gateway of the Kashmir Valley, Baramulla was a way station during their visits to the valley. In 1508 A.D., Emperor Akbar, who entered the valley via Pakhil, spent several days at Baramulla. According to Tarikh-e-Hassan, the city was decorated during Akbar's stay. Emperor Jahangir stayed at Baramulla during his visit to Kashmir in 1620.

From the beginning, Baramulla has had religious importance. Hindu Teertha and Buddhist Vihars (monasteries) made the city sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists. During the 15th century, it became important to Muslims as well. Syed Janbaz Wali, who visited the valley with his companions in 1421, chose Baramulla as the center of his mission and was later buried there. His shrine attracts pilgrims from throughout the valley.

In 1620, the sixth Sikh Guru, Shri Hargobind, visited the city. In Baramulla Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, and Sikhs lived in harmony and contributed to its culture.[3]

Baramulla was the oldest and most-important town in northern Kashmir and Jammu and "Gateway to the Kashmir Valley" (by the Rawalpindi-Murree-Muzaffarabad-Baramulla Road) until 27 October 1947. It was ceded to India when the Maharajah signed the instrument of accession on 26 October 1947. The city is the headquarters of the Baramulla district.

October 1947

Pashtun tribesmen from the South Waziristan region of Pakistan attacked Kashmir to seize the state. They moved along the Rawalpindi-Murree-Muzaffarabad-Baramulla Road on 22 October 1947. They were assisted by Pakistani soldiers in civilian clothes. Muzaffarabad fell on 24 October 1947, and the soldiers captured Baramulla the following day. They looted, raped, killed, burned and vandalized shrines and temples. They raped and killed Christian Missionary Nuns and nurses at St Joseph's Hospital. According to Tariq Ali, the local cinema became a "rape center", with atrocities continuing for several days.[4][5][6]

On the morning of 27 October, India airlifted troops from Delhi to the Srinagar airfield while the tribal forces were still at Baramulla, harassing and looting the people.

Reports

Aastair Lamb wrote in Incomplete Partition, Roxford 1997, pp. 186–187:

The (tribal) leaders completely lost control over their men, an orgy of killing was the result. This was certainly the case at St Joseph's College, Convent and Hospital, the site of what was to become one of the most publicised incidents of the entire Kashmir conflict. Here nuns, priests and congregation, including patients in the hospital, were slaughtered; and at the same time a small number of Europeans, notably Lt. Colonel D.O. Dykes and his wife, an Englishwoman preparing to leave the hospital that day with her new-born baby, Mother Teresalina, a twenty-nine-year-old Spanish nun who had been in Baramulla only a few weeks, as well as Mother Aldertrude, the Assistant Mother Superior, and one Mr Jose Barretto, husband of the doctor, met their deaths at tribal hands.[7]

Charles Chevenix Trench wrote in The Frontier Scouts (1985):

In October 1947... tribal lashkars hastened in lorries – undoubtedly with official logistic support – into Kashmir... at least one British Officer, Harvey-Kelly took part in the campaign. It seemed that nothing could stop these hordes of tribesmen taking Srinagar with its vital airfield. Indeed nothing did, but their own greed. The Mahsuds in particular stopped to loot, rape and murder; Indian troops were flown in and the lashkars pushed out of the Vale of Kashmir into the mountains. The Mahsuds returned home in a savage mood, having muffed an easy chance, lost the loot of Srinagar and made fools of themselves.

Sam Manekshaw (later a field marshal) was a colonel in the Directorate of Military Operations who went to Srinagar with V. P. Menon to assess the situation on 26 October 1947. He later told in an interview:[8]

Fortunately for Kashmir, the tribals were busy raiding, raping all along. In Baramulla they killed Colonel D.O.T. Dykes. Dykes and I were of the same seniority. We did our first year's attachment with the Royal Scots in Lahore, way back in 1934-5. Tom went to the Sikh regiment. I went to the Frontier Force regiment. We'd lost contact with each other. He'd become a lieutenant colonel. I'd become a full colonel. Tom and his wife were holidaying in Baramulla when the tribesmen killed them.

Tom Cooper of the Air Combat Information Group wrote, "The Pathans appeared foremost interested in looting, killing, ransacking and other crimes against the inhabitants instead of a serious military action."[9]

Biju Patnaik (later Chief Minister of Odisha) piloted the first plane to land at Srinagar airport that morning. He brought 17 soldiers from the 1st Sikh Regiment, commanded by Lt. Col. Dewan Ranjit Rai. The pilot flew low over the airstrip twice to ensure that no raiders were around. Instructions from Prime Minister Nehru’s office were clear: If the airport was taken over by the enemy, they were not to land. Taking a full circle, the DC-3 flew at ground level. Soldiers peered from the aircraft and found the airstrip empty. The raiders were too busy distributing the war booty among themselves in Baramulla. According to Mohammad Akbar Khan (Brigadier-in-Charge, Pakistan) in his War for Kashmir in 1947, "The uncouth raiders delayed in Baramulla for two (whole) days for some unknown reason."[10]

Lt. Col. Dewan Ranjit Rai immediately moved with his small platoon towards Baramulla hoping to stop the tribal raiders at the mouth of the funnel which opens 5 km east of Baramula into a wide valley. He led his men from the front and died of bullet wound the same day, 27 October 1947, at Patan but delayed the raiders for a day. As more Indian troops flew into Srinagar the next day, they started pushing the raiders back.[11] It took two weeks for the Indian army to evict the raiders (who had been joined by Pakistani regulars and were well-entrenched) from Baramulla on 9 November 1947.

Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah spoke to the UN Security Council on 5 February 1948: "The raiders came to our land, massacred thousands of people — mostly Hindus and Sikhs, but Muslims, too — abducted thousands of girls, Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims alike, looted our property and almost reached the gates of our summer capital, Srinagar."[12]

Robert Trumbull, New York Times, 10 Nov 1947; reporting from Baramulla [UN doc # S/PV.762/Add.1/Annex 1/No. 26]:

The raid of the convent is narrated in even gory details by Father Shanks, one of the fortunate survivors and the anonymous 'witnesses' in the following report.

"The tribesmen - great, wild, black beasts they were - came shooting their way down from the hills on both sides of the town. They climbed over the hospital walls from all sides. The first group burst into a ward firing at the patients. A 20 year old Indian nurse, Philomena, tried to protect a Muslim patient whose baby had just been born. She was shot dead first. The Patient was next. Mother Superior Aldetude rushed into the ward, knelt over Philomena and was at once attacked and robbed. The Assistant Mother, Teresalina, saw a tribesman point a rifle at Mother Aldetrude and jumped in front of her. A bullet went through Teresalina's heart. At the moment Colonel Dykes, who had assured us we would not be attacked, raced from his room a few yards along the terrace to get the Mother Superior out of danger, shouting at the tribesmen as he ran. But the Mother Superior fell shot, and Colonel Dykes collapsed beside her with a bullet in the stomach. Mrs Dykes ran from her husband's room to help him. She too was shot dead.

While this went on Mr Gee Boretto, an Anglo-Indian, was killed in the garden before nine Christian Nuns. Then the nuns were lined up before a firing squad. As the tribesmen raised their rifles a young Afridi Officer, who once studied in a Convent School at Peshawar, rushed in and stopped them. At least there are living features of human quality in these incidents. He had been told his men were raiding a Convent, and had run all the way from the town. That saved all our lives by a few seconds.

We did not find Mrs Dykes until the following day. She had been thrown down a well."

Father Shank of the Convent [UN doc # S/PV.762/Add.1/Annex 1/No. 27]:

"Their buses and trucks, loaded with booty, arrived every other day and took more Pathans to Kashmir. Ostensibly they wanted to liberate their Kashmir Muslim brothers, but their primary objective was to riot and loot. In this they made no distinction between Hindu, Sikhs and Muslims. The raiders advanced in Baramulla, the biggest commercial centre of the region with a population of 11,000 until they were only an hour away from Srinagar. For the next three days they were engaged in massive plunder, rioting and rape. No one was spared. Even members of the St. Joseph's Mission Hospital were brutally massacred."

- 'Half Way to Freedom' by Margaret Bourke-White

Recent years

The road network has been improved in Baramulla since 1947, and better educational facilities have been created. Bridges on the Jhelum River have been built (or are planned) to connect the old town on the north bank of the river with the new town on the south bank. Urban renewal in the old town has been attempted by moving residents to the new town. Uptown Baramulla is a developed locality with shopping complexes and posh housing colonies. Baramulla is connected by rail with Srinagar, Anantnag, Qazigund and Banihal.

Geography

Baramulla is on the Jhelum River, at its highest point. The old town is on the north bank of the river, and the new town is on the south bank. They are connected by five bridges, including a suspension bridge connecting Gulnar Park and Dewan Bagh. Five more bridges are being built or are planned. A bridge will connect the Khanpora and Drangbal areas of the city.

The old town is densely populated and smaller than the new town. Government offices, hospitals, the bus station and most other facilities are in the new town. The railway station is on the eastern end of the new town, on the river. Beyond the old town, the river divides into two channels at Khadanyar (near police headquarters), forming an island known as Eco Park.

Climate

Baramulla has cold, snowy winters and mild summers.

Climate data for Baramulla (1971–1986)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
8.2
(46.8)
14.1
(57.4)
20.5
(68.9)
24.5
(76.1)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
29.6
(85.3)
27.4
(81.3)
22.4
(72.3)
15.1
(59.2)
8.2
(46.8)
19.7
(67.5)
Average low °C (°F) −2
(28)
−0.7
(30.7)
3.4
(38.1)
7.9
(46.2)
10.8
(51.4)
14.9
(58.8)
18.1
(64.6)
17.5
(63.5)
12.1
(53.8)
5.8
(42.4)
0.9
(33.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
7.3
(45.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48
(1.9)
68
(2.7)
121
(4.8)
85
(3.3)
68
(2.7)
39
(1.5)
62
(2.4)
76
(3.0)
28
(1.1)
33
(1.3)
28
(1.1)
54
(2.1)
710
(27.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.6 7.3 10.2 8.8 8.1 5.7 7.9 6.8 3.5 2.8 2.8 5.1 75.6
Source: HKO[13]

Demographics

Baramulla is the fourth-most populous city in Jammu and Kashmir state.[14] Males comprised 55 percent of the population and females 45%.

The city's population was slightly less than 200,000 in the 2011 census.[15] Baramulla's old town is known as Sher-e-Khas, and its new town as Greater Baramulla. According to the 2011 census, the city's population was 167,986, behind Srinagar, Jammu and Anantnag. Baramulla has an average 66.9% literacy rate (61% for males and 49% for females) higher than the national average. 11% of the population was under age six. Both Baramulla district and city have a majority Muslim with minority Sikh and Hindu population.

Religions In Baramulla
Religion %Percentage
Islam
85.3%
Hindu
5.6%
Sikh
8.7%
Christian
0.29%
Censius India 2011.

Economy

Baramulla is the largest grower in the state, with apples being one of the major crops.

Education

St. Joseph's School is the oldest missionary school in the Kashmir valley. It is seen as a pioneer of education for the whole of north Kashmir. Other notable schools include Delhi Public School, Baramulla Public School, Beacon House School, Hanfia School, Noor-ul-Islam School, Guru Nanak Dev School, among others.

Baramulla has a number of government-run schools. Higher secondary schools are known as intermediate colleges. Baramulla has a Kendriya Vidyalaya, Navodaya Vidayala in Shahkot and Sainik (military) school, both affiliated with the Central Board of Secondary Education.

Baramulla has separate government degree colleges for men and women, and a nursing college associated with the district hospital. The north campus of the University of Kashmir is in Baramulla Degree College (co-education) , and an engineering college has been established.

Baramulla has the government Baramulla Polytechnic College, which was established in 2012. It is in the Kanispora area of Baramulla city. The polytechnic teaches three-year diploma courses in electrical engineering and architecture. Government Medical college Baramulla is under construction and will start functioning the normal classes in August 2018.

Healthcare

Baramulla has District Medical Hospital and District Veterinary Hospital hospital, with radiology (x-ray) and ultrasonography facilities. A new building for the veterinary hospital, is under construction which is near to completion and has got the indoor facilities for the pet animal patients.The District Medical Hospital is 300 bedded hospital and has all the specialization facilities available.

Baramulla has a privately run facility for mothers and child hospital called St Joseph's Hospital. It was started in 1921 and is running smoothly to the entire satisfaction of the populace.

Eco Park

Eco Park is on the island in the middle of Jhelum river on the road from Baramulla town to Uri. It is approached by a wooden bridge. In was developed by J&K Tourism Development Corporation with a blend of modern substructure and natural exquisiteness. This ecological tourism park offers a view with mountains in the background, Jhelum river flowing along the island, and lush, green, well-maintained gardens with some beautifully designed wooden huts. It is one of the best places to visit in the Baramulla and is a popular destination for locals particularly on summer evenings; it is developing into a major tourist attraction as well.[16]

A cable car project and expansion of Eco Park are planned.[17]

Transport

From Srinagar

Baramulla is about 55 km (34 mi) from Srinagar, capital of Jammu and Kashmir state. National Highway NH-1 starting from the Line of Control and passing through Uri connects the city with Srinagar and continues to Leh. NH-1 was formerly called NH-1A before renumbering of all national highways by National Highway Authority of India in 2010 year. NH-1 joins NH-44 at Srinagar. Taxi and bus service is available from Srinagar and Jammu. The road from Srinagar to Baramulla is regarded as the best motorable and best maintained road in the valley. It is a boulevard surrounded by breathtaking rice fields and meadows.

From Uri and Muzaffarabad

The 123-kilometre (76 mi) road from Muzaffarabad to Baramulla runs along the Jhelum River. On the Pakistani side, it is known as "Srinagar Road." Starting from Domel Bridge, Muzaffarabad and ending at the Chaktothi-Uri Border Crossing at LOC It crosses the Line of Control and passes through Uri, 45 km (28 mi) west of Baramulla as National Highway NH-1. The first 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) of the road from Uri to Baramulla does not run along the river, but the remaining 40 km (25 mi) is scenic, passing wooded mountainsides and cliffs.

From Kupwara via Watergam

Baramulla is connected to Kupwara by National Highway NH-701 a 130-km road from Baramulla to Tangdhar passing through towns of Watergam and Handwara. The distance from Baramulla to Watergam is 15 km whereas from Baramulla to Handwara is 29 km. The distance from Kupwara to Baramulla is 47 km.

Air

Sheikh-ul-Alam International Airport at Srinagar is the nearest airport, 60 km (37 mi) southeast; The Jammu Airport, in the winter capital of the state.

Road

Baramulla is connected to Srinagar by National Highway NH-1 and the rest of India by NH-44 from Srinagar. National Highway NH-1 also connects the city with Uri on the west and continues to Leh. NH-1 was formerly called NH-1A before renumbering of all national highways by National Highway Authority of India in 2010 year.

Baramulla is connected to Sangrama, Wagoora, Hygam, Pattan, Zainakot to Srinagar and other towns in Kashmir by road. It is connected to Muzaffarabad across the Line of Control by a 123-kilometre (76 mi) road which was closed in October 1947. The road was reopened in 2005, but travel across the line is controlled.

Train

Baramulla is the last station on the 119-kilometre (74 mi)-long Jammu–Baramulla line, opened in October 2009, connecting with Srinagar, Qazigund and Banihal across the Pir Panjal mountains through the 11.2-kilometre (7.0 mi)-long Banihal railway tunnel. The Jammu–Baramulla line is planned to connect with the Indian Railways Network.

The nearest railway terminus for long-distance trains is Udhampur, about 320 km (200 mi) south.

Languages

The most commonly-used languages are Kashmiri and Urdu, followed by Pahari, Hindko, Gujari and Punjabi.[18]

References

  1. ^ The economy of Jammu & Kashmir. Radha Krishan Anand & Co., 2004. Retrieved 1 July 2010. ... meaning in Sanskrit a boar's molar place. Foreigners who visited this place pronounced ... The place was thus named as Baramulla meaning 12 bores.
  2. ^ Kashmir and its people: studies in the evolution of Kashmiri society. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. Retrieved 1 July 2010. That the valley of Kashmir was once a vast lake, known as "Satisaras", the lake of Parvati (consort of Shiva), is enshrined in our traditions. There are many mythological stories connected with the desiccation of the lake, before the valley was fit for habitation. The narratives make it out that it was occupied by a demon 'Jalodbhava', till Lord Vishnu assumed the form of a boar and struck the mountain at Baramulla (ancient Varahamula) boring an opening in it for the water to flow out.
  3. ^ "District Profile". Baramulla.nic.in. Archived from the original on 23 February 2012.
  4. ^ Wilhelm von Pochhammer (1981). India's road to nationhood: a political history of the subcontinent. Allied Publishers. pp. 512–. ISBN 978-81-7764-715-0.
  5. ^ Tariq Ali; Hilal Bhat; Arundhati Roy; Angana P. Chatterji; Pankaj Mishra (24 October 2011). Kashmir: The Case for Freedom. Verso Books. pp. 33–. ISBN 978-1-84467-735-1.
  6. ^ Triloki Nath Dhar. "The Story of Kashmir Affairs – A Peep into the Past". Kashmir-information.com. Archived from the original on 18 June 2014.
  7. ^ "Remember Baramulla". Jloughnan.tripod.com. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014.
  8. ^ "Rediff On The NeT: An interview with Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw". www.rediff.com. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  9. ^ Tom Cooper (29 October 2003), Indo-Pakistani War, 1947–1949, Air Combat Information Group, archived from the original on 13 June 2006, retrieved 11 April 2012
  10. ^ "October 27, 1947: Dakota in my dell ~ FRONTLINE KASHMIR". Frontlinekashmir.org. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012.
  11. ^ "The 1947-48 Kashmir War The war of lost opportunities". March 1999. Retrieved 24 September 2018 – via archive.org.
  12. ^ "Excerpts of Sheikh Abdullah's February 5, 1948, speech in the UN Security Council". www.satp.org. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  13. ^ "Climatological Information for Srinigar, India". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
  14. ^ http://censusindia.gov.in/towns/jk_towns.pdf
  15. ^ "Top cities of India by Population census 2011". Census2011.co.in.
  16. ^ "Eco Park Baramulla". Discover Kashmir. Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
  17. ^ GreaterKashmir.com (Greater Service) (3 July 2011). "Where is Greater Baramulla Lastupdate:- Sun, 3 Jul 2011 18:30:00 GMT". Greaterkashmir.com. Archived from the original on 9 June 2012.
  18. ^ S.C. Bhatt; Gopal Bhargava. Land and People of Indian States and Union Territories. Retrieved 1 July 2010. As most of these Hindi albeit Gujari speakers have been shown as concentrated in Baramulla, Kupwara, Punch, Rajouri and Doda districts, their Gujar identity becomes obvious. The number of Punjabi speakers in 1961, 1971 and 1981 Census Reports, actually reflects the number of Sikhs who have maintained their language and culture, and who are concentrated mainly in Srinagar, Badgam, Tral, Baramulla (all in Kashmir region), Udhampur and Jammu.
  • Directory of Statistics, Jammu and Kashmir (2009)
Baramulla district

Baramulla district is one of the 22 districts in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Baramulla city is the administrative headquarters of this district. The district covered an area of 4,190 km² in 2001 but it was reduced to 3,353 km² at the time of 2011 census.

Baramulla railway station

Baramulla railway station is situated in notified area of Baramulla. It is the first station of 130 km long railway line which connects Kashmir Valley with Banihal.

Boniyar

Boniyar is a town and a municipal committee in tehsil Boniyar, Baramulla district in India's northernmost state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is located 20 km towards west from district headquarters Baramulla. Boniyar was given tehsil status in 2006. Prominent villages in tehsil Boniyar are Wopal Haq Marg Athishampora Bijhama, Trikanjan,Barnate,Uranbuha,Chandanwari Chahla and Nowshera.

Major site of attraction is lower jhelum hydropower project at chalah Boniyar having capacity of generating 105 MW. Lachipora wildlife sanctuary has been established for conserving markhoor and other vulnerable animals.

The bank of the dam of Lower Jehlum Hydropower plant has become a tourist destination with Nowshera at opposite side of river jehlum have got amazing view points.

Durhama

Durhama is a small village in Baramulla district, Jammu and Kashmir. It is about 20 km from District headquarters Baramulla, 13 km from the Apple town Sopore and 50 km from the heart of Srinagar city Lalchowk. It is about 200ms away from the Tehsil headquarter Wagoora and about 2.5 km from the medical block Kreeri. There are 2 roads from NH1A to reach Durhama. One is from Tapper Bala via Kreeri to Durhama which is about 8 km and the other is from Putukhah via Wagoora to Durhama which is about 7.5 km. A person can reach to Durhama via these roads. It is situated on the left side of the link road which connects Baramulla and Babareshi-Gulmarg. The village has three mosques and 85 households. The population of Durhama is about 650. There is a primary and a middle school in the outskirts of the village. The literacy rate of Durhama is about 67% below than the state level which is about 68.5%. A building of The Block Development Office Wagoora is located at the entrance of Durhama. A medical sub centre is also located side by side B.D.O. office.

Economically Durhama is average. 10% of population lives below poverty line. People mostly depend on agriculture and horticulture sector .90% of population directly or indirectly depend on it. A handful of people are also working in government services. And also some are having their own private business..The village is surrounded by small hills or karewas with orchard trees laden on them. This adds to the beauty of the village.

Hanjiwera

Hanjiwera is a notified area and village in Singhpora, Pattan, Baramulla district in Indian administered state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is located 37 km to the east from the District headquarters in Baramulla. 25 km from State capital Srinagar.

Hanjiwera is divided into two sublocalities: Hanjiwera Bala and Hanjiwera Payeen. Hanjiwera Bala consists mainly the population of Sunni Muslims and some Hindu houses whereas hanjiwera Payeen mainly possesses Shia Muslims. The village is located on either sides of NH-1A highway connecting Baramulla and Srinagar.

Baramula, Sopore, Bandipore, Srinagar are the nearby cities to Hanjwera.

Hardu-Aboora

Hardu-Aboora is a locality in Tehsil Karhama (Earlier Tehsil Tangmarg)Baramulla district in Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated on the banks of Ferozpora Nallah, at the foothills of the mountain range that runs parallel to the Srinagar-Gulmarg highway on its left side, some 15 km from Tangmarg town, Baramulla and 28 km from the state capital, Srinagar, and 10 km from railway station Mazhama.Under new Administrative units, Hardu Aboora was granted CD Block status, under the jurisdiction of newly carved Tehsil Karhama. PIN CODE 193401.

Jammu–Baramulla line

The Jammu–Srinagar-Baramulla railway line is a railway track being laid to connect the Kashmir Valley in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir with Jammu railway station and thence to the rest of the country. The 356 km railway track begins at Jammu and ends at Baramulla. It is in the jurisdiction of the Firozpur railway division of Indian Railways' Northern zone.

Construction of the route faced natural challenges including major earthquake zones, extreme temperatures and inhospitable terrain. The project has had a long and chequered history, and serious progress was made only after it was declared a national project in 2002. Although its scheduled completion date was 15 August 2007, unforeseen complications have pushed back the date several times. The sections from Jammu to Katra and Banihal to Baramulla have been built and are operational. The track from Katra to Banihal is to be completed by 2020.

Kashmir Valley

The Kashmir Valley, also known as the Vale of Kashmir, is a valley in the portion of the Kashmir region administered by India. The valley is bounded on the southwest by the Pir Panjal Range and on the northeast by the main Himalayas range. It is approximately 135 km long and 32 km wide, and drained by the Jhelum River.Kashmir division is one of the three administrative divisions of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Kashmir division borders Jammu Division to the south and Ladakh to the east while Line of Control forms its northern and the western border. The division consists of the following districts: Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Bandipore, Ganderbal, Kupwara, Kulgam, Pulwama, Shopian and Srinagar.

Kreeri

Kreeri is a tehsil headquarters composed of 15 villages in Baramulla District of Jammu and Kashmir state, India. It has a population of about 66,954. Most of the residents work in agricultural and horticultural fields.

Ladoora

Ladoora is a notified area and village in the Baramulla district, Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is located on the banks of River Jhelum. It is approximately seven kilometers from Sopore.

Ladoora Rafiabad is known for Fruit Business.

Many Noted Business and Political personalities belong to Ladoora Rafiabad.

Pattan

Pattan (not to be confused with the Patten Valley in Himachal Pradesh) is a town and a municipal committee in Baramulla district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Pattan railway station

Pattan railway station is the station on Northern railway network zone of Indian Railways.

Rafaiabad

The Headquarter of Rafaiabad Assembly Constituency is Town Watergam, one of the seven assembly constituencies of Baramulla district.

Ancestor place of M. Mudasir Mir (Social Worker)

Pin code 193303

Seeloo

Seeloo also known as "Seelu" is a small village located in baramulla District in the state of jammu and kashmir. The village is situated on the Srinagar-Kupwara national highway and is located on the banks of the Pohru River. Seeloo consists of 5 mohalla (an area of a town or village) This includes Al-umar, Naikpora, Telwanpora, Bhat Mohala, and Hajam Mohalla.

Sopore

Sopore known as Suyyapur in antiquity, is a town in the Baramulla district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is 45 km (28 mi) north-west of Srinagar, and 16 km (10 mi) south-west from the city of Baramulla.

Sopore City has Asia's second largest fruit mandi (wholesale market). it is known as the "Apple Town". Apart from fruit mandi, Sopore is near to one of Asia's largest freshwater lakes, Wular Lake.

Srinagar railway station

Srinagar railway station or Nowgam railway station is a railway station of the city of Srinagar in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

The station is part of the Jammu–Baramulla line, which once completed, will connect the city to the Rail network of India. Currently,services are to Baramulla and Banihal.The railway line once fully completed is expected to increase tourism and travel to the Kashmir Valley. The work of last leg Chenab Bridge is in final stages and is expected to be completed by 2017.

The station is also planned to be part of a second railway line, the Srinagar–Kargil–Leh line.

Srinagar–Baramulla highway

Srinagar Baramullah highway is the national highway and the road in Kashmir valley that connects municipal committee of Srinagar with Baramulla. The road distance between the two cities is 54 kilometres (34 mi) and minimum travel time is 55 minutes. Border road organization is in the process of constructing new concrete bridges at places where old army’s iron bridges were constructed for the proper development of the road. The highway is the part of National Highway 1A (India) which is originally road between Jalandhar and Uri. The highway runs on approximately same reduced level of around 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) above mean sea level. Jammu and Kashmir state road transport corporation provides transport facilities on the road every day on fixed time intervals for the convenience of the people traveling from Srinagar to Baramullah or vice versa. The road further stretches from end terminus up to Muzaffarabad with an addition of 124 kilometres (77 mi).

Sumbal, Jammu and Kashmir

Sumbal is a town and a notified area committee in Baramulla district in Jammu and Kashmir.

Uri, Jammu and Kashmir

Uri is a town and a tehsil in the Baramulla district, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Uri is located on the left bank of the Jhelum River, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the Line of Control with Pakistan.

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