Banner is a type of administrative division, and may more specifically refer to:
Liwa, or Liwā’ (Arabic: لواء), is an Arabic term meaning ensign, or banner. The word has developed various other meanings in Arabic:
a banner, in all senses (flag, advertising banner, election publicity banner, etc.)
a district; see also: banner (country subdivision)
a level of military unit with its own ensign, now used as the equivalent to brigade
an officer commanding a number of liwa units, now equivalent to a major generalLiwa was used interchangeably with the Turkish term "Sanjak" in the time of the Ottoman Empire. After the fall of the empire, the term was used in the Arab countries formerly under Ottoman rule. It was gradually replaced by other terms like qadaa and mintaqa and is now defunct. It is only used occasionally in Syria to refer to the Hatay Province, ceded by the French mandate of Syria to Turkey in 1939, at which time was known as Liwa' Iskenderun.
Designations for types of administrative territorial entities
1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics.