Banjo Paterson

Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson, CBE[1] (17 February 1864 – 5 February 1941)[2] was an Australian bush poet, journalist and author. He wrote many ballads and poems about Australian life, focusing particularly on the rural and outback areas, including the district around Binalong, New South Wales, where he spent much of his childhood. Paterson's more notable poems include "Clancy of the Overflow" (1889), "The Man from Snowy River" (1890) and "Waltzing Matilda" (1895), regarded widely as Australia's unofficial national anthem.

Banjo Paterson

Banjo Patterson
Banjo Paterson, circa 1890
Born
Andrew Barton Paterson

17 February 1864
"Narrambla", near Orange, New South Wales
Died5 February 1941 (aged 76)
Resting placeNorthern Suburbs Crematorium, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
OccupationAuthor, journalist, composer, clerk, poet
Spouse(s)
Alice Emily Walker (m. 1903)
Children2
RelativesJohn Paterson (uncle)
Signature
Banjo Paterson's signature
Former home of Banjo Paterson (Punt Road, Gladesville, Sydney)
The Gladesville cottage Rockend, where Paterson lived in the 1870s and 1880s

Biography

Andrew Barton Paterson was born at the property "Narrambla", near Orange, New South Wales, the eldest son of Andrew Bogle Paterson, a Scottish immigrant from Lanarkshire, and Australian-born Rose Isabella Barton,[2] related to the future first Prime Minister of Australia Edmund Barton.[3] Paterson's family lived on the isolated Buckinbah Station near Yeoval NSW[4] until he was five when his father lost his wool clip in a flood and was forced to sell up.[5] When Paterson's uncle John Paterson died, his family took over John Paterson's farm in Illalong, near Yass, close to the main route between Melbourne and Sydney. Bullock teams, Cobb and Co coaches and drovers were familiar sights to him. He also saw horsemen from the Murrumbidgee River area and Snowy Mountains country take part in picnic races and polo matches, which led to his fondness of horses and inspired his writings.[2]

Paterson's early education came from a governess, but when he was able to ride a pony, he was taught at the bush school at Binalong. In 1874 Paterson was sent to Sydney Grammar School, performing well both as a student and a sportsman. During this time, he lived in a cottage called Rockend, in the suburb of Gladesville. The cottage is now listed on the Register of the National Estate and New South Wales State Heritage Register. He left the prestigious school at 16 after failing an examination for a scholarship to University of Sydney. He went on to become a law clerk with a Sydney-based firm headed by Herbert Salwey and was admitted as a solicitor in 1886.[6]

In the years he practised as a solicitor, Paterson also started a writing career. From 1885, he began submitting and having poetry published in The Bulletin, a literary journal with a nationalist focus. His earliest work was a poem criticising the British war in the Sudan, which also had Australian participation. Over the next decade, the influential journal provided an important platform for Paterson's work, which appeared under the pseudonym of "The Banjo", the name of his favourite horse.[7] As one of its most popular writers through the 1890s, he formed friendships with other significant writers in Australian literature, such as E.J. Brady, Harry 'Breaker' Morant, Will H. Ogilvie, and Henry Lawson. In particular, Paterson became engaged in a friendly rivalry of verse with Lawson about the allure of bush life.[8]

Paterson became a war correspondent for The Sydney Morning Herald and The Age during the Second Boer War, sailing for South Africa in October 1899. His graphic accounts of the relief of Kimberley, surrender of Bloemfontein (the first correspondent to ride in) and the capture of Pretoria attracted the attention of the press in Britain.[2] He also was a correspondent during the Boxer Rebellion, where he met George "Chinese" Morrison and later wrote about his meeting.[2] He was editor of the Sydney Evening News (1904–06) and of the Town and Country Journal (1907–08).[9]

In 1908 after a trip to the United Kingdom he decided to abandon journalism and writing and moved with his family to a 16,000-hectare (40,000-acre) property near Yass.[5]

In World War I, Paterson failed to become a correspondent covering the fighting in Flanders, but did become an ambulance driver with the Australian Voluntary Hospital, Wimereux, France. He returned to Australia early in 1915 and, as an honorary vet, travelled on three voyages with horses to Africa, China and Egypt. He was commissioned in the 2nd Remount Unit, Australian Imperial Force on 18 October 1915,[2] serving initially in France where he was wounded and reported missing in July 1916 and latterly as commanding officer of the unit based in Cairo, Egypt.[10] He was repatriated to Australia and discharged from the army having risen to the rank of major in April 1919.[11] His wife had joined the Red Cross and worked in an ambulance unit near her husband.[5]

Just as he returned to Australia, the third collection of his poetry, Saltbush Bill JP, was published and he continued to publish verse, short stories and essays while continuing to write for the weekly Truth.[5] Paterson also wrote on rugby league football in the 1920s for the Sydney Sportsman.[12]

Personal life

On 8 April 1903 he married Alice Emily Walker, of Tenterfield Station, in St Stephen's Presbyterian Church, in Tenterfield, New South Wales.[13][14] Their first home was in Queen Street, Woollahra. The Patersons had two children, Grace (born in 1904) and Hugh (born in 1906).

Paterson had been previously engaged to Sarah Riley for eight years, but this was abruptly called off in 1895 following a visit to her at Dagworth Station in Queensland where she was visiting the Macpherson family. It was here that Paterson met his fiancée's best friend from school days, Christina Macpherson, who composed the music for which he then wrote the lyrics of the famous "Waltzing Matilda". However, following this collaboration Paterson was suddenly asked to leave the property, leading historians to conclude that he was a womanizer and had engaged in a scandalous romantic liaison with Macpherson.[15][16][17][18]

Paterson died of a heart attack in Sydney on 5 February 1941 aged 76.[19] Paterson's grave, along with that of his wife, is in the Northern Suburbs Memorial Gardens and Crematorium, Sydney.

Works

The Old Bush Songs by Banio Paterson
Cover to Paterson's seminal 1905 collection of bush ballads, entitled Old Bush Songs
John Longstaff - Banjo Paterson, 1935
John Longstaff's portrait of Banjo Paterson, winner of the 1935 Archibald Prize
Banjo Paterson Bridge Illalong Creek Walter Griffin Way slightly curved concrete Bridge
Bridge named after Banjo Paterson near Illalong

The publication of The Man from Snowy River and five other ballads in The Bulletin made 'The Banjo' a household name.[20] In 1895, Angus & Robertson published these poems as a collection of Australian verse. The book sold 5000 copies in the first four months of publication.[21]

In 1895, Paterson headed north to Dagworth station near Winton, Queensland. Travelling with fiancée, Sarah Riley, they met with her old school friend, Christina Macpherson, who had recently attended a race at Warrnambool in Victoria. She had heard a band playing a tune there, which became stuck in her head and replayed it for Paterson on the autoharp. The melody also resonated with him and propelled him to write "Waltzing Matilda"[22] While there has been much debate about what inspired the words, the song became one of his most widely known and sung ballads.[23]

In addition, he wrote the lyrics for songs with piano scores, such as The Daylight is Dying[24] and Last Week.[25] These were also published by Angus & Robertson between the years 1895 to 1899. In 1905, the same publishers released Old Bush Songs, a collection of bush ballads Paterson had been assembling since 1895.[26]

Although for most of his adult life, Paterson lived and worked in Sydney, his poems mostly presented a highly romantic view of the bush and the iconic figure of the bushman. Influenced by the work of another Australian poet John Farrell, his representation of the bushman as a tough, independent and heroic underdog became the ideal qualities underpinning the national character.[27] His work is often compared to the prose of Henry Lawson, particularly the seminal work, "The Drover's Wife", which presented a considerably less romantic view of the harshness of rural existence of the late 19th century.

Paterson authored two novels; An Outback Marriage (1906) and The Shearer's Colt (1936), wrote many short stories; Three Elephant Power and Other Stories (1917), and wrote a book based on his experiences as a war reporter, Happy Dispatches (1934). He also wrote a book for children, The Animals Noah Forgot (1933)

Contemporary recordings of many of Paterson's well known poems have been released by Jack Thompson,[28] who played Clancy in the 1982 film adaptation of "The Man from Snowy River". While having no connection to the movie, an Australian television series of the same name was broadcast in the 1990s.

Media reports in August 2008 stated that a previously unknown poem had been found in a war diary written during the Boer War.[29]

Legacy

Banjo Paterson's image appears on the $10 note, along with an illustration inspired by "The Man From Snowy River" and, as part of the copy-protection microprint, the text of the poem itself.[30]

In 1981 he was honoured on a postage stamp issued by Australia Post.[31]

A. B. Paterson College, at Arundel on the Gold Coast, Australia, is named after Paterson.[32]

The A. B. "Banjo" Paterson Library at Sydney Grammar School was named after Paterson.[33]

The Festival of Arts in Orange, New South Wales, presents a biennial Banjo Paterson Award for poetry and one-act plays[34] and there is also an annual National Book Council Banjo Award. Orange also has an annual Banjo Paterson Poetry Festival.[35]

A privately owned 47-year-old Wooden Diesel vessel from Carrum, Victoria, was christened with the name Banjo Paterson and coincidentally, runs regularly up and down the Patterson River.

In 1983 a rendition of "Waltzing Matilda" by country-and-western singer Slim Dusty was the first song broadcast by astronauts to Earth.[36]

He topped the list of The Greatest of All - Our 50 Top Australians published in The Australian on 27 June 2013.[37]

Bibliography

Collections

  • The Man from Snowy River and Other Verses (1895)
  • Rio Grande's Last Race and Other Verses (1902)
  • Three Elephant Power and Other Stories (1917)
  • Saltbush Bill, J.P., and Other Verses (1917)
  • The Animals Noah Forgot (1933)
  • Happy Dispatches (1934)
  • The Man from Snowy River and Other Verses (1961)
  • The World of 'Banjo' Paterson: His Stories, Travels, War Reports and Advice to Racegoers, edited by Clement Semmler (1967)
  • Banjo Paterson's Horses: The Man from Snowy River, Father Riley's Horse, Story of Mongrel Grey (1970)
  • Poems of Banjo Paterson (1974)
  • Poems of Banjo Paterson : Volume Two (1976)
  • The Best of Banjo Paterson compiled by Walter Stone (1977)
  • Happy Dispatches: Journalistic Pieces from Banjo Paterson's days as a War Correspondent (1980)
  • Banjo Paterson: Short Stories (1980)
  • Banjo Paterson's Old Bush Songs edited by Graham Seal (1983)
  • Banjo Paterson: A Children's Treasury (1984)
  • The Banjo's Best-Loved Poems: Chosen by his Grand-Daughters compiled Rosamund Campbell and Philippa Harvie (1985)
  • A. B. Paterson's Off Down the Track: racing and other yarns compiled Rosamund Campbell and Philippa Harvie (1986)
  • Banjo Paterson's Poems of the Bush (1987)
  • Banjo Paterson's People: selected poems and prose (1987)
  • A Literary Heritage: 'Banjo' Paterson (1988)
  • Banjo Paterson's Australians : Selected Poems and Prose (1989)
  • A Vision Splendid: The Complete Poetry of A. B. 'Banjo' Paterson (1990)
  • A. B. 'Banjo' Paterson: A Book of Verse (1990)
  • Snowy River Riders: selected poems (1991)
  • Selected Poems: A. B. Paterson compiled by Les Murray (1992)
  • A. B. 'Banjo' Paterson: Bush Ballads, Poems, Stories and Journalism edited by Clement Semmler (1992)
  • Banjo Paterson Favourites (1992)
  • Singer of the Bush: The Poems of A. B. Paterson (1992)
  • Selected Verse of 'Banjo' Paterson (1992)
  • Banjo Paterson: His Poetry and Prose compiled by Richard Hall (1993)
  • Favourite Poems of Banjo Paterson (1994)
  • In the Droving Days compiled by Margaret Olds (1994)
  • Under Sunny Skies (1994)
  • Banjo's Animal Tales (1994)
  • The Works of 'Banjo' Paterson (1996)
  • The Best of Banjo Paterson compiled by Bruce Elder (1996)
  • Banjo's Tall Tales (1998)
  • From the Front : Being the Observations of Mr. A.B. (Banjo) Paterson: Special War Correspondent in South Africa: November 1899 to July 1900, for the Argus, the Sydney Mail, the Sydney Morning Herald edited by R. W. F. Droogleever (2000)
  • Mulga Bill's Bicycle and Other Classics (2005)
  • The Bush Poems of A. B. (Banjo) Paterson compiled by Jack Thompson (2008)
  • The Battlefield Poems of A.B. (Banjo) Paterson compiled by Jack Thompson (2010)
  • Banjo Paterson Treasury illustrated by Olso Davis (2013)
  • Looking for Clancy: Ballads by A. B. 'Banjo' Paterson illustrated by Robert Ingpen (2013)
  • Banjo Paterson Treasury (2013)

Selected individual works

References

  1. ^ "No. 34585". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1938. p. 15.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Clement Semmler (1988). "Paterson, Andrew Barton (Banjo) (1864–1941)". Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11. MUP. pp. 154–157. Archived from the original on 16 March 2008. Retrieved 3 April 2008.
  3. ^ Percival Serle (1949). "Paterson, Andrew Barton (1864–1941)". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Angus & Robertson. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
  4. ^ Yeoval Community Website
  5. ^ a b c d "Bard of the Bush". The Daily Mirror. Truth and Sportsman Ltd. 20 June 1956. p. 21.
  6. ^ Semmler, Clement. "Andrew Barton (Banjo) Paterson". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  7. ^ "A.B. 'Banjo' Paterson". Australian Poetry Library. Australian Poetry Library. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  8. ^ Semmler, Clement. "Andrew Barton (Banjo) Paterson". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  9. ^ Australian Writers, L. J. Blake, Rigby Limited, 1968
  10. ^ "'BANJO' WON". Smith's Weekly. XXIII, (2). New South Wales, Australia. 8 March 1941. p. 16. Retrieved 17 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  11. ^ "Paterson, Andrew Barton Service Records Item no 4028776". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  12. ^ Headon, David (October 1999). "Up From the Ashes: The Phoenix of a Rugby League Literature" (PDF). Football Studies Volume 2, Issue 2. Football Studies Group. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
  13. ^ Banjo Paterson-His Life, Tenterfield Tourism
  14. ^ The Verse of A.B. (Banjo) Paterson Archived 7 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine Australian Bush Poetry, Verse & Music; Accessed on 6 June 2007
  15. ^ 1941-, Forrest, Peter, (2007). Banjo and Matilda : the story of Waltzing Matilda. Forrest, Sheila, 1953-. Darwin, N.T.: Shady Tree. ISBN 9780980351507. OCLC 225318439.
  16. ^ Dennis., O'Keeffe, (2012). Waltzing Matilda : the secret history of Australia's favourite song. Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 9781742377063. OCLC 780413544.
  17. ^ Benns, Matthew (31 October 2013). "Mistress: The true story of mistresses and their men. Chapter 8: The love triangle behind 'Waltzing Matilda'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  18. ^ "Waltzing Matilda simply a love story say historians". Courier Mail. 23 April 2008. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  19. ^ ""Banjo" Paterson dead". The Sydney Morning Herald (32, 171). New South Wales, Australia. 6 February 1941. p. 9. Retrieved 17 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  20. ^ Semmler, Clement (2007). Banjo Paterson: Collected Verse. Penguin Books. p. 4. ISBN 9780140146219.
  21. ^ "Series 02 Volume 195: A.B. Paterson - The Man from Snowy River and other verses, ca. 1895". State Library of New South Wales Catalogue. State Library of New South Wales. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  22. ^ Parker, Derek (2009). The man who wrote Waltzing Maltilda. Woodslane Press. pp. 35–36. ISBN 9781921606076.
  23. ^ Semmler, Clement (2007). Banjo Paterson: Collected Verse. Penguin. p. 5. ISBN 9780140146219.
  24. ^ "The daylight is dying [music]". State Library of New South Wales Catalogue. State Library of New South Wales. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
  25. ^ "Last week [music]: song". State Library of New South Wales. State Library of New South Wales. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
  26. ^ "A.B. 'Banjo' Paterson". Australian Poetry Library. Australian Poetry Library. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  27. ^ "A.B. 'Banjo' Paterson". Australian Poetry Library. Australian Poetry Library. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  28. ^ finepoets.com
  29. ^ Campion, Vikki (18 August 2008). "Poet's works discovered in war diary". The Courier-Mail.
  30. ^ "RBA Banknotes: $10 Banknote". Reserve Bank of Australia. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  31. ^ "Australia Post website". Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  32. ^ "History". A.B. Paterson College. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  33. ^ "Library". Sydney Grammar School. Archived from the original on 5 February 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  34. ^ Benson, Eugene; Conolly, L. W. (30 November 2004). "Encyclopedia of Post-Colonial Literatures in English". Routledge. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  35. ^ "Banjo Paterson Australian Poetry Festival". VisitNSW.com. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  36. ^ Top 10 iconic Banjo Paterson Ballads, Australian Geographic, 17 February 2014
  37. ^ "Our 50 greatest Australians". PerthNow. 27 January 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2018.

External links

A Bush Christening

A Bush Christening is a humorous poem by Australian writer and poet Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson. It was first published in The Bulletin magazine on 16 December 1893, the Christmas issue of that publication. It has been called "a rollicking account of how the traditional pre-occupations, whisky and religion, come together".

A Voice from the Town

A Voice from the Town is a poem by Australian writer and poet Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson. It was first published in The Bulletin magazine on 20 October 1894.

In Up The Country, Lawson had criticised "The City Bushman" such as Banjo Paterson who tended to romanticise bush life. Paterson, in turn, accused Lawson of representing bush life as nothing but doom and gloom, famously ending with the line "For the bush will never suit you, and you'll never suit the bush." This exchange sparked what is known as the Bulletin Debate, mainly between Paterson and Lawson, but also including Edward Dyson and Francis Kenna.

This poem appeared two years after "The Poets of the Tomb" by Henry Lawson, the previous poem in the debate, and brought the exercise to an end. An author's note stated that it had been written in response to the 1871 poem "A Voice from the Bush", written by Mowbray Morris.

Clancy of the Overflow

"Clancy of the Overflow" is a poem by Banjo Paterson, first published in The Bulletin, an Australian news magazine, on 21 December 1889. The poem is typical of Paterson, offering a romantic view of rural life, and is one of his best-known works.

The poem is written in eight stanzas of four lines, lines one and three in a two-feet anapaest with a feminine internal rhyme, and lines two and four in trochaic octameter with masculine rhymes: AA–B–CC–B.

In Answer to Various Bards

In Answer to Various Bards (a.k.a. An Answer to Various Bards) is a poem by Australian writer and poet Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson. It was first published in The Bulletin magazine on 1 October 1892 in reply to fellow poet Henry Lawson's poem, In Answer to "Banjo", and Otherwise.

In Up The Country, Lawson had criticised "The City Bushman" such as Banjo Paterson who tended to romanticise bush life. Paterson, in turn, accused Lawson of representing bush life as nothing but doom and gloom, famously ending with the line "For the bush will never suit you, and you'll never suit the bush." This exchange sparked what is known as the Bulletin Debate, mainly between Paterson and Lawson, but also including Edward Dyson and Francis Kenna.

In Defence of the Bush

In Defence of the Bush is a popular poem by Australian writer and poet Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson. It was first published in The Bulletin magazine on 23 July 1892 in reply to fellow poet Henry Lawson's poem, Up The Country. Paterson's rebuttal sparked the Bulletin Debate, a series of poems by both Lawson and Paterson about the true nature of life in the Australian bush.

In Up The Country, Lawson had criticised "The City Bushman" such as Banjo Paterson who tended to romanticise bush life. Paterson, in turn, accused Lawson of representing bush life as nothing but doom and gloom, famously ending with the line "For the bush will never suit you, and you'll never suit the bush."

Jack Thompson (actor)

Jack Thompson, AM (born 31 August 1940) is an Australian actor and one of the major figures of Australian cinema. He was educated at University of Queensland, before embarking on his acting career. In 2002, he was made an honorary member of the Australian Cinematographers Society (ACS). He is best known as a lead actor in several acclaimed Australian films, including such classics as The Club (1980), Sunday Too Far Away (1975), The Man from Snowy River (1982) and Breaker Morant (1980). He won Cannes and AFI acting awards for the latter film. He was the recipient of a Living Legend Award at the 2005 Inside Film Awards.

Mulga Bill's Bicycle

"Mulga Bill's Bicycle" is a poem written in 1896 by Banjo Paterson. It was originally published in the 25 July 1896 edition of the Sydney Mail, and later appeared in the poet's second poetry collection Rio Grande's Last Race and Other Verses.

The poem is a ballad. Each line is a fourteener, having fourteen syllables and seven iambic feet.

It tells the tragic tale of Mulga Bill, a man whose pride in his riding skill causes him to purchase, ride and crash a bicycle. Although Mulga Bill claims expertise in riding all things his ineptitude and subsequent accident suggest that he may only know how to ride a horse.

The poem was first published in The Sydney Mail on 25 July 1896. It is amongst Paterson's most popular works. A 1973 reprinting of the poem illustrated by Kilmeny & Deborah Niland has been continuously in print since publication and won the 1973 ABPA Book Design Award and the 1974 Visual Arts Board Award.The novel by H. G. Wells on cycling, The Wheels of Chance: A Bicycling Idyll was published in the same year as this poem.The poem actually featured the Safety bicycle. However, the poem has been inaccurately illustrated by various illustrators with a depiction of the visually more interesting Penny-farthing which had been superseded at the time the poem was written. The introduction of safety cycles gave rise to a bicycling boom with millions being manufactured in the decade 1890-1900. They were very popular in the Australian outback, widely used by shearers and itinerant workers at the time that Paterson wrote this poem.The model for the character of Mulga Bill was William Henry Lewis (1880-1968), who knew Paterson in the vicinity of Bourke, New South Wales. Lewis had bought his bicycle as a result of a drought when there was no feed for horses.Eaglehawk, Victoria—once a rural mining town, now part of greater Bendigo—was given as Mulga Bill's hometown ('Twas Mulga Bill, from Eaglehawk ...). This has been recognised with the development of the Mulga Bill Bicycle Trail, a scenic ride taking in many of the mining attractions, historic sites and modern-day amenities of Eaglehawk.Mulga is a very common species of Acacia that predominates the interior regions of the Australian bush, and colloquially, it is an alternative term for the Bush itself or wilderness regions, for example ‘up the mulga’. This poem is extremely important to Australian culture because it includes the start of the cycling craze. In the time this poem was written, everyone was buying bicycles because it was (and still partly is) popular in Australia.

The poem has been set to music and the poem title was the name of a prominent Australian folk music group (also known as a bush band) in the 1970s.

Rio Grande's Last Race

Rio Grande's Last Race is a racing poem by Australian writer and poet Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson. It was first published in the London Sketch magazine on 16 December 1896. It was later published as the title poem for Paterson's second poetry collection, Rio Grande's Last Race and Other Verses, in 1902.

The poem was one of Paterson's favourites, and its theme of a jockey's premonition of death is unusual for the poet.

Rio Grande's Last Race and Other Verses

Rio Grande's Last Race and Other Verses (1902) is the second collection of poems by Australian poet Banjo Paterson. It was released in hardback by Angus and Robertson in 1902, and features the poems "Rio Grande's Last Race", "Mulga Bill's Bicycle", "Saltbush Bill's Game Cock" and "Saltbush Bill's Second Fight".

The original collection includes 46 poems by the author that are reprinted from various sources. Later editions added further poems.

Saltbush Bill

Saltbush Bill is a humorous poem by Australian writer and poet Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson. It was first published in The Bulletin magazine on 15 December 1894, the Christmas issue of that publication.Saltbush Bill was one of Paterson's best known characters who appeared in 5 poems: "Saltbush Bill" (1894), "Saltbush Bill's Second Fight" (1897), "Saltbush Bill's Gamecock" (1898), "Saltbush Bill on the Patriarchs" (1903), and "Saltbush Bill, J.P." (1905).

Saltbush Bill's Gamecock

Saltbush Bill's Gamecock is a humorous poem by Australian writer and poet Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson. It was first published in Brooks's Australian Xmas Annual Volume 1 1898.Saltbush Bill was one of Paterson's best known characters who appeared in 5 poems: "Saltbush Bill" (1894), "Saltbush Bill's Second Fight" (1897), "Saltbush Bill's Gamecock" (1898), "Saltbush Bill on the Patriarchs" (1903), and "Saltbush Bill, J.P." (1905).

Saltbush Bill's Second Fight

Saltbush Bill's Second Fight is a humorous poem by Australian writer and poet Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson. It was first published in The Antipodean in 1897.Saltbush Bill was one of Paterson's best known characters who appeared in 5 poems: "Saltbush Bill" (1894), "Saltbush Bill's Second Fight" (1897), "Saltbush Bill's Gamecock" (1898), "Saltbush Bill on the Patriarchs" (1903), and "Saltbush Bill, J.P." (1905).

Saltbush Bill, J.P.

Saltbush Bill, J.P. is a humorous poem by Australian writer and poet Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson. It was first published in The Evening News on 16 December 1905.Saltbush Bill was one of Paterson's best known characters who appeared in 5 poems: "Saltbush Bill" (1894), "Saltbush Bill's Second Fight" (1897), "Saltbush Bill's Gamecock" (1898), "Saltbush Bill on the Patriarchs" (1903), and "Saltbush Bill, J.P." (1905).

Saltbush Bill, J.P., and Other Verses

Saltbush Bill, J.P., and Other Verses (1917) is the third collection of poems by Australian poet Banjo Paterson. It was released in hardback by Angus and Robertson in 1917, and features the poems "Waltzing Matilda", "Saltbush Bill, J.P.", "An Answer to Various Bards" and "T.Y.S.O.N.".

The original collection includes 43 poems by the author that are reprinted from various sources. The book formed part of the publisher's series of "Pocket Editions for the Trenches", designed to fit a serviceman's coat pocket.

Saltbush Bill on the Patriarchs

Saltbush Bill on the Patriarchs is a humorous poem by Australian writer and poet Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson. It was first published in The Evening News on 19 December 1903.Saltbush Bill was one of Paterson's best known characters who appeared in 5 poems: "Saltbush Bill" (1894), "Saltbush Bill's Second Fight" (1897), "Saltbush Bill's Gamecock" (1898), "Saltbush Bill on the Patriarchs" (1903), and "Saltbush Bill, J.P." (1905).

The Geebung Polo Club

"The Geebung Polo Club" is a poem by Banjo Paterson, first published in The Antipodean in 1893. It was also included in his first anthology of bush poetry The Man from Snowy River and Other Verses in 1895.

It is one of Paterson's best-known poems and combines several of the most frequently recurring characteristics of his poetry - humour, tragedy and horses.

The poem's unnamed narrator clearly admires the rough and ready "Geebung Polo Club", who are contrasted with their wealthy city opponents - "The Cuff and Collar Team".

The only geographic reference in the poem is of the Campaspe River, which flows north through central Victoria to the Murray River.

Scottish-Australian bush poet, and acquaintance of Paterson, Will H. Ogilvie penned For the honor of Old England and the glory of the game in 1897. Although similar in nature to Paterson's earlier-written The Geebung Polo Club, Ogilvie's work was written after an actual polo competition in Parkes, New South Wales, involving Harry 'Breaker' Morant and Ogilvie.

The Man from Ironbark

"The Man From Ironbark" is a poem by Australian bush poet Banjo Paterson. It is written in the iambic heptameter.

It was first published in The Bulletin on 17 December 1892. The poem relates the experiences of a native man from the Bush, who reacts badly to a practical joke sprung on him by a mischievous barber from Sydney. While making his displeasure known,

A peeler man who heard the din came in to see the show;

He tried to run the bushman in, but he refused to go.

The barber confesses that he was playing a joke, and the bushman, unconvinced, returns to Ironbark, where, due to his accounts of his Sydney experiences, "flowing beards are all the go".

There are obvious echoes in the poem of the urban legend of the murdering barber - fictionalised in the penny dreadful The String of Pearls which featured the notorious Sweeney Todd.

Ironbark was the earlier name for Stuart Town, a town in the Central West region of New South Wales.In 2004, a representative of The Wilderness Society posed as "The Ghost of the Man from Ironbark", a reference to the poem, to campaign for the protection of the remaining Ironbark woodlands in New South Wales and Queensland.

The Man from Snowy River (poem)

"The Man from Snowy River" is a poem by Australian bush poet Banjo Paterson. It was first published in The Bulletin, an Australian news magazine, on 26 April 1890, and was published by Angus & Robertson in October 1895, with other poems by Paterson, in The Man from Snowy River and Other Verses.The poem tells the story of a horseback pursuit to recapture the colt of a prizewinning racehorse that escaped from its paddock and is living with the brumbies (wild horses) of the mountain ranges. Eventually the brumbies descend a seemingly impassable steep slope, at which point the assembled riders give up the pursuit, except the young protagonist, who spurs his "pony" (small horse) down the "terrible descent" and catches the mob.

Two characters mentioned in the early part of the poem are featured in previous Paterson poems; "Clancy of the Overflow" and Harrison from "Old Pardon, Son of Reprieve".

Up the Country

Up The Country is a popular poem by iconic Australian writer and poet Henry Lawson. It was first published in The Bulletin magazine on 9 July 1892, under the title Borderland, and started the Bulletin Debate, a series of poems by both Lawson and Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson about the true nature of life in the Australian bush.

In Up The Country, Lawson recounts his trip to the barren and gloomy Australian bush, and criticises "City Bushmen" such as Banjo Paterson who tended to romanticize bush life.Paterson later responded with a poem of his own, entitled In Defense of the Bush, in which he accused Lawson of representing bush life as nothing but doom and gloom, famously ending with the line "For the bush will never suit you, and you'll never suit the bush."

Works by Banjo Paterson
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Banjo Paterson's "The Man from Snowy River"
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