Bandipore

Bandipora (English: /ˌbændɪˈpɔː/) or Bandipora is the headquarters of district of Bandipore in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is located on the northern banks of Wullar—the second-largest freshwater lake in Asia. Bandipora has a terraced garden similar to that of Nishat Bagh in Srinagar. Bandipora is bound by mountains on three sides and by Wular Lake on the fourth.

Bandipora
Bandipora is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Bandipora
Bandipora
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Bandipora is located in India
Bandipora
Bandipora
Bandipora (India)
Coordinates: 34°25′00″N 74°39′00″E / 34.4167°N 74.6500°ECoordinates: 34°25′00″N 74°39′00″E / 34.4167°N 74.6500°E
Country India
StateJammu and Kashmir
DistrictBandipora
Population
 (2011)
 • Total30,000
Languages
 • OfficialUrdu
 • SpokenKashmiri
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Websitehttp://bandipore.gov.in

Geography

Bandipore is situated on the banks of the Wular, the largest fresh-water lake in Asia which is home to a lot of migratory birds. Inadvertent dumping of the polluted river waters and sewage affluence has led to a pandemic growth of algae in the waters of the Wular which is threatening the lake and its supporting life itself. The main source of pollution to Wular is Jhelum River. The Jhelum River carries all the waste from Srinagar city and other surrounding areas and deposits it in Wular. Despite being the richest wetland of South Asia and largest freshwater lake in Asia, no steps have been taken to save Wular. Bandipore is also a stepping town to the higher reaches of Razdan, Gurez and Tragbal.

The famous Lolab Valley in Kupwara district is adjacent to the Bandipore. It is just 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Bandipore via Aloosa village. Once this road is upgraded it will become a lifeline of the Lolab valley and it will provide an additional route to the Kupwara district.

Bandipore was the connecting link between North India and Central Asia via the Silk Road. At Pazalpora village there was a custom and immigration department which is now a forest check-post. Due to the fact, Bandipore is also known as the gateway to Central Asia. There are strong links between Skardu, Gurez and Bandipore.

Tehsils

Bandipore is divided into seven tehsils

[1]

Demographics

As of 2001 Indian census,[2] Bandipore had a population of 25,714. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Bandipore has an average literacy rate of 57.82%, lower than the national average of 59.5%, with 65% of the males and 35% of females literate. Twelve per cent of the population is under 6 years of age.

It has a Muslim majority though there are a few villages where Pandits also lived before their migration to the other parts of the country. The Pandit population were in large numbers at Ajar, Sonerwani, Kaloosa, Kharapora, Mantrigam Aragam etc. Some Pandit families at Ajar and Kaloosa did not migrate. The temple at Kaloosa, known as Sharda Mandir, dates back to old times. It has a very big and old tree which is a few hundred years old and is a rare tree of its type. This is popularly known as Bran, a revered tree. There are many villages in this newly formed district named after Hindu gods and goddesses such as Chakreshipora, named after Chakerishwar. The forest training school of Kashmir is located in Bandipore. It was established in 1905. This institute is a premier body in the conservation process of the forest department.

The majority of the population speak Kashmiri. Gojri and Pahari are also spoken. Tehsil Gurez is Shina-speaking and has a Shina majority. There are few Pashtun villages on the Line of Control. The Kishan Ganga Hydro Electric Project is also located in the Gurez Tehsil of Bandipore. Project is worth Rs. 2700 Crore (Rs. 27 billion). It will generate 330 MW of electricity, which will be distributed from Kashmir.

Education

The literacy rate in the main town of Bandipore and adjoining areas is quite high. However, as per 2011 census, for whole district the literacy rate is one of the lowest in Jammu and Kashmir.

Towns and villages

The main township of Bandipore is called Plan. The name stuck after the area was constructed under a plan approved by Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad, ex-Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, on his visit to incinerated town of Bandipore in 1963.[3] The important villages of Bandipore are Nowpora, Naz Colony, Dachigam, Ahamshareef, Arampora, Ajar, Aloosa, Aragam, Arin, Ashtangoo, Athatoo, Ayathmullah, Barazullah, Badibeth, Badiyara, Bonakoot, Binlipora, Boothu, Brar, Braripora, Chittiybanday, Chountimullah, Doban, Dardpora, Dharamhama, Gamroo, Garoora, Gund-i-Dachina, Gundpora, Gund-i-Qaiser, Guzarbal, Kaloosa, Kanibathi, Kehnoosa, Ketson, Kunusa, Kudara, Kemah, Khayar, Kharapora, Kralpora, Konan, Lawaypora, Lowdara, Laharwalpora, Lankreshipora, Mader, Malangam, Mangnipora, Mantrigam, Muqaam, Nadihal, Nusoo, Onagam/Wonagam/Sonagam, Paanaar, Panzigam, Papachan, Patushai, Pethkoot, Qazipora, Quil, Rampora, Saderkot, Sheikhpora, Sonerwani, Sumlar, Tangath, Turkpora, Watrina, Watapora,Dharmahama,Vewan, Zuri-manz etc. The main villages of Hajin are:Gulshanabad, Parebal, Madwan, Baniyari, Prang, Bangar Mohalla, Parray Mohalla, Bun Mohalla, Khomina, Baharabad e.t.c. The Famous Zain-Lank is situated at Baniyari 15 km from town of Hajin

One of the sacred places of the Hindus is Danishwar, locally also called Chota Amar Nath. It is a cave in dense forests of Arin. Pilgrims have to climb up about 60 metres to reach a cave where there are engraved features of Lord Shiva. People used to go there on the Sharvan Purnima, the date on which Amar Nath Yatra is being performed.

Attractions

Bandipore is the location of the Forest Training and Research Institute in Jammu and Kashmir [established in 1911]. It is 3 km distance from the main town. The Darul-Uloom-Raheemiyah (School for Philosophers) is the largest religious institution in Jammu and Kashmir. It is the largest Islamic institution of valley headed by Moulana Mohammad Rahmatullah Mir Qasmi.

Bandipore is known for trekking, mountaineering and fishing. The famous Arin Nallah is home to one of the most exotic trout (Rainbow Trout, Silver Trout and Gray Trout).

Arin Nallah Trout Heaven
Arin Nallah Trout Heaven

Mount Harmukh

Local Trout Hunter
Local Trout Hunter

For mountaineers Mt Harmukh remains the main attraction, It is located in the eastern side of the town. Commercial cabs ply on that route till Kudara that is the farthest point where the cabs stop, and there onwards the terrain becomes hilly and one has to trek 17 kilometres (11 mi) to the higher reaches of Mount Harmukh. Sheera Sar [Lake of Spirits] acts as a base camp for all the mountaineering expeditions for Mt Harmukh. To the north lies Gurez, 86 kilometres (53 mi) from Bandipore. Commercial cabs ply on this route during summers, however in winters the route remains closed due to heavy snowfall.

The place is surrounded by areas of scenic beauty and ranges such as Sirandar, Kudara, Vewan, Mowa and Tresangam, all of which are inhabited by the Gujjars ("Bakarwals"). Although being a scenic place where peace and tranquility is in the environment, Bandipore has never been considered a tourist place and does not appear anywhere on the tourist map issued by Jammu and Kashmir State Tourism department.

References

  1. ^ http://bandipore.gov.in/
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ http://www.greaterkashmir.com/news/2011/Jan/4/-neglected-then-neglected-now--50.asp
Ahmi Sharief

Ahmi Sharief also known as Ahamsharief, is a village located in Bandipora Tehsil of Bandipora district, Jammu and Kashmir, India. The village has total population of 1535 of which 802 are males while 733 are females.

Ajas

Ajas is a newly carved Tehsil of Bandipora district, in Jammu and Kashmir, India. Ajas is surrounded by Lar Tehsil towards East, Wakura Tehsil towards West, Bandipora Tehsil towards North and Pattan Tehsil towards South. Sopore, Bandipore, Baramula and Srinagar are the nearby Cities to Ajas.

Aragam

Aragam is a village in the Himalayan region of North Kashmir, located about 58 kilometres (36 mi) from Srinagar on the route from Srinagar to Bandipore. Aragam is located on the banks of Wular Lake and surrounded by wooded mountains on three sides. The location/village code is 002767. Aragam village is located in Bandipora Tehsil of Bandipore district in Jammu & Kashmir, India. It is situated 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) away from Bandipora, which is both district and sub-district headquarters of Aragam village.

Bandipore district

Bandipore district or (also spelt as Bandipora) is one of the 22 districts in Jammu and Kashmir state in northern India. Bandipore town is the administrative headquarters of the district. Bandipore, a township with peculiar scenic beauty is located in the foothills of the snow clad peaks of Harmukh overlooking the schores of Wular has produced hundreds, of scholars and intellectuals. Before, 1947, this town was a big trade and literary centre of Kashmir. Bandipore, the birthplace of great Historian, Hassan Khoehami. This district was carved out from the erstwhile Baramulla district in 2007. The district is bounded by Kupwara district in the west, Baramulla district in the south and Kargil, Srinagar and Ganderbal districts in the east. This district occupies an area of 398 km². The district has a population of 392,232 as per 2011 census.

Chak-e-Arsala Khan, Kashmir

Chak-e-Arsala Khan is a village in the territory of Kashmir.

Doru Shahabad

Doru Shahabad (also written as Dooru Shahabad or only Doru) is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is also known as historical township in South Kashmir's Anantnag district. Doru shahabad has been known as a place of intelligentia where great scholars like Mehmood shah Gami, Rasul Mir shahabadi, were borne who contributed to the literature and culture of kashmir. In present times shahabad has produced chief minister like syed mir qasim and many other politicians, beuracrates and some leading agricultural scientists.

Ganderbal

Ganderbal is a town and a municipality committee in Ganderbal district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It has an average elevation of 1,619 metres (5,312 feet). It is bordered by district Srinagar in the south, Bandipore to the north, Kargil in the northeast, Anantnag to the south-east and Baramulla in the south-west.

Gangabal Lake

The Gangbal Lake also called Gangbal Lake, is a lake situated at the foothills of Mount Haramukh (the second highest mountain peak in the vicinity of Kashmir valley) in Ganderbal district, north of Srinagar city in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is an alpine high altitude oligotrophic lake, home to many species of fish, including the brown trout.The lake has a maximum length of two and a half kilometers and maximum width of one kilometre. It is fed by precipitation, glaciers and springs. The lake water outflows to a nearby Nundkol Lake and then via Wangath Nallah to Sind River.

Gurez

Gurez, or Gurais (Guráai in the local Shina language), is a valley located in the high Himalayas, about 86 kilometres (53 mi) from Bandipore and 146 kilometres (91 mi) from Srinagar in northern Kashmir and southern Gilgit-Baltistan. At about 8,000 feet (2,400 m) above sea level, the valley is surrounded by snow-capped mountains. It has diverse fauna and wildlife including the Himalayan brown bear and the snow leopard. The Kishanganga River flows through the valley. The road to Gilgit runs through Gurez.

Gurez is divided into three regions. The area from Toabat to Sharda Peeth is administered by Pakistan as Neelum District, that between Kamri and Minimarg is administered by the Pakistan as Astore District, Gilgit-Baltistan, and that from Toabat to Abdullae Tulail is known as Gurez tehsil, and is part of the Indian-administered Bandipora district.

Being situated very close to the Burzil Pass, which leads into Astore District of Gilgit-Baltistan, the inhabitants are ethnic Dards/Shins. They speak the Shina language and have the same styles of dress and culture as their kinsmen in Pakistani- administered Northern areas.

Dawar is the central township in the area. The population of the area is estimated to be about 30,000, and is scattered among fifteen villages. Due to heavy snowfall and closure of Razdan Pass in winter, (approx. 6-7 fts) the valley remains cut off for six months of the year.

Hanjiwera

Hanjiwera is a notified area and village in Singhpora, Pattan, Baramulla district in Indian administered state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is located 31 km to the east from the District headquarters in Baramulla. 23 km from State capital Srinagar.

Hanjiwera is divided into two sublocalities: Hanjiwera Bala and Hanjiwera Payeen. Hanjiwera Bala consists mainly the population of Sunni Muslims and some Hindu houses whereas hanjiwera Payeen mainly possesses Shia Muslims. The village is located on either sides of NH-1A highway connecting Baramulla and Srinagar.

Baramula, Sopore, Bandipore, Srinagar are the nearby cities to Hanjwera.

Harmukh

Harmukh (also known as Mount Haramukh or Harmukh mountain) is a mountain with a peak elevation of 5,142 metres (16,870 ft), in Ganderbal district of Jammu and Kashmir in India. Harmukh is part of the Himalaya Range, and is located between Nallah Sindh in the south and Kishanganga Neelum River in the north, rising above Gangabal Lake in the vicinity of Kashmir valley. It is mostly climbed from the northwestern side of Arin Bandipore.

Kashmir Valley

The Kashmir Valley, also known as the Vale of Kashmir, is an intermontane valley in the portion of the Kashmir region administered by India. The valley is bounded on the southwest by the Pir Panjal Range and on the northeast by the main Himalayas range. It is approximately 135 km long and 32 km wide, and drained by the Jhelum River.Kashmir division is one of the three administrative divisions of the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Kashmir division borders Jammu Division to the south and Ladakh to the east while Line of Control forms its northern and the western border. The division consists of the following districts: Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Bandipore, Ganderbal, Kupwara, Kulgam, Pulwama, Shopian and Srinagar.

Kishanganga Hydroelectric Plant

The Kishanganga Hydroelectric Plant is an $864 million run-of-the-river hydroelectric scheme that is designed to divert water from the Kishanganga River (Neelum River) to a power plant in the Jhelum River basin. It is located 5 km (3 mi) north of Bandipore in Jammu and Kashmir, India and will have an installed capacity of 330 MW. Construction on the project began in 2007 and was expected to be complete in 2016. Construction on the dam was temporarily halted by the Hague's Permanent Court of Arbitration (CoA) in October 2011 due to Pakistan's protest of its effect on the flow of the Kishanganga River (called the Neelum River in Pakistan). In February 2013, the CoA ruled that India could divert all the water leaving a minimum amount of water to the downstream of the dam on Kishanganga River for the purpose of environmental flows. The CoA also ruled that India shall not lower/draw down the water level below the dead storage level for sediment flushing purpose. CoA also stipulated in its verdict that India shall maintain minimum environmental flows in the Kihanganga river at the line of control point not be less than 9 cumecs continuously. However, the minor differences between India and Pakistan over the project are still not settled. All the three units (3 x 110 MW) were commissioned and synchronized with the electricity grid by 30 March 2018. On 19 May 2018, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated Kishanganga hydropower project.

Kishtwar National Park

Kishtwar National Park is a national park located in the Kishtwar district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is bounded to the north by Rinnay river, south by Kibar Nala catchment, east by main divide of Great Himalaya and west by Marwa river.

Langate

Langate is a tehsil in Kupwara district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Langate tehsil headquarters is Langate town . It is located 20 km towards south from district headquarters Kupwara. 66 km from State capital Srinagar, Jammu towards East.

Langate Tehsil is bounded by Watergam and Kralgund Tehsils towards South, Handwara Tehsil towards North. Sopore City, Baramula City, Bandipore City, Watergam City, Srinagar City are the nearby Cities to Langate.

Onagam

Onagam is a village on the banks of Badshah Canal in Bandipora district, Jammu and Kashmir, India. The name is derived from the word vun, meaning jungle, and gam, meaning village. The name reflects the time when the village was covered wild trees which grow on mountains, such as pine trees. Onagam is one of the biggest villages in Bandipora district, which was formed in 2009; earlier, the village was part of Baramulla district.

Onagam is located the in centre of Bandipora district, 2 km (1.2 mi) from the district headquarters. Surrounded by Panjigam from East, Putushai from west, Duban from North Qazipora from South, Turqpora from North West, and Kalusa from South East.

A canal (nehr Zainagir) passes through the village and divides it into two halves- longitudinally, this canal was built by Badshah, an irrigation canal to irrigate Zaingair (a remote village in Sopore- Apple Town) thus the name Nehr Zainagir(The Zainagir Canal). It is 47 km long, takes its water from the river Madhumati. It flows through Bandipore on the bank of the Wular Lake at Sonawari. It moves in loops till it enters Sopore irrigating about 13300 acres of land.

Operation Eraze

Operation Eraze is the codename of the assault and capture of Gurais in northern Kashmir by the Indian Army during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947.

Rafiabad, India

Rafiabad (رفیع آباد) is a Tehsil town in Baramulla of Jammu and Kashmir, India. The Tehsil Headquarters is Rafiabad town. It is located towards west of Baramulla about 25 km from District headquarters. And 76 km from state capital Srinagar towards East. Rafiabad is surrounded by Boniyar tehsil, Rohama Tehsil, Baramulla Tehsil, Sopore Tehsil. Baramulla, Sopore, Bandipore, Poonch are the nearby Cities to Rafiabad.Rohama is the best destination for tourists .As it is surrounded by the mountains,grasslands,lakes etc.

PEOPLE OF RAFIABAD

people of rafiabad are best known for the wide range of cultural aspects. The finest artists in the kashmir valley are from the rafiabad.

Tulail Valley

The Tulail Valley is a Himalayan sub-valley of Gurez in the State of Jammu and Kashmir in India. The Valley lies 120 kilometres (75 mi) northeast of Bandipore and 200 kilometres (120 mi) from Srinagar the capital of Jammu and Kashmir.

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