Bandarawela (Sinhala : බණ්ඩාරවෙල, pronounced [ˈbandarawela]; Tamil: பண்டாரவளை) is the second largest town in the Badulla District which is 32 km (20 mi) away from Badulla. Bandarawela is 200 km (120 mi) away from Colombo and about 125 km (78 mi) away from Kandy, the two capital cities of Sri Lanka. Thanks to its higher altitude, compared to surrounding locations, Bandarawela has milder weather conditions throughout the year making it a tourist destination for locals. Bandarawela is within hours reach of surrounding towns and cities by both road and rail. The town is influenced by its colonial history and rests among dense, lush forestation occupying a niche among visitors as a base for eco-tourism.
Map of Badulla district showing the situation of Bandarawela.
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The town is governed by a municipal council and headed by a mayor. The council is elected by popular vote and has nine members. There were 16,673 registered voters in the 2011 local authorities elections. Currently the municipal council is controlled by the United National Party which is one of the largest political parties in Sri Lanka.
The area outside the municipality is governed by the "Pradeshiya Saba" which is similar to the urban council. The Pradeshiya Saba is elected by popular vote and has 10 members. In the 2006 local authorities election there were 37,972 registered voters.
The ancient Dhowa Buddhist rock temple is one of the well-known heritage sites in this region. Other historic areas of interest include the Roman Catholic St. Anthony's Church and a local Methodist church.
The ancient Dhowa Rock Temple was founded by King Walagamba in the first century B.C.E. (1 B.C.E.) and is located beside Badulla-Bandarawela highway, 6 km (3.7 mi) from Bandarawela. The temple contains a 12 m (39 ft)-high Buddha image sculpted from rock and paintings depicting Jataka stories belonging to the Kandyan era.
During colonial times, the town of Bandarawela was once hailed as possessing one of the healthiest climates in the world. This town is considered to have the most favorable climate on the island. Geographically the Bandarawela area is located at a high altitude and surrounded by a large number of mountains in Uva and the Central Province.
According to the local climatic zone classifications, Bandarawela is classified under Up Country Intermediate Zone (UCIZ) which is spread over the Badulla and Monaragala Districts. The elevation above sea level at Bandarawela is 4,000 ft (1,200 m), the annual average rainfall is between 1,100 mm (43 in) and 1,400 mm (55 in) and the monthly average temperature is between 12 °C (54 °F) (in December) and 27 °C (81 °F) (in May and June). The Bandarawela area consists mainly of red yellow Podzolic soil, which is strongly acidic and favourable for tea plantations.
Bandarawela is a Sinhala majority town. There are sizable communities belonging to other ethnic groups such as Indian Tamils, Sri Lanka Moors and Sri Lanka Tamils.
Locals depend primarily upon agriculture to make a living. Most people are directly involved in vegetable cultivation and some are working as laborers in tea estates. There are a large number of tea plantations managed by both private and government run businesses that produce good quality tea for the world market.
Many types of vegetables are grown in this area throughout the year, such as leek, carrot, beet root, cauliflower and cabbage. About one tenth of the population works for the government, private establishments or their own businesses. The majority of the people in this area fall in the low and middle income groups.
Tourism is another source of income in Bandarawela which boasts many holiday resorts, cottages and hotels.
During World War II, many families moved to Bandarawela following leading schools in Colombo such as Royal College, St. Thomas' College and Visakha Vidyalaya. These schools relocated to Bandarawela due to the fear caused by the Japanese bombs. This caused an improvement in the education of the people in Bandarawela. Some schools in the area include Bandarawela Central college, Dharmapala Vidyalaya, Visakha Vidyalaya, Tamil Central College, Little Flower Convent and St. Joseph's College. These schools are governed by the central government of Sri Lanka. There are also two private schools in the area. They include S. Thomas' College, Bandarawela.
Views of Bandarawela can be seen from Porawagala. Rawana Ella Falls (40 m (130 ft) in height) and Diyaluma Falls (191 m (627 ft) in height) are notable waterfalls in this region. Rawana Ella is situated on the Ella near the Wellawaya main road and Diyaluma is situated near the village of Koslanda. Adisham Bungalow, Bandarawela Hotel and Lipton's Seats are other historic places in the Bandarawela area. Poonagala, Ampittiakande and Leangawela are three tea estates in the area. From Bandarawela to Poonagala it's nearly 21 km.
The A 16 road is an A-Grade trunk road in Sri Lanka. It connects Beragala with Hali Ela.
The A 16 passes through Bandarawela and Demodara to reach Hali Ela.Badulla District
Badulla (Sinhala: බදුල්ල දිස්ත්රික්කය badūlla distrikkaya; Tamil: பதுளை மாவட்டம் Patuḷai māvaṭṭam) is a district in Uva Province, Sri Lanka. The entire land area of the Badulla district is 2,861 km² and total population is 837,000. The district is bounded by the districts of Monaragala and Rathnapura on the East & South, by Ampara and Kandy districts on the North and by Nuwara Eliya and Matale on the West. Mainly the economy of the district is based on agricultural farming and livestock.
Badulla District is an agricultural district where tea, vegetable and paddy are cultivated. Mainly the district is divided into two portions as Upper region and Lower region according to climatic and geographical characteristics. Upper division of the district is famous for tea plantation and vegetable cultivation while lower division is famous for paddy cultivation.Bandarawela Central College
Bandarwela Madya Maha Vidyalaya (Bandarawela Central College) is a public school in Uva province, Sri Lanka which was founded in 1948 as a section of Royal College Colombo. A national school, controlled by the central government (as opposed to the Provincial Council), it provides primary and secondary education. Bandarawela Central College has supplied many undergraduates from Badulla District to local universities.Bandarawela Dharmasoka Central College
The Bandarwela Dharmasoka Madya Maha Vidyalaya (Bandarawela Dharmasoka Central College) is a public school situated in Uva Province, Sri Lanka. It was founded in 1932 as a Buddhist school. It is a provincial school controlled by the Uva Provincial Council and provides both Primary and Secondary education. Bandarawela Dharmasoka Central College has produced many of the undergraduates from Badulla District for local universities yearly.
2500 students are guided by 160 teachers. The primary, the secondary, and advanced level sections consist of one to thirteen grades.The school has an ICT laboratory, Science laboratories, and auditorium, a library, and home science unit
View on Google Map:Dharmashoka MapBandarawela Divisional Secretariat
Bandarawela Divisional Secretariat is a Divisional Secretariat of Badulla District, of Uva Province, Sri Lanka.Bandarawela Electoral District
Bandarawela electoral district was an electoral district of Sri Lanka between August 1947 and February 1989. The district was named after the town of Bandarawela in Badulla District, Uva Province. The 1978 Constitution of Sri Lanka introduced the proportional representation electoral system for electing members of Parliament. The existing 160 mainly single-member electoral districts were replaced with 22 multi-member electoral districts. Bandarawela electoral district was replaced by the Badulla multi-member electoral district at the 1989 general elections, the first under the proportional representation system.Bandarawela Hotel
The Bandarawela Hotel is a 33-room British colonial two-star hotel located in Bandarawela, Sri Lanka.The century-old British-built property is associated with the development of the hill-country railway and is situated within walking distance from the railway station. Bandarawela Hotel's origins date back to the turn of the 19th / 20th century when the railways were being extended by the British from Nanu Oya to the southern highlands as a Railway Hotel. The foundation stone for the building was laid in 1893 for a tea planter's club. It was subsequently converted into a rest house and was used as a sanitarium by British soldiers and officers recovering from the Second World War. In 1938 there was a refurbishment and extension of the building to its present capacity. The hotel had a 'European Only' policy until Sri Lankan independence in 1948.
To this day, it remains locked in time somewhere between the 1930s and 1950s and is an alternative to some of the more modern facilities in the area. The hotel shows the influence of British architecture during the period of colonial era in this region. The Bandarawela Hotel is situated over 1,230 m (4,040 ft) above sea level and is Sri Lanka's first mountain resort hotel. The hotel consists of 33 colonial rooms with British furniture. Currently the Bandarawela Hotel is managed by the Aitken Spence group.Bandarawela railway station
Bandarawela railway station is the eighth last station on the Main Line, and is 258.72 km (160.76 mi) away from Colombo. It is located 1,225.5 m (4,021 ft) above mean sea level and 8 km (5.0 mi) from Badulla, the capital city of Uva Province. All the trains that run on the Main Line, including the Podi Menike and Udarata Menike express trains stop at the station.
The construction of the railway line between Haputale and Bandarawela commenced in 1887 but it wasn't until 1893 that work on the line was completed. Bandarawela was the terminus of the Main Line until the line was extended to Badulla in 1924.D. D. Gunasekera
Daniel Dias Gunasekera was a Ceylonese businessman and politician.Gunasekera was elected to the 2nd State Council of Ceylon representing Bandarawela on 22 February 1936, where he sat on the Executive Committee of Health. In April 1943 the Bribery Commissioner found that Gunasekera, E. W. Abeygunasekera, Charles Batuwantudawe, E. R. Tambimuttu and H. A. Goonesekera had accepted bribes in the exercise of their duties as members of the Home Affairs Committee. On 25 May 1943 he resigned from the State Council. J. G. Rajakulendran won the subsequent by-election for the seat, held 11 October 1943.Glendale Bungalow
Glendale Bungalow was a country house near Bandarawela, Sri Lanka. It is now part of the Bandarawela Central College.Kirindi Oya
Kirindi Oya is a river in Sri Lanka. After starting from Bandarawela it flows for 117 km (73 mi) down to Bundala.List of Archaeological Protected Monuments in Badulla District
This is a list of Archaeological Protected Monuments in Badulla District, Sri Lanka.List of schools in Uva Province
The following is a list of schools in Uva Province, Sri Lanka.Municipal councils of Sri Lanka
There are 24 Municipal councils in Sri Lanka, which are the legislative bodies that preside over the largest cities and first tier municipalities in the country. Introduced in 1987 through the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka, municipal councils became a devolved subject under the Provincial Councils in the Local Government system of Sri Lanka. Until 2017 municipal councils collectively governed 2,765,533 people within a 698 square kilometer area. There were 445 Councillors in total, ranging from 53 to 9 per council.The last council to be created was Polonnaruwa Municipal Council on 30 June 2017, bifurcated from Thamankaduwa Pradeshiya Sabha.Panadura
Panadura (Sinhala: පානදුර, romanized: Pānadura; Sinhala: பாணந்துறை, romanized: Pāṇantuṟai) is a large town in Kalutara District, Western Province in Sri Lanka. It is located approximately 27 km south of the capital Colombo and is surrounded on all sides by water; the Indian ocean, the Bolgoda lake and river. Panadura is famed as the revival town of Buddhism.Porawagala
Porawagala is most suitable place to observe Bandarawela area in Sri Lanka. It is located 3 km away from the Bandarawela town and it is one of a key tourist attraction places in Sri Lanka.S. Thomas' College, Bandarawela
S. Thomas' College, Bandarawela is a selective entry boys' private school situated in the town of Bandarawela in the Uva Province of Sri Lanka. It is an Anglican school administrated by the Church of Ceylon and also a brother school to S. Thomas' College, Mount Lavinia. Situated in a picturesque landscape covered by mountains, it is known to be the most prestigious school in Bandarawela and one of the prestigious schools in the country.Sri Lanka Tennis Association
Sri Lanka Tennis Association (SLTA) is a national governing body of tennis in Sri Lanka, which represents Sri Lanka on associations like the International Tennis Federation and the Asian Tennis Federation. Its main aim is to popularise tennis in all parts of Sri Lanka as a professional sport and to produce top tennis players from Sri Lanka.St Joseph's College, Bandarawela
St. Joseph's College is a national school located in Bandarawela, Uva, Sri Lanka. It is also known as Bandarawela St. Joseph's National School. Established in 1909, the school provides primary and secondary education to students in the Badulla District.
The campus occupies 5 acres (2.0 ha) on a section of Badulla Road which is part of the A16 highway.
Note: * also a Provincial capital, # also a Municipal council