Baltimore Afro-American

The Baltimore Afro-American, commonly known as The Afro, is a weekly newspaper published in Baltimore, Maryland. It is the flagship newspaper of the Afro-American chain and the longest-running African-American family-owned newspaper in the United States, established in 1892 by John H. Murphy, Sr.[2][3]

The Afro-American
Baltimore Afro-American building (Baltimore 2008)
The Afro Building on North Charles St.
TypeWeekly
FormatBroadsheet (full page)
PublisherFrances M. Draper
EditorKamau High, Managing Editor Sean Yoes, Baltimore Editor [1]
FoundedAugust 13, 1892
Headquarters1531 S. Edgewood St. Suite B Baltimore, MD 21227 USA
Websitewww.afro.com

History

1913.09.06.afro.american.ledger.nameplate
Nameplate of The Afro-American Ledger, September 6, 1913

The newspaper was founded in 1892 by John H. Murphy, Sr., who was born into slavery and served in the Civil War in the United States Colored Troops, reaching the rank of sergeant (NCO). He worked a variety of jobs after the war. Active with the Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Baltimore, a denomination founded in the early 19th century in Philadelphia as the first independent black religion in the United States, Murphy merged his church publication, The Sunday School Helper, with two other church publications, The Ledger and The Afro-American. With The Afro-American, Murphy promoted unity in the black community of Baltimore, as well as combating racial discrimination in the city and working for children's education. "He crusaded for racial justice while exposing racism in education, jobs, housing, and public accommodations. In 1913, he was elected president of the National Negro Press Association."[4]

The publication began to grow to reach more cities and to rise in national prominence after his son Carl J. Murphy took control in 1922, serving as its editor for 45 years. He expanded the paper to have nine national editions, with papers published in 13 major cities. At its peak, the paper published two weekly editions in Baltimore and regional weekly editions in cities including Washington, DC; Philadelphia; Richmond, Virginia; and Newark, New Jersey, the latter a destination northern city for many blacks from the rural South during the Great Migration to the North in the first half of the 20th century. In the early 21st century, the Afro-American has two city editions: one in Baltimore, and the other for Washington, D.C.[5]

Both John H. Murphy, Sr. and his son Carl J. Murphy have been posthumously inducted into the MDDC Press Association's Hall of Fame in recognition of their contributions to journalism and publishing, in 2008 [4] and 2015,[6] respectively.

University collaborative archival project

In November 2007 five students were selected from Baltimore institutions, Johns Hopkins University, Morgan State University and Goucher College, to begin work under an Andrew W. Mellon Foundation grant "to uncover and describe the content" of the newspaper's archives, held at its headquarters. These included manuscripts, articles, photographs, and clippings that date to the founding of the paper. "The objectives of the project are to identify important unprocessed collections at the newspaper, inventory and organize the collection, and ultimately create an online database for searching the material."[5]

"In order to preserve the newspaper's archival holdings and make them accessible to the masses, the Center for Africana Studies and the Sheridan Libraries' Center for Educational Resources [at JHU] have embarked on the Diaspora Pathways Archival Access Project, a student internship program funded by a three-year grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The program is one facet of the Center for Africana Studies' larger Diaspora Pathways Initiative, which also includes oral history projects and academic courses."[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ . Nov. 28, 2015 Issue of Afro-American Newspaper
  2. ^ "Baltimore City Newspapers". Johns Hopkins University Library. Archived from the original on 2008-02-15. Retrieved 2008-04-03.
  3. ^ Farrar, Hayward (1998-05-30). The Baltimore Afro-American: 1892-1950. Greenwood Press. p. 240. ISBN 0-313-30517-X.
  4. ^ a b "John Henry Murphy, Sr., MDDC Hall of Fame Class of 2008: Afro-American's John H. Murphy, Sr.", MDDC Press Association, accessed 23 March 2016
  5. ^ a b c Greg Rienzi (17 March 2008). "Mining the 'Afro-American' Archives". The Gazette. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University.
  6. ^ Video Narrator, Ben Phillips, grandson: "Carl J. Murphy, Publisher, The AFRO-American Newspapers", 2015 inductee, MDDC Hall of Fame, accessed 23 March 2016

Further reading

  • Farrar, Hayward (May 21, 1998). The Baltimore Afro-American: 1892-1950 (Contributions in Afro-American and African Studies: Contemporary Black Poets) (Hardcover). ISBN 031330517X. ISBN 978-0313305177.

External links

Agnes Kane Callum

Agnes Kane Callum (1925-2015) was a genealogist known for her research into Maryland's African-American history. She was a founding member of the Baltimore Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society, a frequent columnist for The Catholic Review, and the founding editor of a black genealogical journal, Flower of the Forest. Callum was inducted into the Maryland Women's Hall of Fame in 2014.

Anna Lucasta (play)

Anna Lucasta is a 1944 American play by Philip Yordan. Inspired by Eugene O'Neill's Anna Christie, the play was originally written about a Polish American family. The American Negro Theatre director Abram Hill and director Harry Wagstaff Gribble adapted the script for an all African American cast, and presented the first performance on June 16, 1944. The play moved from Harlem to Broadway's Mansfield Theatre, running August 30, 1944 – November 30, 1946. The Broadway cast included Hilda Simms, Canada Lee and Alice Childress, who earned a Tony Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.

Black college football national championship

The black college football national championship is a national championship won by the best football teams among historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) in the United States.

Chicken George (restaurant chain)

Chicken George was a fast food restaurant chain based in Baltimore, Maryland. The first restaurant was established by Theodore Holmes in November 1979 in the Mondawmin Mall in Baltimore. The company later expanded to a total of six restaurants in Baltimore, and also branched out to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Washington D.C. Franchise restaurants were also existent in Atlanta, Los Angeles and in other cities. In September 1991, the company filed for bankruptcy to be dissolved.

Durham College (North Carolina)

Durham College (also known as Durham Business College and previously as McCauley Business School and Durham Business School) was a junior college in Durham, North Carolina. It was opened 1947 and closed in 1980.

Earl Klugh (album)

Earl Klugh is the debut album by jazz guitarist Earl Klugh, released in 1976. Klugh is accompanied by Louis Johnson on bass and Lee Ritenour on guitar.

Ethnic press in Baltimore

The Ethnic press in Baltimore, Maryland is press directed to a particular ethnic minority group or community in mind, including the non-English language press. While English language newspapers have always served the general population, many of Baltimore's ethnic immigrant communities have had newspapers published in their native languages.

Glenn Doughty

Glenn Martin "Shake & Bake" Doughty (born January 30, 1951) is a former American football player. He played college football as a tailback and wingback for the University of Michigan from 1969 to 1971 and professional football as a wide receiver for the Baltimore Colts from 1972 to 1979. Doughty later built and managed Baltimore's Shake & Bake Family Fun Center in 1982. In 1994, he co-founded Career Information & Training Network (CITN), a St. Louis based company that produces videos designed to show positive multicultural career role models for use in K-12 schools, colleges and corporate America.

Imagination (La Toya Jackson album)

Imagination is the fourth studio album by American singer La Toya Jackson. The album was released on by Private-I Records (an extension of Epic Records).

Irving Henry Webster Phillips Sr.

Irving Henry Webster Phillips Sr. or I. Henry Phillips, (January 16, 1920 – November 22, 1993) was an noted African-American photojournalist from Baltimore, Maryland. In 1946, after serving in World War II he became chief photographer at the Baltimore Afro-American newspaper. Phillips Sr. covered local and national news events such as the 1963 March on Washington, five presidential elections, and Martin Luther King, Jr.'s funeral. He died in 1993 at age 73.

List of Omega Psi Phi Grand Conclaves

Omega Psi Phi Grand Conclaves. Grand Conclaves were originally held annually. At some point in the 1950s or 1960s, the Grand Conclaves were changed to being held every 18 months. After the 75th Grand Conclave in 1986, Grand Conclaves were changed to every two years.

a. ^ Preferably does not include scheduled Pre-Convention and Post-Convention activitiesb. ^ Conclave Number interpolatedc. ^ Conclave Year (and Season) interpolatedd. ^ No conventions in 1930, 1942, and 1943

Lu Elliott

Lu Elliot (August 3, 1924 – March 5, 1987) was a jazz and blues singer and recording artist. She also recorded some soul songs. Some of the artists she worked with were BB King, The Duke Ellington Orchestra and the Sam Williams Express.

Matthew Williams (laborer)

Matthew Williams (February 8, 1908 – December 4, 1931) was a black man lynched by a white mob in Salisbury, Maryland.

Michael DeMond Davis

Michael DeMond Davis (January 1939 – November 13, 2003) was a Pulitzer prize-nominated journalist and a pioneer in African-American journalism, opening the doors for many African-American writers. He authored Black American Women in Olympic Track and Field and co-authored the Thurgood Marshall biography.

New Jersey State Guard

The New Jersey State Guard, previously known as the New Jersey State Militia, is the currently inactive state defense force of New Jersey. The State Guard served as the stateside replacement for the New Jersey National Guard during World War I and World War II when the National Guard was deployed abroad.

The New Jersey State Guard, along with the New Jersey National Guard and the New Jersey Naval Militia, is recognized as a component of the organized militia of New Jersey.

Renaissance Academy (Baltimore)

Renaissance Academy is a public high school in the Madison Park neighborhood of Baltimore, Maryland, USA. The school is part of the Baltimore City Public Schools (BCPSS).

Second inauguration of Harry S. Truman

The second inauguration of Harry S. Truman as President of the United States was held on Thursday, January 20, 1949. The inauguration marked the commencement of the second (only full) term of Harry S. Truman as President and the only term of Alben W. Barkley as Vice President. Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson administered the Oath of office.

It was the first televised US presidential inauguration and the first with an air parade. Truman also restarted the tradition of an official inaugural ball, which had disappeared since the inauguration of William Howard Taft in 1909. The day before the inaugural ceremony, Truman signed a law doubling President's salary to $100,000 a year—the first such increase since Ulysses S. Grant's salary doubled to $50,000 in 1873.

Women's Civic League

The Women's Civic League is an organization founded in 1911 in Baltimore, Maryland to promote the welfare of the citizens of Maryland, generally, and Baltimore, specifically. Throughout the course of the twentieth century, the League has been involved in grassroots projects that encourage the citizens of Baltimore to organize to rejuvenate their city from the neighborhoods up to the government as well as from the government down. This group spread awareness about issues within the city and encouraged attendance at committee fundraisers through the publication of pamphlets, flyers, and, especially, through updates in the Baltimore Afro-American newspaper.

Groups
Ethnic enclaves
Institutions
Events
Media
African-American press
Newspapers
Magazines
Organizations
Corporations

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.