Baltic Defence College

The Baltic Defence College (BALTDEFCOL) is a multinational military college, established by the three Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) in 1999. It serves as a centre of strategic and operational research and provides professional military education to intermediate- and senior-level officers and government officials from the founding states, other member states of the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) EU countries, as well as other European countries including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia and Ukraine.[2]

Baltic Defence College
Estonia Balti Kaitsekolledž
Latvia Baltijas Aizsardzības koledža
Lithuania Baltijos gynybos koledžas
Baltic Defence College emblem
MottoAd securitatem patriarum (Latin: For the fatherlands’ security)[1]
TypeMilitary college
Established25 February 1999
Academic staff
Approx. 50
StudentsApprox. 80
58°22′24″N 26°43′21″E / 58.37333°N 26.72250°ECoordinates: 58°22′24″N 26°43′21″E / 58.37333°N 26.72250°E
AffiliationsISMS; IAMP


The Baltic Defence College hosts roundtable seminars and major conferences annually, including a Cyber Conference and a Conference on Russian 'Power Projection'.[3] The college's academic faculty also engage in personal research, generating a range of different articles, books and commentaries each year.[4]


The dean between 2004 and 2008 was Tomas Jermalavicius – a Lithuanian researcher of strategic resiliency.[5]


Selline kevade algus 2010
A distant view on the Baltic Defence College building (upper right corner).


In May 2014 Tartu County Court found Baltic Defence College staff members, Finance Officer Jana Lundblad and Chief of Support Lt. Col. Indrek Paul - Rajamäe-Volmer, guilty of misappropriation of funds. They received suspended prison sentences.[6]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Baltic Defence College. "Facts about the courses". Baltic Defence College. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  3. ^ Baltic Defence College. "International Conference on Russian 'Power Projection'". Russian 'Power Projection' in the Twenty-first Century. Archived from the original on 12 November 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  4. ^ Baltic Defence College. "Faculty Publications". Baltic Defence College. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  5. ^ Jermalavicius, Tomas. "Institutional Page". International Centre for Defence Studies. Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  6. ^
22nd Rifle Corps

The 22nd Rifle Corps was a corps of the Red Army, formed twice. It was initially formed from the Estonian Army after the Soviet occupation of that country in June 1940. The corps was destroyed during the Baltic Operation. After large-scale desertions of its troops, the corps disbanded in September 1941. Its soldiers were used in construction battalions in the Urals, where many of them died. The corps was reformed in November 1942 with the Transcaucasian Front. It fought in the Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive, Lvov–Sandomierz Offensive, Sandomierz–Silesian Offensive and the Prague Offensive during the war. The corps was disbanded in the summer of 1945.

Artur Tiganik

Artur Tiganik (born 13 January 1971) is an Estonian Brigadier General who served as the Deputy Commander of the Estonian Defence Forces. He previously served as the Commander of the Estonian Land Forces.

Estonian National Defence College

The Estonian National Defence College (ENDC; Estonian: Kaitseväe Ühendatud Õppeasutused) is an institution of applied higher education for national defence in Tartu, Estonia.

ENDC mission is to train and educate regular officers for the Estonian Defense Forces and National Defence League, as well as for other military institutions. The ENDC has established in Estonia a national reputation for expertise in military research and development.The academic program of ENDC provides a balanced education in military and civilian subjects. The academic staff members of the ENDC are supported by members of the academic community from universities throughout Estonia.

Estonian War of Independence

The Estonian War of Independence (Estonian: Vabadussõda, literally "Freedom War"), also known as the Estonian Liberation War, was a defensive campaign of the Estonian Army and its allies, most notably the White Russian Northwestern Army, Latvia, and the United Kingdom, against the Soviet Western Front offensive and the aggression of the Baltische Landeswehr. It was fought in connection with the Russian Civil War during 1918–1920. The campaign was the struggle of Estonia for its sovereignty in the aftermath of World War I. It resulted in a victory for the newly established state and was concluded in the Treaty of Tartu.

Evhen Tsybulenko

Evhen Tsybulenko (Ukrainian: Євген Цибуленко) (born 21 October 1972 in Simferopol, Ukraine) is an Estonian legal scholar of Ukrainian descent. He was a founder and director of the Tallinn Law School's Human Rights Centre at the Tallinn University of Technology (Estonia) (2007-2014). Tsybulenko had been elected professor of Law (2005) and had been appointed as a Chair of International and Comparative Law department. Due to the reorganization of Law school’s departments (International and Comparative Law department was closed), since 2010 was reappointed as a researcher. Tsybulenko is a professor (2009) at Kyiv International University. He is also an adjunct (visiting) professor and Senior visiting mentor of Joint Command and General Staff Course (JCGSC) at Baltic Defence College. Head of Ukrainian Community in Estonia.

International Association for Military Pedagogy

The International Association for Military Pedagogy (IAMP)[1] was founded in November 2005 in Strausberg (Germany) as a successor to the European Military Pedagogy Forum (EMPF).

The IAMP is an independent network of professionals whose studies focus on education and training in the military setting. Its goals include the spreading of information that would assist professional military institutions of advanced learning (e.g. military academies and staff colleges). The purpose of IAMP activities is to encourage discussion and development in the theory of military pedagogy. Academics concerned with such subjects in civilian institutions of higher learning can participate in the Association.

The Association accomplishes its goals by promoting research, publication, and information sharing among its membership. The IAMP establishes contacts among military institutions of higher learning, as well as among national and international agencies. Annual conferences are hosted by member institutions.

Membership is open to individuals with a professional interest in military pedagogy.

International Society of Military Sciences

The International Society of Military Sciences (ISMS) is an international organization whose stated aim is to build a strong network for the creation, development, exchange and diffusion of research and knowledge about war, conflict management and peace support efforts. The ISMS was founded in October 2008. The Austrian National Defence Academy, the Royal Military College of Canada, the Royal Danish Defence College, the Finnish National Defence University, the Netherlands Defence Academy, the Norwegian Defence University College, the Swedish National Defence College and the Baltic Defence College established this society with the intention to further research and academic education in military arts and sciences in the broadest sense.

James Corum

James Sterling Corum is an American air power historian and scholar of counter-insurgency. He has written several books on counterinsurgency and other topics. He is a retired lieutenant colonel in the US Army Reserve.

Leonīds Kalniņš

Lieutenant General Leonīds Kalniņš (born February 13, 1957 in Tomsk Oblast, RSFSR, Soviet Union) is a Latvian politician and general. He currently serves as the Commander of the Joint Headquarters. He was born in 1957 in the Russian Pervomaysky District and attended the Dobele R. Eihes Secondary School (now the Dobele State Gymnasium) in his youth. Afyer graduating in 1975, he began his service in the Soviet Armed Forces, attending the Vilnius Higher Airborne Defense School. In 1990 he graduated from the Kharkov Military Academy in Ukraine. In 1997, he began his service in an infantry battalion in the Latvian National Armed Forces. His first official position he took was as the Chief of the Operational Planning Board of the Latvian National Guard Headquarters. In 2006, Kalniņš was appointed as deputy commander of the Latvian Contingent in Iraq. Between 2010 and 2013, he studied at the Baltic Defence College in Estonia and the United States Army Command and General Staff College in Kansas. In November 2016, he was promoted to the post of Commander of the Joint Headquarters of the NAF and was confirmed by the Saeima at the end of the year. He began his duties as NAF Commander on January 27, 2017. He is a recipient of the Order of Viesturs.

Lithuanian Armed Forces

The Lithuanian Armed Forces consist of 20,565 active personnel. Conscription was ended in September 2008 but was reintroduced in 2015 because of concerns about the geopolitical environment in light of Russia's military intervention in Ukraine.Lithuania's defence system is based on the concept of "total and unconditional defence" mandated by Lithuania's National Security Strategy. The goal of Lithuania's defence policy is to prepare their society for general defence and to integrate Lithuania into Western security and defence structures. The defence ministry is responsible for combat forces, search and rescue, and intelligence operations.The 4,800 border guards fall under the Interior Ministry's supervision and are responsible for border protection, passport and customs duties, and share responsibility with the navy for smuggling / drug trafficking interdiction. A special security department handles VIP protection and communications security.

Margus Kolga

Margus Kolga (born 1 May 1966) is an Estonian diplomat. He graduated from Tartu University's Faculty of History in 1992. After graduation, he joined the Ministry of Defence of Estonia, where until 1994 he served as a desk officer in the Supply and Logistics Department. In 1994 he was promoted to the post of the Head of the Bureau of Defence Policy and from 1995 he worked as Head of the Department of the Security Policy. He served as the deputy (and acting) chancellor on defense policy for Estonia from 1996 to 2003. During this period Margus Kolga was actively involved in Estonia's NATO integration process and headed the Governmental Interagency Task Force for NATO membership. From 2003 to 2007 he worked as a senior research fellow in the Baltic Defence College and was responsible for the organising and support of the newly established Higher Command Studies Course (HCSC). In 2007 Margus Kolga joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia as the Director General of the 1st Political Department (Security Policy and International Organisations) until 2010. From 2010-2015 he served as the Permanent Representative of Estonia to the United Nations. In 2015 he was seconded to the State Chancellery to coordinate the drafting of the new Security Policy Strategy. In 2016 he returned to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and took his position as head of the UN Security Council Campaign Task Force.

Since 2004 he has been a Co-chairman of the Estonian Defence and Military Terminology Commission and Member of the Military Educational Board of Estonia. From 2006 to 2011 he held the post of Academic Director for the Estonian State Defence Course, a course that aims to educate Estonian senior state officials, civil servants and opinion leaders in defence and security issues. After relinquishing his work in United Nations in 2015 he was nominated again to the post of Academic Director of the Course.

Margus Kolga is decorated with the Order of the White Star Fourth Class and the Service Cross of the Ministry of Defence First Class.He has a wife, a son and two daughters.

Martin Herem

Martin Herem (born 17 December 1973) is an Estonian Major general and the current Commander of the Estonian Defence Forces since 2018. Herem entered into service in 1992. From 2013 to 2016 he served as the Commandant of the Estonian National Defence College and from 2016 to 2018 Chief of Staff of the Headquarters of the Estonian Defence Forces. Herem was one of the re-founding members of the paramilitary Estonian Defence League in 1990.On 14 February 2018, Martin Herem was promoted to the rank of Major general.

Matthew Uttley

Matthew R. H. Uttley , born in 1965, is a British academic best known for his published work on the historical and contemporary dimensions of defence economics, weapons acquisition, and United Kingdom defence policy. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and the Royal Historical Society.

Meelis Kiili

Meelis Kiili (born 20 March 1965) is an Estonian Major General. Since December 2012, he is the commander of the Estonian Defence League.

National Defence Academy of Latvia

The National Defence Academy of Latvia (Latvian: Latvijas Nacionālā aizsardzības akadēmija) is an institution of higher education and scientific research in Riga, Latvia. It builds on the historic traditions of the pre-WWII Latvian School of War (Latvijas Kara skola). It was established on 13 February 1992 as the Academy of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Latvia. It is the only military academy in Latvia. The Latvian Armed Forces also contribute to and utilize the Baltic Defence College in Tartu.

Riga Bridge (Velikaya River)

The Riga Bridge (Riia sild in Estonian) is a railway bridge that crosses the Velikaya River at Pskov, Russia. It forms part of the branch line from Valga to Tartu of Pskov-Riga Railway.

The bridge pillars were built in August 1886, construction of the bridge deck took place in July 1888 and the bridge was opened in May 1889. The bridge was partially destroyed during the battle for the Liberation of Pikhva (Pskov) in May 1919 during the Russian Civil War. Estonian troops occupied the area and rebuilt the bridge in July 1919.

Riho Terras

Riho Terras (born 17 April 1967) is an Estonian Army general and former Commander of the Estonian Defence Forces. Terras briefly served as the Chief of the General Staff in 2011, until he was appointed Commander-in-Chief on 5 December 2011. He was promoted to general in 2017.


Tartu (Estonian pronunciation: [ˈtɑrtˑu], South Estonian: Tarto) is the second largest city of Estonia, after Estonia's political and financial capital Tallinn.

Tartu is often considered the intellectual centre of the country, especially since it is home to the nation's oldest and most renowned university, the University of Tartu. The city also houses the Supreme Court of Estonia, the Ministry of Education and Research, and the new building of the Estonian National Museum, opened to the public in October 2016.

It is also the birthplace of Estonian Song Festivals.

Situated 186 kilometres (116 miles) southeast of Tallinn and 245 kilometres (152 miles) northeast of Riga, Tartu lies on the Emajõgi ("Mother river"), which connects the two largest lakes of Estonia. The city is served by Tartu Airport.

Tartu County

Tartu County (Estonian: Tartu maakond), or Tartumaa (German: Kreis Dorpat), is one of 15 counties of Estonia.

It is located in eastern Estonia bordering Põlva County, Valga County, Viljandi County and Jõgeva County.

The area of Tartu County is 2,992.74 km2 (1,155.50 sq mi), which covers 6.9% of the territory of Estonia. In January 2013 Tartu County had a population of 150,139 – constituting 11.6% of the total population in Estonia. The city of Tartu is the centre of the county located at a distance of 186 km (116 mi) from Tallinn. Tartu County is divided into 8 local governments – 1 urban and 7 rural municipalities.

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