Balmoral Mounds

Balmoral Mounds (16 TE 12) is an archaeological site of the Coles Creek culture in Tensas Parish, Louisiana. The site has components located both on the east and west sides of US 65 near Bayou Rousset.

Balmoral Mounds
16 TE 12
Balmoral Mounds is located in Louisiana
Balmoral Mounds
Location within Louisiana today
LocationSomerset, Louisiana, Tensas Parish, Louisiana USA
RegionTensas Parish, Louisiana
Coordinates32°7′55″N 91°14′26.3″W / 32.13194°N 91.240639°W
Founded700 CE
CulturesColes Creek culture
Site notes
Responsible body: private


The site consists of 3 platform mounds that form an equilateral triangle. Mound A, the southwestern most of the group, measures 11 feet (3.4 m) in height, with the base being 150 feet (46 m) by 165 feet (50 m). Mound B, the northern most mound, is a dome shaped mound measuring 9 feet (2.7 m) in height, with the base being 100 feet (30 m) by 130 feet (40 m). The northern most mound in the triangle, Mound C, is also a dome shaped mound and measures 8 feet (2.4 m) in height, with the base being 130 feet (40 m) by 150 feet (46 m). Core samples of Mounds A and C suggest they were built at roughly the same time and in single stages[1]


The site is located on US 65 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Somerset.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Indian Mounds of Northeast Louisiana: Balmoral Mounda". Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana Archaeological Survey and Antiquities Commission, Louisiana Dept. Culture, Recreation and Tourism. Retrieved 2011-10-20.

External links

Atchafalaya Basin Mounds

The Atchafalaya Basin Mounds (16 SMY 10) (variously known as the Patterson Mounds, Patterson site, Moro Plantation Mounds and as the protohistoric village of Qiteet Kuti´ngi Na´mu by the Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana) is an archaeological site originally occupied by peoples of the Coastal Coles Creek and Plaquemine cultures beginning around 980 CE, and by their presumed historic period descendants, the Chitimacha, during the 18th century. It is located in St. Mary Parish, Louisiana on the northern bank of Bayou Teche at its confluence with the Lower Atchafalaya River. It consists of several earthen platform mounds and a shell midden situated around a central plaza. The site was visited by Clarence Bloomfield Moore in 1913.

Balmoral, Louisiana

Balmoral is an unincorporated community in Tensas Parish, Louisiana, United States.

Coles Creek culture

Coles Creek culture is a Late Woodland archaeological culture in the Lower Mississippi valley in the southern United States. It followed the Troyville culture. The period marks a significant change in the cultural history of the area. Population increased dramatically and there is strong evidence of a growing cultural and political complexity, especially by the end of the Coles Creek sequence. Although many of the classic traits of chiefdom societies are not yet manifested, by 1000 CE the formation of simple elite polities had begun. Coles Creek sites are found in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. It is considered ancestral to the Plaquemine culture.

Feltus Mound Site

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Filhiol Mound Site

Filhiol Mound Site is an archaeological site of the Coles Creek culture in Ouachita Parish, Louisiana on a natural levee of the Ouachita River.

Flowery Mound

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Ghost Site Mounds

Ghost Site Mounds (16 TE 18) is an archaeological site in Tensas Parish, Louisiana with an Early to Middle Coles Creek culture component (700–1200 CE) and a Late Coles Creek to Plaquemine culture component (1200 to 1541 CE).

Hayes site

The Hayes site (3 AR 37) is an archaeological site located next to Bayou Meto in Arkansas County, Arkansas. It was inhabited by peoples of the Plum Bayou culture (650—1050 CE), in a time known as the Late Woodland period.

Kings Crossing Site

Kings Crossing Site is an archaeological site that is a type site for the Kings Crossing Phase (950-1050 CE) of the Lower Yazoo Basin Coles Creek chronology.

Mazique Archeological Site

The Mazique Archeological Site (22 AD 502), also known as White Apple Village, is a prehistoric Coles Creek culture archaeological site located in Adams County, Mississippi. It is also the location of the historic White Apple Village of the Natchez people and the Mazique Plantation. It was added to the NRHP on October 23, 1991, as NRIS number 91001529.

Peck Mounds

Peck Mounds (16 CT 1) is an archaeological site of the Late Troyville-Early Coles Creek culture (650 to 860 CE) in Catahoula Parish, Louisiana.

Plum Bayou culture

Plum Bayou culture is a Pre-Columbian Native American culture that lived in what is now east-central Arkansas from 650—1050 CE, a time known as the Late Woodland Period. Archaeologists defined the culture based on the Toltec Mounds site and named it for a local waterway.

Scott Place Mounds

Scott Place Mounds is an archaeological site in Union Parish, Louisiana from the Late Coles Creek-Early Plaquemine period, dating to approximately 1200 CE. The site is one of the few such sites in north-central Louisiana.

Sims Site

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Sundown Mounds

Sundown Mounds is an multimound archaeological site in Tensas Parish, Louisiana from the Early Coles Creek culture.

It is the type site for the Sundown Phase (600-800 CE) of the Tensas Basin and Natchez Bluff Coles Creek chronology.


The Taensa (also Taënsas, Tensas, Tensaw, and Grands Taensas in French) were a Native American people whose settlements at the time of European contact in the late 17th century were located in present-day Tensas Parish, Louisiana. The meaning of the name, which has the further spelling variants of Taenso, Tinsas, Tenza or Tinza, Tahensa or Takensa, and Tenisaw, is unknown. It is believed to be an autonym. The Taensa should not be confused with the Avoyel (or Avoyelles), known by the French as the petits Taensas (English: Little Taensa), who were mentioned in writings by explorer Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville in 1699. The Taensa are more closely related to the Natchez people and both are considered descendants of the late prehistoric Plaquemine culture.The Taensa migrated as a result of Chickasaw and Yazoo hostilities, first lower down the Mississippi River. In 1715, protected by the French, they migrated to lands near the now eponymously named Tensas River near Mobile, Alabama. When the French ceded Mobile and their other territory east of the Mississippi River to the English in 1763, following their defeat in the Seven Years' War, the Taensa and other small tribes returned to Louisiana, settling near the Red River. They numbered about 100 persons in 1805. They later moved south to Bayou Boeuf and later still to Grand Lake, "after which the remnant disappear[ed] from history."

Transylvania Mounds

Transylvania Mounds is an archaeological site in East Carroll Parish, Louisiana with components from the Coles Creek (700–1200)CE and Plaquemine/Mississippi periods (1200–1541). It is the type site for the Transylvania Phase (1500-1680 CE) of the Tensas Basin Plaquemine Mississippian chronology.

Venable Mound

Venable Mound (the last remaining mound of the McTheney Mounds site) is an archaeological site in Morehouse Parish, Louisiana with a single mound with components from the Troyville, Coles Creek and Plaquemine period.

Wade Landing Mound

Wade Landing Mound is an archaeological site of the Coles Creek culture (700 to 1200 CE) in Caldwell Parish, Louisiana.

Coles Creek sites
Coles Creek sites
Plum Bayou sites

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