Ballygawley, County Tyrone

Ballygawley or Ballygawly (from Irish: Baile Uí Dhálaigh, meaning "Ó Dálaigh's townland")[1][2] is a Village in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is about 13 miles southwest of Dungannon, near the meeting of the A5 OmaghMonaghan and A4 Dungannon–Enniskillen roads.[3]

Ballygawley
  • Irish: Baile Uí Dhálaigh
Ballygawley Co. Tyrone - geograph.org.uk - 62151
Ballygawley is located in Northern Ireland
Ballygawley
Location within Northern Ireland
Population642 (2001)
Irish grid referenceH630574
• Belfast52 mi (84 km)
District
County
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDUNGANNON
Postcode districtBT71
Dialling code028, +44 28
EU ParliamentNorthern Ireland
UK Parliament
NI Assembly

Geography

An American visitor in 1925 commented on the way the village was laid out: "...Ballygawley, which I found to be a village or settlement on two streets (or possibly on one street which turned at right angles to my left as I stood looking at the buildings when I came in sight of the place). It was a wide street, with excellent cement sidewalks not very wide, and the buildings came up flush with the sidewalks, and there were no alleys, driveways or paths between the buildings."[4]

It is a compact village around the ‘L’ shaped Main Street and Church Street,formerly Meeting House Street, with a second cluster of development to the southwest. The main cluster inholds most of the village’s facilities; two primary schools, churches and a range of shops and services. The cluster of development to the southwest inholds a secondary school and housing.[3] Ballygawley had a population of 642 at the 2001 Census.

History

Ballygawley is also known as "Errigal-Kerogue" or "Errigal-Kieran", supposedly from the dedication of an ancient church to St. Kieran (Ciarán of Clonmacnoise). It was in the Clogher (barony), along the River Blackwater, Northern Ireland. Some of the remains of the old church were known, and an ancient Franciscan friary, founded by Conn O'Neill, 1st Earl of Tyrone. In the churchyard was a large stone cross, and a holy well.[5]

The Troubles

For more information see The Troubles in Ballygawley, which includes a list of incidents in Ballygawley during the Troubles resulting in two or more fatalities, as well as:

People

  • Mickey Harte, the Gaelic football manager who led Tyrone to All Ireland glory in 2003,2005 and 2008, was born in Ballygawley in 1952 ([1]).
  • Michaela McAreavey, daughter of Mickey Harte, who was murdered in 2011 whilst on honeymoon in Mauritius

Development

Ballygawley is acquiring extensive development with the major upgrade to the A4 and the building of the new roundabout to accommodate the traffic congestion from the main Aughnacloy, County Tyrone rd. With these road improvements many contractors have been submitting plans for extensive housing developments. The most exciting of all being the redevelopment of Main st leading onto Church Street, with plans for new bars and restaurants. There is speculation of the Stewart Arms hotel being reopened and other developments such as the health spa at 'Grangemount'. There are other developments such as the rebuilding of Loughrans Castle as a historical building to house historical items from the surrounding area. The Ballygawley River is a major tourist attraction supplying the finest of fresh water fishing in Ireland. The original hydo-electric station at the old Dungannon rd is being rebuilt to provide a large amount of the town's energy.

Tirnaskea, Ballygawley - geograph.org.uk - 235782
Tirnaskea, Ballygawley.

Events

Although having an Irish nationalist majority, Ballygawley is paraded through by the unionist loyal orders without any incident and last held the Orange Orders "Twelfth" celebrations in 2006,[6] and the Royal Black Institutions "Black Saturday" demonstration in 2011.[7]

Outdoor activity centre Todds Leap is located in Ballygawley hosting various events and outdoor activities.

Transport

  • Ballygawley railway station (on the narrow gauge Clogher Valley Railway) opened on 2 May 1887 but was shut on 1 January 1942.[8]

Education

  • Richmond Primary School
  • St. Mary's Primary School
  • St. Ciaran's High School

Sport

Demography

19th century population

The population of the village decreased during the 19th century:[9][10]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 881 768 680 560 446 397
Houses 166 145 147 126 136 126

21st century population

Ballygawley is classified as a Small Village or Hamlet by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with population between 500 and 1,000 people). In the 2001 census (29 April 2001) there were 642 people living in Ballygawley. Of these:

  • 26.7% were aged under 16 years and 19.3% were aged 60 and over
  • 45.8% of the population were male and 54.2% were female
  • 82.1% were from a Catholic background and 17.5% were from a Protestant background
  • 4.0% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed

For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service

Ballygawley Townland

It is situated in the historic barony of Clogher and the civil parish of Errigal Keerogue and covers an area of 123 acres.[11]

The population of the townland declined during the 19th century:[12][13]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 84 73 62 68 49 34
Houses 19 18 19 15 14 11

The townland contains one Scheduled Historic Monument: a Castle (grid ref: H6324 5749).[14]

See also

Bibliography

  • Ballygawley National School (Tyrone). 1990. Register of Ballygawley National School, 1893-1951. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. Ballygawley is a town in Errigal Keerogue Parish. The school was under the jurisdiction of the Southern School Board. Microfilm of original records at the Public Record Office, Belfast. Includes indexes.
  • Errigal Keerogue. 1837. A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland.
  • Geological Survey of Ireland, J. Nolan, and E.T. Hardman. 1877. Sheet 34 Ballygawley. Dublin: Geological Survey of Ireland. Scale 1:63 360. Hand colored map.
  • Harris, Mary N.. 2004. MacRory, Joseph. Oxford: Oxford University Press. MacRory, Joseph (bap. 1861, d. 1945), cardinal, was born in Ballygawley, co. Tyrone, where he was baptized on 10 March 1861, one of ten children of Francis MacRory (d. 1867?), a small farmer, and Rose Montague.
  • Ingram, Brett. 1970. The Armavigil. Ballygawley: the Author. Produced for the Irish Church Independence Centenary pageant. 61 pages.
  • Ingram, Brett. 1960. The Ulstertide. Ireland: s.n. Ulster (Ireland) -- Emigration and immigration.
  • KIRKLAND, RICHARD. 2009. "Ballygawley, Ballylynn, Belfast: Writing about Modernity and Settlement in Northern Ireland". The Irish Review (1986-). (40/41): 18-32.
  • Latimer, W. T. 1900. "Interesting Find at Ballygawley". The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. 10 (4): 368.
  • Ordnance Survey of Ireland. 2011. Mid Tyrone 1900. Dunston [u.a.]: Godfrey. Map: English: Surveyed in 1833-34, rev. in 1900 and publ. 1902, printed 1904. Scale: 1:63.360.
  • Pringle, Margaret. 1960. History of Pringle family. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. Margaret Pringle was born in 1836, married a Presbyterian clergyman of Ballygawley, and died 1906.

References

  1. ^ "Ballygawley". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  2. ^ A. D. Mills, 2003, A Dictionary of British Place-Names, Oxford University Press
  3. ^ a b "Ballygawley". Dungannon and South Tyrone Area Plan 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  4. ^ Hadden, John Alexander. 1956. Alexander Hadden: a short biography. Cleveland: Gates Legal Pub. Co. Pages 2-3. OCLC: 3375165.
  5. ^ Errigal Keerogue. 1837. A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland. Page 609.
  6. ^ BBC News
  7. ^ Ulster Gazette
  8. ^ "Ballygawley station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  9. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  10. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  11. ^ "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  12. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  13. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  14. ^ "Scheduled Historic Monuments (to 15 October 2012)" (PDF). NI Environment Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 26, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
1994 British Army Lynx shootdown

On 20 March 1994, a British Army Lynx helicopter was shot down by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) in Northern Ireland. A unit of the IRA's South Armagh Brigade fired an improvised mortar at the British Army base in Crossmaglen, County Armagh. The mortar round hit and shot down the helicopter, serial number ZD275, while it was hovering over the helipad. Three British soldiers and a Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) member were wounded.

Attack on Ballygawley barracks

On 7 December 1985 the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) attacked the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) base at Ballygawley, County Tyrone. Two RUC officers were shot dead and the base was raked with gunfire before being completely destroyed by a bomb, which wounded a further three officers.

August 20

August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 133 days remain until the end of the year.

Ballygawley

Ballygawley may refer to:

Ballygawley, County Londonderry, a townland in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland

Ballygawley, County Sligo, a village in County Sligo, Ireland

Ballygawley, County Tyrone, a village in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland

Ballygawley bus bombing

The Ballygawley bus bombing was a roadside bomb attack by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on a bus carrying British soldiers in Northern Ireland. It occurred in the early hours of 20 August 1988 in the townland of Curr near Ballygawley, County Tyrone. The attack killed eight soldiers and wounded another 28. In the wake of the bombing the British Army began ferrying its troops in and out of County Tyrone by helicopter.

Ballygawley land mine attack

The Ballygawley land mine attack was a bomb attack carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) on the 13 July 1983. The IRA exploded a landmine under an Ulster Defense Regiment's (UDR) mobile patrol at Ballygawley Road, near Dungannon in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. Four UDR soldiers were killed in the incident.

Barrack buster

Barrack buster is the colloquial name given to several improvised mortars, developed in the 1990s by the engineering group of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA).

The first barrack buster—known to the British security forces as the Mark 15 mortar—fired a 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) long metal propane cylinder with a diameter of 36 centimetres (14 in), which contained around 75 kg (165 lb) of home-made explosives and had a range of 75 to 275 metres (246 to 902 ft). The cylinder is an adaptation of a commercial 'Kosangas' gas cylinder, for heating and cooking gas, used in rural areas in Ireland.It was first used in an attack on 7 December 1992 against an RUC/British Army base in Ballygawley, County Tyrone, injuring a number of Royal Ulster Constabulary officers.

John Givan

John Givan (29 September 1837 – 21 January 1895) was an Irish Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1880 to 1883.

Givan was the son of John Givan of Castlecaulfield, County Tyrone, and his wife Margaretta daughter of James Macdonnell. His father was a prominent linen manufacturer. Givan was educated at private schools and became a solicitor in 1870. He was J.P. for Aughnacloy and chairman of the Aughnacloy town commissioners.At the 1880 general election Givan was elected as one of the two Members of Parliament (MPs) for Monaghan.

He held the seat until 1883, when he resigned to take up an appointment as Crown Solicitor for the County Meath and County Louth and for the town of Drogheda.

He died at Martray Manor, Ballygawley, County Tyrone at the age of 57.

Givan married firstly Eliza Hopper, daughter of Samuel Hopper, secondly in 1878 Araminta Reid Ross, daughter of James M Ross of Liscarney Monaghan, and thirdly in 1894, Emily Cooke, daughter of Rev. William Cooke of Kilkenny.

Joseph MacRory

Joseph Cardinal MacRory (Irish: Seosamh Mac Ruairí; 19 March 1861 – 13 October 1945) was an Irish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Armagh from 1928 until his death. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1929. He is regarded as the leading Catholic Churchman in Ireland during the period spanning the 1916 Rising, Partition, and the Second World War.

List of primary schools in Northern Ireland

This is a list of state maintained primary schools in Northern Ireland.

List of terrorist incidents in 1988

This is a timeline of incidents in 1988 that have been labelled as "terrorism" and are not believed to have been carried out by a government or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism).

Mark Harte

Mark Harte (born 1979) is a Northern Irish Gaelic football manager and former player. His league and championship career with the Tyrone senior team lasted three seasons from 2003 until 2005.Born in Ballygawley, County Tyrone, Harte was raised in a strong Gaelic football family. His father, Mickey Harte, played with the Tyrone senior team between 1975 and 1982 before later going on to become the team's most successful manager.

At club level Harte played with Errigal Ciarán and enjoyed much success. In 2002 he won an Ulster medal with the club, while he also won three county senior championship medals.

Harte made his debut on the inter-county scene when he was selected for the Tyrone minor team. An Ulster medal winner in 1997, he ended the season as an All-Ireland runner-up. Harte subsequently joined the Tyrone senior team, winning an All-Ireland medal in his final season in 2000. Three years later he was added to the senior panel. Over the course of the following three seasons Harte won two All-Ireland medals and one Ulster medal.

In retirement from playing, Harte has become involved in team management and coaching. He has served as joint-manager of the Pomeroy Plunketts and Ballinderry Shamrocks club teams.Harte has also worked in the media as a Gaelic football analyst on GAA Beo on TG4.

Maurice Morrow

Maurice George Morrow, Baron Morrow (born 27 September 1948) is a Northern Irish unionist politician. He was made a life peer in June 2006. He was also a councillor on Dungannon and South Tyrone Borough Council representing Dungannon Town.

He was educated at Ballygawley Primary School, Dungannon Secondary and Dungannon Technical College, following which he pursued a career as an estate agent. His political career began in 1973 when he was elected to Fermanagh District Council. He served as a MLA of the Northern Ireland Assembly from 1998, until losing his seat in 2017. In July 2000 he became Minister for Social Development in the Northern Ireland Executive, a position held until October 2001, during which time he was credited with implementing policies recognising the needs of the elderly, the farming community and introduced new measures to tackle welfare fraud.It was announced on 11 April 2006 that Morrow would be one of the first three members of the DUP to be created life peers, giving the party its first representation in the House of Lords. He was created Baron Morrow, of Clogher Valley in the County of Tyrone, on 7 June 2006 and was formally introduced to the House of Lords on 27 June.The other DUP peers appointed as "working" life peers were Wallace Browne, former Lord Mayor of Belfast, and Eileen Paisley, a former vice-president of the DUP and wife of the late Leader of the DUP, Ian Paisley. At the same time, it was announced that David Trimble, former MP and former leader of the Ulster Unionists, was also being appointed as a working life peer.

Mickey Harte

Michael "Mickey" Harte (born 1952) is a Gaelic football manager from Northern Ireland. He is the most successful manager of the Tyrone senior inter-county team having led the county to three All-Ireland titles, five Ulster titles, one National League, and nine Dr. McKenna Cups to date as of January 2017.

Considered one of the best tacticians in the game, Harte is admired both by peers and former rivals. The media have compared him to a statesman for his willingness to unite divided communities in Northern Ireland.

Murder of Michaela McAreavey

Michaela McAreavey née Harte (Irish: Micheáilín Mhic Giolla Riabhaigh née Ní hÁirt, 31 December 1983 – 10 January 2011), while on her honeymoon in Mauritius, was found strangled in the bath of her hotel room. The daughter of Tyrone's multiple All-Ireland Senior Football Championship-winning Gaelic football manager Mickey Harte, her death and subsequent events prompted continuing widespread international media coverage.

It was the first murder of a tourist in Mauritius; the Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam expressed his sympathy to the Harte and McAreavey families. Two hotel workers who were accused of her murder have been tried and declared not-guilty by the Supreme Court of Mauritius, they were acquitted on 12 July 2012.

Peter Canavan

Peter Canavan (born 9 April 1971) is a former Irish Gaelic football player, manager and pundit for Tyrone.

He played inter-county football for Tyrone, and is one of the most decorated players in the game's history, winning two All-Ireland Senior Football Championship medals, six All Stars Awards (more than any other Ulster player, and joint third overall), four provincial titles, and two National Leagues and several under-age and club championship medals. He represented Ireland in the International Rules Series on several occasions from 1998 until 2000. He is considered one of the great players of the last twenty years by commentators such as John Haughey of the BBC, and in 2009, he was named in the Sunday Tribune's list of the 125 Most Influential People in GAA History.His scoring record of 218 points is the second highest of all time in the Ulster Senior Football Championship. His early high scoring rate, when he would often be Tyrone's best performer – particularly in the 1995 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final when he scored eleven of Tyrone's twelve points—led to claims that Tyrone was a "one-man show," and that the team was too dependent on him, particularly in his early career.Since retiring as a player he has managed the Fermanagh inter-county Gaelic football team (2011–2013).

Robert Leslie (bishop)

Robert Leslie (died 10 August 1672) was an Anglican prelate who served in the Church of Ireland as the Bishop of Dromore (1660–61), then Bishop of Raphoe (1661–71), and finally Bishop of Clogher (1671–72).

He was the son of Dr Henry Leslie, Bishop of Down and Connor. Robert was educated in Dublin and took a Master of Arts degree at Aberdeen. In 1638, his first ecclesiastical appointment was as a canon of St Saviour's Cathedral in Connor, County Antrim. Three years later, the cathedral was destroyed during the Irish Rebellion of 1641. After the Restoration of the monarchy, he was nominated Bishop of Dromore on 6 August 1660 and consecrated on 27 January 1661. He was also granted in commendam the archdeaconry of Connor by letters patent on 10 August 1660.He was translated twice, firstly to the bishopric of Raphoe on 20 June 1661, and secondly to the bishopric of Clogher on 26 October 1671. After becoming bishop of Clogher, he resigned the archdeaconry of Connor.He died in office at Ballygawley, County Tyrone on 10 August 1672, and was interred in St Macartan's Cathedral, Clogher.

The Troubles in Ballygawley

The Troubles in Ballygawley recounts incidents during The Troubles in Ballygawley, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.

Incidents in Ballygawley during the Troubles resulting in two or more fatalities:

1975

25 November 1975 - two RUC officers, Samuel Clarke (aged 35) and Patrick Maxwell (aged 36), were killed when their mobile patrol was caught in an IRA sniper ambush in Clonavaddy, near Ballygawley, County Tyrone. 1983

13 July 1983 - Ronald Alexander (19), John Roxborough (19), Oswald Neely (20) and Thomas Harron (25), all Protestant members of the 6th Battalion Ulster Defence Regiment, were killed in a Provisional Irish Republican Army land mine attack on their mobile patrol on Ballymackilroy Hill, near Ballygawley. See Ballygawley Land Mine Attack for more details.1985

7 December 1985 - William Clements (52) and George Gilliland (34), both Protestant members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, were shot dead during a Provisional Irish Republican Army gun attack on Ballygawley Royal Ulster Constabulary base. See Attack on Ballygawley barracks for more detail.1988

20 August 1988 - Jayson Burfitt (19), Richard Greener (21), Mark Norsworthy (18), Stephen Wilkinson (18), Jason Winter (19), Blair Bishop (19), Alexander Lewis (18) and Peter Bullock (21), all members of the British Army, were killed in a Provisional Irish Republican Army land mine attack on their coach at Curr, near Ballygawley. See Ballygawley bus bombing for more detail.

Places in County Tyrone
Towns
Villages
and townlands
Landforms
Baronies

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