Ballintemple, Cork

Ballintemple (Irish: Baile an Teampaill, meaning "the town of the church") is a suburb of Cork city, Ireland.[1] The village is situated on the east side of the city with its limits extending to the River Lee and the village of Blackrock further to the east. Originally, Ballintemple was a separate village but today it has been enclosed by the city.

Ballintemple

Baile an Teampaill
Village
Ballintemple village
Ballintemple village
Ballintemple is located in Ireland
Ballintemple
Ballintemple
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 51°54′N 8°26′W / 51.900°N 8.433°W
CountryIreland
ProvinceMunster
CountyCounty Cork
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))

Amenities

The Blackrock Road runs through the heart of the village which has a post office, some small shops, and two public houses – The Venue and The Temple Inn (known locally as Longboats). The Lavanagh Centre is also located in the village, and offers services to the physically handicapped - including physical therapy in its swimming pool.[2]

TempleHillGraveYardBallintempleCork GraveSkullVert
Grave marker in Temple Hill burial ground
Before the match
Crowds in Ballintemple before a sporting event

Stadia and events

Páirc Uí Rinn and Páirc Uí Chaoimh, both owned by the Gaelic Athletic Association, are based in the area. These are used by various Cork GAA teams and clubs for hurling and Gaelic football matches, and contribute to congestion in the area on match-days and when used for special events.[3] Also close-by to Temple Hill are the grounds of Cork Constitution Football Club.[4]

On the eastern side of Páirc Uí Chaoimh is the Atlantic Pond, which was built as part of the scheme to drain the marshy area next to the River Lee and which is now used by walkers and runners. The showgrounds of the Munster Agricultural Society also adjoin Páirc Uí Chaoimh and prior to 2012 were used for occasional agricultural exhibitions.[5][6] Cork City Council proposed a broad redevelopment of the showgrounds, Páirc Uí Chaoimh and Atlantic Pond areas,[7] under a master plan for the "Marina Park" area.[8] The proposed development included considerable changes to Páirc Uí Chaoimh,[9] which were completed during 2017,[10] with additional works to follow.[11]

History

Temple Hill, Churchyard Lane, and Ballintemple itself derive their names from an ecclesiastical and burial site at the top of Temple Hill.[12][13] While some historical texts suggest that this graveyard was sited at an early medieval church of the Knights Templar,[14] this is not supported by other texts,[15] and modern historians assert that this association is incorrect, and if a medieval church did exist here, it was more likely to have been associated with the Knights Hospitaller.[16] Whatever the case, while the graveyard remains, no archaeological evidence of an adjoining church has been subject to modern survey.[12] The graveyard itself has been subject to survey,[17] and while it may have been used in the early medieval period, the earliest recorded burial event was that of the entrails of Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton who was killed in the 1690 Siege of Cork and whose intestines were removed and buried here to preserve the body prior to transport back to England.[18] The earliest remaining extant burial markers (with discernable dates) are dated to the early 18th Century.[19] The antiquary and folklorist Thomas Crofton Croker surveyed the graveyard in the early 19th century. Croker records a folksong relating to the graveyard[20] as well as documenting a marker for an 18th-century burial of a Lieutenant Henry Richard Temple who died with his young wife during a journey from the Caribbean (via Ireland) to England.[21] During one such survey in the early 1800s, Croker was chased by locals who mistook his survey for grave robbery.[22] The graveyard is accessible but closed to new burials (save to a few families with existing burial rights).

Other memorial markers in Ballintemple include the McCarthy Monument (constructed in the 19th Century at Diamond Hill to honour ex-MP Alexander McCarthy),[23] and a plaque at the junction of Ardfoyle and Blackrock road (commemorating the 1798 hanging in Ballintemple of an accused United Irishman).[24][25]

The ruins of Dundanion Castle lie close to Páirc Uí Chaoimh by the River Lee. William Penn, the founder of the state of Pennsylvania, is said to have departed from here on his journey to the United States in 1682.[26] Some time earlier, Sir Walter Raleigh is reported to have spent some time here before setting off on his final voyage to the West Indies in August 1617.[27]

George Boole, the mathematician and inventor of Boolean algebra, lived in Ballintemple during the nineteenth century whilst professor at University College Cork. He died in December 1864, after catching pneumonia as the result of a rain storm whilst walking the four miles between his house and the university to give a lecture.[28]

The old, abandoned Beaumont Quarry lies adjacent to Páirc Uí Rinn and Temple Hill. In its time, it provided limestone blocks for some of the notable buildings of Cork City.[29][30][31] Prior to the expansion of Cork's suburbs in the 20th century, Ballintemple (as with nearby Ballinlough and Flower Lodge) was also home to a number of market gardens and nurseries - such as that of William Baylor Hartland.[32]

Transport

Ballintemple is served by a single city bus route, number 202, which runs from Mahon, through Blackrock, Ballintemple, Cork City Centre, to Gurranabraher and Knocknaheeny.

Residential Street with open top tram in Ballintemple Cork (16266759807)
An open top tram in Ballintemple with a Cork Electric Tramways and Lighting Company service (c.1910)

The nearest currently active railway station is Kent Station Cork. However, from 1850 to 1932, the line of the Cork, Blackrock and Passage Railway ran just north of the village centre. From 1880 to 1932, there was a station along this stretch of line called the Show Ground Halt railway station, and this served Ballintemple.[33]

The area was also previously served by trams.

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland. Baile an Teampaill Verified 2011-02-07.
  2. ^ "Lavanagh Centre, Ballintemple, Cork - About Us". Lavanagh.ie. Archived from the original on 13 October 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Garda Notice related to Bruce Springsteen Concert on 18 July 2013 at Pairc Ui Chaoimh". Garda.ie. July 2013. Archived from the original on 23 August 2013.
  4. ^ "Cork Con FC - Club History". Corkcon.ie. Archived from the original on 13 March 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  5. ^ Barry Roche (18 September 2013). "Cork GAA confident Páirc Uí Chaoimh project will get go-ahead". The Irish Times. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  6. ^ Rose Martin (19 January 2012). "Show society in 126-acre purchase". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  7. ^ Alan Healy (27 November 2012). "Marina Park plans unveiled". Evening Echo. Archived from the original on 13 March 2014.
  8. ^ "Marina Park Masterplan (adopted by Cork City Council 8 July 2013)" (PDF). Cork City Council. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  9. ^ Stephen Rogers (25 April 2014). "Council gives green light for €70m revamp of Páirc Uí Chaoimh". Irish Examiner Newspaper. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  10. ^ "In Pictures: Páirc Uí Chaoimh is open for business and it looks glorious". Irish Independent. 19 July 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  11. ^ Alan Healy (29 May 2017). "Work begins on Cork's new Marina Park". Evening Echo. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  12. ^ a b "Beaumont Quarry Environmental Impact Study Report - Section 7 - Architectural, Archaeological and Cultural Heritage" (PDF). Environmental Protection Agency (Ireland). May 2007.
  13. ^ Folio 6 of the "Grand Jury Map" of 1811 (survey from 1790s) notes the "Church of Ballintemple" to east, and marginally south of the junction between Churchyard lane and Boreenmanna
  14. ^ John Windele (1910). Cork: Historical and Descriptive Notices of the City of Cork from Its Foundation to the Middle of the 19th Century. Guy and Company. p. 145.
  15. ^ Aubrey Gwynn; Richard Hadcock (1970). Mediaeval Religious Houses: Ireland : with and Appendix to Early Sites. Irish Academic Press.
  16. ^ Evelyn Bolster (1972). A history of the Diocese of Cork: from the earliest times to the Reformation. Irish University Press. p. 134.
  17. ^ "Archaeological Survey of Ireland - Record Details - Record number CO074-065". National Monuments Service. January 2009.
  18. ^ Garnet Joseph Wolseley (1894). The life of John Churchill, duke of Marlborough, to the accession of Queen Anne. R. Bentley and Son. p. 201.
  19. ^ Ciara Brett (2011). "Cork City's Burial Places". Cork City Council (Planning and Development Directorate).
  20. ^ Thomas Crofton Croker (1844). Fairy Legends and Traditions Of the South of Ireland. p. 167.
  21. ^ Thomas Crofton Croker (1823). "Chapter XI - Cork Harbour". Researches in the South of Ireland. p. 213.
  22. ^ Michael Lenihan (2010). Hidden Cork: Charmers, Chancers and Cute Hoors. Mercier Press. p. 150.
  23. ^ "Corkpastandpresent - Maps & Images - Michael O'Leary - McCarthy Monument, Blackroad Road". Corkpastandpresent.ie (Cork City Libraries). Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  24. ^ Ó Coindealbháin, Seán (1979). "United Irishmen in Cork County". Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society. 54: 68–83.
  25. ^ "Image of memorial plaque".
  26. ^ Pennsylvania society, Barr Ferree (1911). Report on William Penn memorial in London. The Pennsylvania society. p. 109. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
  27. ^ "Dundanion Castle Article by Micheal Lenihan". The Douglas Weekly. 14 October 1999. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
  28. ^ Eoin English (13 March 2013). "Apple could be core of bid to preserve building". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  29. ^ "Cork City Council - Places - Berwick Fountain". Corkpastandpresent.ie. 1 July 2006. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  30. ^ Tommy Barker (10 January 2013). "Savings to be made". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  31. ^ "Cork Heritage Open Day 2011 (Pamphlet)" (PDF). Cork City Council. p. 38. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 March 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  32. ^ Richard Henchion (2005). East to Mahon, The Story of Blackrock, Ballintemple, Ballinlough, Ballinure and Mahon. Dahadore Publications.
  33. ^ "Cork Show Yard Halt" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 2012-05-07.
  34. ^ "Boolean logic meets Victorian Gothic in leafy Cork suburb". Irish Times. 9 July 2015. Lichfield Cottage, Ballintemple, was final home of maths pioneer George Boole
  35. ^ a b "House of the Week, Ard Cairn Ballintemple". Irish Examiner. 1 June 2013.
  36. ^ "Triumphant return to Cork for Cillian Murphy". Irish Examiner. 27 August 2014. The boy from Ballintemple has grown into a 38-year-old star with such films as 28 Days Later and three Batman movies under his belt
  37. ^ "Cork's heroine of communist literature". Irish Times. 30 July 2010. Retrieved 28 July 2018. [Ethel Voynich née Boole] was born in 1864 at Ballintemple, Cork
  38. ^ "Parents vow to shield rugby star son as Zebo-mania takes off". Independent News and Media. 6 February 2013. The 22-year-old wonder winger still lives with his mother Lynda and dad Arthur at the family's home in the quiet Cork suburb of Ballintemple

Coordinates: 51°54′N 8°26′W / 51.900°N 8.433°W

Avondale United F.C. (Cork)

Avondale United F.C. is an Irish association football club based in Carrigaline, County Cork. Their senior team play in the Munster Senior League Senior Premier Division. They also regularly compete in the FAI Cup, the FAI Intermediate Cup and the Munster Senior Cup. Avondale has won the FAI Intermediate Cup a record seven times and have been Munster Senior League champions on eight occasions. After winning the 2012–13 Munster title, they were also invited to play in the 2014 League of Ireland Cup. The club also fields reserve, intermediate, junior, youth and schoolboy teams in the Munster Senior League, the Cork Schoolboys League and the Cork City & County Youths League.

Ballintemple

Ballintemple is the name of several places in Ireland:

Ballintemple, Cork

Ballintemple, County Armagh

Ballintemple, County Cavan

Ballintemple, County Wicklow

Cork Athletic Grounds

The Cork Athletic Grounds was a Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) stadium where major hurling and football matches were played. Situated in the Ballintemple area of Cork in Ireland, it was the home of Cork GAA between 1904 and 1974. The stadium was demolished in 1974 and replaced by Páirc Uí Chaoimh.

Cork Constitution

Cork Constitution is a rugby union club based in Cork, playing in Division 1A of the All-Ireland League. It was founded by staff of the Cork Constitution newspaper. Since the paper did not publish on Sundays, the staff were looking for activities to pursue on Saturday afternoons. In the summer, cricket was played, while in the winter, rugby was the designated activity. The team currently plays in Temple Hill, Ballintemple. Cork Con won the All Ireland League and the AIB Cup in their inaugural years 1991 & 2006.

Due to the introduction of professional rugby union, and its success at producing players who go on to obtain Munster contracts Con, like many other senior rugby clubs in Ireland, has been unable to field a full strength side for a number of years. In this period though Con has always been competitive, reaching the final of the All-Ireland League on six occasions since 2001 inclusive; losing in 2001 to Dungannon, losing in 2002 to Shannon, again losing in 2004 to Shannon and losing in 2007 to Garryowen, winning the elusive third title in 2008 on beating Garryowen in Musgrave Park and capturing a fourth title when beating St. Mary's by 17 points to 10 after extra time in Dubarry Park in May 2010.

This 2010 League victory led by Evan Ryan completed an AIL double as Con had already won the AIL cup earlier in the season. The All-Ireland Bateman Cup, played between the Provincial Cup winners, was re-inaugurated in 2005-06, and Constitution have now won six times.

Dominic MacHale

Dominic MacHale is an Irish actor. He is best known for his role as Sergeant Healy in the 2016 comedy film The Young Offenders. He went on to reprise his role in the 2018 television series of the same name, produced by the BBC. He started acting while working towards his BSc in Microbiology in University College Cork, which he gained in 2010. The Young Offenders was his first film role. Until then he had been mainly a theatre actor.

Ethel Voynich

Ethel Lilian Voynich, née Boole (11 May 1864 – 27 July 1960) was an Irish novelist and musician, and a supporter of several revolutionary causes. She was born in Cork, but grew up in England. Voynich was a significant figure, not only on the late Victorian literary scene, but also in Russian émigré circles. She is best known for her novel The Gadfly, which became hugely popular in her lifetime, especially in Russia.

Eugene O'Connell (hurler)

Eugene O'Connell (3 October 1894 - 2 February 1956) was an Irish hurler. His championship career with the Cork senior team lasted from 1919 until 1926.

Florrie Burke

Florrie Burke (7 August 1918 – 24 April 1995) is an Irish former footballer who played for Cork United, Cork Athletic and Evergreen United. He also played for both Ireland and the League of Ireland XI. Burke was raised in the Ballintemple, Cork and was a talented junior hurler, playing with Blackrock.

During the Second World War, Burke played for a very successful Cork United team. His United teammates included, among others, Jack O'Reilly, Bill Hayes, Owen Madden, Jackie O'Driscoll, Frank O'Farrell and Tommy Moroney. Burke helped United win several League of Ireland titles and in 1942 they won an FAI Cup / League double.

On October 17, 1951, while playing for Cork Athletic, he also helped Ireland to a 3-2 win against West Germany at Dalymount Park. Despite playing a starring role in the game, this was Burke's only international cap.

He subsequently joined Evergreen United after a contract dispute and in 1953 played for them in the first all-Cork FAI Cup final against Athletic.

Henry Vesey-FitzGerald, 3rd Baron FitzGerald and Vesey

Henry Vesey-FitzGerald, 3rd Baron FitzGerald and Vesey (19 December 1786 – 30 March 1860) was an Irish Dean in the middle of the 19th century.Vesey-FitzGerald was born on 19 December 1786, the youngest son of James Fitzgerald and Catherine Vesey, created Baroness FitzGerald and Vesey in 1826. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin.He held incumbencies at Castlerahan, County Cavan and then Ballintemple, Cork. He was Dean of Emly from 1818, until 1825 when he became Dean of Kilmore, a position he held until his death on 30 March 1860 at Danesfort, County Cavan. He succeeded to the barony of FitzGerald and Vesey in 1843 following the death of his brother; the title became extinct on his death.

Jack Darcy

John Francis "Jack" Darcy (23 June 1898 - 28 January 1972) was an Irish hurler who played as a centre-forward for the Tipperary senior team.

Darcy made his first appearance for the team during the 1922 championship and was a regular member of the starting fifteen until his retirement after the 1926 championship. During that time he won one All-Ireland medal and three Munster medals.At club level Darcy played with Nenagh Éire Óg.

His brother Mick was also an All-Ireland winner with Tipperary.

Jimmy Brohan

Jimmy Brohan (born 18 June 1935 in Ballintemple, Cork, Ireland) is an Irish retired sportsperson. He played hurling with his local club Blackrock and was a member of the Cork senior inter-county team from 1954 until 1963.

Maurice Healy

Maurice Healy (3 January 1859 – 9 November 1923) was an Irish nationalist politician, lawyer and Member of Parliament (MP). As a member of the Irish Parliamentary Party, he was returned to in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland four times between 1885 and 1918.

He was one of twins, the third son born to Maurice, a Poor Law Union clerk, and Eliza Healy (née Sullivan) in Bantry. His mother died during the birth. As he grew up he became very close to his elder brother Tim Healy: they even married sisters. It is said that the nurse placed Maurice in the young Tim's arms and said, "This little boy has no mother now and you will have to be a mother to him." The orphaned children were effectively raised by their maternal grandmother, Jane Sullivan. The family moved to Lismore, where he was educated at the local Christian Brothers school.

Admitted as a solicitor in 1882, he practised as such and was returned to parliament four times, first as a member of the Irish Parliamentary Party for Cork city from 1885 to 1900, in which year standing as a Healyite nationalist he was defeated by William O'Brien in a bitter campaign. He was returned again for Cork city in May 1909 to January 1910. In 1910 for North East Cork, this time as a supporter and member of William O'Brien's All-for-Ireland Party (AFIL). From the December 1910 general election until the December 1918 general election he again represented Cork city.

His force in parliament was land law. He was a close confidant of his brother and although more retiring and stolid than his better known elder brother Tim Healy, he was considered the more intelligent and often acted as a counterbalance to his brother's emotionality. On the outbreak of World War I in 1914 a son of each enlisted in one of the Irish Divisions.

His uncle, Timothy Daniel Sullivan was also a member of parliament, as was his oldest brother, Thomas Joseph Healy and father-in-law A. M. Sullivan. His son, also called Maurice (1887–1943), educated at Clongowes Wood College stood unsuccessfully as an AFIL candidate for West Waterford in December 1910, was a regular contributor (including much satirical verse) to the O'Brienite Cork Free Press. Maurice (junior) moved to England after the founding of the Irish Free State where he was both a successful lawyer, and a broadcaster for the BBC during the early years of World War II. He wrote the well-known legal memoir The Old Munster Circuit and the popular Stay Me With Flagons: A Book about Wine and Other Things.

Maurice (senior) died at his residence, Ballintemple, Cork, on 9 November 1923 and was buried in St. Joseph's cemetery.

Mick Ahern

Michael John "Gah" Ahern (22 May 1905 – 30 December 1946) was an Irish hurler who played as a full-forward for the Cork senior team.

Born in Ballintemple, Cork, Ahern first played competitive hurling during his schooling at Crab Lane National School. He arrived on the inter-county scene at the age of twenty when he first linked up with the Cork junior team before later joining the senior side. He made his senior debut during the 1925 championship. Ahern immediately became a regular member of the starting fifteen, and won four All-Ireland medals, four Munster medals and two National Hurling League medals. He was an All-Ireland runner-up on one occasion.

At international level Ahern played for the victorious Tailteann Games hurling team in 1932. As a member of the Munster inter-provincial team on a number of occasions, he won two Railway Cup medals. At club level Ahern was a six-time championship medallist with Blackrock.

His brother, Paddy "Balty" Ahern, was a teammate with Cork and won five All-Ireland medals.

Ahern's career tally of 35 goals and 27 points was a record score for a Cork player which stood until 22 June 1952 when it was surpassed by Christy Ring.

Throughout his career Ahern made 30 championship appearances. He retired from inter-county hurling prior to the start of the 1932 championship.

Mick Murphy (Cork hurler)

Michael Murphy (30 March 1894 - 20 September 1968) was an Irish sportsman and revolutionary figure. He is best known as a hurler who played in a variety of positions for the Cork and Dublin senior teams.

Munster Senior League (association football)

The Munster Senior League is an association football league organized by the Munster Football Association. It currently organizes seven divisions as well as various cup competitions. It's Senior Division is a third level division in the Republic of Ireland football league system. Munster Senior League teams also compete in the Munster Senior Cup, the FAI Cup, the FAI Intermediate Cup and the FAI Junior Cup. In recent seasons the winners of the Senior Division have qualified to play in the League of Ireland Cup. Despite using the Munster name in its title, the vast majority of its member clubs are based in County Cork. However, in the past it has included clubs from County Limerick, County Waterford, County Kerry and County Tipperary.

Munster Senior League Senior Premier Division

The Munster Senior League Senior Premier Division is the top division of the Munster Senior League. It is organized by the Munster Football Association. Together with the Leinster Senior League Senior Division and the Ulster Senior League Senior Division, it forms the third level of the Republic of Ireland football league system. Clubs from this division play in the Munster Senior Cup, the FAI Cup, and the FAI Intermediate Cup. In recent seasons the winners of the Senior Division have also been invited to play in the League of Ireland Cup. Avondale United and UCC represented the division in 2014 and 2015 respectively.

Steva Riordan

Stephen John Riordan (24 December 1876 - 23 August 1942) was an Irish hurler who played for Cork Championship club Blackrock. He played for the Cork senior hurling team for six years, during which time he usually lined out as a half-forward.

Riordan began his hurling career at club level with Blackrock. He broke onto the club's top adult team in 1898, a year in which he won his first Cork Championship title. Riordan won a further six championship titles with Blackrock.

At inter-county level, Riordan joined the Cork senior team in 1902. From his debut, he was ever-present as a half-forward and made 21 Championship appearances in a career that ended with his last game in 1908. During that time he was part of two All-Ireland Championship-winning teams – in 1902 and 1903 as captain. Riordan was also involved in four of Cork's Munster Championship-winning teams.

The Show Grounds Greyhound Track

The Show Grounds Greyhound Track was a greyhound racing track in Ballintemple, Cork.

William Stockley

William Frederick Paul Stockley, M.A. D.Litt., (29 June 1859 – 22 July 1943) was an Irish academic, Sinn Féin politician and Teachta Dála (TD).

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