Ballia

Ballia is a city with a municipal board in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh bordering Bihar.

The eastern boundary of the city lies at the junction of two major rivers, the Ganges and the Ghaghara.The city is situated 140 km (87 mi) east of Varanasi. Bhojpuri is the primary local language. Ballia was independent on 19 August 1942; it was the first independent city of India.

Due to its significant contribution to the Indian independence movement, Ballia is also known as Bagi Ballia ("Rebel Ballia"), because Ballia got freedom twice, first on 19 August 1942 for one day, and the second time with India. It has a bird century protected area, the Jai Prakash Narayan bird sanctuary. The other name of this is Suraha Taal which is natural lake. Primarily foreign and local migratory birds flock to the Jai Prakash Narayan Bird Sanctuary during the winter months. According to estimation approximately 10,000 birds of 15 species can be sighted in ‘Surha Taal’ the year round. They are the local residents of the sanctuary. During winters, with the arrival of the foreign and local migratory birds, it is estimated that this figure swells up to 200,000.

Ballia

Bagi Ballia
City
Ballia is located in Uttar Pradesh
Ballia
Ballia
Location of Ballia in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 25°45′37″N 84°08′49″E / 25.760392°N 84.147055°ECoordinates: 25°45′37″N 84°08′49″E / 25.760392°N 84.147055°E
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictBallia
RegionPurvanchal
Area
 • Total1,981 km2 (765 sq mi)
Elevation
159 m (522 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total3,239,774
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
 • Male
1,672,902
 • Female
1,566,872
Language
 • OfficialHindi[1]
 • Additional officialUrdu[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
277001
Telephone code05498
Vehicle registrationUP-60
Websiteballia.nic.in

Origin of the name Ballia

According to locals, the name Ballia was derived from the name of the sage Valmiki, the celebrated Hindu poet and the author of Ramayana. Valmiki resided here at one point, and the place was commemorated by a shrine (although it has long since been washed away). Another belief about the origin of the name is that it refers to the sandy quality of the soil, locally known as "Ballua" ('balu' meaning sand). It was initially called 'Balian', and was later transformed to Ballia.[2] Ballia

Geography

Ballia district is the easternmost part of the Uttar Pradesh state and borders on Bihar State. It comprises an irregularly shaped tract extending westward from the confluence of the Ganga and the Ghaghra, the former separating it from Bihar in the south and the latter from Deoria and Bihar in the north and east respectively. The boundary between Ballia and Bihar is determined by the deep streams of these two rivers. It is bounded on the west by Mau, on the north by Deoria, on the north-east and south-east by Bihar and on the south-west by Ghazipur. The district lies between the parallels of 25º33' and 26º11' North latitudes and 83º38' and 84º39' East longitudes.

Climate

Ballia has a Humid subtropical climate under the Köppen climate classification: (Cwa) with extremely hot summers from late March to early June, the monsoon season from late June to late September and chilly winter nights and foggy or sunny days from November to February.

Climate data for Ballia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 115.7 118.4
Average high °C 46.5 48.0
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low upto 2010)

Demographics

In 1901, Ballia had a population of 15,278.[3] According to the 2001 Indian census,[4] Ballia had a population of 102,226. Males constituted 54% of the population and females 46%. Ballia had an average literacy rate of 65%, which was higher than the national average of 59.5%, with 58% of the males and 42% of females being literate. 11% of the population was under six years of age.

According to the data of the 2011 census, Ballia has a population of 104,424, of which 55,459 are male and 48,965 are female.[5][6] The literacy rate was recorded as 83.33% and sex ratio was recorded 883 per 1000 males.[5]

Transportation

Ballia has a major railway station by the same name, catering to about 35 trains daily (including 2 Rajdhani express) Other prominent railway stations in Ballia are: Belthara Road Suraimanpur and Rasra. Belthara Road is connected to Gorakhpur by several trains like Dadar Express, Chauri Chaura Express, Gorakhnath Express, Godan Express,etc. Suraimanpur in the rout of Ballia-Chhapra.

Ballia is well connected to Varanasi, Gorakhpur and [1] by both road and rail, and to Patna by road and train too.

Many road roundabouts in Ballia feature statues of leaders of the Indian Independence Movement.

Dadri Mela (fair)

Dadri Mela is the second largest cattle fair of India, which is held 5 km (3.1 mi) from Ballia town, near NH 31 and 3 km (1.9 mi) from the bus station of Ballia city. The fair starts with people taking a holy dip in the river Ganges on the full moon of Kartik Poornima (October–November). This fair is held annually in the honor of Dardar Muni, the disciple of Maharishi Bhrigu.[7][8]

This one-month-long fair is organized in two phases. The first phase starts ten days before the onset of Kartik Poornima, during which traders bring some excellent breeds of cattle from across India for sale/purchase. On or after Kartik Poornima, various cultural programs are organized and one can find here a large number of makeshift shops of various items during the next fortnight.[7][8]

University

The Jananayak Chandrashekhar University, Ballia (Hindi: जननायक चन्द्रशेखर विश्वविद्यालय, बलिया) is a state university established in 2016 by Government of Uttar Pradesh in Ballia, Uttar Pradesh.[9][10]

It is an affiliating University and university began its first season in 2016-17 with 122 colleges of Ballia. These 122 colleges of Ballia were formerly affiliated to Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi.[10][11] For academic year 2016-17 exams were conducted by Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi but students were awarded a degree of Jananayak Chandrashekhar University, Ballia.[12][13]

References

  1. ^ a b "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  2. ^ "District Profile".
  3. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ballia" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 270.
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  5. ^ a b "Ballia City Census 2011 data". Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook-Ballia" (PDF). p. 374. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Dadri Mela, Uttar Pradesh".
  8. ^ a b "Dadri Mela, Ballia".
  9. ^ "Raj Bhavan Uttar Pradesh- List of State Universities". upgovernor.nic.in. Raj Bhavan Uttar Pradesh.
  10. ^ a b "विद्यापीठ से अलग होंगे बलिया के 122 कॉलेज".
  11. ^ "बलिया के 122 कालेज अलग होने से विद्यापीठ को करोड़ों का घाटा".
  12. ^ "काशी विद्यापीठ कराएगा परीक्षा लेकिन डिग्री देगा बलिया विवि,क्यों?- Amarujala".
  13. ^ "विद्यापीठ ही कराएगा बलिया के 122 कालेजों की परीक्षा".

External links

Azamgarh division

Azamgarh division is an administrative unit of Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Azamgarh division consists of:-

Azamgarh District

Ballia District

Mau District

Bairia

Bariya (बैरिया) is a nagar panchyat in Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh. Bariya Nagar panchyat in (divided 16 ward) Bairia Tehsil in Ballia District of Uttar Pradesh State, India. It belongs to Azamgarh Division . It is located 35 km to the east of district headquarters Ballia. It is a block headquarters and tehsil headquarters.

Bairia Pin code is 277201 and postal head office is Bairia (Ballia).

Bairia is surrounded by Murlichhapra Block towards South, Chakki Block towards South, Reoti Block towards west, Shahpur Block towards South. Reoti, Revelganj, Behea, Chhapra are the nearby cities to Bairia.

This place is in the border of the Ballia District and Buxar District. Buxar District Chakki is south towards this place. Also it is in the border of other district Bhojpur. It is near to the Bihar State border.

Bairia (Assembly constituency)

Bairia is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Bairia in the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Bairia is one of five assembly constituencies in the Ballia (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 363 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Surendra Nath Singh who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Elections defeating Samajwadi Party candidate Jai Prakash Anchal by a margin of 17,077 votes.

Baldev Upadhyaya

Baldev Upadhyaya (10 October 1899 – 10 August 1999) was a Hindi, Sanskrit scholar, literary historian, essayist and critic. He wrote numerous books, collections of essays and a historical outline of Sanskrit literature. He is noted for discussing Sanskrit literature in the Hindi language. Earlier books related to Sanskrit literature were often written either in Sanskrit or in English.

Ballia (Lok Sabha constituency)

Ballia Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: बलिया लोकसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 80 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Uttar Pradesh state in northern. It is one of the place in Uttar Pradesh which is famous for its political history and participation of Chandra Shekhar in JP Andolan. India

Ballia (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Ballia (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (Hindi: बलिया विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) was an assembly constituency in Begusarai district in the Indian state of Bihar.

As a consequence of the orders of the Delimitation Commission of India, Lakhminia (Vidhan Sabha constituency) ceased to exist in 2010.It was part of Lakhminia (Lok Sabha constituency).

Ballia Nagar (Assembly constituency)

Ballia Nagar is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Ballia Nagar in the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Ballia Nagar is one of five assembly constituencies in the Ballia (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 361 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Anand Swaroop Shukla who won in last Assembly election, the 2017 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Elections, defeating Samajwadi Party candidate Laxman by a margin of 40,011 votes.

Ballia district

Ballia district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh, India. Ballia district is a part of Azamgarh division situated in the east of Uttar Pradesh. The main economic activity is agriculture. Ballia City is the district headquarters and commercial market of this district. There are six tehsils in this district: Ballia, Bansdih, Rasra, Bairia, Sikandarpur and Belthara. Rasra is the second major commercial area of the district, having a government sugar mill and a cotton weaving industry. Though Ballia's core occupation is agriculture there are some additional small industries. Maniar is known for its bindi industry and is a major supplier.

Ballia railway station

Ballia railway station is a railway station in Ballia district, Uttar Pradesh. Its code is BUI. It serves Ballia city. The station consists of three platforms. The station catering to about forty trains daily including two Rajdhani Expresses.

The code for the station is BUI. The station serves as the connection point to various places like Varanasi it is on the border of Bihar and UP.

Belthara Road railway station

Belthara Road railway station is a small railway station in Ballia district, Uttar Pradesh. Its code is BLTR. It serves Belthara Road city. The station consists of two platforms. The platforms are not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.

Bharat Singh

Bharat Singh is a Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha from the Ballia (Lok Sabha constituency). He is member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He won the Indian general elections, 2014 from the Ballia Lok Sabha constituency by defeating former Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar's son Neeraj Shekhar with a margin of 1,39,434 votes.

Hazari Prasad Dwivedi

Hazari Prasad Dwivedi (19 August 1907 – 19 May 1979) was a Hindi novelist, literary historian, essayist, critic and scholar. He penned numerous novels, collections of essays, historical research on medieval religious movements of India especially Kabir and Natha Sampradaya, and historical outlines of Hindi literature.

Besides Hindi, he was master of many languages including Sanskrit, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati as well as Pali, Prakrit, and Apabhramsa.

Steeped in traditional knowledge of Sanskrit, Pali and Prakrit, and modern Indian languages, Dwivedi was destined to be the great bridge maker between the past and the present. As a student of Sanskrit, steeped in the Sastras, he gave a new evaluation to Sahitya-sastra and he can rightly be considered as a great commentator on the textual tradition of the Indian literature.

He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1957 for his contribution to Hindi literature, and the 1973 Sahitya Akademi Award for his collection of essays, 'Alok Parva'.

Jananayak Chandrashekhar University

The Jananayak Chandrashekhar University is a state university established in 2016 by Government of Uttar Pradesh in Ballia, Uttar Pradesh.It is an affiliating University and university began its first season in 2016-17 with 122 colleges of Ballia district. These 122 colleges of Ballia district were formerly affiliated to Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi. For academic year 2016-17 exams were conducted by Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi but students were awarded a degree of Jananayak Chandrashekhar University.

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Ballia

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Ballia (also known as J.N.V. Ballia) is a boarding school in Sinha Chawar, Ballia district, Uttar Pradesh, India.

The school is 7 km from the Phephna Junction railway station and 18 km from the Ballia railway station.

jawahar navodaya vidyala is fully residential, co-educational school affiliated to CBSE, New Delhi. This school is run by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, New Delhi, an autonomous organization under ministry of HRD, Department of school education and literacy, Govt. of India. This is fully funded by central government and comes under Lucknow region of Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti.

Kedarnath Singh

Kedarnath Singh (7 July 1934 – 19 March 2018) was an Indian poet who wrote in Hindi. He was also an eminent critic and essayist. He was awarded the Jnanpith Award (2013), Sahitya Akademi Award (1989) in Hindi for his poetry collection, Akaal Mein Saras (Cranes in Drought).

Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey (19 July 1827 – 8 April 1857) was an Indian soldier who played a key part in events immediately preceding the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of 1857. He was a sepoy (sipahi) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) regiment of the British East India Company. While contemporary British opinion denounced him as a traitor and mutineer, Pandey is a hero in modern India. In 1984, the Indian government issued a postage stamp to remember him. His life and actions have also been portrayed in several cinematic productions and

Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in Nagwa, a village of upper Ballia district, Ceded and Conquered Provinces (now in Uttar Pradesh). He had joined the Bengal Army in 1849. In March 1857 Pandey was a private soldier in the 5th Company of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (B.N.I.).

Phephana (Assembly constituency)

Phephana is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Phephana in the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Phephana is one of five assembly constituencies in the Ballia (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 360 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Upendra Tiwari who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Elections defeating Bahujan Samaj Party candidate Ambika Choudhary by a margin of 17,897 votes.

Phephna Junction railway station

Phephna Junction Railway Station is a railway station in Phephna, Ballia, Uttar pradesh. Its code is PEP.

Salempur (Lok Sabha constituency)

Salempur Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 80 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Uttar Pradesh state in northern India.

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