Ballantine Adult Fantasy series

The Ballantine Adult Fantasy series was an imprint of American publisher Ballantine Books. Launched in 1969 (presumably in response to the growing popularity of Tolkien's works[1]), the series reissued a number of works of fantasy literature which were out of print or dispersed in back issues of pulp magazines (or otherwise not easily available in the United States), in cheap paperback form—including works by authors such as James Branch Cabell, Lord Dunsany, Ernest Bramah, Hope Mirrlees, and William Morris.[2] The series lasted until 1974.

Envisioned by the husband-and-wife team of Ian and Betty Ballantine, and edited by Lin Carter, it featured cover art by illustrators such as Gervasio Gallardo, Robert LoGrippo, David McCall Johnston, and Bob Pepper. The agreement signed between the Ballantines and Carter on November 22, 1968 launched the project. In addition to the reprints comprising the bulk of the series, some new fantasy works were published as well as a number of original collections and anthologies put together by Carter, and Imaginary Worlds, his general history of the modern fantasy genre.[2]

The series was never considered a money-maker for Ballantine, although the re-issue of several of its titles both before and after the series' demise shows that a number of individual works were considered successful. The Ballantines supported the series as long as they remained the publishers of Ballantine Books, but with their sale of the company to Random House in 1973 support from the top was no longer forthcoming, and in 1974, with the end of the Ballantines' involvement in the company they had founded, the series was terminated.[3]

After the termination of the Adult Fantasy series, Ballantine continued to publish fantasy but concentrated primarily on new titles, with the older works it continued to issue being those with proven track records. In 1977, both its fantasy and science fiction lines were relaunched under the Del Rey Books imprint, under the editorship of Lester and Judy-Lynn del Rey. Carter continued his promotion of the fantasy genre in a new line of annual anthologies from DAW Books, The Year's Best Fantasy Stories, also beginning in 1975.[2] Meanwhile, the series' lapsed mission of restoring classic works of fantasy to print had been taken up on a more limited basis by the Newcastle Forgotten Fantasy Library, launched in 1973.[4]

Imaginary Worlds
Imaginary Worlds by Lin Carter, Ballantine Books, 1973

The series

All books in the "series proper" bore a distinctive Unicorn's Head colophon on the cover and included an introduction by Carter.

Precursors, August 1965 to April 1969

Ballantine published these fantasies and fantasy criticism before hiring Carter as consultant.[5] Some were labeled "A Ballantine Adult Fantasy" on the first Ballantine cover. Later reprints of some bore the Unicorn's Head colophon.

  1. The Hobbit, J. R. R. Tolkien (August 1965)
  2. The Fellowship of the Ring, J. R. R. Tolkien (October 1965)
  3. The Two Towers, J. R. R. Tolkien (October 1965)
  4. The Return of the King, J. R. R. Tolkien (December 1965)
  5. The Tolkien Reader, J. R. R. Tolkien (September 1966)
  6. The Worm Ouroboros, E. R. Eddison (April 1967, later reprinted (5th) with colophon)
  7. Mistress of Mistresses, E. R. Eddison (August 1967)
  8. A Fish Dinner in Memison, E. R. Eddison (February 1968)
  9. The Road Goes Ever On, J. R. R. Tolkien and Donald Swann (October 1968)
  10. Titus Groan, Mervyn Peake (October 1968; later reprinted (5th) with colophon)
  11. Gormenghast, Mervyn Peake (October 1968; later reprinted (5th) with colophon)
  12. Titus Alone, Mervyn Peake (October 1968; later reprinted (4th & 5th) with colophon)
  13. A Voyage to Arcturus, David Lindsay (November 1968; later reprinted (2nd & 3rd) with colophon)
  14. The Last Unicorn, Peter S. Beagle (February 1969, with "A Ballantine Adult Fantasy" on the cover; later reprinted with colophon)
  15. A Fine and Private Place, Peter S. Beagle (February 1969, with "A Ballantine Adult Fantasy" on the cover of the first two printings)
  16. Smith of Wootton Major and Farmer Giles of Ham, J. R. R. Tolkien (March 1969)
  17. Tolkien: A Look Behind "The Lord of the Rings", Lin Carter (March 1969)
  18. The Mezentian Gate, E. R. Eddison (April 1969, with "A Ballantine Adult Fantasy" on the cover)

The series proper, May 1969 to April 1974

Volumes published as part of the series, based on a listing by Lin Carter in Imaginary Worlds: the Art of Fantasy with the addition of books new to Ballantine published under the Unicorn's Head colophon thereafter.[5][6]

  1. The Blue Star, Fletcher Pratt (May 1969) (#01602)
  2. The King of Elfland's Daughter, Lord Dunsany (June 1969) (#01628)
  3. The Wood Beyond the World, William Morris (July 1969) (#01652)
  4. The Silver Stallion, James Branch Cabell (August 1969) (#01678)
  5. Lilith, George MacDonald (September 1969) (#01711)
  6. Dragons, Elves, and Heroes, Lin Carter, ed. (October 1969) (#01731)
  7. The Young Magicians, Lin Carter, ed. (October 1969) (#01730)
  8. Figures of Earth, James Branch Cabell (November 1969) (#01763)
  9. The Sorcerer's Ship, Hannes Bok (December 1969) (#01795)
  10. Land of Unreason, Fletcher Pratt and L. Sprague de Camp (January 1970) (#01814)
  11. The High Place, James Branch Cabell (February 1970) (#01855-9)
  12. Lud-in-the-Mist, Hope Mirrlees (March 1970) (#01880-X)
  13. At the Edge of the World, Lord Dunsany (March 1970) (#01879-6)
  14. Phantastes, George MacDonald (April 1970) (#01902-4)
  15. The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath, H. P. Lovecraft (May 1970) (#01923-7)
  16. Zothique, Clark Ashton Smith (June 1970) (#01938-5)
  17. The Shaving of Shagpat, George Meredith (July 1970) (#01958-X)
  18. The Island of the Mighty, Evangeline Walton (July 1970) (#01959-8)
  19. Deryni Rising, Katherine Kurtz (August 1970) (#01981-4)
  20. The Well at the World's End, Vol. 1, William Morris (August 1970) (#01982-2)
  21. The Well at the World's End, Vol. 2, William Morris (September 1970) (#02015-4)
  22. Golden Cities, Far, Lin Carter, ed. (October 1970) (#02045-6)
  23. Beyond the Golden Stair, Hannes Bok (November 1970) (#02093-6)
  24. The Broken Sword, Poul Anderson (January 1971) (#02107-X)
  25. The Boats of the "Glen Carrig", William Hope Hodgson (February 1971) (#02145-2)
  26. The Doom that Came to Sarnath and Other Stories, H. P. Lovecraft (February 1971) (#02146)
  27. Something About Eve, James Branch Cabell (March 1971) (#02067-7)
  28. Red Moon and Black Mountain, Joy Chant (March 1971) (#02178-9)
  29. Hyperborea, Clark Ashton Smith (April 1971) (#02206-8)
  30. Don Rodriguez: Chronicles of Shadow Valley, Lord Dunsany (May 1971) (#02244-0)
  31. Vathek, William Beckford (June 1971) (#02279-3)
  32. The Man Who Was Thursday, G. K. Chesterton (July 1971) (#02305-6)
  33. The Children of Llyr, Evangeline Walton (August 1971) (#02332-3)
  34. The Cream of the Jest, James Branch Cabell (September 1971) (#02364-1)
  35. New Worlds for Old, Lin Carter, ed. (September 1971) (#02365-X)
  36. The Spawn of Cthulhu, Lin Carter, ed. (October 1971) (#02394-3)
  37. Double Phoenix, Edmund Cooper and Roger Lancelyn Green (November 1971) (#02420-6)
  38. The Water of the Wondrous Isles, William Morris (November 1971) (#02421-4)
  39. Khaled, F. Marion Crawford (December 1971) (#02446-X)
  40. The World's Desire, H. Rider Haggard and Andrew Lang (January 1972) (#02467-2)
  41. Xiccarph, Clark Ashton Smith (February 1972) (#02501-6)
  42. The Lost Continent, C. J. Cutcliffe Hyne (February 1972) (#02502-4)
  43. Discoveries in Fantasy, Lin Carter, ed. (March 1972) (#02546-6)
  44. Domnei: A Comedy of Woman-Worship, James Branch Cabell (March 1972) (#02545-8)
  45. Kai Lung's Golden Hours, Ernest Bramah (April 1972) (#02574-1)
  46. Deryni Checkmate, Katherine Kurtz (May 1972) (#02598-9)
  47. Beyond the Fields We Know, Lord Dunsany (May 1972) (#02599-7)
  48. The Three Impostors, Arthur Machen (June 1972) (#02643-8)
  49. The Night Land, Vol. 1, William Hope Hodgson (July 1972) (#02669-1)
  50. The Night Land, Vol. 2, William Hope Hodgson (July 1972) (#02670-5)
  51. The Song of Rhiannon, Evangeline Walton (August 1972) (#02773-6)
  52. Great Short Novels of Adult Fantasy I, Lin Carter, ed. (September 1972) (#02789-2)
  53. Evenor, George MacDonald (November 1972) (#02874)
  54. Orlando Furioso: The Ring of Angelica, Volume 1, Ludovico Ariosto, translated by Richard Hodgens (January 1973) (#03057-5)
  55. The Charwoman's Shadow, Lord Dunsany (February 1973) (#03085-0)
  56. Great Short Novels of Adult Fantasy Volume II, Lin Carter, ed. (March 1973) (#03162-8)
  57. The Sundering Flood, William Morris (May 1973) (#03261-6)
  58. Imaginary Worlds: the Art of Fantasy, Lin Carter (June 1973) (#03309-4)
  59. Poseidonis, Clark Ashton Smith (July 1973) (#03353-1)
  60. Excalibur, Sanders Anne Laubenthal (August 1973) (#23416-2)
  61. High Deryni, Katherine Kurtz (September 1973) (#23485-5)
  62. Hrolf Kraki's Saga, Poul Anderson (October 1973) (#23562-2)
  63. The People of the Mist, H. Rider Haggard (December 1973) (#23660-2)
  64. Kai Lung Unrolls His Mat, Ernest Bramah (February 1974) (#023787-0)
  65. Over the Hills and Far Away, Lord Dunsany (April 1974) (#023886-9)

Leftovers, June to November 1974

Two volumes published after retirement of the Unicorn's Head colophon were evidently intended for the series. The first has a Carter introduction and the second completes a set of four begun under his editorship.

  1. Merlin's Ring, H. Warner Munn (June 1974)
  2. Prince of Annwn, Evangeline Walton (November 1974)

Other works considered by Carter for inclusion in the series

Carter intended to reissue or compile these books for the series, according to statements in his introductions to other books in the series and lists discovered among his effects after his death or elsewhere.[7] A few were later issued in the Newcastle Forgotten Fantasy Library, a fantasy revival series similar to the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series published between 1973 and 1980.

  1. The Elder Gods, John Campbell (combined with Kuttner's City of Sorcerers, included in a list of "recent" series titles in The Man Who Was Thursday but not in fact issued)
  2. Short Stories, Donald Corley
  3. The Revolt of the Angels, Anatole France
  4. Thaïs, Anatole France
  5. The Twilight of the Gods and Other Tales, Richard Garnett
  6. One of Cleopatra's Nights, Théophile Gautier
  7. Short Stories, David H. Keller
  8. City of Sorcerers, Henry Kuttner (combined with Campbell's The Elder Gods, included in a list of "recent" series titles in The Man Who Was Thursday but not in fact issued)
  9. Child Christopher and Goldilind the Fair, William Morris (NFFL edition, April 1977)
  10. The Roots of the Mountains, William Morris (NFFL edition, April 1979)
  11. A Tale of the House of the Wolfings and All the Kindreds of the Mark, William Morris (NFFL edition, April 1978)
  12. The Story of the Glittering Plain, William Morris (NFFL edition, September 1973)
  13. Arachne, Eden Phillpotts
  14. Circe's Island, Eden Phillpotts
  15. Evander, Eden Phillpotts
  16. Living Prophets, Eden Phillpotts
  17. Lycanthrope, Eden Phillpotts
  18. One Thing and Another, Eden Phillpotts
  19. Saurus, Eden Phillpotts
  20. The Thing at Their Heels, Eden Phillpotts
  21. The Treasure of Typhon, Eden Phillpotts
  22. Averoigne, Clark Ashton Smith
  23. Malneant, Clark Ashton Smith
  24. The Nightmare and Other Tales of Dark Fantasy, Francis Stevens
  25. Zadig, and Other Marvels, Voltaire
  26. The Nightmare Has Triplets, James Branch Cabell

References

  1. ^ "Preface: The Beat Goes On" by Karen Haber in Meditations on Middle Earth, edited by Karen Haber (2001, ISBN 0-312-30290-8), p. xii.
  2. ^ a b c "Lin Carter". Science Fiction Encyclopedia.
  3. ^ Williamson, Jamie (2015). The Evolution of Modern Fantasy: From Antiquarianism to the Ballantine Adult Fantasy Series. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1137518081. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  4. ^ Cowan, Yuri. "Recovering the Barbarians: Reprinting "Forgotten Fantasy" in the 1970s". Érudit. Consortium Érudit. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  5. ^ a b Carter, Lin. Imaginary Worlds: the Art of Fantasy. Ballantine Books, 1973.
  6. ^ ISFDB publisher page for the series
  7. ^ Clore, Don. "The Ballantine Adult Fantasy Books That Never Were." In Apostle of Letters: The Life and Work of Lin Carter, ed. Stephen J. Servello, Wild Cat Books, c2006, pages 159-164.

External links

Discoveries in Fantasy

Discoveries in Fantasy is an anthology of fantasy short stories, edited by American writer Lin Carter. It was first published in paperback by Ballantine Books in March 1972 as the forty-third volume of its Ballantine Adult Fantasy series. It was the seventh such anthology assembled by Carter for the series.

The book collects seven tales by four neglected fantasy authors, Ernest Bramah, Donald Corley, Richard Garnett and Eden Phillpotts, with an overall introduction and notes by Carter. The cover illustrates a scene from one of the tales, Donald Corley's "The Bird with the Golden Beak".

Double Phoenix

Double Phoenix is an anthology of two short fantasy novels by Edmund Cooper and Roger Lancelyn Green, edited by American writer Lin Carter. It was first published in paperback by Ballantine Books in November 1971 as the thirty-seventh volume of its Ballantine Adult Fantasy series. It was the sixth anthology assembled by Carter for the series.

The book collects two fantasy novellas, together with three introductory essays on the works, their authors and the book itself by Carter.

Dragons, Elves, and Heroes

Dragons, Elves, and Heroes is an American anthology of fantasy short stories, edited by American writer Lin Carter. It was first published in paperback by Ballantine Books in October 1969 as the sixth volume of its Ballantine Adult Fantasy series. It was the first such anthology assembled by Carter for the series, issued simultaneously with the second, The Young Magicians.The book collects nineteen early fantasy tales and poems by various authors, with an overall introduction and notes by Carter. Many of the pieces are medieval in date, and none later than the 19th century. The anthology is a companion volume to Carter's subsequent Golden Cities, Far (1970), which also collects early fantasies.

Excalibur (novel)

Excalibur is a 1973 Arthurian fantasy novel by American writer Sanders Anne Laubenthal. It was first published by Ballantine Books as the sixtieth volume of the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series in August, 1973, and has been reprinted a number of times since.

Golden Cities, Far

Golden Cities, Far is an anthology of fantasy short stories, edited by American writer Lin Carter. It was first published in paperback by Ballantine Books in October 1970 as the twenty-second volume of its Ballantine Adult Fantasy series. It was the third such anthology assembled by Carter for the series.The book collects twelve fantasy tales and poems by various authors, with an overall introduction and notes by Carter. Most of the pieces are ancient or medieval in date, and none later than the nineteenth century. The anthology is a companion volume to Carter's earlier Dragons, Elves, and Heroes (1969), which also collects early fantasies.

Great Short Novels of Adult Fantasy I

Great Short Novels of Adult Fantasy I is an anthology of fantasy novellas, edited by American writer Lin Carter. It was first published in paperback by Ballantine Books as the fifty-second volume of its Ballantine Adult Fantasy series in September, 1972. It was the eighth such anthology assembled by Carter for the series.The book collects four novellas by five fantasy authors, with an overall introduction and notes by Carter. It is a companion volume to Carter's subsequent collection Great Short Novels of Adult Fantasy Volume II (1973).

Great Short Novels of Adult Fantasy Volume II

Great Short Novels of Adult Fantasy Volume II is an anthology of fantasy novellas, edited by American writer Lin Carter. It was first published in paperback by Ballantine Books as the fifty-sixth volume of its Ballantine Adult Fantasy series in March, 1973. It was the ninth such anthology assembled by Carter for the series.

The book collects four novellas by as many fantasy authors, with an overall introduction and notes by Carter. It is a companion volume to Carter's earlier Great Short Novels of Adult Fantasy I (1972).

Kingdoms of Sorcery

Kingdoms of Sorcery: An Anthology of Adult Fantasy is an anthology of fantasy stories, edited by American writer Lin Carter. It was first published in hardcover by Doubleday in January 1976 as the first of two such anthologies continuing a series of nine assembled by Carter for the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series.

The book collects sixteen tales and excerpts from novels from five varieties of fantasy writing, with an overall introduction and notes on the individual authors by Carter. The collection is a companion volume to Carter's later anthology Realms of Wizardry (1976).

Land of Unreason

Land of Unreason is a fantasy novel by American writers Fletcher Pratt and L. Sprague de Camp. It was first published in the fantasy magazine Unknown Worlds for October, 1941 as "The Land of Unreason". Revised and expanded, it was first published in book form by Henry Holt and Company in 1942. It has been reprinted numerous times since by various publishers, including by Ballantine Books in January 1970 as the tenth volume of the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series. An E-book edition was published by Gollancz's SF Gateway imprint on September 29, 2011 as part of a general release of de Camp's works in electronic form.

New Worlds for Old

New Worlds for Old is an anthology of fantasy short stories, edited by American writer Lin Carter. It was first published in paperback by Ballantine Books in September 1971 as the thirty-fifth volume of its Ballantine Adult Fantasy series. It was the fourth such anthology assembled by Carter for the series.The book collects fifteen fantasy tales and poems by various authors, with an overall introduction and individual introductions to each piece by Carter. The pieces range in date from the eighteenth to twentieth centuries. The collection is a companion volume to Carter's earlier The Young Magicians (1969), which also collects modern fantasies.

Newcastle Forgotten Fantasy Library

The Newcastle Forgotten Fantasy Library was a series of trade paperback books published in the United States by the Newcastle Publishing Company between 1973 and 1980. Presumably under the inspiration of the earlier example set by the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series, the series reissued a number of works of fantasy literature that had largely been forgotten, being out of print or otherwise not easily available in the United States, in durable, illustrated trade paperback form with new introductions. For a number of works the Library’s editions constituted the first U.S. or first paperback edition. Together with the earlier series from Ballantine Books, it contributed to the renaissance of interest in the fantasy genre of the 1970s.The Library was produced under the editorship of Robert Reginald and Douglas Menville, editors of Forgotten Fantasy magazine, who were also responsible for several other similar series from other publishers. It included works by authors such as William Morris, H. Rider Haggard, Lord Dunsany, and Leslie Barringer, among others. Projected to include a total of twenty-six fantasy classics, the Library ultimately released only twenty-four. Possibly the remaining two are represented by two non-fantasy books Newcastle published without the series designation, the first two Dr. Nikola novels by Guy Boothby: Enter, Dr. Nikola (September 1975), and Dr. Nikola Returns (March 1976).

The covers for the first eight books were generic and described by their designer Douglas Menville as "rather crude". With the fourth book in the series, artists such as George Barr were engaged to produce more attractive covers at a discount, under an arrangement whereby the artist was able to retain the original paintings for private sale after the books were published. The ninth book onward featured more imaginative, wrap around art, and two of the first eight (She and Allan and Gerfalcon) were later reissued in this style.

Realms of Wizardry

Realms of Wizardry: An Anthology of Adult Fantasy is an American anthology of fantasy stories, edited by American writer Lin Carter. It was first published in hardcover by Doubleday in December 1976 as the second of two such anthologies continuing a series of nine assembled by Carter for the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series.

The book collects sixteen tales and excerpts from novels by various fantasy authors, with an overall introduction and notes on the individual authors by Carter. The collection is a companion volume to Carter's earlier anthology Kingdoms of Sorcery (1976).

The Broken Sword

The Broken Sword is a fantasy novel by American writer Poul Anderson, originally published in 1954. It was issued in a revised edition by Ballantine Books as the twenty-fourth volume of their Ballantine Adult Fantasy series in January 1971. The original text was returned to print by Gollancz in 2002.

The People of the Mist

The People of the Mist is a classic lost race fantasy novel written by H. Rider Haggard. It was first published serially in the weekly magazine Tit-Bits, between December 1893 and August 1894; the first edition in book form was published in London by Longmans in October, 1894. It was reprinted in December, 1973 by Ballantine Books as the sixty-third paperback volume of the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series.

The Spawn of Cthulhu

The Spawn of Cthulhu is an anthology of fantasy short stories, edited by American writer Lin Carter. It was first published in paperback by Ballantine Books in October 1971 as the thirty-sixth volume of its Ballantine Adult Fantasy series. It was the fifth anthology assembled by Carter for the series.The book collects twelve fantasy tales and poems by various authors that either influenced or were influenced by the Cthulhu Mythos stories of H. P. Lovecraft, including one story by Lovecraft himself, with an overall introduction and notes by Carter.

The Wood Beyond the World

The Wood Beyond the World is a fantasy novel by William Morris, perhaps the first modern fantasy writer to unite an imaginary world with the element of the supernatural, and thus the precursor of much of present-day fantasy literature. It was first published in hardcover by Morris's Kelmscott Press, in 1894. The book's importance in the history of fantasy literature was recognized by its republication by Ballantine Books as the third volume of the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series in July, 1969. The Ballantine edition includes an introduction by Lin Carter.

The Young Magicians

The Young Magicians is an American anthology of fantasy short stories, edited by American writer Lin Carter. It was first published in paperback by Ballantine Books in October 1969 as the seventh volume of its Ballantine Adult Fantasy series. It was the second such anthology assembled by Carter for the series, issued simultaneously with the first, Dragons, Elves, and Heroes.The book collects eighteen modern fantasy tales and poems by various authors, with an overall introduction and notes by Carter. The pieces range in date from the 19th to 20th centuries. The collection is a companion volume to Carter's later New Worlds for Old (1971), which also collects modern fantasies.

Xiccarph

Xiccarph is a collection of fantasy short stories by American writer Clark Ashton Smith, edited by Lin Carter. It was first published in paperback by Ballantine Books as the forty-first volume of its Ballantine Adult Fantasy series in February 1972. It was the third collection of Smith's works assembled by Carter for the series. The stories were originally published in various fantasy magazines in the 1930s, notably Weird Tales.

The book collects three prose poems and eight tales, including stories from the author's Xiccarph and Mars cycles.

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