Ball hockey

Ball hockey is a team sport and a variation of the sport of ice hockey and a specific variation of the game of street hockey.

Ball hockey is patterned after and closely related to ice hockey, except the game is played on foot on a non-ice surface, player equipment is different, and a ball is used instead of a hockey puck. The object of the game is to score more goals than the opposing team by shooting the ball into the opposing team's net.

Ball Hockey
Ball Hockey WC 2
Ball hockey game between USA (Blue) and Slovakia (WHITE) at 2011 World Ball Hockey Championship.
Highest governing bodyInternational Street and Ball Hockey Federation (International)
American Street Hockey Institute (United States)
Canadian Ball Hockey Association (Canada)
NicknamesStreet Hockey, US = dek hockey, some places in Canada call it "road" hockey
Characteristics
TypeBoth indoor and outdoor
EquipmentRequired = A ball, a hockey stick, a net. Optional in pickup but mandatory in leagues= shin pads, gloves. Optional everywhere for adults, mandatory for kids in leagues = helmet.

Gameplay

Teams consist of five runners and one goaltender. The five runners are broken down into positions of three forwards and two defenseman, right and left. The forwards are further described by position name: Left Wing, Right Wing, and Center. These positions are the same as in ice hockey. Tournament Ball Hockey rules are numerous and too long to list in this article. A list of the official ball hockey tournament rules of the I.S.B.H.F. can be found online.[1] For general information sake, Ball Hockey rules typically stipulate the following basics, meaning if you are playing under these rules, then you are playing Ball Hockey:

  • Offside is determined by a "floating blue line". The concept can be difficult to understand for non-hockey enthusiasts, but the simplest explanation is as follows: When the ball crosses the defending team's blue line, the attacking team is onside. The attacking team then has the entire zone up to the center line with which to work the ball around and still be considered onside. Once the ball crosses the center red line the attacking zone is "lost", and the attacking team's players must clear (retreat past) the defending team's blue line and have the ball enter past the defending team's blue line to be considered onside again.
  • Icing is called "flooring"in ball hockey.
  • You can raise your stick above the shoulder to call for a pass.
  • You can close your hand around the ball provided that you bring the ball straight down to your feet and do not change the direction you are moving in.
  • International rink dimensions are the same as international ice hockey rinks 197 ft × 98.4 ft.
  • North American rink dimensions are the same as North American ice hockey rinks 200 ft × 85 ft.

Equipment

The ball used is a specially designed ball for ball hockey and street hockey. The International Street and Ball Hockey Federation, the worldwide governing body of official street hockey tournaments and leagues, officially recognizes two types of ball for play: a hard (Pro) version for adult warm climate play and a soft version for non-summer play and younger youth age groups. At the highest levels of ball hockey, teams use a hard, orange, small, round, and smooth orange/reddish ball 3 inches in diameter. This allows for players to make the ball curve by over/under exaggerating a windup and follow through on their shots. Several ball manufacturers now market the balls with the temperature range the ball was designed for on the packaging itself. Although there is no certified industry standard for the balls since no street hockey standards organization exists, all hockey ball manufacturers sell their balls according to the following temperature range: red/orange = hot/warm above 60 degrees (15 C), pink = cool - between 40-60 degrees (4.5-15 C)yellow = cold - below 40 degrees (4.5 C)

In most non-international tournaments, the following equipment requirements are instituted for the runners:

  • Helmets are optional for adults but mandatory for players 17 and under.
  • Some type of hand gloves must be worn, and they do not have to be hockey gloves. Specific gloves for the sport of ball hockey have been developed and are manufactured and sold to ball hockey players.
  • Some type of shin guards must be worn, and they do not have to be hockey shin guards. Specific guards for the sport of ball hockey have been developed and are manufactured and sold to ball hockey players.
  • Teams must have matching jerseys with numbers. These can often be T-shirts with numbers on them.
  • Appropriate footwear for running.
  • Some type of official hockey stick

NOTE: Specific helmets, shin guards, and gloves for the sport of ball hockey have been developed and are manufactured and sold to ball hockey players, but it is not mandatory for players to wear these for all tournaments.

The following equipment requirements are instituted for goaltenders:

  • Goaltender's helmet with full face mask
  • Chest protector
  • Thigh pads
  • Goaltender leg pads
  • Goaltender Glove or trapper
  • Goaltender Blocker
  • Goaltender Stick
  • Shirt that fits OVER all chest equipment
  • Appropriate footwear

The flooring used for ball hockey tournaments is typically a specific type of a game court, often referred to as a "sport court". Sport courts very simply are plastic modular tiles, typically 1 square foot, that snap together for quick installation and removal. Sport court, is the tiling of choice in Montreal at the famous arena Le Rinque. The tiles come in a variety of colors and are manufactured by several different companies. The tiles often come prefabricated with lines on them which make up the markings required for tournament play, such as center and blue lines, face off circles, and goal creases.

For official international tournaments, the I.S.B.H.F. rules apply, and players must wear protective equipment as stipulated in their rule book.

Governing bodies

International

The official worldwide governing body of the sport is the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF),[2] which operates out of the Czech Republic and Canada. The federation consists of 39 countries and recognizes hundreds of thousands of players playing in organized leagues throughout the world.

Canada

The Canadian Ball Hockey Association [3] is the official governing body of ball hockey in Canada, however numerous leagues operate independently of this organization in Canada. Official CBHA sanctioned leagues include:

British Columbia

· BC Ball Hockey Association

· West Coast Minor Hockey Association

Alberta

· Wild Rose Ball Hockey Association

· Alberta Minor Ball Hockey Association

Saskatchewan

· Prairie Central Ball Hockey Association

Manitoba

· Manitoba Ball Hockey Association

Ontario

· Ontario Ball Hockey Federation

Quebec

· Quebec Ball Hockey Association

New Brunswick

· New Brunswick Ball Hockey Association

Nova Scotia

· Nova Scotia Ball Hockey Association

Newfoundland & Labrador

· Newfoundland & Labrador Ball Hockey Association

United States

The governing bodies for ball hockey are the American Street Hockey Institute [4] and the United States Dekhockey Federation. [5]

Europe and Asia

Several European and Asian countries have their own governing bodies where the sport has enough players to have a national following and presence. A listing can be found at the ISBHF website.[6]

History

The first documented instance of a sport similar to ball hockey, in which a stick is used to propel a ball into a net for points, was an Irish game called hurling from the second millennium BC. In North America, Natives were first observed playing a variant of the game in 1572. In the 1960s Canada became the first nation to play the sport in organized leagues, followed by the United States the next decade, then countries in Europe in the 1980s and 1990s.

Recreational levels

Refer to the Street Hockey article for a more thorough description of recreational play.

See also

References

  1. ^ "ISBHF" (PDF). ISBHF.com. Retrieved 2016-12-14.
  2. ^ "ISBHF -". ISBHF.com. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  3. ^ "Canadian Ball Hockey Association". Cbha.com. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-26. Retrieved 2013-09-04.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ http://usdekhockeyfederation.website.siplay.com. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "Members". ISBHF.com. Retrieved 2016-12-14.

Media related to Ball hockey at Wikimedia Commons

Alex Burrows

Alexandre Ménard-Burrows (born April 11, 1981) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey left winger who played in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the Vancouver Canucks and the Ottawa Senators. He is currently an assistant coach for the Laval Rocket of the American Hockey League. He was known for playing in the style of an agitator and for his ascension to the NHL from being an undrafted player in the ECHL. After a two-year career in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (QMJHL), he played in the minor leagues for three seasons. He was signed by the Vancouver Canucks in 2005 from their American Hockey League (AHL) affiliate, the Manitoba Moose. Burrows established himself as a checking forward with the Canucks in his first three NHL seasons before emerging as a scorer with four consecutive 25-plus-goal seasons from 2008–09 to 2011–12.

Before making it to the NHL, Burrows also enjoyed a prolific ball hockey career, competing in national and international tournaments in the summers. In 2005, he was named the International Ball Hockey Player of the Year. He has also been inducted into the Canadian and International Ball Hockey Hall of Fame.

Armenia men's national ball hockey team

The Armenia national ball hockey team has been representing Armenia in the Ball Hockey World Championship since 2013. Is member of the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF).

Austria men's national ball hockey team

The Austria national ball hockey team has been representing Austria in the Ball Hockey World Championship since 1995. Is member of the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF).

Ball Hockey World Championship

The Ball Hockey World Championship is a biannual ball (street) hockey competition for women's and men's national teams. The first women's world championships were played in 2007. The first championship was played in 1996 in Bratislava. Since the beginning of the best teams in Canada, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The first team to win a medal in addition to Canada, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, the team of Italy in 2005 when he won the bronze medal match against Portugal. Since 1999 championship played every two years. Ball Hockey World Championship is organized by ISBHF.

Canada men's national ball hockey team

The Canada men's national ball hockey team is the men's national ball hockey team of Canada, and a member of the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF).

Canada women's national ball hockey team

The Canada women's national ball hockey team is the women's national ball hockey team of Canada, and a member of the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF).

France men's national ball hockey team

The France men's national ball hockey team is the men's national ball hockey team of France, and a member of the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF).

Germany men's national ball hockey team

The Germany men's national ball hockey team is the men's national ball hockey team of Germany, and a member of the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF).

Greece men's national ball hockey team

The Greece national ball hockey team has been representing Greece in the Ball Hockey World Championship since 2005. Is member of the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF).

Italy men's national ball hockey team

The Italy men's national ball hockey team is the men's national ball hockey team of Italy, and a member of the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF).

Italy women's national ball hockey team

The Italy women's national ball hockey team is the women's national ball hockey team of Italy, and a member of the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF). The current team captain is Canadian-born Christina D'Ambrogio, who is of Italian heritage and once competed in NCAA women's ice hockey with the Holy Cross Crusaders.

Jamie Lee Rattray

Jamie Lee Rattray (born September 30, 1992) is a Canadian women's ice hockey player for the Markham Thunder.

As a member of the gold medal winning squad at the 2010 IIHF World Women's U18 Championship, a hockey card of her was featured in the Upper Deck 2010 World of Sports card series.While in college, she played for the Clarkson Golden Knights. In 2014, she was the winner of the Patty Kazmaier Award and helped Clarkson win their first NCAA women's hockey championship. She was selected sixth overall by the Brampton Thunder in the 2014 CWHL Draft. She made her debut with the Canada women's national ice hockey team at the 2014 4 Nations Cup.

Lebanon men's national ball hockey team

The Lebanese national ball hockey team (French: Équipe du Liban de hockey-balle) is the national ball hockey team of Lebanon. The team is controlled by the Lebanese Hockey Association and a member of the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF).

Newcastle Wildcats

The Newcastle Wildcats are a university ice hockey team representing Newcastle University in the United Kingdom. NUIHC are a member club of the British Universities Ice Hockey Association (BUIHA) and ice three teams across all three tiers of UK university competition.The club is notable for now being the 3rd oldest amongst modern British university ice hockey programmes (having been founded in 1994) and for the fact that it was the first to introduce mixed gender participation into a full-contact university sport.

The Wildcats operate a successful beginners' training programme to develop new players. Partially as a result of this, Newcastle University was the most represented institution in terms of player registration within the BUIHA for three seasons with the Wildcats preferring to ice teams consisting almost totally of Newcastle students and mostly shunning the popular practice of pooling players from the maximum possible number of institutions. Since their inception, the Wildcats have mainly been based at Whitley Bay Ice Rink, alongside the semi-professional Whitley Warriors, rivals Northumbria Flames and, at one time, the Newcastle Vipers of the Elite Ice Hockey League. Both Newcastle University and Northumbria Clubs often played at the Metro Radio Arena during hockey evenings hosted by the Vipers, indeed the Vipers included the game between the two University teams as part of their 'farewell evening' when they left the city centre rink.

Pakistan national ball hockey team

The Pakistan national ball hockey team is the national ball hockey team of Pakistan and is controlled by the Pakistan Street and Ball Hockey Federation.

Slovakia national ball hockey team

The Slovakia men's national ball hockey team is the men's national ball hockey team of Slovakia, and a member of the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF).

Street hockey

Street hockey (also known as dek hockey, ball hockey, road hockey) is a variation of the sport of ice hockey where the game is played outdoors on foot, or with inline or roller skates using a ball or puck. Both ball and puck are typically designed to be played on non-ice surfaces. The object of the game is to score more goals than the opposing team by shooting the ball or puck into the opposing team's net. Street hockey in pickup form is generally played under the following guidelines since there are no "official rules" for local pickup hockey:

Physical contact between players is extremely limited to avoid injury.

Minimal or no hockey equipment is worn by the runners, depending on players' preferences.

Players agree whether or not to allow slap shots and raising of the stick, both of which can incur serious injury to players, as there is minimal or no equipment worn.

Players determine whether to use a hockey ball, a tennis ball, or a street hockey puck.

There is no referee except when agreed upon by both teams.In its most pure form, street hockey is always played on an outdoor surface (very often a street, parking lot, tennis court or other asphalt surface), which the genesis of the name street hockey. Teams can be selected by various methods but usually are selected by captains via alternate selection of available players. Alternatively, all the players put their sticks in a pile and the sticks are tossed out of the pile to opposing sides. In more organized forms, it is played in rinks which often were designed for roller hockey and can be indoor or outdoor rinks. There are also rinks built specifically for hockey played on foot, and they are referred to as dek hockey or ball hockey rinks. Such rinks can also be used for roller hockey games.

United States men's national ball hockey team

The United States national ball hockey team has been representing United States in the Ball Hockey World Championship since 1998. Is member of the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF).

United States women's national ball hockey team

The United States women's national ball hockey team is the women's national ball hockey team of United States, and a member of the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation (ISBHF).

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