Balchik

Balchik (Bulgarian: Балчик, Romanian: Balcic) is a Black Sea coastal town and seaside resort in the Southern Dobruja area of northeastern Bulgaria. It is located in Dobrich Province and is 42 km northeast of Varna. The town sprawls scenically along hilly terraces descending from the Dobruja plateau to the sea.

Balchik

Балчик
Coat of arms of Balchik

Coat of arms
Balchik is located in Bulgaria
Balchik
Balchik
Location of Balchik
Coordinates: 43°25′N 28°10′E / 43.417°N 28.167°ECoordinates: 43°25′N 28°10′E / 43.417°N 28.167°E
CountryBulgaria
Province (Oblast)Dobrich
Government
 • MayorNikolay Angelov
Elevation
199 m (653 ft)
Population
 (2009-12-31)[1][2][3]
 • City12,196
 • Urban
22,035
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
9600
Area code(s)0579

Etymology

The town is named after the medieval ruler Balik, brother of Dobrotitsa, after who is named the city of Dobrich.

History

Bulgaria-Balchik-01
Balchik's centre
Bulgaria-Balchik-02
Balchik's centre
Balchik flowers
The Balchik Botanical Garden

Founded as a Thracian settlement, it was later colonised by the Ionian ancient Greeks with the name Krounoi (Ancient Greek: Κρουνοί) (renamed as Dionysopolis (Ancient Greek: Διονυσόπολις), after the discovery of a statue of Dionysus in the sea).[4] Later became a Greek-Byzantine and Bulgarian fortress. Under the Ottoman Empire, the town came to be known with its present name, which perhaps derived from a Gagauz word meaning "small town".[5] Another opinion is that its actual name derived from that of a local noble - Balik.

After the liberation of Bulgaria in 1878, Balchik developed as centre of a rich agricultural region, wheat-exporting port, and district (okoliya) town, and later, as a major tourist destination with the beachfront resort of Albena to its south. The ethnic composition gradually changed from mostly Gagauz and Tatar/Turkish to predominantly Bulgarian. According to an estimate by Bulgarian historian Rayna Gavrilova the Bulgarian population before 1878 was only around 10%.[6] According to the latest 2011 census data, Balchik's ethnic composition is the following:[7][8]

  • Bulgarians: 7,916 (72.9%)
  • Turks: 1,715 (15.8%)
  • Gypsies: 954 (8.8%)
  • Others: 191 (1.8%)
  • Indefinable: 79 (0.7%)
    • Undeclared: 755 (6.5%)

After the Second Balkan War, in 1913, the town was renamed Balcic and became part of the Kingdom of Romania. It was regained by Bulgaria during World War I (1916–1919), but Romania restored its authority when hostilities in the region ceased. In 1940, just before the outbreak of World War II in the region, Balchik was ceded by Romania to Bulgaria by the terms of the Craiova Treaty.

During Romania's administration, the Balchik Palace was the favourite summer residence of Queen Marie of Romania and her immediate family. The town is the site of Marie's Oriental villa, the place where her heart was kept, in accordance with her last wishes, until 1940 (when the Treaty of Craiova awarded the region back to Bulgaria). It was then moved to Bran Castle, in central Romania. Today, the Balchik Palace and the adjacent Balchik Botanical Garden are the town's most popular landmarks

During the inter-war period, Balchik was also a favourite destination for Romanian avant-garde painters, lending his name to an informal school of post-impressionist painters – the Balcic School of Painting [9]- which is central in the development of Romanian 20th-century painting. Many works of the artists composing the group depict the town's houses and the Turkish inhabitants, as well as the sea.

Culture

Art

Held each year since 1991, "The Process – Space Art Festival" is an annual international festival of Contemporary Art, which takes place over two weeks in June.[10] Balchik Palace also hosts In the Palace International Short Film Festival.

Music

Held annually each summer since 2006 in the nearby town of Kavarna, the Kavarna Rock Fest hosts top-name bands for a three-day festival. Previous acts have included Motorhead, Twisted Sister, Motley Crew, Scorpions, Alice Cooper, Deep Purple, and the Michael Schenker Group.[11]

Sports

Balchik is becoming well known internationally as a golfing destination. There are three 18-hole championship golf courses within the local vicinity, two designed by Gary Player - Thracian Cliffs GC and BlackSeaRama GC; and one designed by Ian Woosnam - Lighthouse GC. A fourth 18-hole golf course is currently in the planning stages.[12]

Trivia

Twin towns and sister cities

Balchik is twinned with:[14]

Gallery

Bulgaria-Balchik-01

Centre

Bulgaria-Balchik-02

Centre

Bulgaria-Balchik-03

An Orthodox Church in Balchik

Balchik Bulgaria aerial photo from the Black Sea

Aerial overview of Balchik

Balchik boats

The Coast of Balchik

Balchik Palace 22

Waterfall

Balchik Palace 5

The gardens of the Balchik Palace

Balchik Palace 3
Balchik Palace baths ifb

The Baths of Balchik Palace

Balchik-St1

Balchik's main street going down the harbor

Balchik-costal1

A costal view of Balchik's private hotels

See also

Notes

  1. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute – towns in 2009 Archived November 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in English) „WorldCityPopulation“
  3. ^ "„pop-stat.mashke.org"". mashke.org. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  4. ^ An inventory of archaic and classical poleis By Mogens Herman Hansen, Thomas Heine Nielsen, Kobenhavns universitet. Polis centret Page 932 ISBN 0-19-814099-1
  5. ^ И така, нзв Балканът в качеството си на собствено име заема едно точно определено място в ономастичното пространство на българския език или което е същото - сред всички остана... Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Gavrilova, Raina:"Bulgarian urban culture in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries" p.47.
  7. ^ (in Bulgarian) Population on 01.02.2011 by provinces, municipalities, settlements and age; National Statistical Institute Archived September 8, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Population by province, municipality, settlement and ethnic identification, by 01.02.2011; Bulgarian National Statistical Institute Archived 2013-04-05 at WebCite (in Bulgarian)
  9. ^ Balcica Maciuca, Balcic, Editura Universalia, București, 2001
  10. ^ "Process - Space Art Festival". processspace.net. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  11. ^ "Kavarna Rock Fest 2016: First 3 Bands Confirmed - Novinite.com - Sofia News Agency". novinite.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  12. ^ "New Golf Complex May Be Built near Bulgaria's Balchik - Novinite.com - Sofia News Agency". novinite.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  13. ^ Hotels in Bulgaria project surge in Russian tourist arrivals at Balchik airport, The Sofia Echo, 8. August 2011.
  14. ^ "Web_Based_Twinning". projects-namrb.org/ (in Bulgarian). NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MUNICIPALITIES IN THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA. Retrieved 16 December 2015.

References

External links

2018–19 Bulgarian Cup

The 2018−19 Bulgarian Cup was the 37th official edition of the Bulgarian annual football knockout tournament. The competition began on 25 September 2018 with the first round and finished with the final on 15 May 2019. Slavia Sofia were the defending champions, but lost on penalties in the round of 16 to Ludogorets Razgrad. The final was contested between Lokomotiv Plovdiv and Botev Plovdiv, thus being the first ever final to feature the Plovdiv derby. Lokomotiv won the final 1–0 and clinched their first ever cup title. They also qualified for the second qualifying round of the 2019–20 UEFA Europa League.

Ahmed Hikmet

Ahmed Hikmet (Bulgarian: Ахмед Хикмет; born 5 October 1984 in Shumen) is a Bulgarian footballer of Turkish descent, who currently plays as a midfielder for Chernomorets Balchik. He is also assistant manager at the club.

Albena

Albena (Bulgarian: Албена) is a major Black Sea resort in northeastern Bulgaria, situated 12 km (7 mi) from Balchik and 30 km (19 mi) from Varna. Albena is served by Varna Airport.

Albena is one of the purpose-built resorts on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast and has a uniform and unique architectural style. Although it was built on an empty ground in the 1960s, now this is in fact a small resort town with its own downtown, streets, squares and even internal public transport — dedicated little "trains" circulate on schedule along their routes within the resort.

The resort is 5-km long, 150 m wide beach with fine sand. Sea depth does not exceed 1.6 metres at a distance up to 100–150 metres from the beach. The tourist season lasts from May till October.

The resort is named after a female character from a tale by Bulgarian writer Yordan Yovkov. Albena is a Bulgarian female given name.

Albena Peninsula on the Brabant Island in Antarctica is named after Albena.

Balchik Airfield

Balchik Airfield (ICAO: LBWB) is an airfield in Balchik, Bulgaria. It is considered a "certified airfield" by the Bulgarian Civil Aviation Administration.The airfield accepted its first international civil flight (a small private jet from Prague airport) on May 3, 2012.

Located on the Black Sea coast, north east of Varna. Home to a Krilo from 2 Army Polk in June 1941 and later 5 Bf 109Es of the Galata Fighter Orliak. Home to the 2nd Sqn of the 15th Fighter Air Regiment, 2nd Air Defence Division until 1994. Subsequently, home to 6th Fighter Air Base of the Air Defence Corps 1994-1998 with one MiG-21bis Sqn. Closed as a military base in 1998 and now used for charter flights and as a Sea Rescue Centre.

Runway data: Location: N43 25 25.54 E028 10 52.69, Elev: 660 ft (201 m), Rwy 16/34, Size: 8095 x 197 ft (2467 x 60 m).

Balchik Municipality

Balchik Municipality (Bulgarian: Община Балчик) is a municipality (obshtina) in Dobrich Province, Northeastern Bulgaria, located on the Northern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast in Southern Dobruja geographical region. It is named after its administrative centre - the town of Balchik.

The municipality embraces a territory of 523 km² with a population of 21,832 inhabitants, as of December 2009.The area is best known with the Balchik Palace complex in the main town as well as the luxury seaside resort of Albena.

The main road E87 crosses the municipality connecting the port of Varna with the Romanian port of Konstanza.

Balchik Palace

The Balchik Palace (Bulgarian: Дворец в Балчик, Dvorets v Balchik; Romanian: Castelul din Balcic) is a palace in the Bulgarian Black Sea town and resort of Balchik in Southern Dobruja. The official name of the palace was the Quiet Nest Palace. It was constructed between 1926 and 1937, during the Romanian control of the region, for the needs of Queen Marie of Romania. The palace complex consists of a number of residential villas, a smoking hall, a wine cellar, a power station, a monastery, a holy spring, a chapel and many other buildings, as well as most notably a park that is today a state-run botanical garden. Balchik Palace is 17 metres (56 ft) above sea level.

Daniel Gramatikov

Daniel Gramatikov (Bulgarian: Даниел Граматиков; born 9 March 1989) is a Bulgarian footballer who currently plays as a defender for Chernomorets Balchik.

Decree of Dionysopolis

The Decree of Dionysopolis was written around 48 BC by the citizens of Dionysopolis (today's Balchik, on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria) to Akornion, who traveled far away in a diplomatic mission to meet somebody's farther in Argedauon. The decree, a fragmentary marble inscription, is located in the National Historical Museum in Sofia.

Dobrich Province

Dobrich Province (Bulgarian: Област Добрич, Oblast Dobrich, former name Dobrich okrug) is a province in northeastern Bulgaria, part of Southern Dobruja geographical region. It is bounded on east by the Black Sea, on south by Varna Province, on west by Yambol & Sliven provinces, on north by Shumen & Varna provinces. It is divided into 8 municipalities. At the 2011 census, it had a population of 186,016.

FC Chernomorets Balchik

Chernomorets (Bulgarian: Черноморец) is a Bulgarian football club based in Balchik, that competes in the Second League, the second tier of Bulgarian football. The team plays its home games at the local Balchik Stadium with 3,200 seats.

Iliyan Kapitanov

Iliyan Kapitanov (Bulgarian: Илиян Капитанов; born 25 January 1992) is a Bulgarian footballer who plays as a winger for Litex Lovech.

Ivaylo Lazarov

Ivaylo Lazarov (Bulgarian: Ивайло Лазаров; born 11 April 1992) is a Bulgarian footballer who plays as a Midfielder for Dunav Ruse.

Mihail Venkov

Mihail Angelov Venkov (Bulgarian: Михаил Ангелов Венков; born 28 July 1983 in Sofia) is a Bulgarian footballer who plays as a defender for Dobrudzha Dobrich.

Obrochishte

Obrochishte is a village in Balchik Municipality, Dobrich Province, northeastern Bulgaria.

Petko Tsankov

Petko Tsankov (Bulgarian: Петко Цанков; born 19 December 1995) is a Bulgarian professional footballer who plays as a winger for Beroe Stara Zagora.

Todor Palankov

Todor Palankov (Bulgarian: Тодор Паланков; born 13 January 1984) is a Bulgarian footballer who plays as a defensive midfielder for Dobrudzha Dobrich.

Trayan Trayanov

Trayan Trayanov (Bulgarian: Траян Траянов; born 3 August 1987) is a Bulgarian football defender who plays for Chernomorets Balchik.

Viktor Mitev

Viktor Mitev (Bulgarian: Виктор Митев; born 30 November 1992) is a Bulgarian footballer who plays as a left winger for Chernomorets Balchik.

Yanaki Smirnov

Yanaki Smirnov (Bulgarian: Янаки Смирнов; born 20 December 1992) is a Bulgarian footballer who plays as a forward for Chernomorets Balchik.

Municipalities of Dobrich Province
Bulgaria Cities and towns of Bulgaria (2011 census)
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Notes
Dobrujan Black Sea coast
(Northern coast, Dobrich Province)
Moesian Black Sea coast
(Central coast, Varna Province)
Thracian Black Sea coast
(Southern coast, Burgas Province)
Villages
Landmarks
Culture
Notable people

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