Balasore district

Balasore District also known as Baleswar District or Baleshwar District, is an administrative district of Odisha state in eastern India. Balasore is one of the coastal Districts of Odisha. It lies on the northernmost part of the state. It was a part of the ancient Kalinga which later became a territory of Toshal or Utkal.

Balasore District covers an area of 3,634 km2 (1,403 sq mi) having total population of 2,317,419 as per 2011 census. The District is surrounded by Purba Medinipur and Paschim Medinipur district of West Bengal in its northern side, Bay of Bengal in its east, Bhadrak district in its south and Mayurbhanj and Kendujhar Districts lies on its western side. The District is located at 20.48 to 21.59 North Latitude and 86.16 to 87.29 east Longitude.

Balasore
District
Chandipur Beach
Chandipur Beach
Nickname(s): 
Granary of Odisha
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°30′N 86°54′E / 21.5°N 86.9°ECoordinates: 21°30′N 86°54′E / 21.5°N 86.9°E
Country India
StateOdisha
HeadquartersBalasore
Government
 • Collector & District MagistrateSri Ramesh Chandra Rout, OAS (SAG)
 • Superintendent of PoliceShri Banoth Jugal Kishore Kumar, IPS
Area
 • Total3,634 km2 (1,403 sq mi)
Elevation
90.08 m (295.54 ft)
Population
(2011[1])
 • Total2,317,419
 • Rank4
 • Density609/km2 (1,580/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
756 xxx
Telephone code06782
Vehicle registrationOD-01
Coastline81 kilometres (50 mi)
Sex ratio957 /
Literacy80.66%
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,583 millimetres (62.3 in)
Avg. summer temperature43.1 °C (109.6 °F)
Avg. winter temperature10.6 °C (51.1 °F)
Websitebaleswar.nic.in
General Information
Name of Parliamentary Constituency: Balasore
No. & Name of Assembly Constituency: 035-Jaleswar
036-Bhograi
037-Basta
038-Balasore
039-Remuna(SC)
040-Nilgiri
041-Soro(SC)
042- Simulia
Sub-Division: 2 (Balasore, Nilgiri)
Block: 12
Tahasil: 12
Municipality: 3
N.A.C.: 1
Gram Panchayat: 289
Village: 2971

Geography

Balasore district is located in the northeast of the state of Odisha and lies between 21° 3' to 21° 59' north latitude and 86° 20' to 87° 29' east longitude. The average altitude of the district is 19.08 metre. The district has a total area of 3634 km2. It is bounded by Midnapore district of West Bengal in its North, the Bay of Bengal in the east, Bhadrak district in the South and Mayurbhanj and Keonjhar districts on its western side.

Divisions

Balasore is the district headquarters. The district is further divided into 2 subdivisions, 12 blocks for undertaking developmental works in the rural areas, 12 tehsils for revenue and administrative purposes and 289 (257 old + 32 new) Gram Panchayats . Besides there are 4 towns consisting of 3 municipality and 1 NACs(Notified Area Councils). These local bodies look into civic aspects of urban areas. Also, there are 2971 villages, out of which 2602 are inhabited.

Transport

Balasore Railway Station falls en route on the main line connecting Chennai to Kolkata. NH 16 (erstwhile NH 5) runs through Balasore, and NH 60, which connects Balasore to Kolkata, is a four lane express way.

The nearest airport from Balasore is Biju Patnaik International Airport.

Balasore runs state Buses of (OSRTC) which provide point to point service from Kolkata to Bhubneswar (via Balasore).

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Balasore district has a population of 2,317,419,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Latvia[3] or the US state of New Mexico.[4] This gives it a ranking of 195th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 609 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,580/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.47%.[2] Balasore has a sex ratio of 957 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 80.66%.[2]

Languages

The primary language is Odia. Other languages include Bhunjia, spoken by approximately 7000 Bhunjia Adivasis[5] and Santali.

Politics

The district has 1 Loksabha constituency and 8 vidhan sabha constituencies.

Vidhan sabha constituencies

The following is the 8 Vidhan sabha constituencies[6][7] of Balasore district and the elected members[8] of that area:

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
35 Jaleswar None Jaleswar (NAC), Jaleswar, Basta (part) Aswini Patra Biju Janta Dal(BJD)
36 Bhogarai None Bhogarai Ananta Das BJD
37 Basta None Baliapal, Basta (part) Nityanad Das BJD
38 Balasore None Balasore (M), Balasore (part) Jiban Pradip Dash BJD
39 Remuna SC Remuna, Balasore (part) Govinda Das BJP
40 Nilagiri None Nilagiri (NAC), Nilagiri, Oupada, Bahanaga (part) Sukanta Kumar Nayak BJD
41 Soro SC Soro (NAC), Soro, Bahanaga (part) Parshuram Dhada BJD
42 Simulia None Simulia, Khaira Jyoti Prakash Panigrahi BJD

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/408-Balasore.html
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est.
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. New Mexico - 2,059,179
  5. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhunjia: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  6. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  7. ^ Seats of Odisha
  8. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME

External links

  • Balasore*
Balasore

Balasore or Baleshwar is a city in the state of Odisha, about 194 kilometres (121 mi) north of the state capital Bhubaneswar, in eastern India. It is the administrative headquarters of Balasore district. It is best known for Chandipur beach. The Indian Ballistic Missile Defense Program's Integrated Test Range is located 18 km south of Balasore. The spoken language in Balasore is Odia. It is the largest city of North Odisha.

Balasore (Lok Sabha constituency)

Balasore is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency in Odisha. Assembly constituencies which constitute this parliamentary constituency are: Baisinga, Khunta, Bhograi, Jaleswar, Basta, Balasore and Soro.

Balasore railway station

Balasore railway station serves Balasore and Chandipur in Balasore district in the Indian state of Odisha.

Baneswara Temple, Balasore

Baneswara Temple is a Hindu temple in Balasore, Odisha, India. It is one of the oldest in the city. The temple is maintained by group of people called Pujaka.

Bhadrak (Lok Sabha constituency)

Bhadrak Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 21 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Orissa

state in eastern India.

Chandaneswar

Chandaneshwar is famous for a Shiva temple in Chandaneswar, Baleswar, Odisha. A huge annual fair in the Solar New Year Pana Sankranti, the first day of the Odia calendar, is celebrated on the premises. A large number of pilgrimages from all over the country visit the temple during this period.

Chandipur, Odisha

Chandipur, also known as Chandipur-on-sea, is a sea resort in Baleswar District, Odisha, India. The resort is on the Bay of Bengal and is approximately 16 kilometers from the Baleswar Railway Station. The beach is unique in that the water recedes up to 5 kilometers during the ebb tide. Due to its unique circumstances, the beach supports bio-diversity. Horseshoe crab is also found here on the beach towards Mirzapur, the nearby fishing market and community at the confluence of the Budhabalanga River(Balaramgadi). It is a suitable picnic spot. One of Odisha Tourism's Panthanivas (guest house) is situated here.

Dehurda

Dehurda is a village in Balasore district, Odisha state, India.

Jaleswar

Jaleswar is a small town that belongs to Balasore district of state Odisha and is near to border of West Bengal. 'Jaleswar' town is a Municipality. And also Jaleswar block (consists of 144 villages and Jaleswar town (municipality) forms a state constituency along with Balipal Block.

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Bagudi

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Bagudi, Balasore, Odisha (JNV Bagudi or JNV Balasore) is an Indian public residential school in Bagudi village (near Mangalpur) of Soro block in the Balasore district, Odisha.

Government-run, it provides education to children predominantly from the rural areas and economically challenged families.

It was established and is managed by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (an autonomous organization of the Ministry of Human Resource Development and Department of Secondary Education and Higher Education). In accordance with the National Policy on Education (1986) of the government of India, the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Bagudi in the Balasore district was established during March 1987.

Kirtania port

Kirtania port (Odia: କିର୍ତାନିଆ ବନ୍ଦର) is a deep-water, all-weather port proposed to be constructed at the mouth of Subarnarekha River in Balasore district in the Indian state of Odisha.

List of constituencies of the Odisha Legislative Assembly

The following is the list of Vidhan sabha Constituencies of Odisha and the Elected Members

* representatives had contested the election with NCP ticket.

Mahishamardini Temple

Mahishamardini Temple Complex is in Shergarh, Balasore district, nearly 2.5 km from Balasore Phandi chowk. It is dedicated to goddess Mahishamardini. There are several broken images which are kept under the care of archaeological survey.

Marichi temple

Marichi Temple (Odia: ମାରିଚୀ ମନ୍ଦିର) is a Hindu and Buddhist temple located in Ajodhya, Baleswar, Odisha, India.

Nilagiri

Nilagiri is a town and a notified area committee in Balasore district in the Indian state of Odisha.

Nilgiri State

Nilagiri State was one of the Princely States of India during the British Raj. It belonged to the Orissa States Agency and its capital was at Raj Nilgiri, which is the modern town of Nilagiri.

The state was bounded in the north and west by the State of Mayurbhanj and in the south by Balasore District.

As of 1940 Nilgiri State had a population of 73,109 and an area of 263 square miles (680 km2). In 1949 it was merged into Balasore District.

Panchalingeshwar

Panchalingeshwar Temple (Odia: ପଞ୍ଚଲିଙ୍ଗେଶ୍ଵର) is in Balasore district of Odisha. It named after the five Shivalinga that are enshrined inside. The temple is on top of a hillock near the Nilagiri hill (not to be confused with that of Western Ghats).

The Shivalingas are said to have been enshrined by Sita, the wife of Lord Rama during their exile. Another story holds that King Banasura worshiped the Swayambhu Lingas at this place given its beauty. A perennial stream, which is the main attraction of the area, regularly washes the Shivalingas as it flows over them. To reach to the temple one has to lie flat on the rock parallel to the stream to touch and worship the lingas inside the water stream.

Soro, Balasore

Soro is a town and a municipality in Balasore district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is about 181 km from the capital of the state Bhubaneswar and 35 km from the district headquarters Balasore. Located on NH-16, the town is located midway between Balasore and Bhadrak towns.Soro along with neighboring towns contributes significantly towards the economy of Balasore district.

Talasari Beach

Talasari Beach is a beach in the Baleswar district of Odisha, India. It lies on the north-eastern coast of India.

The name Talasari is derived from the two words Tala (ତାଳ) (meaning Palm) and Sari/Sarani (ସାରି/ସାରଣୀ) (meaning row). The palm trees surrounding the place gives such a name to it. The word Tala also means rhythm, which is reflected in the sea waves lapping against the shore.

Places adjacent to Balasore district
Baleswar district
Constituencies
Towns and villages
Other districts
See also
Governance
Topics
GI Products
Districts and divisions
Cities

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