Balangir is a city and municipality, the headquarters of Balangir district in the state of Odisha, India. Balangir has a rich cultural heritage. It is also known as the cultural hub of Western Odisha. Balangir municipality is divided into twenty one wards. Each ward consists of two three Units or sub-areas called "Pada" or "Para". Balangir city has nearly forty "Pada's". Some of the largest "Padas" of Balangir city are Rugudi Pada, Behera Pali Pada, Sud Pada, Maal Pada, Tikra Pada, Radharani Pada, Sagar Pada, Pratapsagar pada, Talpali Pada,chiminivati pada, Kandhpali, Adarsha pada, Anand Nagar, Alok Nagar, Jagannath Pada, Thikadar Pada, Palaceline, Gandhinagar Pada, Shanti Pada, Barpali Pada, Tulsinagar Pada, Kansari Pada, Teligoth Pada, Radharani para, Club para, Khadal para, Rameshwar nagar, Rajendra para, A.B.S.S. road etc. Along with all these forts Balangir is also home to the Sailashree Palace, which had once served as the residence of the royal family of Balangir. It is also home to the Ordnance Factory Balangir which is run by the Ordnance Factories Board Ministry of Defence, Government of India to manufacture various types of products for the Indian Armed Forces. It is spread over an area of 12,200 acres (4,900 ha).
|• Body||Bolangir Municipality|
|• Member of Parliament||Kalikesh Narayan Singh Deo, (BJD)|
|• Member of Legislative Assembly||Narasingha Mishra, (INC)|
|Elevation||383 m (1,257 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||OD 03|
As of 2011 Census of India, Balangir had a population of 98,238. Males constitute 50,582 of the population and females 47,656. Most of the people are Hindus. However Christianity is the second largest population of Balangir city. Near about 21% , that means 30,000 people are believer of Jesus. Communicative language of Balangir is Sambalpuri and for education and official purpose Odia and English are mostly used.
Balangir was an obscure village till 1871 when the Court of Wards administration during the minority of the then ruler Ram Chandra Deo III shifted the capital from Patnagarh. Immediate steps were taken to build a planned township.
Patnagarh, which was the capital of the Kingdom of Patna for several centuries was considered unsuitable to be the state headquarters because of its unhealthy climate. The moats and the bamboo thickets which had long protected the place against enemies became breeding ground of mosquitoes causing widespread malaria. The place was also not on the direct road from Bhawanipatna to Sambalpur. So, Balangir was selected to be the headquarters not only because of its climate but also for its admirable location on the route connecting the headquarters of Sambalpur with that of Kalahandi.
The Plan of Balangir Town was prepared by Pandit Chintamani Bidyabhusan as a square town with roads crossing one another at right angles was accepted and the new township was constructed to the south of the old village.
Sir Douglas, the then Deputy Commissioner of Sambalpur, got the sanction of the government and transferred the Headquarters from Patnagarh to the new town of Balangir in 1872. Old Balangir is now known as Junha Dihi meaning the old house site.
Already in the 1871, the dispensary was built and some government offices moved to Balangir. The Court of Wards' administration lasted for 22 years, from 1871 to 1893 and during that period the jail building, the palace for the Maharaja and many office buildings were constructed. During the Kondh Rebellion of Kalahandi in 1882, the importance of Balangir increased as it became the main seat of operation against the rebellious Kondhs.
After the setup of Balangir town, the dowager Rani Amrut Kumari built the temple of Gopalji, the earliest temple of the town and caused to be excavated a large tank which was named Pratap Sagar after her husband Maharaja Surpratap Deo.
Maharaja Ramachandra Deo III established the first English school in Balangir sometime between 1893 and 1895. Maharaja Dalganjan Singh built the two storied court building and established the Dalganjan press. He made improvement of a big tank called Karanga Kata in the heart of the city and it was named after him as Dala Sagar. Also, during the rule of Maharaja Dalganjan Singh another defunct tank was re-excavated and was named as Rani Sagar bearing the memory of Rani Amrut Kumari. Also during his rei
A contactor named Parbat Bira of Kutch built by the time a beautiful temple of God Narasimha. Balangir grew in size and grandeur during the rule of Maharaja Prithiviraj Singh Deo who established the High School, which was later known as Prithviraj High School (P R High School), a Sanskrit Tol, the George Literary Club and the fine temple of Samaleswari and Patneswari. The construction of the new palace building then known as Badal Mahal was undertaken by him about two miles to the south of the city by the side of the road leading to Titlagarh. It was later named as Sailashri Palace. Prior to this the royal palace was situated at the heart of the city and was known as Sheesh Mahal (currently known as Old Palace).
During the administration of Maharaja Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo the city was beautified by laying out Rajendra Park and by the Rajendra Experimental Farm and construction of several fine buildings. The X-ray ward, the maternity ward and the Dairy farm were started and a Museum for preservation of antiquities was also organised. Balangir had its first college, Rajendra College Balangir in 1944. In 1962 the Women's College was started by member of parliament and Rajya Sabha member Sri Krushna Chandra Panda of Rugudi Para, who also established the Govt. Ayurvedic College, Town Boys High School and Town Girls High School amongst many other educational institute. The city is situated on the right bank of the Lakshmi, a hill-stream which flows in her rocky bed in serpentine course. The stream has been bridged at five places as the city is expanding on the left bank.
Religious places of Hindu religion
There are hundred of temples in Balangir town. Each and every Pada has one or more temples. Following are some of the Most Popular and important temples of Balangir Town.
Religious places of other religion/sects
Balangir City is famous for Sambalpuri Sarees and dress materials. One can get wide varieties of sambalpuri materials here with best rates, from Sambalpuri bedsheets to Sambalpuri pata sarees which costs in thousands and lakhs. There are a good range of cloth retailer in a market named sindhi market. Balangir Market is also famous throughout India for its cabbage. It is the best breed cabbage with the cheapest rates. Balangir is also famous for Sambalpuri Music albums. There are numerous production house in Balangir who are engaged in producing Sambalpuri Music albums. Each year on an average 100 Sambalpuri album is getting released in Balangir. Balangir is also famous for its local cuisine or snacks, like Chaul bara, Chaka peeta, piajee, pantua, gaham bara(Gulgula), labangalata, chena gaaja etc. A daily market is situated at the heart of Balangir City. It is famous for all kinds of daily needs. There are sweets stores named Raj Mandir, Ashok Hotel, Royal Sweets, OM Sweets which are very famous for various kinds of sweets item especially Chhena Poda and Laddus etc.Various hotels and local restaurants serves delicious local foods as well as other foods
The Nuagaon Airport is the nearest airport to the city while Swami Vivekananda Airport at Raipur, Chhattisgarh is 234 km away. Biju Patnaik International Airport in the state capital, Bhubaneswar is 327 km away by road and 397 km by rail. The upcoming airport in Jharsuguda is around 180 km from Balangir.
A new 289 km long railway line from Bolangir to Khurda Road junction was sanctioned in 1993 and its foundation stone was laid in June 2001 but there has been very little progress in construction of this railway line. Out of 289 km length, 22 km is in Bolangir district. Even all the land required for the railway line has not been acquired until the end of 2011.
Bolangir is connected by road to the state capital Bhubaneswar which is 327 km in the west. It is also connected to Cuttack, Rourkela, Dhenkanal and other important cities in Odisha.
There are several project continuing in bolangir district for the need of people in this region.
Lower Suktel Irrigation Project is a major irrigation scheme, proposed across the river Suktel, a tributary of river Tel, a major right tributary of river Mahanadi in Odisha. The Environment Clearance to the project was given by the Ministry of Environment and Forest in 1998. The dam site is located around 20 km from the Bolangir town which will submerge more than 30 villages. The project work had been halted by the immense protests from ‘Lower Suktel Budi Ancahal Sangram Parishad’ (LSBASP) and its members. They were protesting against the displacement and inadequate compensation given to the land losers of the project. The project includes Construction of a 1410m long and 30m high Earthen Dam with a Spillway of 177m long, to be located centrally across the Suktel.There are two main Canals, the right main canal taking off from right dyke having a length of 23.84 km and the left main canal taking off from earth dam having a length of 10.76 km including the length of two of distributaries of about 35 km. The total command area of the Project is 31830 hector in 189 villages jointly in Bolangir and Sonepur District. On completion, the project will irrigate 29841 hector in Bolangir district spreading over 177 villages and 12 villages in Sonepur district. Further this project will supply 20 Cusecs of drinking water to Bolangir city. The project under implementation with Central loan assistance from Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Program (AIBP) under the Long Term Action Plan (LTAP) of K.B.K. region at an estimated cost of Rs. 217.13 Crores at 1994 Price level. The revised estimate of the project amounting to Rs.1041.81 Crores has been approved by the Central Water Commission (At 2009 Price Level) on 9 November 2010. The construction and development work is being operated by Odisha Construction Corporation Limited.
in 1998 govt approve for Lower suktel.but the project was only up to paper till 2012.Mr. Gopalji Panigrahi created a committee ACTION COMMITTEE.and start demanding for Lowersukel.He has done hunger strike.when his health becoming severe govt. hear his demand and lower suktel project is now progressing.he admitted in Burla for his treatment. according to him Balangir is drought full area.lower suktel will save much water for cultivation. now he is demanding for a bypass road on balangir.Balangir is becoming rush nowadays.so a by pass road is required.hope govt will soon approve this
Khurda- Bolangir Rail Line was proposed on 1992 and after 20 years the project is still continuing. the construction work continued to be hindered due to lack of fund. The Chief Minister announced that the state government will fund 50% of the total cost to construct the Khurda Bolangir railway project
Balangir Lok Mahotsav (Odia: ବଲାଙ୍ଗୀର ଲୋକ ମହୋତ୍ସବ) is generally held in every winter (Dec-Jan) in the Balangir town.Balangir district
Balangir District, also called Bolangir District, is a district situated in the western region of Odisha, in India. The district has an area of 5,165 km², and a population of 1,335,760 (2001 census). The town of Balangir is the district headquarters. The composition of the land is predominantly rural. Other important big & small towns in Balangir district are Titlagarh, Patnagarh, Kantabanji, Loisingha, Saintala, Belpada, Tushra, Agalpur, Deogaon, Chudapali, Biripali, Bhalumunda, Bangomunda, Sindhekela, Turekela.Balangir railway station
Balangir railway station is a railway station which serves Balangir district in Indian state of Odisha.Bolangir (Lok Sabha constituency)
Bolangir Lok Sabha constituency (Odia: ବଲାଙ୍ଗୀର ଲୋକସଭା ନିର୍ବାଚନ ମଣ୍ଡଳୀ) is one of the 21 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Odisha state in eastern India.Goddess Maheshwari
Goddess Maheshwari is another name of Hindu goddess Parvati, the wife of lord Shiva. She is also the presiding deity of Dumal community of Western Orissa.Harishankar Temple
Sri Sri Harisankar Devasthana(Odia: ଶ୍ରୀ ହରିଶଙ୍କର ମନ୍ଦିର), is a temple on the slopes of Gandhamardhan hills, Odisha in India. It is popular for its scenes of nature and connection to two Hindu lords, Vishnu and Shiva. As a holy place, along with a stream passing on the granite bed, it has given some visitors a feeling of peace. On the opposite of side of the Gandhamardhan hills is the temple of Nrusinghanath. The plateau between the two temples has been found to have ancient Buddhist ruins, which are considered to be remnants of the ancient Parimalgiri University.Indralath Temple
Indralath Temple (Odia: ଇନ୍ଦ୍ରଲାଠ ଦେଉଳ) is dedicated to Shiva and is situated in Bangomunda block near Ranipur-Jharial in Balangir district. It was supposed that Indra first worshipped lord Shiva here and erected a temple.Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Belpada
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Belpada is a residential co-educational learning institution situated in the Belpada village of the Bolangir district of the Indian state of Odisha.
It provides education from Classes 6 to 12. It has two streams, Science and Arts in senior secondary level.
It was established and is managed by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, which is an autonomous organization of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, and Department of Secondary Education and Higher Education.Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line
The Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line is a railway line in eastern India. It connects Jharsuguda, on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line, and Titlagarh, which in turn is connected with Vizianagaram, on the Howrah-Chennai main line, and Raipur, on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. There are several branch lines, like the one connecting Rayagada with Koraput on the Kothavalasa-Kirandul line. The line traverses western Odisha and connects the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line with the Howrah-Chennai main line. It covers small portions of Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh.Kalasi Jatra
Kalasi Jatra or Kailasi Jatra is a Hindu festival observed in the Boudh, Subarnapur and Balangir district of Kosal region of Odisha, India. This festival is celebrated on the holy month of Kartika. During this festival the goddess is taken out from the worshiping centre to outside in a big musical procession. The devotees pray the goddess and the celebration takes place until late night. It is considered a festival of tribal origin and emphasizes the fact that the Kosal region is known for its Shakti and tantric culture.Kosli drama
Sambalpuri drama are a typical drama performance in Sambalpuri Odia language of western Orissa , India.National Highway 57 (India)
National Highway 57 (NH 57)(previously known NH 224) is a National Highway in India connecting Balangir and Khordha in the state of Odisha.Nuagaon Airport
Bolangir Airstrip (IATA: VE63) is a private/public airstrip located at Tusura in the Balangir district of Odisha. Nearest airport/airstrip to this airstrip is Utkela Airstrip in Bhawanipatna, Odisha.Patna (princely state)
Patna (Odia: ପଟନା), or Patnagarh, was a princely state in the Central Provinces of India during the British Raj. It had its capital at Balangir (Bolangir). Its area was 6,503 km2 (2,511 sq mi).Rajendra College Balangir
Rajendra College (Autonomous), Balangir(Odia: ରାଜେନ୍ଦ୍ର କଲେଜ (ସ୍ୱୟଂଶାସିତ), ବଲାଙ୍ଗିର)is in Balangir town in the state of Odisha, India. It was upgraded to a degree college in July 1946 by offering B.A. (pass) class. It became a full-fledged degree college after the affiliation of Commerce Faculty (B.Com. class) in 1964-65 and Science faculty (B.Sc. class) in 1965-66. From 1978-79 it started offering post graduate courses in Arts, Science and Commerce. From 1967 to 2002 this college was under Sambalpur University.
Currently, it is an autonomous Institution as declared by U.G.C. The college is NAAC accredited as B++.Sulia Jatra
Sulia Jatra is celebrated in the village of Khairguda, situated in Balangir district, Western Odisha. It is widely reported that thousands of animals and birds are sacrificed during this festival which takes place on the second Tuesday of the month of Pausha.Titlagarh
Titlagarh (also known as Titilagarh) is a town and Municipality in Balangir district in the Indian state of Odisha.Western Odisha
Western Odisha is a territory in western part of Odisha, India, extending from the Kalahandi district in the south to the Sundargarh district in the northwest. Western Odisha includes the districts of Sambalpur, Bargarh, Nuapada, Balangir, Sonepur
It is a vast geographical area, exhibiting a great degree of cultural uniformity in terms of demography and life-style.
This geographical area is also recognised by state government of Odisha as the area under Western Odisha Development Council (WODC). The Sonepur, Balangir, Nuapada, and Kalahandi districts of this region are also part of the Kalahandi Balangir Koraput or "KBK" area, noted for its high death rate from starvation and poverty.
2 February is observed as the Western Odisha day.
1 August is observing as "Sambalpuri Din"/"Sambalpuri Day".Western Odisha Development Council–sponsored medical colleges
The Western Odisha Development Council sponsors upcoming medical colleges (also called WODC Medical Colleges) in Balangir, Kalahandi and Sundergarh district of Western Odisha. These medical colleges are partly sponsored by the Western Odisha Development Council in India.