Balaghat district

Balaghat district (Hindi: बालाघाट ज़िला) is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in Central India. The town of Balaghat serves as its administrative headquarters.

Balaghat is known for tile factories and rice mills.

Balaghat district
Location of Balaghat district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Balaghat district in Madhya Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
Administrative divisionJabalpur
HeadquartersBalaghat
Tehsils11i.e. Balaghat, Baihar, Waraseoni, Katangi, Lalbarra, Lanji, Khairlanji, Kirnapur, Birsa, Paraswada, Tirodi.
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesBalaghat
Area
 • Total9,245 km2 (3,570 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total1,701,156
 • Density180/km2 (480/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy78.29 per cent
 • Sex ratio1021
Major highwaysS.H. 26, S.H. 11, S.H. 53 and few part of N.H. 12A
WebsiteOfficial website

History

At the beginning of the 18th century, the district was divided among two Gond kingdoms; the portion of the district west of the Wainganga was part of the Gond kingdom of Deogarh, while the eastern portion was part of the Garha-Mandla kingdom.[1]

The Deogarh kingdom was annexed by the Bhonsle Marathas of Nagpur in 1743, and shortly thereafter conquered all but the northern section of the district. This section, together with the rest of the Garha-Mandla kingdom, was annexed in 1781 to the Maratha province of Saugor, then under control of the Maratha Peshwa. In 1798 the Bhonsles also obtained the former Garha-Mandla territories.[1]

In 1818, at the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Maratha War, The Nagpur kingdom became a princely state of British India. In 1853, the Nagpur kingdom, including Balaghat District, was annexed by the British, and became the new province of Nagpur. Balaghat District was then divided among the British districts of Seoni and Bhandara. Nagpur Province was reorganized into the Central Provinces in 1861.[1]

Balaghat District was constituted during the years 1867 by amalgamation of parts of the Bhandara, Mandla and Seoni districts. The headquarters of the district was originally called "Burha" or "बूढ़ा". Later, however, this name fell into disuse and was replaced by "Balaghat", which was originally the name of the district only. Administratively, the district was divided into only two tehsils, Baihar tehsil in the north, which included the plateau region, and Balaghat tehsil in south, which included the more settled lowlands in the south. The new district was part of the Central Provinces' Nagpur Division.[1]

In the middle of the 19th century, the upper part of the district was a lightly settled, and an ancient Buddhist temple of cut stone is suggestive of a civilization which had disappeared before historic times.[2] The first deputy-commissioner of the district, Colonel Bloomfield is believed as the pioneer or the Creator of Balaghat District whom encouraged the settlement of Baihar tehsil with Panwar Rajput from the Wainganga Valley. About that time one Lachhman Panwar established the first villages on the Paraswara plateau. Malanjkhand is a copper mine in the region.[1]

In 1868-1869 the rains ceased a month before time, causing the failure of the lowland rice crop and a famine.[1] The district suffered very severely from the famine of 1896-1897,[2] when the output of all crops fell to only 17 percent of normal. The district suffered again in 1899-1900, when the rice crop failed again, falling to only 23 percent of normal. The population in 1901 was 326,521, having decreased 15% in the decade 1891-1901, due to the effects of famine.[1]

At the beginning of the 20th century, the district had only 15 miles (24 km) of paved roads, together with 208 miles (335 km) of unpaved roads. The Jabalpur-Gondia railway line through the district was completed in 1904, with six stations in the district.[1]

After Indian Independence in 1947, the Central Provinces became the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. In 1956, Balaghat District became part of the Jabalpur Division of Madhya Pradesh, when the districts to the south of Balaghat, including Gondia, Bhandara, and Nagpur districts, were transferred to Bombay State.

Balaghat District is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[3] Balaghat district was constituted during the years 1867–1873 by amalgamation of parts of the Bhandara, Mandia, and Seoni Districts. Its name signifies “above the ghats” and is due to the fact that the original purpose of Government in constituting the District was to effect the colonization of the tracts above the ghats.The headquarters of the District was originally called Burha or बूढ़ा. Later, however, this name fell into disuse and was replaced by ‘Balaghat’ which was originally the name of the District only.

In MP Balaghat district has significant mineral deposits and a number of forests. Balaghat comes under the Bhandara dist. Raghuji is the first Maratha who came to this place from Kirnapur Side.

In 1845, DALHOUSIE started the tradition of adoption (गोद लेने की प्रथा ). Through this tradition states of the GOND emperors were added to the BRITISH states, at that time the actual name of this place was BARAHGHAT. For the fixing of this name the name a proposal was sent to the capital of that time Calcutta before 1911. The name Barahghat drives because all the names of hills contain the word ghat, In which Masen Ghat, Kanjai Ghat, Ranrama Ghat, Basa Ghat, Dongri Ghat, Selan Ghat, Bhaisana Ghat, Saletekri Ghat, Dongaria Ghat, Kavahrgarh ghat, Ahmadpur ghat, Teepagarh Ghat are important. When this word was sent to Calcutta it merged with ANGL word and the name was Baraghat. When this was returned from there the name changed "L" as Balaghat means in the position of "R" which was permitted. and the District got its name as Balaghat. On 1 November 1956 it was declared as Independent District of newly created State of Madhya Pradesh.

Geography

Balaghat District is located in the southern part of Jabalpur Division. It occupies the south eastern portion of the Satpura Range and the upper valley of the Wainganga River. The district extends from 21°19' to 22°24' north latitude and 79°31' to 81°3' east longitude. The total area of the district is 9,245 km². Balaghat District is bounded by Mandla District of Madhya Pradesh to the north, Dindori District to the northwest, Rajnandgaon District of Chhattisgarh state to the east, Gondia and Bhandara districts of Maharashtra state to the south, and Seoni District of Madhya Pradesh to the west. the Main language spoken in district is Hindi, Gondi, Chattishgarhi and Pawari in Baihar & Ukwa, Pawari in paraswada, Northern parts of Balaghat tehsil and Bharveli, Kalari in Lanji & kirnapur, Pawari in western parts i.e. Waraseoni, Katangi & Lalbarra and Marathi in the southern part of district.

The Wainganga and its tributaries are the most important rivers in the district. The town of Balaghat is situated on the Bank of River Wainganga, which flows north to south through the district and Enters in Balaghat District by Merging with Thanwar river near Nainpur of Mandla District. The Bagh, Nahra and Uskal rivers are tributaries of the Wainganga.[2] The Bawanthadi and Bagh rivers define the boundary with Maharashtra.

The southern part of the Vindhyan Range up to Katangi is called Lower Bhander Range. Beyond this point the escarpment enclosing the land-locked valley of Sirampur and the hill range in continuation is called the Kaimur Range.[4]

Geographically the district is divided into three parts:

  • The southern lowlands, a slightly undulating plain, cultivated and drained by the Wainganga, Bagh, Deo, Ghisri and Son rivers.[2]
  • The long narrow valley known as the Mau Taluka, lying between the hills and the Wainganga river, and comprising a long, narrow, irregular-shaped lowland tract, intersected by hill ranges and peaks covered with dense jungle, and running generally from north to south.[2]
  • The plateau, in which is situated the Raigarh Bichhia tract, comprising irregular ranges of hills, broken into numerous valleys, and generally running from east to west. The highest points in the hills of the district are as follows: - Peaks above Lanji, 2300 or 2,500 feet (760 m); Tepagarh hill, about 2,600 ft (790 m).; and Bhainsaghat range, about 3,000 ft (910 m). above the sea. The Banjar, Halon and Jamunia rivers, tributaries of the Narmada, drain a portion of the upper plateau.[2]

Economy

About 80% of the manganese production in India comes from Balaghat District. The recently discovered copper deposit at Malanjkhand is regarded as the largest in the country. Bauxite, Kyanite, Marble, Dolomite, Clay and limestone are the other main minerals of the district.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Balaghat one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]

Divisions

Administratively, the district is divided into ten development blocks/Tehsils viz : Balaghat, Baihar, Birsa, Paraswada, Katangi, Waraseoni, Lalbarra, Khairlanji, Lanji, and Kirnapur.

Transport

The Jabalpur - Balaghat section of South East Central Railway runs north to south through the district, along the valley of the Satpura Mountains and Wainganga River valley . The line was formerly narrow gauge (2 ft 6 in (762 mm)) for its entire length, but the section between Balaghat to Gondia was converted to broad gauge in 2005–06, connecting Balaghat to India's national broad gauge network for the first time. Work is underway to convert the Balaghat-Jabalpur section to broad gauge as well. A Broad gauge line runs to west from Balaghat to Katangi. And there is a line to Bharveli for Maganese transport

Balaghat is directly connected by bus with larger cities such as Bhopal, Nagpur, Indore Jabalpur, Raipur, Durg etc.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Balaghat District has a population of 1,701,156,[6] roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia[7] or the US state of Nebraska.[8] This gives it a ranking of 288th in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 184 inhabitants per square kilometre (480/sq mi) .[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–11 was 13.56%.[6] Balaghat has a sex ratio of 1021 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 78.29%.[6]

As per the 2001 Census, the total population of the district is 1,497,968, of which 1,236,083 is rural population and 129,787 is urban. Out of the total population, 113,105 are Scheduled Caste and 298,665 are Scheduled Tribes. The no. of males was 682,260 and the no. of females was 683,610. According to the District website the total area of the district is 9245 km², making the population density 162 persons per km².

In the 1991 Census, the total population of the district was 1,365,870.

Flora and fauna

About 80% of the district's area is covered with forest. and also the District of Madhya Pradesh which has maximum Forest Density. Teak (Tectona grandis), sal (Shorea robusta), bamboo and saja are the main trees. Fauna includes tiger, leopard, bear, nilgai, deer, and gaur, and birds like peacock, Red Bulbul and Koyal. Kanha National Park (Mukki) lies in the district.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Hunter 1908,.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Chisholm 1911.
  3. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  4. ^ Bhargava, Archana. "Resources and planning for economic development". p. 19. Google books. Retrieved 2010-07-11.
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est.
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nebraska 1,826,341

External links

References

  • Hunter, William Wilson (Sir); et al. (1908). Imperial Gazetteer of India. 6. 1908-1931. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. ??.
Attribution

Coordinates: 21°58′N 80°20′E / 21.967°N 80.333°E

Baihar

Baihar is a town and a nagar panchayat in Balaghat district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India.Baihar is famous for various places like Shyarpath, Babamandi, Dhaba temple, etc. Baihar is surrounded by hills and forests. Baihar is the birth place of many celebrities like Mustak khan, Pragya Jaiswal, Anand Bais, Shivanshu Awadhiya,Daspreet kaur and it also famous for KANHA NATIONAL PARK because it is situated less distance form baihar.

Balaghat

Balaghat is a city and a municipality in Balaghat district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Balaghat District. Wainganga River flows beside the town.

Balaghat (Lok Sabha constituency)

Balaghat Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: बालाघाट लोक सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 29 Lok Sabha constituencies in Madhya Pradesh state in central India. This constituency covers the entire Balaghat district and part of Seoni district.

Balaghat Junction railway station

Balaghat Railway Station is situated on the Jabalpur-Nainpur-Gondia section of South East Central Railway, in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Rail routes through the junction include routes towards Jabalpur, Gondia, Katangi on the Satpura Railway. The "10001 Satpura Express", a narrow-gauge train, was started in 1901 by the British Government and completed 100 years of service in 2001. This train used to hold the unique distinction of operating first class service on narrow-gauge track; it is the world's fastest narrow-gauge train.

The line was formerly narrow gauge (2 ft 6 in (762 mm)) throughout its entire length, but the section between Balaghat–Gondia was converted to broad gauge in 2005–2006, connecting Balaghat to India's national network for the first time. Work is underway to convert the Balaghat–Jabalpur section to broad gauge.

The Jabalpur–Balaghat–Gondia section of the Bengal Nagpur Railway (earlier called BNR and now South) is undergoing conversion. The 78802 katangi gondia demu section now operates Diesel–electric multiple unit (DEMU) train.Its timing of arrival from balaghat at 9:05 AM.The route from Balaghat to Katangi was converted from narrow gauge to broad gauge on 6 May 2010 and the route from Katangi to Tirodi is in its preliminary survey; its distance is about 12 km, with a short route to Nagpur from Balaghat via Tumsar. Balaghat also has a branch line towards Bharveli.

Mines operated by MOIL Limited in the eastern part of the city use the system to transport manganese ore.

Since the station is not on the main line, people have to depend on Gondia railway station.

Bharveli

Bharveli is a census town in Balaghat district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India.

Bodh Singh Bhagat

Bodhsingh Bhagat is an Indian politician belonging to Bharatiya Janata Party and Member of parliament in 16th Loksabha From Balaghat (Lok Sabha constituency).

He is a former member of Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly elected from Khairlanji constituency in Balaghat district. He is vice-president of the state unit Bharatiya Kisan Sangh. Bhagat comes from a very down to earth farmer family.

He started his political career with being the Sarpanch of his village Ghubargondi. Bhagat broke the record and defeated a 4 time MLA and RPI Leader, minister of that time Doman Singh Nagpure.

He was in the controversy when he was at a fued with the ex Minister and MLA of Balaghat Gauri Shankar Bisen during a party program in Malanjkhand.

Dandakaranya

Dandakaranya is a spiritually significant region in India. It is roughly equivalent to the Bastar division in the Chhattisgarh state in the central-east part of India. It covers about 92,200 square kilometres (35,600 sq mi) of land, which includes the Abujhmar Hills in the west and the Eastern Ghats in the east, including regions of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Odisha states. It spans about 300 kilometres (200 mi) from north to south and about 500 kilometres (300 mi) from east to west. Dandakaranya roughly translates from Sanskrit to "The Jungle (aranya) of Punishment (dandakas").

The Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh and Bhandara, Gondia and Gadchiroli districts of Maharashtra are part of the ancient region Dandakaranya.

Hirapur, Balaghat

Hirapur is a census town in Balaghat district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Katangi

Katangi is a town and a Nagar Palika Parishad in Balaghat District in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Lalbarra

Lalbarra, alternatively Lalburra tehsil, is a tehsil (sub-district) of Balaghat district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located on State Highway 26, on the edge of Pench National Park. Its Postal Index Number is 481441.

Mahkepar Road railway station

Mahkepar Road railway station (Hindi: महकेपार रोड रेल स्थानक) serves Mahkepar and surrounding villages in the Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh, India.

Malaj Khand

Malaj Khand is a town and a municipality in Balaghat district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. This town has the biggest open copper mines in Asia and most of its population are the employed by the mines.

Malanjkhand

Malanjkhand also referred to as MCP (acronym for Malanjkhand Copper Project) is an open-pit copper mine in India, located near the town of Malanjkhand, 90 kilometres (56 mi) northeast of Balaghat in Madhya Pradesh, at an altitude of 576 MRL. It falls in the tehsil of Baihar, which is 22 kilometres (14 mi) from the project, on the way to Balaghat, Madhya Pradesh State.It is located nearby to Kanha National Park.It is the largest base metal mine in India. Closepet series of the Dharwarian formation is prominent there. It is the main source of copper to Malanjkhand Copper plant functioning there. Besides copper, quartzite, copper pyrite and magniferous rocks are other important minerals sources found in Malanjkhand. The place is home of about 10,000 people. MCP though small place have communities i.e. social communities from all parts of India that is Maharashtra,Bengal,Kerala,Andhra, Bihar, etc. and they have their groups which are more popularly referred to as Samaj.

Mushtaq Khan

Mushtaq Khan is an Indian versatile film and television actor and comedian, who has worked in several Bollywood films in a career spanning three decades. He is best known for his roles in films like Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke (1993), Jodi No.1 (2001) and Welcome (2007).Mushtaq was born in Baihar town of Balaghat district Madhya Pradesh.

Sukli railway station

Sukli Railway Station serves Sukli and surrounding villages in Balaghat District of Madhya Pradesh, India.

Tirodi

Tirodi is a census town in Balaghat district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Tirodi railway station

Tirodi Railway Station serves Tirodi and surrounding villages in Balaghat District of Madhya Pradesh, India.

Ukwa

Ukwa is a census town in Balaghat district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Waraseoni

Waraseoni(वारासिवनी) is a tehsil (administrative division) and Nagar Palika Parishad (municipality) in Balaghat district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is situated 16 km (10 mi) from the district headquarters.

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