Bakarkhani

Bakarkhani or Baqarkhani (Urdu: باقرخانی‎, Hindi: बाक़रख़ानी), also known as bakar khani roti, is a thick, spiced flat-bread that is part of the Mughlai cuisine of the Indian subcontinent. This Mughali bread travelled all the way from the Central Asia to the Indian subcontinent during the time of the Mughals.[1] Bakarkhani is prepared on certain Muslim religious festivals and is now popular as sweet bread.[2]

Bakarkhani is almost biscuit-like in texture, with a hard crust. The chief ingredients are flour, semolina, sugar, molasses soaked in saffron, poppy or nigella seeds, salt, and ghee (clarified butter). Bakarkhani is part of Awadhi cuisine, Kashmiri cuisine, Mughlai cuisine, as well as the wider Indian cuisine, Pakistani cuisine, and Bangladeshi cuisine.

Bakarkhani
Bakarkhani
Bakarkhani being made in Dhaka, Bangladesh. They can be seen lining the walls of the Tandoor oven.
Alternative namesbaqerkhani, bakar khani roti
Place of originIndian subcontinent
Main ingredientsDough, ghee, milk, sugar (optional)
Variations7 types

Preparation

Bakarkhani cookies
A plate of bakarkhani

Bakerkhani is made by kneading together flour, ghee, in some cases cardamom, sugar and salt with water. The dough is then flattened. The bread is made by stretching a sheet of dough repeatedly and interleaving with ghee, molasses, saffron water, poppy or nigella seeds before baking on a tandoor or tawa girdle.

In Kashmir

Kashmiri Bakarkhani has a special place in Kashmiri cuisine. It is a thinner variety similar to a round naan in appearance, but crisp and layered, and sprinkled with sesame seeds.[3]

Kashmiri bakarkhani is typically consumed hot, during breakfast oftenly with noon chai.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Bakarkhani, only a sweet memory now
  2. ^ Local pizza, Bakarkhani bread gaining popularity
  3. ^ "Culture of Anantnag". District Anantnag J&K. Archived from the original on 2009-06-19.
  4. ^ "Kashmir has special confectionary - Thaindian News". Thaindian.com. 2008-03-13. Retrieved 2013-07-18.
Bangladesh

Bangladesh (; Bengali: বাংলাদেশ Bangladesh [ˈbaŋladeʃ] (listen), lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh), is a country in South Asia. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma). The country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area. Bangladesh is the world's eighth most populous country as well as its most densely-populated, to the exclusion of small island nations and city-states. Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagong, which has the country's largest port. Bangladesh forms the largest and easternmost part of the Bengal region. Bangladeshis include people from a range of ethnic groups and religions. Bengalis, who speak the official Bengali language, make up 98% of the population. The politically dominant Bengali Muslims make the nation the world's third largest Muslim-majority country. Islam is the official religion of Bangladesh.Most of Bangladesh is covered by the Bengal delta, the largest delta on Earth. The country has 700 rivers and 8,046 km (5,000 mi) of inland waterways. Highlands with evergreen forests are found in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country. Bangladesh has many islands and a coral reef. The longest unbroken natural sea beach of the world, Cox's Bazar Beach, is located in the southeast. It is home to the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world. The country's biodiversity includes a vast array of plant and wildlife, including endangered Bengal tigers, the national animal.

The Greeks and Romans identified the region as Gangaridai, a powerful kingdom of the historical Indian subcontinent, in the 3rd century BCE. Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which enjoyed international trade links for millennia. The Bengal Sultanate and Mughal Bengal transformed the region into a cosmopolitan Islamic imperial power between the 14th and 18th centuries. The region was home to many principalities that made use of their inland naval prowess. It was also a notable center of the global muslin and silk trade. As part of British India, the region was influenced by the Bengali renaissance and played an important role in anti-colonial movements. The Partition of British India made East Bengal a part of the Dominion of Pakistan; and renamed it as East Pakistan. The region witnessed the Bengali Language Movement in 1952 and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. After independence was achieved, a parliamentary republic was established. A presidential government was in place between 1975 and 1990, followed by a return to parliamentary democracy. The country continues to face challenges in the areas of poverty, education, healthcare, and corruption.

Bangladesh is a middle power and a developing nation. Listed as one of the Next Eleven, its economy ranks 43rd in terms of nominal gross domestic product and 29th in terms of purchasing power parity. It is one of the largest textile exporters in the world. Its major trading partners are the European Union, the United States, China, India, Japan, Malaysia and Singapore. With its strategically vital location between South, East and Southeast Asia, Bangladesh is an important promoter of regional connectivity and cooperation. It is a founding member of SAARC, BIMSTEC, the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation and the Bangladesh Bhutan India Nepal Initiative. It is also a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Commonwealth of Nations, the Developing 8 Countries, the OIC, the Indian-Ocean Rim Association, the Non Aligned Movement, the Group of 77 and the World Trade Organization. Bangladesh is one of the largest contributors to United Nations peacekeeping forces.

Bangladeshi cuisine

Bangladeshi cuisine (Bengali: বাংলাদেশের রান্না) is the national cuisine of Bangladesh. Bangladeshi cuisine has been shaped by the diverse history and river-line geography of Bangladesh. The country has a tropical monsoon climate.

Bengal

Bengal (; Bengali: বাংলা/বঙ্গ, translit. Bānglā/Bôngô Bengali pronunciation: [bɔŋgo]) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in South Asia, specifically in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal. Geographically, it is made up by the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta system, the largest such formation in the world; along with mountains in its north bordering the Himalayan states of Nepal and Bhutan and east bordering Burma.

Politically, Bengal is currently divided between Bangladesh (which covers two-thirds of the region) and the Indian territories of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley (altogether cover the remaining one-third). In 2011, the population of Bengal was estimated to be 250 million, making it one of the most densely populated regions in the world. Among them, an estimated 160 million people live in Bangladesh and 91.3 million people live in West Bengal. The predominant ethnolinguistic group is the Bengali people, who speak the Indo-Aryan Bengali language. Bengali Muslims are the majority in Bangladesh and Bengali Hindus are the majority in West Bengal and Tripura, while Barak Valley contains almost equal proportions of Bengali Hindus and Bengali Muslims. Outside Bengal proper, the Indian territories of Jharkhand, Bihar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are also home to significant communities of Bengalis.

Dense woodlands, including hilly rainforests, cover Bengal's northern and eastern areas; while an elevated forested plateau covers its central area. In the littoral southwest are the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest and home of the Bengal tiger. In the coastal southeast lies Cox's Bazar, the longest beach in the world at 125 km (78 mi). The region has a monsoon climate, which the Bengali calendar divides into six seasons.

At times an independent regional empire, Bengal was a leading power in Southeast Asia and later the Islamic East, with extensive trade networks. In antiquity, its kingdoms were known as seafaring nations. Bengal was known to the Greeks as Gangaridai, notable for mighty military power. It was described by Greek historians that Alexander the Great withdrew from India anticipating a counterattack from an alliance of Gangaridai. Later writers noted merchant shipping links between Bengal and Roman Egypt.

The Bengali Pala Empire was the last major Buddhist imperial power in the subcontinent, founded in 750 and becoming the dominant power in the northern Indian subcontinent by the 9th century, before being replaced by the Hindu Sena dynasty in the 12th century. Islam was introduced during the Pala Empire, through trade with the Abbasid Caliphate. The Islamic Bengal Sultanate, founded in 1352, was absorbed into the Mughal Empire in 1576. The Mughal Bengal Subah province became a major global exporter, a center of worldwide industries such as cotton textiles, silk, and shipbuilding.Bengal was conquered by the British East India Company in 1757 by Battle of Plassey and became the Bengal Presidency of the British Raj, which experienced deindustrialization under British rule. The Company increased agriculture tax rates from 10 percent to up to 50 causing the Great Bengal famine of 1770 and the deaths of 10 million Bengalis.

Bengal played a major role in the Indian independence movement, in which revolutionary groups were dominant. Armed attempts to overthrow the British Raj began with the rebellion of Titumir, and reached a climax when Subhas Chandra Bose led the Indian National Army allied with Japan to fight against the British. A large number of Bengalis died in the independence struggle and many were exiled in Cellular Jail, located in Andaman.

The United Kingdom Cabinet Mission of 1946, split the region into India and Pakistan, popularly known as partition of Bengal (1947), which was opposed by the Prime Minister of Bengal Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy and nationalist leader Sarat Chandra Bose. They campaigned for a united and independent nation-state of Bengal. The initiative failed owing to British diplomacy and communal conflict between Muslims and Hindus. Later Pakistan ruled East Bengal becoming the independent nation of Bangladesh by Bangladesh War of Independence in 1971.

Bengali culture has been particularly influential in the fields of literature, music, shipbuilding, art, architecture, sports, currency, commerce, politics and cuisine.

Bengali Muslims

Bengali Muslims (Bengali: বাঙালি মুসলমান) are an ethnic, linguistic, and religious population who make up the majority of Bangladesh's citizens and the largest minority in the Indian states of West Bengal and Assam. They are Bengalis who adhere to Islam and speak the Bengali language. They form the largest Bengali and the second largest Muslim ethnic group in the world (after Arab Muslims).Bengal was a leading power of the medieval Islamic East. The endogamous Bengali Muslim population emerged as a synthesis of Islamic and Bengali cultures. After the Partition of India in 1947, they comprised the demographic majority of Pakistan until the independence of East Pakistan (historic East Bengal) as Bangladesh in 1971.

Cookie

A cookie is a baked or cooked food that is small, flat and sweet. It usually contains flour, sugar and some type of oil or fat. It may include other ingredients such as raisins, oats, chocolate chips, nuts, etc.

In most English-speaking countries except for the United States and Canada, crisp cookies are called biscuits. Chewier biscuits are sometimes called cookies even in the United Kingdom. Some cookies may also be named by their shape, such as date squares or bars.

Cookies or biscuits may be mass-produced in factories, made in small bakeries or homemade. Biscuit or cookie variants include sandwich biscuits, such as custard creams, Jammie Dodgers, Bourbons and Oreos, with marshmallow or jam filling and sometimes dipped in chocolate or another sweet coating. Cookies are often served with beverages such as milk, coffee or tea. Factory-made cookies are sold in grocery stores, convenience stores and vending machines. Fresh-baked cookies are sold at bakeries and coffeehouses, with the latter ranging from small business-sized establishments to multinational corporations such as Starbucks.

Cuisine of Karachi

Karachi Cuisine (Urdu: کراچی کا پکوان‎) refers to the food found mainly in the city of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. The cuisine of Karachi is strongly influenced by the city's Urdu speaking Muslims, also known as Muhajir population, who came from northern India and settled in Karachi after the independence of Pakistan in 1947. Most Urdu speaking Muslims have traditionally been based in Karachi, hence the city is known for Muhajir tastes in its cuisine. Urdu speaking Muslims maintained their old established culinary traditions, including variety of dishes and beverages.

The Mughal and Hyderabadi cuisine played an influential role in the making of their cuisine, having taste vary from mild to spicy and is often associated with aroma. In comparison to other Pakistani dishes, Muhajir cuisine tends to use stronger spices and flavors. Most of a dastarkhawan dining table include chapatti, rice, dal, vegetable and meat curry. Special dishes include biryani, Pulao, qorma, Paya, kofta, seekh kabab, Nihari, Haleem, Nargisi Koftay, Kata-Kat, Rogani Naan, Naan, sheer-qurma (sweet), chai (sweet, milky tea), and paan.

The food of Urdu speaking Muslims is renowned for its cultural fusion, due to Muhajirs migrating from the different ethnic and regions of the Indian subcontinent. As a result, Bengali cuisine, Gujarati cuisine, Bihari cuisine, Uttar Pradeshi cuisine and Muslim Hyderabadi cuisine collaboratively had an influence on the style of Muhajir food. The Pakistani cuisines such as Sindhi cuisine, Punjabi cuisine, Pashtun cuisine, Kalash cuisine, Saraiki cuisine, Kashmiri cuisine, Balochi cuisine, and other regional cuisines have also influenced the cuisine of Karachi.

Cuisine of muhajir people of Hyderabad Deccan (now Hyderabad, India)

Cuisine of the Indian subcontinent

Cuisine of the Indian subcontinent includes the cuisines from the Indian subcontinent comprising the traditional cuisines from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and the Maldives.

Dhaka

Dhaka ( DAH-kə or DAK-ə; Bengali: ঢাকা, pronounced [ɖʱaka]), formerly known as Dacca, is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. It is one of the largest and most densely populated cities in the world, with an population of 18.89 million people in the Greater Dhaka Area. Dhaka is the economic, political and cultural center of Bangladesh. It is one of the major cities of South Asia, the largest city in Eastern South Asia and among the Bay of Bengal countries; and one of the largest cities among OIC countries. As part of the Bengal plain, the city is bounded by the Buriganga River, Turag River, Dhaleshwari River and Shitalakshya River. The city is located in an eponymous district and division.

The area of Dhaka has been inhabited since the first millennium. The city rose to prominence in the 17th century as a provincial capital and commercial center of the Mughal Empire in South Asia. Dhaka was the capital of Mughal Bengal for 75 years. As the center of the muslin trade in Bengal, it was one of the most prosperous cities in the Indian subcontinent. The medieval city was named in honor of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and hosted the seat of the Mughal Subahdar (governor), Naib Nazims and Dewans (prime ministers). Medieval Dhaka's glory peaked in the 17th and 18th centuries, when it was home to merchants from across Eurasia. The Mughals decorated the city with well-laid out gardens, tombs, mosques, palaces and forts. The city was once called the Venice of the East. Under the British Empire, the city saw the introduction of electricity, railways, cinemas, Western-style universities and colleges and a modern water supply. It became an important administrative and educational center in Eastern Bengal and Assam after 1905. In 1947, after ending of British rule, it became the administrative capital of the East Pakistan. It was declared as the legislative capital of Pakistan in 1962. In 1971, it became the capital of an independent Bangladesh. Article 5 of the Constitution of Bangladesh declares Dhaka as the capital of the republic.Since its establishment as a modern capital city, the population, area, and social and economic diversity of Dhaka have grown tremendously. Dhaka is now one of the most densely industrialized regions in the country. By the 21st century, it emerged as a megacity, which is now listed as a Beta- Global City by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC). Dhaka is a major financial center in the region, being home to many local and international companies. Its stock exchange has over 750 listed companies. The city hosts over 50 diplomatic missions and the headquarters of BIMSTEC. The city's culture is known for its cycle-rickshaws, cuisine, art festivals and religious diversity. The old city is home to around 2000 buildings from the Mughal and British periods, including notable structures such as the Bara Katra and Choto Katra caravansaries. The city's modernist national assembly is one of the largest parliaments in the world.

Flatbread

A flatbread is a bread made with flour, water and salt, and then thoroughly rolled into flattened dough. Many flatbreads are unleavened—although some are slightly leavened, such as pita bread.

There are many other optional ingredients that flatbreads may contain, such as diced onion, jalapeños, coconut, raisins, blueberries, sunflower seeds, hemp nuts, chili powder, curry powder, cumin, or black pepper. Olive oil or sesame oil may be added as well as milk or yogurt. Flatbreads can range from below one millimeter to a few centimeters thick. They can be baked in an oven, fried in hot oil, grilled over hot coals, cooked on a hot pan, tava, comal, or metal griddle and eaten fresh or packaged and frozen for later use.

Index of Sri Lanka-related articles (B)

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Bastianpillai Paul Nicholas

Basundi

Basurhat A. H. C. Government High School

Batadanduwela

Batadombalena

Batagalla (7°15'N 80°40'E)

Batagalla (7°22'N 80°34'E)

Batagoda

Batagolla

Batalanda detention centre

Batalawatta

Batali Hill

Batapola

Batata vada

Batatotalena Cave

Bathgama

Bathiya Perera

Bathiya and Santhush

Batik industry in Sri Lanka

Batrachocephalus mino

Battaramulla

Batticaloa

Batticaloa Airport

Batticaloa District

Batticaloa Electoral District

Batticaloa Electoral District (1947–1989)

Batticaloa Gate

Batticaloa Hindu College

Batticaloa Lagoon

Batticaloa Lighthouse

Batticaloa Municipal Council

Batticaloa Museum

Batticaloa Tamil dialect

Batticaloa Teaching Hospital

Batticaloa fort

Batticaloa line

Batticaloa railway station

Batticaloa region

Batticotta Seminary

Battimalv Island

Battle for the A-9 highway

Battle of Aanandapuram

Battle of Chalai

Battle of Delft

Battle of Gannoruwa

Battle of Greens

Battle of Jaffna (1995)

Battle of Jaffna (2006)

Battle of Kallarawa

Battle of Kanakarayankulam (1997)

Battle of Kokavil

Battle of Mullaitivu (1996)

Battle of Mullaitivu (2009)

Battle of Mulleriyawa

Battle of Paranthan

Battle of Point Pedro (2006)

Battle of Pooneryn

Battle of Puthukkudiyirippu

Battle of Randeniwela

Battle of Sampur

Battle of Thoppigala

Battle of Vidattaltivu

Battle of Vijithapura

Battle of the Hindus

Battle of the North (cricket match)

Battle of the Rocks

Battle of the Saints (cricket)

Battle off the coast of Jaffna

Batugedara

Batugoda

Batumulla

Batuwatta

Bauhinia tomentosa

Baulu Taung

Bauria Golam Khalek Academy

Bavuttiyude Namathil

Bawa Duka

Bawa Karma

Bawa Muhaiyaddeen

Bay of Bengal

Bay of Bengal Cooperative Air Traffic Flow Management System

Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation

Bayasade Banda Bhagya

Bayazid Thana

Bayya Suryanarayana Murthy

Bazigar language

Bead Game

Beary dialect

Beatrice A. Vieyra

Beatrix D'Souza

Beautiful (2011 film)

Beautiful Manasugalu

Bebalagama

Bebinca

Bedara Kannappa

Beddegama

Beddegama (film)

Bedi Bandavalu

Beeba Boys

Beechi

Beedi

Beedi Basavanna

Beer Chand Patel Path

Beer in India

Beer in Pakistan

Beer in Sri Lanka

Before the Rains

Begumganj Government Pilot High School

Begumganj Upazila

Beguni

Behram Contractor

Beilby Lawley, 3rd Baron Wenlock

Beilschmiedia zeylanica

Beira Lake

Bejois (drink)

Beki River

Bekkem Venugopal

Bela Pana

Bela Shende

Beladingala Baale

Beladingalagi Baa

Belaichhari Upazila

Belal Hossen

Beliatta

Beliatta Divisional Secretariat

Beliatta Electoral District

Beligammana Raja Maha Vihara

Beligamuwa

Belihuloya

Belilena

Belisana benjamini

Belisana keyti

Belisana ratnapura

Beliyakanda

Bella Sidney Woolf

Bellamkonda Suresh

Bellanwila Rajamaha Viharaya

Bellari language

Bellary Naga

Bellary Raghava

Bellary language

Belle Island

Belli (film)

Belli Kalungura

Belli Moda

Belli Modagalu

Belli Naaga

Belliyappa Bangarappa

Belontia signata

Beluvalada Madilalli

Bembiya

Beminitiya Seya

Ben Laughlin (cricketer)

Ben Navaratne

Bend It Like Beckham

Bengal Fan

Bengal Sultanate

Bengal monitor

Bengal potatoes

Bengali cuisine

Bengali spices and their English names

Beni Madhab Das

Benjamin Bawa

Benki Birugali

Benki Birugali (1984 film)

Benkipatna

Benkiya Bale

Benkiyalli Aralida Hoovu

Benne dose

Bennet Soysa

Bennett Island (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)

Bennet–Veetraag

Benny Dayal

Benny Fernando

Bentara-Elpitiya Electoral District

Benthota Divisional Secretariat

Bentinck Kyun

Bentota

Bentota River Airport

Beragala

Beragama

Beratha Jeeva

Berava (people)

Beravilla

Berawila

Berend Westdijk

Berinag tea

Bernard (playwright)

Bernard Aluwihare

Bernard Gufler

Bernard Henry Bourdillon

Bernard Loots

Bernard Peiris

Bernard Perera

Bernard Senior

Bernard Tilakaratna

Berne Convention

Bernie Wijesekara

Berny-Ignatius

Bert Crane

Bertie Wijesinha

Bertie de Silva

Bertram Ballard

Bertram Heyn

Bertram Weerasinghe

Berty Premalal Dissanayake

Beru (film)

Beruwala

Beruwala Divisional Secretariat

Beruwala Electoral District

Beruwala Harbour

Besan barfi

Best Actor (film)

Best Ramasamy

Best of Luck

Besuge

Betagi Union

Betel

Betha Sudhakar

Betta Kurumba language

Bettada Hoovu

Bettada Huli

Bettada Jeeva

Bettada Kalla

Bettanagere

Betwa River

Between Two Worlds (2009 film)

Beur Central Jail

Beverley Craven

Bevis Bawa

Bevu Bella

Bezawada Gopala Reddy

Bezawada Papi Reddy

Bhaari Bharjari Bete

Bhabatosh Datta

Bhadra (2005 film)

Bhadra (2011 film)

Bhadradeepam

Bhadriraju Krishnamurti

Bhagalpur–Danapur Intercity Express

Bhagavan (2009 film)

Bhagavathipuram

Bhagirathi (film)

Bhagirathi River

Bhagwandas Bagla

Bhagwat Jha Azad

Bhagya Devathe

Bhagya Jyothi

Bhagyada Bagilu

Bhagyada Balegara (film)

Bhagyada Lakshmi Baramma

Bhagyadevatha

Bhagyamudra

Bhagyavantharu

Bhai Jiwan Singh

Bhaiyya Bhaiyya

Bhajarangi

Bhaji

Bhaji on the Beach

Bhakri

Bhakta Chetha (1961 film)

Bhakta Dhruva

Bhakta Kanakadasa

Bhakta Kuchela (1961 film)

Bhakta Kumbara

Bhakta Kumbara (film)

Bhakta Prahlada (1942 film)

Bhakta Prahlada (1958 film)

Bhakta Prahlada (1983 film)

Bhakta Ramadas (film)

Bhakta Vijaya

Bhaktavatsalu Naidu

Bhakthajanangalude Sradhakku

Bhale Adrushtavo Adrushta

Bhale Basava

Bhale Huchcha

Bhale Huduga

Bhale Jodi

Bhale Jodi (2016 film)

Bhale Raja

Bhalia Wheat

Bhalla (food)

Bhamidipati

Bhamidipati Kameswara Rao

Bhamidipati Radhakrishna

Bhang

Bhangra (dance)

Bhanu (Tamil militant)

Bhanuka Rajapaksa

Bhanumathi Ramakrishna

Bharago

Bharanakoodam

Bharani (music director)

Bharata Mataku Jejelu

Bharath Parepalli

Bharath Stores

Bharatha Lakshman Premachandra

Bharatha people

Bharatham

Bharathan Effect

Bharathchandran I.P.S.

Bharathi (1948 film)

Bharathi (Tamil actress)

Bharathi Kannan

Bharathi Puthakalayam

Bharathidasan

Bharella

Bharella Shah Nuruddin High School

Bhargavacharitham Moonam Khandam

Bhargavi Rao

Bharia language

Bhartiya Nritya Kala Mandir

Bharya (1962 film)

Bharya Athra Pora

Bharya Onnu Makkal Moonnu

Bharya Swantham Suhruthu

Bhashaposhini

Bhaskar (director)

Bhaskar the Rascal

Bhathiya Jayatilleka

Bhatika Tissa of Anuradhapura

Bhatikabhaya Abhaya of Anuradhapura

Bhatoora

Bhattakalanka Deva

Bhattam Srirama Murthy

Bhavageete

Bhavana Radhakrishnan

Bhavanam Venkatarami Reddy

Bhavani (state assembly constituency)

Bhavanisagar (state assembly constituency)

Bhavindu Adhihetty

Bhazon Kara

Bheema Sena Nala Maharaja

Bheema Theeradalli

Bheemakaaya

Bheeshanaye Athuru Kathawak

Bhelpuri

Bhendi fry

Bherunda Pakshiya

Bhesa ceylanica

Bhesa nitidissima

Bhi Bhiman

Bhikkhu Analayo

Bhikkhu Pāsādika

Bhilangna River

Bhimaneni Srinivasa Rao

Bhimgoda Barrage

Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya

Bhogdoi River

Bhoodana

Bhookailasa (film)

Bhoolokadalli Yamaraja

Bhoomi Geetha

Bhoomi Thayiya Chochchala Maga

Bhoomige Banda Bhagavantha

Bhoomiyude Avakashikal

Bhoonja

Bhoopadathil Illatha Oridam

Bhoopal Reddy

Bhoopathi (2007 film)

Bhoopathi Ranga

Bhoothakkannadi

Bhootnath Road

Bhramaram

Bhujanga

Bhujangayyana Dashavathara

Bhujhangy Group

Bhujpur Thana

Bhujpur Union

Bhuma Nagi Reddy

Bhupathiraju Vijayakumar Raju

Bhurta

Bhutua

Bhuvan Mohan Roy

Bhuvana Natarajan

Bhuvanagiri (state assembly constituency)

Bhuvanaikabahu I of Dambadeniya

Bhuvanaikabahu II of Dambadeniya

Bhuvanaikabahu III of Dambadeniya

Bhuvanaikabahu IV of Gampola

Bhuvanaikabahu V of Gampola

Bhuvanaikabahu VI of Kotte

Bhuvanaikabahu VII of Kotte

Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha

Biancaea sappan

Bibi Russell

Bibiladeniye Mahanama

Bibile

Bibile Divisional Secretariat

Bibile Electoral District

Bibilegama Maha Vidyalaya

Bibir Hat

Bible Rock

Bible translations into Kannada

Bible translations into Sinhala

Bible translations into Tamil

Bible translations into Telugu

Bibliography of Ganges

Bibliography of Sri Lanka

Bicycle Bride

Bicycle Hora

Bicycle Thieves (2013 film)

Biddyakut Union

Bidugade

Bidya Sinha Saha Mim

Bifiditermes pintoi

Big B (film)

Big Match

Bihar Museum

Bihar National College

Bihar State Road Transport Corporation

Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation

Bihari cuisine

Bihta

Bijibal

Bijou Thaangjam

Bijoy Giri

Bijoy Smarani University College

Bijoya Ray

Bijoynagar Upazila

Biju Narayanan

Bikaneri bhujia

Bikanervala

Bilawal Bhatti

Bili Hendthi

Biligiriya Banadalli

Bilin Township

Bilin, Mon State

Bilkees I. Latif

Bilu Island

Bimal Guha

Bimal Jayakody

Bimal Jayasekera

Bimal Rathnayake

Bimba Devi Alias Yashodhara

Bina Das

Bindeshwar Pathak

Bindeshwari Dubey

Bindi (decoration)

Bindu (2009 film)

Bindunuwewa massacre

Bingiriya Divisional Secretariat

Bingiriya Electoral District

Binoy Bashi Joldas

Binura Fernando

Biological Weapons Convention

Bioscope (film)

Birugaali

Biryani

Biscomaun Bhawan

Bishop of Colombo

Bishop of Kurunegala

Bishop's College (Sri Lanka)

Bisi Bele Bath

Bismil Azimabadi

Biswa Ranjan Nag

Biththi Hathara

Bithugalgama

Biyagama

Biyagama Divisional Secretariat

Biyagama Electoral District

Blachia umbellata

Black (2004 film)

Black Butterfly (2013 film)

Black Cat (2007 film)

Black Dog Scotch Whisky

Black July

Black Market (film)

Black Stallion (film)

Black Tigers

Black cardamom

Black pepper

Black-bearded tomb bat

Black-capped bulbul

Black-headed ibis

Black-throated munia

Blackfin gulper shark

Blackshirts (India)

Blake executive council of Ceylon

Blanaid Salkeld

Blanford's rat

Blenders Pride

Bloemendhal

Blood transfusion in Sri Lanka

Bloodsport III

Bloomfield Cricket and Athletic Club

Bloomfield Cricket and Athletic Club Ground

Blue Star SC

Blue Water Hotel

Blue-eared kingfisher

Blue-faced malkoha

Bluff Island (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)

Boake Gates

Boalkhali Municipality

Boalkhali Upazila

Board of Investment of Sri Lanka

Boat Mail

Bob Harvie

Bob Tisdall

Boban and Molly

Bobella

Boddepalli Rajagopala Rao

Bodhi Vamsa

Bodhiraja Buddhist Society

Bodhisattva statues of Sri Lanka

Bodhivansha caste

Bodikotuwa

Bodinayakkanur (state assembly constituency)

Bodu Bala Sena

Bodyguard (2010 film)

Bodyguard (2011 Kannada film)

Boeing Boeing (1985 film)

Bogahakumbura

Bogahapitiya

Bogambara

Bogambara Prison

Bogambara Stadium

Bogamuwa

Bogawantalawa

Bogawela

Boggut labeo

Bogibeel Bridge

Bogoda Premaratne

Bogoda Seelawimala Thera

Bogoda Wooden Bridge

Boiga barnesii

Boiga beddomei

Boiga ceylonensis

Bojja Bixamaiah

Bojjala Gopala Krishna Reddy

Bokalawela

Bokkawala

Bokpyin

Bokpyin Township

Bola Chittaranjan Das Shetty

Bolagandawela

Bolani

Bolawatta

Bolepe

Boli Khela

Boliscus decipiens

Bollimunta Sivaramakrishna

Bollywood Queen

Bollywood/Hollywood

Bolshevik Samasamaja Party

Bolshevik–Leninist Party of India, Ceylon and Burma

Bomba Saha Rosa

Bombaat

Bombat Hendthi

Bombay Boys

Bombay Brasserie

Bombay Dada

Bombay Jayashri

Bombay March 12

Bombay Mittayi

Bombay Velvet

Bombay mix

Bombay potato

Bombay rava

Bombure

Bomburu Ella

Bomiriya National School

Bompuka

Bomure

Bonda

Bonda Meedum (Teledrama)

Bonda Umamaheswara Rao

Bone Island

Bonikka (2015 film)

Boning Island

Boodee Keerthisena

Boom (film)

Boomi Malayalam

Boondi

Boossa

Bopana

Bopath Ella Falls

Bope-Poddala Divisional Secretariat

Bopegammedda

Bopitiya

Bora Diya Pokuna

Bora saul

Boragahamaditta

Boragodawaththa

Boralanda

Boralesgamuwa

Borassus flabellifer

Borboropactus asper

Borella

Borella Electoral District

Bori (food)

Boring Road

Born into Brothels

Boruwagama

Bosara maior

Boss (2006 film)

Boss (2011 film)

Botanical Garden and Eco-Park, Sitakunda

Bothale Ihalagama

Bothriochloa bladhii

Botota

Boulenger's keelback

Bouloussou Soubramanion Sastroulou

Boverianda Nanjamma and Chinnappa

Bovonto

Bowala (7°10'N 80°34'E)

Bowala (7°16'N 80°37'E)

Bowala (7°9'N 80°43'E)

Bowatenna Dam

Bowatta

Bowatura

Boxer (2015 film)

Boyagama

Boyagane Camp

Boyapati Srinu

Boyd Rankin

Boyi Bhimanna

Boyy Friennd

Br Lakshmanan

Brad Haddin

Brad Hodge

Brad Hogg

Bradby Shield Encounter

Bradley Kruger

Bradman Ediriweera

Bradman Weerakoon

Braemar, Colombo

Brahma Vishnu Maheshwara

Brahmanbaria

Brahmanbaria District

Brahmanbaria Government College

Brahmanbaria Sadar Upazila

Brahmanpara Upazila

Brahmaputra River

Brahmaputra Valley

Brahmarishi Hussain Sha

Brahmashri Narayana Guru Swamy

Brahmasthram (1989 film)

Brahmasthram (2010 film)

Brahmin Tamil

Brahui language

Brahui people

Brajkishore Prasad

Braunsapis cupulifera

Braunsapis flaviventris

Braunsapis mixta

Braunsapis picitarsis

Bread pakora

Breakaway (2011 film)

Breaking News (2012 film)

Breaking News Live

Brendan Taylor

Brendon Gooneratne

Brendon Kuruppu

Brendon McCullum

Brett Lee

Brettus adonis

Brian Rajadurai

Brian V. Jegasothy

Brick Lane (2006 film)

Brick Lane (2007 film)

Bride and Prejudice

Bridelia moonii

Brigadier (Sri Lanka)

Brignolia ambigua

Brignolia ratnapura

Brignolia sinharaja

Brignolia trichinalis

Brignoliella ratnapura

Brignoliella scrobiculata

Brihaspathi (film)

Brindavana

British Ceylon

British Garrison Cemetery

British International School, Phuket

British Market

British School in Colombo

British Sri Lankan Tamil

British Sri Lankans

British Tamil

British Tamils Forum

Britz (TV serial)

Broadlands Dam

Broche Varevaru Ra

Broken rice

Broker Bheeshmachari

Brooke Bond Taj Mahal

Brookside, Sri Lanka

Brother Andre High School

Brown-backed needletail

Brown-capped babbler

Bruce Burnside

Bruce Yardley

Brucea javanica

Brussels Agreement (1924)

Brussels Collision Convention

Brussels Convention on Assistance and Salvage at Sea

Buchanania lanzan

Budapuranam

Buddama Raja Maha Vihara

Buddha Colony

Buddha Dhatu Jadi

Buddha Smriti Park

Buddhadasa of Anuradhapura

Buddhadeb Bosu

Buddhanum Chaplinum Chirikkunnu

Buddhasravaka Bhiksu University

Buddhi Siriwardene

Buddhika

Buddhika Kurukularatne

Buddhika Mendis

Buddhika Pathirana

Buddhism amongst Tamils

Buddhism in Libya

Buddhism in Saudi Arabia

Buddhism in Sri Lanka

Buddhism in the Maldives

Buddhist Ladies' College

Buddhist Republican Party

Buddhist and Pali University of Sri Lanka

Buddhist flag

Buddhivantha

Buddika Janith

Buddika Sandaruwan

Buddika Sanjeewa

Buddy (2013 film)

Buddy Reid

Budhichandhiran

Buduruvagala

Buduruwagala Museum

Buff striped keelback

Buffalo curd

Buguri

Bukhara (restaurant)

Bukhari Sadaat

Buknu

Bulandi Bagh

Bulathgama

Bulathkohupitiya Divisional Secretariat

Bulathsinhala Divisional Secretariat

Bulathsinhala Electoral District

Bulatwelkandura

Bulbul (film)

Bulbul Chowdhury

Bulgur

Bullet (2008 film)

Bullet Basya

Bulugahapitiya

Bulugolla

Bulukohotenna

Bulumulla

Bulusu Sambamurti

Bun kebab

Bundala National Park

Bungarus

Bunium persicum

Buona Vista College

Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs

Burgher Recreation Club

Burgher people

Burgs (fast-food chain)

Burichang Upazila

Buriganga River

Burkhard Pape

Burmese monarchs' family tree

Burning Birds

Burning of Jaffna Public Library

Bus Conductor (2005 film)

Businessman (film)

Butalanda

Butawatta

Butta Renuka

Buttala

Buttala Divisional Secretariat

Buttala Electoral District

Butter chicken

Butterflies (1993 film)

Butterflies of Sri Lanka

Butterfly (2018 film)

Button Islands (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)

Buwaneka Aluwihare

Buwelikada (7°13'N 80°34'E)

Buwelikada (7°17'N 80°39'E)

By the People

Byadagi chilli

Byreddy Rajasekhar Reddy

Byrsophyllum

Byrsophyllum ellipticum

Lakhai Upazila

Lakhai (Bengali: লাখাই) is an Upazila of Habiganj District in the Division of Sylhet, Bangladesh.

List of Asian cuisines

This is a list of Asian cuisines, by region. A cuisine is a characteristic style of cooking practices and traditions, usually associated with a specific culture or region. Asia, being the largest and most populous continent, has many great cuisines.

List of Pakistani breads

This is a list of Pakistani breads. Bread is a staple food prepared from a dough of flour and water, usually by baking. Throughout recorded history it has been popular around the world and is one of humanity's oldest foods, having been of importance since the dawn of agriculture. Pakistan is a sovereign country in South Asia. With a population exceeding 207 million people, it is the sixth most populous country and with an area covering 796,095 km2 (307,374 sq mi), it is the 36th largest country in the world in terms of area. Pakistani cuisine is a refined blend of various regional cooking traditions of South Asia. Pakistani cuisine is known for its richness and flavour. Within Pakistan, cuisine varies greatly from region to region, reflecting the country's ethnic and cultural diversity.

List of breads

This is a list of baked or steamed bread varieties. It does not include cakes, pastries, or fried dough foods, which are listed in separate Wikipedia articles. It also does not list foods in which bread is an ingredient which is processed further before serving.

Marathi cinema

Marathi cinema refers to Indian films produced in Marathi, the language of the state of Maharashtra, India. Based in old Mumbai, it is the oldest and one of the pioneer film industries of India. The first Marathi film to be released in India was Shree Pundalik by Dadasaheb Torne on 18 May 1912 at Coronation Cinematograph, Mumbai. and a Marathi crew who were performing Marathi and Sanskrit Sangeet natikas (musicals) and plays in Marathi at that period. The first Marathi talkie film, Ayodhyecha Raja, was released in 1932, just one year after Alam Ara the first Hindi talkie. Although the industry is much smaller than the large market driven Hindi cinema based in Mumbai, Marathi cinema is tax free, and is experiencing growth in recent years. Raja Harishchandra, directed by Dadasaheb Phalke, was a Marathi film, now known as India's first full-length feature, released in 1913. The Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India's highest award in cinema given annually by the Government of Maharashtra for lifetime contribution to Indian cinema.

Marathi theatre

Marathi theatre is theatre in the Marathi language, mostly originating or based in the state Maharashtra in India, and elsewhere with Marathi diaspora. Starting in the middle of the 19th century, it flourished in the 1950s and 1960s, and includes forms like Sangeet Natak (Musical drama) and Tamasha (folk dance). Today, it continues to have a marked presence in the State of Maharashtra with a loyal audience base, when most theatre in other parts of India have had tough time facing the onslaught of cinema and television. Its repertoire ranges from humorous social plays, farces, historical plays, musical, to experimental plays and serious drama of the 1970s onwards, by Vijay Tendulkar, P. L. Deshpande, Mahesh Elkunchwar and Satish Alekar, which have influenced theatre throughout India. In fact in the post-independence era, besides Bengali theatre, Marathi theatre has been a singular driving force behind innovations and significant dramaturgy in Indian theatre.

Old Dhaka

Old Dhaka (in Bengali, পুরনো ঢাকা ) is a term used to refer to the historic old city of Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. It was founded in 1608 as Jahangir Nagar, the capital of Mughal Bengal. It is located on the banks of the Buriganga River. It was one of the largest and most prosperous cities of South Asia and the center of the worldwide muslin trade. The Nawab of Bengal shifted the capital from Dhaka to Murshidabad in the early-18th century. With the rise of Calcutta (now Kolkata) during the British rule, Dhaka began to decline and came to be known as the "City of Magnificent Ruins". The British however began to develop the modern city from the mid-19th century.

Old Dhaka is famous for its variety of foods and amicable living of people of all religion in harmony.The main Muslims festivals celebrated with funfair here are Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Adha and Muharram, Hindu festivals like Durga Puja, Kali Puja, and Saraswati Puja are also celebrated with enthusiasm. The festivals which are celebrated by all religious communities with much splendor include "Shakrain"(পৌষ সংক্রান্তি), Pohela Falgun, and "Halkhata"(হালখাতা) . Religion wise, the old Dhaka is predominantly Muslim, while a significant number of Hindus also reside here. Christians and Buddhists are also inhabitants here in small numbers.

Pakistani cuisine

Pakistani cuisine (Urdu: پاکستانی پکوان‎) can be characterized by a blend of various regional cooking traditions of the Indian subcontinent, Central Asia as well as elements from its Mughal legacy. The various cuisines are derived from Pakistan's ethnic and cultural diversity.

Cuisine from the eastern provinces of Punjab and Sindh are characterized as "highly seasoned" and "spicy", which is characteristic of flavors of the Indian subcontinent. Cuisine from the western and northern provinces of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Balochistan, Gilgit-Baltistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the Tribal Areas are characterized as "mild" which is characteristic of flavors of the Central Asian region.

International cuisine and fast food are popular in the cities. Blending local and foreign recipes (fusion food), such as Pakistani Chinese cuisine, is common in large urban centers. Furthermore, as a result of lifestyle changes, ready made masala mixes (mixed and ready to use spices) are becoming increasingly popular. However, given the diversity of the people of Pakistan, cuisines generally differ from home to home and may be different from the mainstream Pakistani cuisine.

Thathri

Thathri is a town and a notified area committee in Doda district in the State of Jammu and Kashmir. Thathri valley is located in the foothills of the Himalayan mountains, about 85 km from Batote. The word Thathri is derived from the Kashmiri word "Thath" (ٹہاٹھ). Apart from having ample forests, the town contains many small streams flowing through its various parts. It is located on the banks of the famous Chenab River.

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