Bakırköy

Bakırköy is a neighbourhood, municipality and district on the European side of Istanbul, Turkey. The quarter is densely populated, has a residential character and is inhabited by an upper middle class population. The municipality of Bakırköy is much larger than the quarter and also includes several other neighbourhoods, such as Yeşilköy, Yeşilyurt, Ataköy. Bakırköy lies between the D.100 highway (locally known as E-5) and the coast of the Sea of Marmara. Bakırköy has a large psychiatric hospital called "Bakırköy Ruh ve Sinir Hastalıkları Hastanesi", and is an important shopping and commercial center.

Bakırköy
Location of Bakırköy
Bakırköy is located in Turkey
Bakırköy
Bakırköy
Coordinates: 40°58′59″N 28°51′13″E / 40.98306°N 28.85361°ECoordinates: 40°58′59″N 28°51′13″E / 40.98306°N 28.85361°E
CountryTurkey
ProvinceIstanbul
Government
 • MayorBülent Kerimoğlu (CHP)
 • KaymakamDursun Ali Şahin
Area
 • District32.42 km2 (12.52 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • District
221,336
 • District density6,800/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Websitewww.bakirkoy.bel.tr

History

During the Byzantine times Bakırköy was a separate community outside Constantinople, a well-watered pleasant seaside retreat from the city, and was called Hebdomon (Greek: Ἕβδομον, "the Seventh", i.e. seven Roman miles from the Milion, the mile-marker monument of Constantinople). [3] Here - where nowadays the Ataköy Marina lies - Emperor Valens built one of the two imperial Palaces bearing the name of Magnaura, while Justinian erected another Palace named Jucundianae, also placed near the seaside.[4] Two churches, dedicated respectively to St. John the Evangelist and to St. John Baptist the Forerunner, the latter hosting the head of the Saint and burial place of the Emperor Basil II, were also erected here.

Hebdomon was a place of exercise and concentration of the Thracian army. It had a large Field of Mars, the Kampos tou Tribounaliou (Greek: Κάμπος τοῦ τριβουναλίου) in Latin Campus Tribunalis, where several Emperors were elected through acclamation by the army.[5] Among them were Valens, Arcadius, Honorius, Theodosius II, Phocas, Nikephoros II Phokas.[5] The Campus lay in the valley of Veli Efendi, where now the horse race course is placed.[6] The imperial court came often to the Hebdomon to attend military parades, to welcome the emperor coming back from campaign, and to pray in the large church of St. John Baptist the Forerunner.[5]

Later the place was also named Makrohori (Greek: Μακροχώρι "long village"), which was adapted to Makriköy (Turkish: Köy "village") in the Ottoman period, when many large houses were built here. In 1925 the ancient denomination was changed to Bakırköy ("Copper village") by imposition of a law which suppressed all place names of non-Turkish origin.[7] It was a district in Beyoğlu province between 1923 and 1926 and the district was also included present ones of Avcılar, Bağcılar, Bahçelievler, Başakşehir, Esenler, Güngören, Küçükçekmece, western boroughs of Zeytinburnu and small part of Arnavutköy before 1957. It was the biggest district of Turkey before separation of Küçükçekmece one (Avcılar was included in and became the district in 1992) in 1987 and ones of Bağcılar, Bahçelievler and Güngören in 1992. Later Esenler district was formed from some boroughs from Bağcılar and Güngören in 1994 and Başakşehir one formed from some boroughs from Büyükçekmece (Bahçeşehir area), Esenler and Küçükçekmece in 2009. Also small area around villages of Şamlar part of newly founded Arnavutköy district.

There is little remaining of historical significance in the area: what there is includes a cistern (Fildamı Sarnıcı),[8] a powder house from the 17th century (today used as Yunus Emre Kültür Merkezi in Ataköy), the Greek Orthodox church of Saint George (consecrated on May 2, 1832) and a Greek school, the central mosque and fountain of 1875, an Armenian Church and school and the resting place of the Muslim saint Zuhurat Baba, a Turkish soldier who died during the conquest of Constantinople. His resting place is often visited by women on Fridays. The seafront is now a popular location for tea gardens, clubs and restaurants, (although the beaches have been unusable for decades).

Bakırköy became a popular residential area in the late 19th century after the construction of a railroad connection to İstanbul and until the 1970s was one of the most relaxed and desirable locations in the city. It is still populated by Istanbul's upper middle-class (tradespeople, bureaucrats, the retired).

Some parts of Bakırköy are very pleasant residential areas, particularly the streets from the hospital downwards to the sea. The planned satellite town of Ataköy to the west of Bakırköy centre is very tidy indeed, and was probably Turkey's first successful planned development. Ataköy contains much social infrastructure including the Galleria shopping center and yacht marina.

Cevizlik Mahallesi Sahili
A view of Bakırköy's sea-side Cevizlik neighbourhood

Today

The centre of Bakırköy is an important commercial district. There is a huge shopping district (including a number of huge shiny shopping centres as Carousel), a range of cinemas, bars and cafés, as well as conversion of streets to pedestrian malls.

Bakırköy is easy to reach by public transport; there are dolmusues to Beyoğlu throughout the night; there are buses to Mecidiyeköy (although using the D.100 highway by bus is unpleasant indeed: there is a ferry boat service that takes passengers to Kadıköy and Bostancı on the Asian side of the city and also to the Adalar (Islands); and the light-railway from the airport to Aksaray runs through here. Moreover, the quarter has a station of the suburban railway line between Sirkeci and Halkalı.

Veli Efendi, Turkey's largest and oldest racecourse, built in 1913, is close by.

Istanbul's largest mental hospital is in Bakırköy, and the parkland surrounding it is the largest green space in the district.

There is a popular belief that the underground water of Bakırköy comes from the river Danube.

Being near the Fault in the Sea of Marmara, Bakırköy is vulnerable to earthquake damage.

Economy

TurkishAirlinesHQIstanbul
Turkish Airlines head office

The headquarters of Turkish Airlines are on the grounds of Istanbul Atatürk Airport in Yeşilköy in Bakırköy.[9] Borajet also has its head office in Yeşilköy.[10] Atlasjet has its head office in Florya, Bakırköy.[11]

Places of interest

Sport venues
Culture

Sport

The neighbourhood association football team is called Bakırköyspor, once one of top teams in the country, currently a local lower league outfit.

Notes, References

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Janin (1964), p. 446
  4. ^ In this palace, also named Secundianae, the Emperor used to meet his jurists during the compilation of the Corpus Juris Civilis. Janin (1964), p. 140
  5. ^ a b c Janin (1964), p. 447
  6. ^ Janin (1964), p. 448
  7. ^ Tuna (2004)
  8. ^ With dimensions of 127 m x 76 m and a depth of 11 m, this large open sky cistern was used to provide water for the imperial palaces of the Hebdomon. Its Turkish name ("Cistern of elephant's stable"), derives from its usage in the Ottoman Empire as a stable for the Sultan's elephants. Janin (1964), p. 205
  9. ^ "Contact Us." Turkish Airlines. Retrieved on 24 June 2009.
  10. ^ "Contact Us." Borajet. Retrieved on 16 February 2011. "ADDRESS İDTM Blokları A-3 Blok Kat:5 Yeşilköy 34149 / İstanbul-TURKEY"
  11. ^ "Headquarters and Call Center Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine." Atlasjet. Retrieved on 16 February 2011. "Address : Atlasjet Havacılık A.Ş. Yeşilyurt Mah. Eski Halkalı Yolu Alaçatı Evleri Yanı No:5/B 34153 Florya İstanbul / TURKEY."

Sources

  • Janin, Raymond (1964). Constantinople Byzantine (in French) (2 ed.). Paris: Institut Français d'Etudes Byzantines.
  • Tuna, Turgay (2004). Ayastefanos'tan Yeşilköy'e (in Turkish).

External links

Ammoi

Ammoi was a town of ancient Thrace, inhabited during Byzantine times.Its site is located east of Bakırköy in European Turkey.

Ataköy Athletics Arena

Ataköy Athletics Arena (Turkish: Ataköy Atletizm Salonu), is an indoor sporting arena for track and field athletics events located in Ataköy, Istanbul, Turkey.

Ataköy—Şirinevler (Istanbul Metro)

Ataköy—Şirinevler is a station on the M1 line of the Istanbul Metro in Bakırköy, Istanbul. Connection to the Istanbul Metrobus is available.Ataköy—Şirinevler was opened on 25 July 1995.

Atatürk Havalimanı (Istanbul Metro)

Atatürk Havalimanı is the western terminal station on the M1A line of the Istanbul Metro. The station services Atatürk International Airport in Istanbul, which was the primary international gateway in Turkey. Atatürk Havalimanı was opened on 20 December 2002, along with DTM—İstanbul Fuar Merkezi, when the M1A (then just M1) was extended west of Yenibosna to the airport. The station is located next to the international terminal and is linked to the domestic terminal via a walkway.

As a result of the closing of Atatürk International Airport for commercial passenger traffic and its replacement by a new airport northwest of the city on 29 October 2018, the station no longer receives passenger traffic. It will continue to serve the airport in its remaining functions, including business flights, cargo, and general aviation; and the area surrounding the airport. The M11, which will connect the new airport to the rest of the metro system, will not open until 2020 at the earliest.

Bakırköy Psychiatric Hospital

Bakırköy Psychiatric Hospital, short for Bakırköy Mazhar Osman Mental Health and Neurological Diseases Education and Research Hospital (Turkish: Bakırköy Prof. Dr. Mazhar Osman Ruh Sağlığı ve Sinir Hastalıkları Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi), is a mental health hospital of the Health Ministry located in Bakırköy district of Istanbul, Turkey. The hospital is named after Mazhar Osman, who is also considered as the founder of modern psychiatry in Turkey.

Bakırköyspor

Bakırköyspor is a Turkish sports club from Bakırköy, Istanbul. The club was founded in 1949. The colours of Bakırköyspor are green-black. Bakırköyspor played in the Turkish Super League for 3 years, but after several unsuccessful seasons, Bakırköyspor was relegated to the amateur league in the 2006–07 season. Now Bakırköyspor plays in Istanbul Super Amateur League, five levels below the Süper Lig. The club finished 8th in the 4th group in 2014-15 and 3rd in the 2nd group in 2015-16 seasons.The home of the Bakırköyspor is Şenlikköy Stadium, which has a capacity of 8000 people. Colors of the club are green and black, which are accepted as traditional colors of the Bakırköy neighborhood.

Bakırköy—İncirli (Istanbul Metro)

Bakırköy—İncirli is an underground station on the M1 line of the Istanbul Metro. It is located in north-eastern Bakırköy district next to the E80 motorway. Bakırköy—İncirli was opened on 7 March 1994 as part of the extension from Zeytinburnu. The station is located just north of Bakırköy's center and is 1.8 km (1.1 mi) north of the temporarily out of service Bakırköy railway station.

DTM—İstanbul Fuar Merkezi (Istanbul Metro)

DTM—İstanbul Fuar Merkezi is a station on the M1 line of the Istanbul Metro in Bakırköy, Istanbul. The station consists of an elevated island platform servicing two tracks within the Istanbul World Trade Center (Turkish: Dünya Ticaret Merkezi, DTM).

DTM—İstanbul Fuar Merkezi station was opened on 20 December 2002 as part of the westward extension of the M1 to Atatürk Airport.

Florya Atatürk Marine Mansion

Florya Atatürk Marine Mansion, (Turkish: Florya Atatürk Deniz Köşkü) is a historic presidential residence located offshore in the Sea of Marmara in the Florya neighborhood of the Bakırköy district in Istanbul, Turkey.

It was built in 1935 by the municipality of Istanbul, for Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's recreational use. The building is a historic house museum today.

Florya Metin Oktay Facilities

Florya Metin Oktay Facilities (Turkish: Florya Metin Oktay Tesisleri), is the training ground and academy base of the Turkish football club Galatasaray SK.

The Florya training camp land was brought during the presidency of Suphi Batur, built and opened during Professor Ali Uras presidency and was expanded and improved during both Ali Tanriyar and Alp Yalman presidencies.

It was opened on August 1, 1981. Located in Florya, Istanbul and named after the club's legendary goalscorer Metin Oktay, the sports complex covers an area of 110,224 m2 (1,186,440 sq ft). It is used for first team and youth team training and matches, as well as by many of the other sports teams at the club, including those for basketball and volleyball, who use the facilities such as the multi-sports pavilion as often as possible. Now that this facility is fully operational, all the youth teams train there.

Furkan Korkmaz

Furkan Korkmaz (born July 24, 1997) is a Turkish professional basketball player for the Philadelphia 76ers of the National Basketball Association (NBA). He was selected 26th in the 2016 NBA draft. At a height of 6 ft 7 in (2.01 m), he mainly plays the shooting guard position.

Istanbul Aviation Museum

The Istanbul Aviation Museum, a.k.a. Turkish Air Force Museum, (Turkish: Havacılık Müzesi or Hava Kuvvetleri Müzesi) is a military-based museum for aviation, owned and operated by the Turkish Air Force. The museum is located in Yeşilköy neighborhood of Bakırköy district in Istanbul, Turkey. The area of the museum is 65,000 m2 (700,000 sq ft)

The museum not only presents various warplanes, helicopters and weapons used by the Turkish Air Force, but also civilian air transport and many samples of Turkish aeronautics history, starting from the Ottoman era.

Istanbul Kültür University

İstanbul Kültür University (İKÜ) is one of the many private universities located in Istanbul, Turkey. It has a total of four campuses all within close proximity to each other in the western part of Istanbul. The three campuses are located in Şirinevler, İncirli and Ataköy

This non-profit University was founded in 1997; its Industrial Engineering started in the 1997-98 academic year. The university has five schools and two vocational schools. In 2009, Global Political Trends Center, a policy oriented research (think tank) institution, was founded under the auspices of the University.

Kartal Özmızrak

Kartal Özmızrak (born 29 August 1995) is a Turkish professional basketball player for Darüşşafaka of the Turkish Basketbol Süper Ligi (BSL) and the EuroLeague.

List of Istanbul Metro stations

The Istanbul Metro has 82 stations in operation on six metro lines. 54 are on the European side while 28 are on the Asian side. The first stations to open were Aksaray, Emniyet—Fatih, Topkapı—Ulubatlı, Bayrampaşa—Maltepe, Sağmalcılar and Kocatepe all which opened on 3 September 1989 on the M1. The system currently has 71 stations under construction and many more planned.

Sinan Erdem Dome

The Sinan Erdem Dome (Turkish: Sinan Erdem Spor Salonu), formerly known as the Ataköy Dome, is a multi-purpose indoor arena that is located in Ataköy, Bakırköy, Istanbul on the European side of Istanbul, Turkey.

It has a seating capacity of 22,500 for concerts. For the sport of basketball, it has a seating capacity of 16,000, and for the sport of tennis, it has a seating capacity of 16,457 people, making it Turkey's largest multi-purpose indoor venue, and the third largest in Europe (although it is not the third largest in Europe in capacity for basketball use). The arena is named after Sinan Erdem (1927–2003), who was the President of the Turkish Olympic Committee, from 1989, until his death in 2003.

Yenibosna (Istanbul Metro)

Yenibosna is a station on the M1 line of the Istanbul Metro in Bakırköy, Istanbul. The station was opened on 25 July 1995 and was the western terminus of the M1 until 2002, when the line was extended towards Atatürk Airport.

Yeşilköy

Yeşilköy (Turkish pronunciation: [jeˈʃilcœj]; prior to 1926, San Stefano or Santo Stefano from the Greek: Άγιος Στέφανος pronounced Ayos Stefanos, rendered in Turkish as Ayastefanos, Bulgarian: Сан Стефано) is a neighbourhood (Turkish: mahalle) in the district of Bakırköy, Istanbul, Turkey, on the Marmara Sea about 11 kilometres (7 mi) west of Istanbul's historic city centre. Before the rapid increase of Istanbul's population in the 1970s, Yeşilköy was merely a village and a sea resort.

Yeşilyurt Women's Volleyball Team

Yeşilyurt Women’s Volleyball, now renamed to Bakırköy Belediyesi Yeşilyurt Women’s Volleyball, is the women's volleyball section of Turkish sports club Yeşilyurt S.K. in İstanbul, Turkey. Founded in 1956 in Yeşilyurt neighborhood of Bakırköy district, the club's colors are . The team is playing its home matches at the Yeşilyurt Arena.

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