Bairro

A bairro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈbajʁu]) is a Portuguese word for a quarter or a neighborhood or, sometimes, a district within a city or town. It is commonly used in Brazil, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Portugal, and other Portuguese-speaking places. Bairro is cognate with Germanic berg, burg, borg, burgh, borough etc, and Spanish barrio, all of which descend from the same Proto-Indo European root.

In Brazil, the word is frequently applied to urban areas in cities, in which the bairros are generally defined only unofficially and have rough borders, without any official administrative function. In some cities, however, the bairros have defined territorial limits set by the municipal government, but most follow popular definition by its citizens.

In Portugal, the word is used with the same meaning as in Brazil, defining a non administrative urban area, frequently without clear borders, an example being the Bairro Alto in Lisbon. Occasionally, a Portuguese bairro can coincide with an administrative freguesia (civil parish). In the past, the cities of Lisbon and Porto were divided in large administrative divisions - each encompassing several freguesias - which were also named bairros.

In Mozambique, bairros are administrative subdivisions of urban districts with important functions in the identification of the residents and determine the attributes of the area in regard to construction or agriculture, much like zoning. They are directed by secretários.

In Guinea-Bissau, bairros are first the peri-urban quarters of the capital Bissau beyond the old city centre (Praça), e.g. Bairro de Ajuda, Bairro Militar, Pessak, Quelele, Luanda, Mpantcha, and by extension quarters of smaller towns throughout the country.

Higienopolis 4
A bairro of São Paulo City.
Bairro Alto street
An old bairro in Lisbon.

See also

AD Bairro

Associação Desportiva do Bairro Craveiro Lopes (ADESBA for short) is a multisport club that had played in the Santiago Island South Zone League in Cape Verde. It is based in the capital city of Praia in the island of Santiago and plays in the stadium with a capacity of 8,000 The club never won a championship title, they have two cup titles. Its sports include football (soccer), basketball, futsal, similar to arena football and volleyball. Its current president Carlos Sena Teixeira and its manager is Daniel Cardoso who came in February 2017. Its nickname is canarinha which is Portuguese for the little canary.

AD Bairro (basketball)

Associação Desportiva do Bairro Craveiro Lopes (ADESBA for short) is a basketball club based in the neighborhood of Craveiro Lopes just west of the center of Praia on the island of Santiago, Cape Verde. The team is a member of the Santiago South Regional Basketball Association. It is one of four sporting departments of ADESBA. The club won three national championship titles. Its current president is Carlos Sena Teixeira. Its nickname is canarinha which is Portuguese for the little canary.

Anadia, Portugal

Anadia (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐnɐˈði.ɐ] (listen)) is a municipality in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 29,150, in an area of 216.63 km². It had 26,915 eligible voters. The city of Anadia is part of Arcos e Mogofores parish. The city itself had a population of 3,034 in 2001, while Arcos e Mogofores parish has about 5,000.

Bairro Alto

Bairro Alto (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈbai̯ʀu ˈaɫtu]; literally: Upper District) is a central district of the city of Lisbon, the Portuguese capital. Unlike many of the civil parishes of Lisbon, this region can be commonly explained as a loose association of neighbourhoods, with no formal local political authority but social and historical significance to the urban community of Lisbon and of Portugal as a whole.

The bairro or "neighbourhood" resulted from urban expansion in the 16th century, forming outside the walls of the historical city, and is characterized by an almost orthogonal tract (developing from two phases of distinct urbanization).It is a fundamental quarter of Lisbon, organized into a hierarchical scheme of roads and lanes: the roads, the structural axis, run perpendicular to the river; and the lanes, or secondary axis, cut parallel to the river. The matrix of allotments reflects the persistent use of the medieval layout; the division and multiplication of this module had its origin in the variations of the architectural typology. The space constructed is dominated by living spaces implanted in long narrow lots, of three to four storeys in height, with asymmetric facades consisting of windows along the various storeys and staircases along the lateral flanks. Although less representative, the Pombaline-era buildings are common, essentially introducing modifications to the level of the façade's composition. Although there are many typological variations to the facade designs, certain elements are repeated, such as the corners, bay and sill windows, eaves and attics, securing a homogeneous urbanized front.

Bairro Araújo

Bairro Araújo is a region of Rio de Janeiro, but not officially recognized as a neighborhood.

Bairro Craveiro Lopes

Bairro Craveiro Lopes is a subdivision of the city of Praia in the island of Santiago, Cape Verde. Its population was 1,519 at the 2010 census. It is situated northwest of the city centre. Adjacent neighbourhoods include Achadinha to the north, Fazenda to the east, Várzea to the south and Achada Eugénio Lima to the northwest.

Bairro Peixoto

Bairro Peixoto is a region in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil but it is not officially recognized as a neighborhood. Officially, it forms part of the neighborhood of Copacabana, but has distinct characteristics.

Bairro de Fátima

Bairro de Fátima is a region of Rio de Janeiro, but not officially recognized as a neighborhood.

Botafogo

Botafogo (local/standard Portuguese pronunciation: [bɔtaˈfoɡu] alternative Brazilian Portuguese pronunciation: [botɐˈfoɡu]) is a beachfront neighborhood (bairro) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is a mostly upper middle class and small commerce community, and is located between the hills of Mundo Novo, Dona Marta (which separates it from Laranjeiras) and São João (which separates it from Copacabana). The word Botafogo also refers to a Latin American ballroom dance move, named so because the area of Botafogo is where it originated.

Catete, Rio de Janeiro

Catete is a neighborhood in South Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It has strong commerce, with the majority of population being middle class.

Districts of Póvoa de Varzim

The urban area of Póvoa de Varzim in northern Portugal is divided into eleven districts (partes, lit. "parts"), each with distinctive zones (zonas), which are significant areas of the city and have population and topological differences. The vernacular terminology and 19th century subdivisions for the town is Bairro (neighbourhood or quarter).

While most of the assigned boundaries match with traditional local designations, some others differ from common traditional use, for instance the northern area of Giesteira is understood as part of Barreiros. This is a result of the City Planning Commission's wish to divide the city with a population of about 3 to 4 thousand in each district. Although, the idea of a neighbourhood equal to a district was aimed, sometimes it was not possible, given the fact that some are excessively small. While most of the districts have been in common use by locals for generations, some designated names are rarely heard outside of the Planning Commission usage, such as "Parque da Cidade" or "Agro-Velho". Some districts are formed by more than one quarter, such as the Matriz/Mariadeira formed by Matriz, Mariadeira, Regufe, Penalves, and Coelheiro or the Barreiros/Moninhas District formed by Barreiros and Moninhas.

Guaratiba

Guaratiba is a large neighborhood located in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It has one of the city's smallest population densities.

The bairro is in the eastern part of Sepetiba Bay. It contains the 3,360 hectares (8,300 acres) Guaratiba Biological Reserve, a strictly protected conservation unit holding a renmant of mangroves.

The region is currently expanding due to real estate investment because the access to the neighborhood is predisposed to be made easier due to Grota Funda tunnel (pt), scheduled to be finished in 2008.

Oliveira do Bairro

Oliveira do Bairro (Portuguese pronunciation: [oliˈvɐjɾɐ ðu ˈβajʁu] (listen)) is a town and a municipality in the district of Aveiro in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 47,729, in an area of 335.27 km². It had 16,994 eligible voters in 2006. The town itself had a population of 3,077 in 2001.The municipality is in the Bairrada area. The present Mayor is Mário João da Silva Oliveira, elected by the Social Democratic Party. The municipal holiday is Ascension Day.

Oliveira do Bairro S.C.

Oliveira do Bairro Sport Clube is a Portuguese football club based in Oliveira do Bairro, Aveiro District. Founded in 1922, it currently competes in the fourth division. The home ground is at the 2.000 seat capacity Oliveira do Bairro Municipal Stadium.

Póvoa de Varzim Holiday

Póvoa de Varzim Holiday, Saint Peter Festivals (Festas de São Pedro) or Saint Peter Night (Noite de São Pedro) is celebrated annually on June 29, Saint Peter's Day in Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal. It is a late midsummer festival and the last of the three Portuguese popular saints — Santos Populares. It is celebrated with the lighting of bonfires, dances, competitions between quarters and diverse parties. Saint Peter festival includes the "rusgas", in which inhabitants of one quarter (bairro) visit in a parade other quarters in the evening of June 28. Women are dressed as tricana poveira (women dressed in a traditional costume with a sensual walking style). Each neighborhood has its own festival, neighborhood colors and altar to Saint Peter.

Traditionally, people often eat grilled sardines with bread, caldo verde, and wine in the streets, with a bonfire nearby where people gather to celebrate. In the 21st century, younger population, although participating strongly in this festival, adopted new ways to celebrate it, such as the very popular Saint Peter raves in the waterfront, in Carvalhido and in Largo Caetano de Oliveira.

Taquara, Rio de Janeiro

Taquara is a neighborhood in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

The bairro contains the Pau da Fome center of the 12,500 hectares (31,000 acres) Pedra Branca State Park, created in 1974.

Tricana poveira

Tricana poveira is a traditional style of women's clothing from the Portuguese city of Póvoa de Varzim. This look, consisting of colorful costumes, was fashionable and mainstream from the 1920s to the 1960s. Women who dressed in the Tricana poveira style became known as tricana girls.

Usina

Usina is a region of Rio de Janeiro, but not officially recognized as a neighborhood.

Vicente de Carvalho, Rio de Janeiro

Vicente de Carvalho is a middle-class neighborhood in the North Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Regional subdivisions
Local subdivisions
Settlements

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