Baie-Comeau

Baie-Comeau ([be.kɔ.mo]; 2011 city population 22,113; CA population 28,789) is a city located approximately 420 kilometres (260 mi) north-east of Quebec City in the Côte-Nord region of the province of Quebec, Canada. It is located on the shores of the Saint Lawrence River near the mouth of the Manicouagan River, and is the seat of Manicouagan Regional County Municipality.

There are two urban area population centres within the city limits: Baie-Comeau proper, with a population of 9,917, and Hauterive, with a population of 11,844, as of the Canada 2011 Census.

The city is named after the adjacent Comeau Bay, which is named in honour of Napoléon-Alexandre Comeau, a Québécois naturalist.[1]

Former Prime Minister of Canada Brian Mulroney is a native of the town.

Baie-Comeau
Hotel Le Manoir
Hotel Le Manoir
Map of RCM with Baie-Comeau highlighted
Map of RCM with Baie-Comeau highlighted
Baie-Comeau is located in Côte-Nord region, Quebec
Baie-Comeau
Baie-Comeau
Location in Côte-Nord region of Quebec.
Coordinates: 49°13′N 68°09′W / 49.217°N 68.150°WCoordinates: 49°13′N 68°09′W / 49.217°N 68.150°W[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionCôte-Nord
RCMManicouagan
Founded1936
ConstitutedJune 23, 1982
Government
 • MayorYves Montigny
 • Federal ridingManicouagan
 • Prov. ridingRené-Lévesque
Area
 • City432.00 km2 (166.80 sq mi)
 • Land338.99 km2 (130.88 sq mi)
 • Urban11.30 + 8.42 km2 (14.55 sq mi)
 • Metro1,137.27 km2 (439.10 sq mi)
 Two urban areas: Baie-Comeau proper + Hauterive
Elevation21.60 m (70.87 ft)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • City22,113
 • Density65.2/km2 (169/sq mi)
 • Urban9,917 + 11,844
 • Urban density877.9 + 1,406.3/km2 (4,520/sq mi)
 • Metro28,789
 • Metro density25.3/km2 (66/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Decrease 2.0%
 • Dwellings
10,222
 Two urban areas: Baie-Comeau proper + Hauterive
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 138
Route 389
Websitewww.ville.baie-comeau.qc.ca

History

The oldest part of Baie-Comeau is the area known as Vieux-Poste (Old Post) near the mouth of the Amédée River where in 1889, the Saint-Eugène-de-Manicouagan Mission was founded by Eudists. In 1898, the first sawmill in the Côte-Nord region was built there by the brothers Damase and Henri Jalbert, but it closed in 1907 after their timber stock was swept into the St. Lawrence. In 1916, Route 138 was extended to Saint-Eugène-de-Manicouagan and in 1929, its post office opened with the English name of Comeau Bay (gallicized in 1936).[1][8]

Baie-Comeau itself (the eastern part of the current town) was founded in 1936 when a paper mill was constructed by Colonel Robert R. McCormick, publisher of the Chicago Tribune. Experiencing remarkable growth, the Town of Baie-Comeau was incorporated the following year. The area continued to see economic development with the establishment of the hydro-electric power stations on the Manicouagan and Outardes Rivers beginning with the Chutes-aux-Outardes Station in 1952, an aluminum smelter in 1958, and grain warehouses (the largest in Canada) in 1959.[1][8]

In 1950, the village of Saint-Eugène-de-Manicouagan was incorporated as the Municipality of Hauterive. In June 1982, Hauterive was merged into Baie-Comeau, taking effect on January 1, 1983.[1][8]

Baie-Comeau is the seat of the judicial district of Baie-Comeau.[9]

Demographics

The population was 25,554 at the 1996 census, declining to 22,402 according to the census of 2006. This decrease in population for the past decade is partly explained by the fact that many baby-boomers not born in the city retire then move elsewhere. The absence of university and many college-level courses forces young people to get their education elsewhere; there are few employment opportunities which drives migration to the larger urban areas of Montreal or Quebec City.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19411,548—    
19513,972+156.6%
19564,332+9.1%
19617,956+83.7%
198126,861+237.6%
198626,244−2.3%
199126,012−0.9%
199625,554−1.8%
200123,079−9.7%
200622,554−2.3%
201122,113−2.0%
[14][15][16][17][18] The population figure for 1981 has been adjusted to reflect the 1983 amalgamation.

Knowledge of official languages:[19]

  • English only: 10
  • French only: 7,030
  • English and French: 2,475
  • Neither English nor French: 0
Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population % of total population
White 21,665 97.6%
Visible minority group
Source:[20]
South Asian 0 0%
Chinese 25 0.1%
Black 50 0.2%
Filipino 0 0%
Latin American 0 0%
Arab 15 0.1%
Southeast Asian 10 0%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 0 0%
Japanese 0 0%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 0 0%
Multiple visible minority 0 0%
Total visible minority population 110 0.5%
Aboriginal group
Source:[21]
First Nations 230 1%
Métis 165 0.7%
Inuit 35 0.2%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 0 0%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 430 1.9%
Total population 22,205 100%

Economy

The region is a major forestry center for the pulp and paper industry, owned by Abitibi Consolidated as of October 2006. Alongside hydro-electricity and the paper industry, an aluminum plant has fed employment for decades. Cargill has a large elevator there that is used to transfer grain from great lakes boats to ocean-going ships.

Transportation

Baie St-Pancrace pres de Baie-Comeau
St-Pancrace Bay

The town is along Route 138 about 100 kilometres (62 mi) east of Forestville and about 230 kilometres (140 mi) west of Sept-Îles. A ferry service and rail ferry service[22] also links the town to Matane on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River. The town is the southern terminus of Route 389, which leads to the Daniel-Johnson Dam, the town of Fermont, and the Labrador region of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

The Baie-Comeau Airport, located in neighbouring Pointe-Lebel, has scheduled flights by Air Canada, Air Liaison, and Pascan Aviation.

City council

The Baie-Comeau city council consists of the mayor of Baie-Comeau and eight elected city councilors, four from each of the two sectors of town. The current mayor of Baie-Comeau is Yves Montigny.

Education

Baie-Comeau is home to several French language public elementary schools, two French language public high schools and one English language public school that includes both the elementary and high school level of education.

The town is also home to one French language CEGEP called the Cégep de Baie-Comeau.

List of schools in Baie-Comeau:

School Name Level Sector
École Bois-Du-Nord Elementary Western
École Boisvert Elementary Eastern
École Leventoux Elementary Eastern
École Mgr-Bélanger Elementary Western
École Saint-Cœur-de-Marie Elementary Western
École Serge-Bouchard [1] High School Western
École Trudel Elementary Western
Polyvalente des Baies High School Eastern
Baie-Comeau High School [2] Elementary and high school Eastern
  1. ^ Formerly known as Polyvalente des Rives
  2. ^ Only English language school in Baie-Comeau

Climate

Although at the same latitude as Vancouver or Paris, Baie-Comeau has a borderline humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), just above the subarctic climate. The cold Labrador Current makes the Gulf of St. Lawrence very cold and tends to cool the weather during summer much more than the marginal warming of the winters resulting from its maritime location. With the moist northeasterly winds coming in from the Icelandic Low, snowfall is very heavy, averaging around 3.6 metres (141.7 in) per year with a peak depth of around 0.63 metres (24.8 in) in March typical. The extreme snow depth was 2.26 metres (88.98 in) on 10 January 1969.

Sports

The 1993 Quebec Winter Games were played in Baie-Comeau.

Many different sports are played in Baie-Comeau:

Hockey

Baie-Comeau is home to the Baie-Comeau Drakkar, an ice hockey team playing in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League since 1997. The team plays in the Centre Henry-Leonard located in the eastern sector of the town.

Skiing

The Centre de ski du Mont-Tibasse is an alpine ski centre located a few kilometers north of the town where it offers twelve slopes. Cross-country skiing is also popular. Students often frequent Mont-Tibasse as part of their school programs.

Golf

An 18-hole golf course is available in the western sector of the town. It is a semi-private golf club and is open for most of the summer.

Swimming

The two major high schools of the city each offer an indoor swimming pool and are open to the public year-round. Two outdoor swimming pools are also available to the public. These are open from the end of June until the middle of August each summer.

Some beaches are also available in the summer. There are other beaches are along the shore of the St. Lawrence river such as: The Plage Champlain and the Plage Pointe-Lebel, among others.

Tennis

Several outdoor tennis courts are available to the public in the different parks across town. They are open for most of the summer.

Football

The Baie-Comeau Vikings represent the Polyvalente des Baies in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean League. The team won championships in the eastern Quebec circuit in 2003, 2004 and 2006, and were finalists in 2005.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Fiche descriptive - Baie-Comeau" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
  2. ^ a b "Baie-Comeau". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Archived from the original on 2012-05-01. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  3. ^ a b "Baie-Comeau census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  4. ^ a b "Baie-Comeau (population centre) census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  5. ^ a b "Hauterive (population centre) census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  6. ^ a b "Baie-Comeau (census agglomeration) census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-11. The census agglomeration consists of Baie-Comeau, Chute-aux-Outardes, Franquelin, Pointe-Lebel, Pointe-aux-Outardes, Ragueneau. In the 2006 census, the census agglomeration had also included the unorganized territory of Rivière-aux-Outardes.
  7. ^ a b "Baie-Comeau A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c "Baie-Comeau (municipalité de ville)" (in French). Mémoire du Québec. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
  9. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  10. ^ a b "Electronic Area Profiles". Canada 1996 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
  11. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
  12. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  13. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  14. ^ Statistics Canada: 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  15. ^ http://www66.statcan.gc.ca/eng/acyb_c1955-eng.aspx?opt=/eng/1955/195501670141_p. 141.pdf
  16. ^ 127.pdf, Canada Year Book 1957-58
  17. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-12-23. Retrieved 2014-08-30.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ [1], E-STAT Table
  19. ^ https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=POPC&Code1=0036&Geo2=PR&Code2=24&Data=Count&SearchText=Baie-Comeau&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&GeoLevel=PR&GeoCode=0036&TABID=1
  20. ^ [2], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  21. ^ [3], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  22. ^ Train ferry Archived 2012-04-26 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Trains February 2009 p9

External links

2001–02 QMJHL season

The 2001–02 QMJHL season was the 33rd season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The league inaugurates the Luc Robitaille Trophy for the team that scored the most goals during the regular season. Sixteen teams played 72 games each in the schedule. The Acadie-Bathurst Titan finished first overall in the regular season winning their first Jean Rougeau Trophy since relocating from Laval. The Victoriaville Tigres won their first President's Cup since relocating from Longueuil, by defeating the Acadie-Bathurst Titan in the finals.

2002–03 QMJHL season

The 2002–03 QMJHL season was the 34th season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The league discontinues the AutoPro Plaque and Philips Plaque as those sponsorships expire. The St-Clair Group Plaque is renamed the Jean Sawyer Trophy. Sixteen teams played 72 games each in the schedule. The Baie-Comeau Drakkar finished first overall in the regular season winning their first Jean Rougeau Trophy. The Hull Olympiques won their fifth President's Cup, defeating the Halifax Mooseheads in the finals.

2011–12 QMJHL season

The 2011–12 QMJHL season was the 43rd season of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (QMJHL). The regular season, which consisted of 17 teams playing 68 games each, began in September 2011 and ended in March 2012. This season was Blainville-Boisbriand Armada's first season in the league, as the team relocated to Boisbriand from Verdun where they played as the Montreal Junior Hockey Club from 2008 to 2011. The league lost one of his charter teams when the Lewiston Maineiacs folded during after the previous season, the QMJHL later announce an expansion team to Sherbrooke for the 2012–13 season. In the playoffs, the Saint John Sea Dogs became the seventh team in league history to capture consecutive President's Cup championships.

2012–13 QMJHL season

The 2012–13 QMJHL season was the 44th season of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (QMJHL). The regular season consisted of eighteen teams playing 68 games each, began on September 20, 2012, and ended on March 17, 2013. This was the Sherbrooke Phoenix's first season in the league.

2013–14 QMJHL season

The 2013–14 QMJHL season is the 45th season of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (QMJHL). The regular season consisted of 18 teams playing 68 games each, beginning on September 12, 2013, and ending on March 15, 2014.

2014–15 QMJHL season

The 2014–15 QMJHL season is the 46th season of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (QMJHL). The regular season consisted of eighteen teams playing 68 games each, beginning on September 10, 2014, and ending on March 22, 2015.

Air Satellite

Air Satellite was an airline based in Baie-Comeau, Quebec, Canada. It operated scheduled, charter passenger and cargo services, as well as supplying aviation fuel, ground services and aircraft maintenance and repair. Its main base was Baie-Comeau Airport, with hubs at Rimouski Airport, Sept-Îles Airport, Havre Saint-Pierre Airport and Quebec Airport.

Baie-Comeau Airport

Baie-Comeau Airport (IATA: YBC, ICAO: CYBC) is located 5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi) south southwest of Baie-Comeau, Quebec, near the St. Lawrence River.

Baie-Comeau Drakkar

The Baie-Comeau Drakkar are a junior ice hockey team in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. They play at Centre Henry-Leonard in Baie-Comeau, Quebec, Canada. Their franchise was granted for the 1997–98 season. The name "Drakkar" is a type of longship.

Cedric Gagné-Marcoux

Cedric Gagné-Marcoux (born September 27, 1982) is a former Canadian football guard. He was drafted by the Hamilton Tiger-Cats in the first round of the 2006 CFL Draft. He played college football for the Central Florida. He also played for the Toronto Argonauts.

Centre Henry-Leonard

The Centre Henry-Leonard is a 3,042 capacity (2,779 seated) multi-purpose arena in Baie-Comeau, Quebec, Canada. It is home to the Baie-Comeau Drakkar ice hockey team of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. It was built in 1970.

Cégep de Baie-Comeau

Cégep de Baie-Comeau is a CEGEP in Baie-Comeau, Quebec, Canada. Cégep de Baie-Comeau, a pre-university and technical college, is affiliated with ACCC, and CCAA.

Manicouagan Regional County Municipality

Manicouagan is a regional county municipality in the Côte-Nord region of Quebec, Canada. It is located on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River with its seat in Baie-Comeau. It was created in 1981, and named after the Manicouagan River.

Manon Briand

Manon Briand (born January 1, 1964 in Baie-Comeau, Quebec) is a Canadian film director and screenwriter. After graduating in film studies from Concordia University, Briand went to France to study screenwriting in 1987. Returning home, she co-founded an independent filmmakers’ group, Les Films de l’Autre, and soon began directing. Her films include a segment in Cosmos, 2 Seconds, Chaos and Desire, Liverpool and the television film Heart: The Marilyn Bell Story.

Marjolain Dufour

Marjolain Dufour (born November 28, 1958 in Baie-Comeau, Quebec) is a former politician in Canada, who was a Parti Québécois member of the National Assembly of Quebec, representing the electoral district of René-Lévesque in the Côte-Nord region, from 2003 to 2015.

Dufour worked from 1977 to 1998 at Alcoa in Baie-Comeau and was the regional president of the trade union group the Confédération des syndicats nationaux (CSN) for six years and the vice-president of the aluminum union group of Baie-Comeau.

Dufour was elected in the 2003 election in the riding of René-Lévesque and was named the opposition critic for labour.

He announced his resignation from the legislature, citing health reasons, in September 2015.

Quebec Route 389

Quebec's Route 389 connects Route 138 adjacent to Baie-Comeau with the Newfoundland and Labrador border, connecting with the Trans-Labrador Highway (Newfoundland and Labrador provincial route 500) to Wabush and Labrador City, and beyond to Goose Bay. On its way it skirts the eastern shore of Manicouagan Reservoir.

Richard Martel

Richard Martel (born March 23, 1961) is a Canadian ice hockey coach and politician. He last coached the Grenoble Brûleurs de Loups in the French Ligue Magnus. Martel was elected to the House of Commons of Canada in a by-election on June 18, 2018. He represents the electoral district of Chicoutimi—Le Fjord as a member of the Conservative Party of Canada.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Baie-Comeau

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Baie-Comeau (Latin: Dioecesis Sinus Comoënsis) (erected 29 May 1882, as the Prefecture Apostolic of Golfe St-Laurent) is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Rimouski. The organization is based in Baie-Comeau, Quebec.

Canada census – Baie-Comeau community profile
2011 2006
Population: 22,113 (-2.0% from 2006) 22,554 (-2.3% from 2001)
Land area: 338.99 km2 (130.88 sq mi) 338.88 km2 (130.84 sq mi)
Population density: 65.2/km2 (169/sq mi) 66.6/km2 (172/sq mi)
Median age: 45.2 (M: 44.9, F: 45.6) 42.1 (M: 41.7, F: 42.5)
Total private dwellings: 10,222 9,931
Median household income: $62,180 $60,567
Notes: Population in 1996: 25,554[10] (-1.8% from 1991) - Population in 1991: 26,012[10] – References: 2011[11] 2006[12] earlier[13]
Climate data for Baie Comeau Airport (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 8.8 8.4 9.6 21.7 30.4 39.1 38.3 46.3 33.2 31.8 20.2 9.0 46.3
Record high °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
8.2
(46.8)
10.3
(50.5)
21.8
(71.2)
30.0
(86.0)
31.8
(89.2)
32.8
(91.0)
31.1
(88.0)
28.1
(82.6)
21.7
(71.1)
18.1
(64.6)
13.9
(57.0)
32.8
(91.0)
Average high °C (°F) −8.7
(16.3)
−6.7
(19.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
4.5
(40.1)
11.9
(53.4)
18.0
(64.4)
20.9
(69.6)
20.2
(68.4)
15.2
(59.4)
8.5
(47.3)
1.9
(35.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
6.6
(43.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −14.3
(6.3)
−12.7
(9.1)
−6.5
(20.3)
0.6
(33.1)
6.8
(44.2)
12.4
(54.3)
15.6
(60.1)
14.7
(58.5)
10.1
(50.2)
4.3
(39.7)
−1.8
(28.8)
−9.3
(15.3)
1.7
(35.1)
Average low °C (°F) −19.9
(−3.8)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−11.4
(11.5)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.7
(35.1)
6.8
(44.2)
10.3
(50.5)
9.2
(48.6)
5.0
(41.0)
0.1
(32.2)
−5.5
(22.1)
−14.1
(6.6)
−3.3
(26.1)
Record low °C (°F) −47.2
(−53.0)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−35.6
(−32.1)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−8.3
(17.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
0.6
(33.1)
−0.7
(30.7)
−6.1
(21.0)
−11.0
(12.2)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−37.8
(−36.0)
−47.2
(−53.0)
Record low wind chill −53.0 −56.9 −48.3 −29.5 −19.0 −4.8 0.0 −2.7 −8.4 −15.1 −31.1 −51.5 −56.9
Average precipitation mm (inches) 83.4
(3.28)
65.2
(2.57)
68.4
(2.69)
79.7
(3.14)
91.1
(3.59)
88.7
(3.49)
93.1
(3.67)
75.4
(2.97)
86.3
(3.40)
95.3
(3.75)
95.8
(3.77)
78.7
(3.10)
1,001
(39.41)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 12.3
(0.48)
14.4
(0.57)
23.7
(0.93)
50.7
(2.00)
88.3
(3.48)
88.7
(3.49)
93.1
(3.67)
75.4
(2.97)
86.3
(3.40)
90.0
(3.54)
57.7
(2.27)
17.0
(0.67)
697.6
(27.46)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 83.8
(33.0)
59.1
(23.3)
48.2
(19.0)
30.3
(11.9)
2.7
(1.1)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.01
(0.00)
5.4
(2.1)
40.2
(15.8)
73.2
(28.8)
342.9
(135.0)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 16.2 12.8 12.8 12.3 14.2 13.5 14.6 13.5 13.5 15.0 14.1 14.8 167.3
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 1.6 1.8 3.7 8.3 14.1 13.5 14.6 13.5 13.5 14.8 8.7 2.6 110.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 16.8 11.8 10.7 6.2 0.89 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.05 1.7 8.6 14.3 71.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 112.5 134.4 163.5 181.7 217.3 237.1 244.0 238.4 163.8 123.4 90.7 94.7 2,001.5
Percent possible sunshine 41.6 47.0 44.4 44.2 45.8 49.0 49.9 53.5 43.2 36.8 32.9 36.8 43.8
Source: Environment Canada[7]
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