Bahoz Erdal

Bahoz Erdal or Dr. Bahoz Erdal, also known as Fahman Husain (Kurdish: Fehman Hûseynفەهمان حوسێن, also spelled Fehman Hüseyin[1]) (born 1969) is a member and Commander of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK). He is originally from al-Malikiyah/Derîk town, in Syrian Kurdistan.[2][3]

Fehman Hûseyn
Nickname(s)Dr. Bahoz Erdal
Born1969 (age 49–50)
Al-Malikiyah, Al-Hasakah Governorate, Syria
AllegianceFlag of Kurdistan Workers' Party.svg Kurdistan Workers' Party
Years of service1992-present
RankCommander
Battles/warsPKK Uprising

Biography

Born in 1969, Hüseyin is a Syrian Kurd who has studied medicine at university – thus nicknamed 'Doctor' – in Damascus. Following PKK's leader Abdullah Öcalan's capture in 1999, he shared the leadership of the PKK with Murat Karayılan and Cemil Bayık, commanding the armed branch HPG particularly.[4][5]

He served as the head of the People's Defence Forces (HPG), the PKK's armed wing from June 2004[6] until July 2009, when he was replaced by Sofi Nurettin.[7]

Since 2004 he has been part of the three-man PKK Executive Committee, including acting PKK leader Murat Karayılan and PKK co-founder Cemil Bayik,[8] who preceded Bahoz Erdal as the PKK's military commander.[6]

Some Turkish security analysts has claimed that Erdal is the leader of the Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (TAK).[9]

Alleged July 2016 assassination

According to Turkey's official state news agency Anadolu Agency, and the Daily Sabah citing Anadolu Agency, he was killed in Syria on 8 July 2016. A person under the name of Halid el Hasekavi, spokesman of an anti-regime armed group named Tel Hamis Brigades, told an AA correspondent that Hüseyin was allegedly targeted near northern Syrian city of Qamishli. He claimed that Hüseyin's car was blown up at 8:30 p.m. on 8 July, being killed along with eight people including his guards.[4][5] On 12 July, the Yeni Safak quoted the Turkish MIT intelligence service as the source of this story.[10] Sources close to PKK denied these claims.[11] The PKK also denied the rumors that Bahoz Erdal had been killed.[12][13][14]

The story was debunked when Erdal gave a radio interview on 13 July[15] and later thoroughly deconstructed as fake by international media.[16]

He appeared on a video in April 2017 and addressed to Turkish citizens about the 2017 Turkish constitutional referendum. [17]

References

  1. ^ "56 PKK militants killed in last ten days". World Bulletin. 2 January 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
  2. ^ "Rebels vow to step up Turkey raids". The Times. 13 October 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  3. ^ Today'S Zaman
  4. ^ a b PKK terrorist group's armed wing commander 'Bahoz Erdal' killed in northern Syria Daily Sabah, 9 July 2014
  5. ^ a b PKK'nın üst düzey sorumlularından 'Bahoz Erdal' öldürüldü AA News Agency, 9 July 2016
  6. ^ a b "Leading PKK Commander Cemil Bayik Crosses into Iran". The Jamestown Foundation. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  7. ^ "How Kurdish PKK Militants Are Exploiting the Crisis in Syria to Achieve Regional Autonomy". The Jamestown Foundation. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  8. ^ "New PKK Leadership 11111111Takes Over Insurgency". MiddleEastNewsline. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  9. ^ Vera Eccarius-Kelly (2011). The Militant Kurds. ABC-CLIO. p. 212. ISBN 0-313-36468-0. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  10. ^ "A'Death of PKK commander Bahoz Erdal confirmed'". Yeni Safak. 2016-07-12. Retrieved 2016-07-22.
  11. ^ "Bahoz Erdal li ser kar e". ANF. 9 July 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
  12. ^ "PKK denies Turkish media reports of senior leader's death". Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  13. ^ "Bahoz is alive and working normally". Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  14. ^ "PKK denies death of its military commander - ARA News". 10 July 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  15. ^ "'Killed' PKK Commander Bahoz Erdal Speaks to Kurdish Radio". kurdishquestion.com. 2016-07-13. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  16. ^ "Anatomy of a Turkish assassination fable". Al-Monitor. 2016-07-15. Retrieved 2016-07-22.
  17. ^ Haber7. "Terör elebaşı Bahoz Erdal'dan referandum tehdidi". Haber7.

External links

Preceded by
Nizamettin Taş
Military Commander of the PKK
June 2004 – June 2009
Succeeded by
Sofi Nurettin
2010 Hakkâri bus bombing

The 2010 Hakkâri bus bombing occurred on 16 September 2010 and resulted in nine people being killed and three others injured, including a 15-month-old baby, after an explosion on a minibus in the village of Geçitli, Hakkâri Province, Turkey. The initial death toll was eight, and later rose to ten. The death toll in the minivan was ten, and according to the U.S. Department of State, the PKK was responsible.

2011 Hakkâri attack

The 2011 Hakkari attacks occurred on the night of October 19, 2011, when over 100 PKK fighters killed 26 Turkish soldiers. It was allegedly the deadliest PKK attack on Turkish security forces since the May 24, 1993 PKK ambush in which 33 soldiers were killed. The PKK claimed the attack was to avenge a high-ranking PKK commander killed by Turkish operations in Iraqi Kurdistan earlier.Turkish security forces claimed to have killed 49 PKK fighters in their slight retaliation during the next days according to Turkish media.According to claims made by Turkish authorities, the alleged attack was carried out by the Syrian branch of the PKK, led by Dr. Bahoz Erdal.

2015 Hakkari Assault

2015 South-Western Hakkari assault refers to a large-scale operation of the Turkish military against Kurdish insurgents in the mountains of south-eastern Turkey, within the frame of the PKK rebellion (2015–present) resulting in the elimination of the PKK's mountain force structure network resulting in 119 militants killed and an estimated thousands of militants retreating to Iraq. The large scale assault was launched early September 2015 by Turkish Army commando battalions & concluded on early November 2015.

Celal Başkale

Mahir Koç more commonly known under his nickname Celal Başkale was a commander of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, a militant organization that has been fighting the government of Turkey for autonomy for Kurdish people, since 1984. It is recognized as a terrorist organisation by Turkey, the United States and the European Union.Başkale started out as a bodyguard for Fehman Hûseyn (Bahoz Erdal), who is the head of the Hezen Parastina Gel (HPG), the PKK's armed wing and later rose to become the commander of all PKK operations in the Black Sea Region.On December 7, 2009, he led seven PKK guerrillas in an ambush against 15 Turkish commandos known as the Reşadiye shooting or Tokat assault. Seven of the commandos were killed and three were injured.On April 11, 2012, two Turkish soldiers were killed in a PKK ambush near Çiğdemlik. In response the Turkish military started a large-scale operation against the PKK throughout Amasya Province. Celal Başkale was killed by Turkish forces along with another PKK militant on April 14.

February 2016 Diyarbakır bombing

The 2016 Diyarbakır bombing occurred on 18 February 2016 in Diyarbakır, a city in Diyarbakır Province, Turkey. The bombing consisted of a roadside bomb that killed 6 soldiers and injured another.The Kurdish HPG forces claimed responsibility for the attack.

June–August 2012 Hakkari clashes

The June 2012 Hakkari clashes are an ongoing series of clashes between the PKK and the Turkish Army near Şemdinli in Hakkari province in southern Turkey and in north Iraq. The clashes began on June 19, with a coordinated PKK attack upon a Turkish Army post in Yuksekova town in Hakkari province near the border with Kurdistan region of Iraq. On July 20–21, the PKK made an attempt to capture an area in Semdinli, resulting in Turkish counter-offensive. The continuing counter offensive has resulted in 8 Turkish security forces and 130 Kurdish militants killed, according to Turkish security forces. The KCK recorded over 400 incidents of shelling, air bombardment and other armed clashes during August 2012. The events were described as the "heaviest fighting in Turkey in years".

Kurdish villages depopulated by Turkey

The number of Kurdish villages depopulated by Turkey is estimated at around 3,000. Since 1984, the Turkish military has embarked on a campaign to eradicate the Kurdistan Workers Party, a militant Kurdish opposition group. As a result, by the year 2000 some 30,000 people have died, and two million Kurdish refugees have been driven out of their homes into overcrowded urban shanty towns.

Kurdistan Islamic Movement (Turkey)

Hereketa İslamiya Kurdistane was a Kurdish (Sunni) Islamist movement in southeastern Turkey. It movement was established 1993 led by Seyda Mele Abdullah. Movement is no longer active, it was merged with CIK organisation in 2004.

The organisation is not listed among the 12 active terrorist organisation in Turkey as of 2007 according to Counter-Terrorism and Operations Department of Directorate General for Security (Turkish police).

Operation Dawn (1997)

Operation Dawn (Turkish: Şafak Harekâtı) was a cross-border operation by the Turkish Armed Forces into northern Iraq between 25 September and 15 October 1997 against the Kurdistan Workers' Party.

The unsuccessful result of Operation Hammer (1997) led to this operation.

Operation Murat

Operation Murat, which was launched on 23 April 1998, by the Turkish Army against the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in the Turkey's South-Eastern Hakkâri Province. It is said to have been the largest Turkish military operation in the entire Kurdish–Turkish conflict or even the largest Turkish military operation since the foundation of the Republic of Turkey.The Turkish Army used 40,000 troops to pursue 450 Kurdish guerillas led by Murat Karayılan. Turkish forces however failed to kill or capture Karayılan after they cornered him in Kulp, Diyarbakir, in May.During the first three days of the operation, there were clashes in Diyarbakir, Bingöl, Muş and Bitlis. Within Diyarbakir province, the clashes were concentrated around Kulp, Lice and Hani and in Bingöl Province, they were centered on Genç. The military declared they killed 58 militants, captured 3 militants and lost 3 security forces during the first three days. Militants downed a military plane in Kulp, whereafter an Armenian businessman was detained.Pro-PKK sources have alleged that former PKK military commander Şemdin Sakık aided Turkish forces during the operation, after he was captured by Turkish forces shortly after leaving the PKK to join forces with the Kurdistan Democratic Party.

Operation Tigris Shield

Operation Tigris Shield is an ongoing cross-border operation conducted by the Turkish Armed Forces against Kurdistan Workers' Party militants in the Kurdish region of Iraq, launched on 10 March 2018.

Participatoric Democracy Party

Participatoric Democracy Party (Turkish: Katılımcı Demokrasi Partisi, KADEP) is a pro-Kurdish rights party in Turkey. The party was created in 2006 by Şerafettin Elçi, the former Minister of Public Works.In the Turkish general election, 2011 Elçi run with the Labour, Democracy and Freedom Bloc and was elected for Diyarbakır Province.

Revolutionary People's Party (Turkey, illegal)

Revolutionary People's Party (in Turkish: Devrimci Halk Partisi) is a political party in Turkey, politically close to the PKK. DHP was formed in 1994. It publishes Alternatif.

Sazak assault

The Sazak assault was an ambush carried out in 1997, in the Sazak neighbourhood of Reşadiye, in Turkey's Tokat Province. Four Turkish soldiers were killed in the ambush and although no group immediately claimed responsibility, the attack was later revealed to have been a joint operation by three Communist guerrilla groups: the separatist Kurdistan Workers' Party and the Turkish Revolutionary People's Liberation Party–Front and Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–Leninist.The soldiers were returning to their outpost after a patrol and had only 1.3 kilometers left to travel when they were ambushed by a joint force of Kurdish PKK and Turkish DHKP/C and TKP-ML insurgents. Four soldiers were killed in the ambush and due to the heavy fog, all insurgents managed to escape.That same year period the PKK and DHKP/C were also involved in a joint attack on a local flour factory in Tokat, which killed 3 Turkish officials. Twelve years later, a similar attack was carried out in the same area, which left 7 soldiers dead and 3 injured.

September 2012 Beytüşşebap attack

The September 2012 Beytüşşebap attack occurred on the night of September 2, 2012. According to Governor of Şırnak Province, the attack began 22.00, and he said that as a result of the attack nine Turkish soldiers died and eight soldiers were injured. One of the injured soldiers died later in Şırnak Hospital. In the following days clashes were reported to continue.

Siege of Silvan (2015)

In November 2015, Turkish Security Forces launched the siege of Silvan - an operation and a curfew in the city of Silvan, directed against the PKK-affiliated group YDG-H. The curfew was started on November 3 and lifted on November 14, during the time the military and police forces held anti-terror operations in the three neighborhoods of Konak, Mescit and Tekel. The Turkish military has deployed helicopters and tanks against the town, and locals have warned that its 90,000 residents are running low on food, water and electricity.

Siirt raid

The Siirt raid refers to an armed raid of PKK in a Turkish military base in Eruh, Siirt province. The raid killed 6 soldiers from a village guard militia that was supporting the Turkish army in the area. 7 others were injured, while one of the injured, died later of his wounds. No PKK fighters died during the raid, but Turkey claimed that they killed three PKK fighters linked to the attack in Hazro, Diyarbakır Province.

TRT Kurdî

TRT Kurdî is Turkey's first national television station that broadcasts in Kurdish.

It broadcasts in the Kurmanji and Sorani varieties of Kurdish as well in Zazaki. The main objective of TRT Kurdî is to reflect Turkey’s cultural diversity on the screen. It offers programs aimed at all ages and promoting the perspective of the Turkish state and its values. TRT Kurdî programs include films, documentaries, drama series and music programs, as well as programs aimed at children and women. Further broadcasting of TRT Kurdî in Arabic and Persian is also planned. TRT Kurdî broadcasts from the western scope of the Türksat 3A satellite. The satellite frequency of the channel can be received from Turkey and the rest of Europe.In addition, the informal cause of the channel is to reduce the influence of Roj TV, which is regarded as PKK's main broadcast channel.

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