Bahamian Americans

Bahamian Americans are Americans of Bahamian ancestry. There are an estimated 56,498 people of Bahamian ancestry living in the US as of 2015.[2]

Bahamian Americans
Sidney Poitier-NPS
Klay Thompson vs. Jared Dudley (cropped)
BertWilliamsPhotoPortraitWithCigarette
Kimbo Slice 1
Roxie Roker 1976
Frederica Wilson official House portrait
Closing remarks from Donald R. Hopkins
Jamesweldonjohnson
Stepin Fetchit1
Total population
56,498
(2015 estimates)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Florida (South Florida), Georgia (Metro Atlanta), Alabama, New York (New York metropolitan area)
Languages
English (American English, Bahamian English), Bahamian Creole
Religion
Anglicanism · Baptism · Church of God · Methodism · Roman Catholicism · Obeah

Bahamian Immigration

Bahamians began visiting the Florida Keys in the 18th century to salvage wrecked ships, fish, catch turtles and log tropical hardwood trees. A Bahamian settlement in the Keys was reported in 1790, but the presence of Bahamians in the keys was temporary. Early in the 19th century some 30 to 40 Bahamian ships were working in the keys every year. After 1825, Bahamian wreckers began moving to Key West in large numbers.[3][4] Today, the largest Bahamian American populations are in Atlanta, Oklahoma City, Miami, and New York.

Bahamians built and still reside in the oldest inhabited neighborhoods in Miami like Coconut Grove and Lemon City. Bahamians represented 1/3 of the vote to incorporate the area into the new city Miami

Bahamians were among the first Caribbeans to arrive to the mainland US in the late nineteenth century. Many went to Florida to work in agriculture or to Key West to labor in fishing, sponging, and turtling. Two main factors that contributed to increased Bahamian migration were the poor economic climate and opportunities, as well as the short distance from the Bahamas to Miami. Southern Florida developed Bahamian enclaves in certain cities including Lemon City, Coconut Grove, and Cutler. In 1896, foreign-born blacks compromised 40 percent of the black population, making Miami the largest foreign-born black city in the US aside from New York. Reimers claims that the restrictive immigration policy of the 1920s did not greatly affect the Bahamian émigrés, they continued to migrate in vast number to the US, however many also participated in return migration back to the Bahamas during this time period. Those who chose to remain created institutions in the U.S. During this time in Florida, black Bahamians too faced state-enforced racism. Blacks could not vote, were persecuted by epithets in Miami press, and were not allowed to stay in the hotels that employed them. And in 1921, the Ku Klux Klan staged a large rally attacking these black immigrants in Miami.[5]

Communities

The majority of Bahamian Americans, about 21,000 in total, live in and around Miami, Florida, with the Bahamian community centered in Coconut Grove. There is also a growing Bahamian American population in the Atlanta and Oklahoma City areas.

Although the majority of Bahamian Americans live in the Southern United States, a large population can be found in the New York City area, with the population particularly centered in Harlem. Bahamian Americans in the New York City area regularly provide cultural education and entertainment, particularly due to the Office of the Bahamas Consulate General in New York being located in the city.

White Bahamian Americans in Florida were often referred to as "Conchs," and their communities in Key West and Riviera Beach sometimes referred to as "Conch Towns." In 1939, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) conducted a study of white Bahamian Americans in Riviera Beach, eventually published as Conchtown USA.[6]

US communities with high percentages of people of Bahamian ancestry

The top US communities with the highest percentage of people claiming Bahamian ancestry are:[7]

  1. Roosevelt Gardens, Florida 9.3%
  2. Canal Point, Florida 5.1%
  3. Seminole Manor, Florida 3.6%
  4. Brownsville, Florida 3.3%
  5. Gladeview, Florida 3%
  6. Archer, Florida 2.5%
  7. West Park, Florida 2.1%
  8. Ives Estates, Florida 2%
  9. Westview, Florida 1.5%
  10. Miami Gardens 1.4%
  11. West Little River, Florida 1.4%

Culture

Bahamian Americans have retained much of their cultural heritage. Bahamian Americans listen to and perform Junkanoo and rake-and-scrape music, engage in the classic art of West Indian storytelling about characters like Anansi, and create Bahamian-style art, especially straw weaving and canvas art.

Bahamian foods staples such as conch, peas and rice, Johnny cake, and desserts including duff (food)s (especially guava) continue to be made by Bahamian Americans. Bahamian dialect is also spoken by many Bahamian Americans, especially in Florida.

Education

As of 2010, Bahamian Americans were the most educated West Indian Americans in the USA. 39.1% of the Bahamian American population of 25 years and over held college degrees. There were 22,763 Bahamian Americans 25 years and older in the country according to the 2010 census. 9.9% held associate degrees, 17.5% held bachelor's degrees, and 11.7% held graduate or professional degrees. 29.2% held bachelor's degrees or higher.

[8] In New York State, 46.7% of Bahamian Americans 25 years and older held degrees. 18.5% held Graduate or Professional degrees, 20.6% held bachelor's degrees, with 7.6% holding associate degrees.

In Georgia 51.1% of Bahamian Americans 25 years and older held college degrees. 18.6% held Graduate or Professional degrees, 25.1% held bachelor's degrees, with 7.4% holding associate degrees.

In Florida 32% of Bahamian Americans 25 years and older held college degrees. 7.8% held Graduate or Professional degrees, 12.6% held bachelor's degrees, with 11.6% holding associate degrees. [8]

Economy

In 2010 census the average Bahamian American family household earned $61,070 annually, with the average household earning about $57,000. The median income for family household was $46,196 and the median for household was $42,000.

35 percent of working Bahamian Americans had occupations in Business, science, and arts, 27 percent had positions in sales and office occupations, 24 percent had occupation in service related jobs, 6 percent held jobs in natural resources, construction and maintenance, and 8% in production, transportation, and material moving.

About 20% of the Bahamian American population were living in poverty in 2010. [8]

Organizations

Both the Bahamian American Cultural Society and the Bahamian American Association Inc., the largest Bahamian American organizations in the United States, are located in Manhattan. These organizations provide cultural education services, social opportunities, and genealogical records to Bahamian Americans and those interested in Bahamian and Bahamian American culture.

The National Association of the Bahamas, located in Miami, offers primarily social opportunities for the local Bahamian American community.

The Council for Concerned Bahamians Abroad is a foundation which represents the interests and concerns of Bahamians, and Friends of the Bahamas domiciled outside the Bahamas. Its primary role is to serve as a voice for the economic and family interests of its constituents, and to monitor, analyze, and report on issues and policies that affect these interests. It also operates "Bring It Home Initiatives" (BIHI), projects designed to assist in the development of the Bahamas in seven areas, Education, Business & Industry, Investments & Financial Services, Health & Social Development, Community Development & Sports, Arts & Entertainment, and Tourism.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Access, Data; (DADS), Dissemination Systems (5 October 2010). "Results". American FactFinder. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  2. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=bkmk
  3. ^ Viele, John (1994). The Florida Keys: A History of the Pioneers. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press. pp. 13–15. ISBN 1-56164-101-4.
  4. ^ Viele, John (2001). The Florida Keys: The Wreckers. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press. pp. 25–28. ISBN 1-56164-219-3.
  5. ^ Reimers, David. Other Immigrants: The Global Origins of the American People. New York, NY: New York University Press, 2005. 70-80. Print.
  6. ^ Foster, Charles C. 1991. Conchtown USA, with Folk songs & tales collected by Veonica Huss. Boca Raton, Florida: Florida Atlantic University Press. ISBN 0-8130-1042-X
  7. ^ https://censusreporter.org/data/table/?table=B04006&geo_ids=04000US12,160%7C04000US12&primary_geo_id=04000US12
  8. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-17. Retrieved 2015-01-02.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Concerned Bahamians Abroad". The Council for Concerned Bahamians Abroad. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  10. ^ "Wendy Coakley-Thompson, Ph.D." Page One Lit. Accessed July 19, 2007. Archived February 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Denzel Curry Complex Interview
  12. ^ a b 1880 U.S. Census, population schedule, Election Dist. No. 7, Duval County, Florida, Enumeration District [ED] 31, Sheet 23, dwelling 251, household 286, James Johnson household; National Archives microfilm publication T9, roll 156; digital image, http://www.ancestry.com (accessed 31 Dec 2007)
  13. ^ a b "Roxie Roker, actress and more!" African American Registry. Accessed July 19, 2007. Archived October 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Sidney Poitier." All About Oscar. Accessed July 19, 2007.
  15. ^ ["Al Roker's Family Reunion." Food Network, 2000.]
  16. ^ Porter, Darwin. "Introduction to Little Exuma." | Frommers. Accessed July 19, 2007.
  17. ^ https://books.google.bs/books?id=vKGVw9q6ETYC&pg=PA292&lpg=PA292&dq=web+dubois+grand+father+from+the+bahamas&source=bl&ots=sg21lXxK-C&sig=oz_9JUoDg_b07AEjtxPjL8ZbvQk&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj-pZzhiLPUAhUBKCYKHSdcCE4Q6AEIOzAE#v=onepage&q=web%20dubois%20grand%20father%20from%20the%20bahamas&f=false

External links

African Americans in Alabama

African Americans in Alabama are residents of the state of Alabama who are of African American ancestry. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, African Americans were 26.5% of the state's population.

African Americans in California

African-American Californians or Black Californians are residents of the state of California who are of African ancestry. According to U.S. Census Bureau, those identified as African American or black constituted 5.9% or 2,265,387 residents in California in 2015.

African Americans in Florida

African Americans in Florida are residents of the state of Florida who are of African ancestry. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, African Americans were 16.6% of the state's population. The African-American presence in the peninsula extends as far back as the early 18th century, when African-American slaves escaped from slavery in Georgia into the swamps of the peninsula.

African Americans in Georgia (U.S. state)

African-American Georgians are residents of the U.S. state of Georgia who are of African American ancestry. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, African Americans were 31.2% of the state's population.

African Americans in Louisiana

African Americans in Louisiana are residents of the state of Louisiana who are of African-American ancestry.

African Americans in Maryland

African Americans in Maryland are residents of the state of Maryland who are of African-American ancestry. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, African Americans were 30% of the state's population.

African Americans in Mississippi

African Americans in Mississippi are residents of the state of Mississippi who are of African-American ancestry. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, African Americans were 37.4% of the state's population.

African Americans in North Carolina

African-American North Carolinians are residents of the state of North Carolina who are of African ancestry. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, African Americans were 22% of the state's population.

African Americans in South Carolina

African-American South Carolinians are residents of the state of South Carolina who are of African ancestry. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, African Americans were 28% of the state's population. The first African descendants were brought on South Carolina shores as slaves by wealthy white planters from Barbados. Black people constituted the majority population of the colony by 1720, but were largely enslaved for plantation labor. This intensified when the later U.S. state of South Carolina largely switched from a rice-and-indigo-growing agriculture to one of cotton. The Civil War freed most African-Americans in the state, and a troubled respite from racist terrorism prevailed during the Reconstruction Era, but segregation dominated the government and economy of South Carolina from the 1870s to the 1960s, when the Civil rights movement occurred and African-Americans regained their voting rights.

A subset of the African-American population, the Gullah, live largely on the coastline of South Carolina.

Australian Americans

Australian Americans are Americans who have Australian ancestry.

Bahamians

Bahamians are a people that are ethnically associated with The Commonwealth of the Bahamas, or by citizenship.

Belizean Americans

Belizean Americans are Americans who are of Belizean ancestry. These ancestors might be from Belize or of its diaspora.

German Nebraskan

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German Texan

German Texan (German: Deutschtexaner) is both a term to describe immigrants who arrived in the Republic of Texas from Germany from the 1830s onward and an ethnic category which includes their descendants in today's state of Texas. The arriving Germans tended to cluster in ethnic enclaves; the majority settled in a broad, fragmented belt across the south-central part of the state, where many became farmers. As of 1990, about three million Texans considered themselves at least part ethnic German, a subgroup of German Americans.

Guyanese Americans

Guyanese Americans are Americans who can trace their ancestry back to Guyana.

Lists of Americans

This is a collection of lists of Americans, lists of people from the United States, grouped by various criteria, including ethnicity, religion, state, city, occupation and educational affiliation.

New Zealand Americans

New Zealand Americans are Americans who have New Zealand ancestry. According to the 2010 surveys, there are 19,961 New Zealand Americans. Most of them are of European descent, but some hundreds are of indigenous New Zealand descent. Some 925 of those New Zealand-Americans declared they were of Tokelauan origin. The 2000 Census indicated also the existence of 1,994 people of Māori descent in US.

Many New Zealanders came to the United States after World War II. A significant portion (although not the majority) of these immigrants were war brides, because they had married U.S. soldiers who were stationed in the Pacific theater during the war. Since the 1940s, the majority of New Zealanders who have settled in the United States came seeking higher education or employment, especially in work related to finance, import and export, and entertainment industries.

Some small communities of New Zealanders have been created in the Chicago area and in the Green Bay and Madison, Wisconsin areas.

Oceanian Americans

Oceanian Americans or Oceanic Americans are Americans whose ancestors came from Oceania, a region which is compose of the Australian continent and the Pacific Islands.

There are basically two Oceanian American groups, that well represent the racial and cultural population of Oceania: Euro Oceanic Americans (Australian Americans and New Zealand Americans) and the indigenous peoples of Oceania in the United States or Pacific Islands Americans (Chamorro Americans, Samoan Americans, etc.) Most of the Euro-Oceanians are descended from the European settlers in Oceania; while Pacific Islanders are of indigenous Oceanic descent.

Tongan Americans

Tongan Americans are Americans who can trace their ancestry to Tonga, officially known as the Kingdom of Tonga. There are approximately 57,000 Tongans and Tongan Americans living in the United States, as of 2012. Tongans are considered to be Pacific Islanders in the United States Census, and are the fourth largest Pacific Islander American group in terms of population, after Native Hawaiians, Samoan Americans, and Guamanian/Chamorro Americans.

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