Baghdad Governorate

Baghdad Governorate (Arabic: محافظة بغدادMuḥāfaẓät Baġdād), also known as the Baghdad Province, is the capital governorate of Iraq. It includes the capital Baghdad as well as the surrounding metropolitan area. The governorate is the smallest of the 18 provinces of Iraq but the most populous.

Baghdad Governorate

محافظة بغداد

Baghdad Province
Flag of Baghdad Governorate

Flag
Baghdad Governorate
Baghdad Governorate
Coordinates: 33°20′N 44°26′E / 33.333°N 44.433°ECoordinates: 33°20′N 44°26′E / 33.333°N 44.433°E
CountryIraq
CapitalBaghdad
Government
 • GovernorAtwan Al Atwani
 • Mayor of BaghdadZekra Alwach
Area
 • Governorate204.2 km2 (78.8 sq mi)
 • Urban
500 km2 (200 sq mi)
 • Metro
4,555 km2 (1,759 sq mi)
Population
 (2019 Estimate)
 • Governorate13,932,264
 • Urban
11,500,000
 • Metro
13,500,000
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
HDI (2017)0.720[1]
high · 1st
Websitewww.baghdad.gov.iq

Description

Baghdad Governorate is one of the most developed parts of Iraq, with better infrastructure than much of Iraq, though heavily damaged from the US-led invasion in 2003 and continuing violence today. It also has one of the highest rates for terrorism in the world with suicide bombers and death squads operating in the city.

Baghdad has at least 12 bridges spanning the Tigris river - joining the east and west of the city. The governorate's northeast includes multiple Mesopotamian Marshes.

The Sadr City district is the most densely populated area in Iraq.

With 47,821 people per square kilometer, Baghdad Governorate is the densest country subdivision in the world.

Province Administration

Baghdad is governed by the Baghdad Provincial Council. Representatives to the Baghdad Provincial Council were elected by their peers from the lower councils of the administrative districts in Baghdad in numbers proportional to the population of the various districts that were represented.

Government

  • Governor: Atwan Al Atwani[2]
  • Provincial Council Chairman (PCC): Riyadh Al Adhadh

Districts

Municipalities

Sister Cities

The Baghdad Governorate has a sister relationship with the Denver-Aurora Metropolitan Area, in the United States of America.

References

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ "Gunmen open fire at Baghdad's new governor's house". thebaghdadpost.com. Retrieved 2018-01-01.

External links

2009 Baghdad governorate election

The Baghdad governorate election of 2009 was held on 31 January 2009 alongside elections for all other governorates outside Iraqi Kurdistan and Kirkuk.

2013 Baghdad governorate election

The Baghdad governorate election of 2013 was held on 20 April 2013 alongside elections for all other governorates outside Iraqi Kurdistan, Kirkuk, Anbar, and Nineveh.

Abu Ghraib

Abu Ghraib ( (listen); Arabic: أبو غريب‎, Abū Ghurayb) is a city in the Baghdad Governorate of Iraq, located just west of Baghdad's city center, or northwest of Baghdad International Airport. It has a population of 189,000 (2003). The old road to Jordan passes through Abu Ghraib. The government of Iraq created the city and Abu Ghraib District in 1944.

The placename has been translated as 'father of little crows' (in the sense of "place abundant in small crows"), but this translation has been suspected of being a folk etymology, and the name may be related to gharb ('west') instead.Abu Ghraib was known for the Abu Ghraib Infant Formula Plant, which Western intelligence agencies perennially claimed to be a biological weapons production facility. The plant was built in 1980 and painted with a dappled camouflage pattern during the Iran–Iraq War. It was bombed during the Gulf War, and the Iraqi government allowed CNN reporter Peter Arnett to film the destroyed building along with a conspicuous hand-painted sign that read, "baby milk factory". Iraq partially rebuilt the facility afterward, and US Secretary of State Colin Powell falsely cited it again as a weapons production plant in the run-up to the Iraq War, even though the CIA’s own investigation had concluded that the site had been bombed “in the mistaken belief that it was a key BW [Biological Weapon] facility.” Also, an examination of suspected weapons facilities by the Iraq Survey Group later determined that the plant, in disuse for some time, housed discarded infant formula, but found no evidence of weapons production.The city is also the site of Abu Ghraib prison, which was one of the sites where political dissidents were incarcerated under former ruler Saddam Hussein. Thousands of these dissidents were tortured and executed. After Saddam Hussein's fall, the Abu Ghraib prison was used by American forces in Iraq. In 2003, Abu Ghraib prison earned international notoriety for the torture and abuses by members of the United States Army during the post-invasion period.

Abu Ghraib District

Abu-Ghraib is a district in Baghdad Governorate, Iraq. Its hub is the city of Abu Ghraib. The population of the district was 189,000 as of 2003 100,000 people in the city of victory and peace and 89,000 people distributed to the rest of the judiciary..

Al-Istiqlal District

Al Istiqlal District is a district of the Baghdad Governorate, Iraq.

Al-Tarmia District

Al Tarmia District is a district of the Baghdad Governorate, Iraq.

Ali al-Haidari

Ali al-Haidari (died January 4, 2005; Arabic: علي الحيدري,‎, romanized: Alī al-Ḥaidarī) was the governor of the Baghdad Governorate in Iraq. Al-Haidari had narrowly escaped being killed in an assassination attempt in early September 2004 in Baghdad, but he was assassinated by gunmen during a second attempt in Baghdad in early 2005. A group led by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi claimed responsibility, and six suspects were arrested in November 2005.

Ctesiphon

Ctesiphon ( TESS-i-fon; Middle Persian: 𐭲𐭩𐭮𐭯𐭥𐭭 tyspwn or tysfwn, Persian: تیسفون‎, Greek: Κτησιφῶν) was an ancient city, located on the eastern bank of the Tigris, and about 35 kilometres (22 mi) southeast of present-day Baghdad. Ctesiphon served as a royal capital of the Persian Empire in the Parthian and Sasanian eras for over eight hundred years. Ctesiphon remained the capital of the Sasanian Empire until the Muslim conquest of Persia in 651 AD.

Ctesiphon developed into a rich commercial metropolis, merging with the surrounding cities along both shores of the river, including the Hellenistic city of Seleucia. Ctesiphon and its environs were therefore sometimes referred to as "The Cities" (Aramaic: Mahuza, Arabic: المدائن‎, al-Mada'in). In the late sixth and early seventh century, it was one of the largest cities in the world.During the Roman–Parthian Wars, Ctesiphon fell three times to the Romans, and later fell twice during Sasanian rule. It was also the site of the Battle of Ctesiphon in 363 AD. After the Muslim invasion the city fell into decay and was depopulated by the end of the eighth century, its place as a political and economic center taken by the Abbasid capital at Baghdad. The most conspicuous structure remaining today is the Taq Kasra, sometimes called the Archway of Ctesiphon.

Dur-Kurigalzu

Dur-Kurigalzu (modern `Aqar-Qūf عقرقوف in Baghdad Governorate, Iraq) was a city in southern Mesopotamia, near the confluence of the Tigris and Diyala rivers, about 30 kilometres (19 mi) west of the center of Baghdad. It was founded by a Kassite king of Babylon, Kurigalzu I, some time in the 14th century BC, and was abandoned after the fall of the Kassite dynasty. The prefix Dur- is an Akkadian term meaning "fortress of", while the Kassite royal name Kurigalzu, since it is repeated in the Kassite king list, may have a descriptive meaning as an epithet, such as "herder of the folk (or of the Kassites)". The city contained a ziggurat and temples dedicated to Sumerian gods, as well as a royal palace. The ziggurat was unusually well-preserved, standing to a height of about 52 metres (171 ft).

Government of Baghdad

The government of Baghdad is divided into a hierarchy of governments that both aid governance and provide bottom-up representation. The city constitutes a new “capital territory” whose structure differs from other parts of the country.

List of power stations in Iraq

Below is a list of power stations in Iraq.

List of sister cities of Denver

The United States city of Denver, Colorado is a participant in the Sister City concept of international relationships. Also known as "town twinning", this concept allows towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas to be paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links between their inhabitants. Denver's Sister Cities International develops programs to foster relations between all of Denver's sister cities. Each of them have parks in the city named after them Denver is the second-oldest sister city in the United States in its relationship with Brest, France, started in 1948. In 1947, Amanda Knecht, a teacher at East High School, visited World War II-ravaged Brest. When she returned, she shared her experiences in the city with her students, and her class raised $32,000 to help rebuild the children's wing of Brest's hospital. The gift led to the development of the sister city program with Brest.The list of Denver's sister cities includes:

Brest, France (1948)

Takayama, Japan (1960)

Nairobi, Kenya (1975)

Karmiel, Israel (1977)

Potenza, Italy (1983)

Cuernavaca, Mexico (1983)

Chennai, India (1984)

Kunming, China (1985)

Axum, Ethiopia (1995)

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia (2001)In addition, the Denver Regional Council of Governments (consisting of the city and 51 other local governments) has established a "sister city" relationship with the Baghdad Governorate, one of Iraq's eighteen provinces.

The City of Leicester, UK, proposes a sisterly relationship with the city of Denver CO, USA.

Mahmudiya District

Al-Mahmudiya (المحمودية) is a district in Baghdad Governorate, Iraq. Its seat is Mahmoudiyah.

Mahmudiya District has approximately 550,000 inhabitants, about over 88 percent of them Shia and the rest Sunni. This ratio is the result of the Iraqi Civil War of 2006-2007, when the Shias of Yusufiya and Iskandariya moved to Mahmudiya, and the Sunnis of Mahmudiya sought refuge in the other two cities. Most of the inhabitants live in rural areas.

Tribal inhabitants of the district are of five tribes: Al Janabi, Dulaim, Al Ubaid, Qarghoul and Al Jubour

Saladin Governorate

The Saladin or Salah ad Din Governorate (Arabic: صلاح الدين‎, Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn) is a governorate in Iraq, north of Baghdad. The governorate has an area of 24,363 square kilometres (9,407 sq mi). The estimated population in 2003 was 1,042,200 people. The capital is Tikrit; the governorate also contains the significantly larger city of Samarra. Before 1976 the governorate was part of Baghdad Governorate.

The province is named after leader Saladin (written Salah ad-Din in modern Arabic Latin transcription), a Muslim leader who defeated the Crusaders at Hattin, and who hailed from the province. Salah ad Din was the home province of Saddam Hussein; he was born in Al-Awja, a town near Tikrit.

Shaduppum

Shaduppum (modern Tell Harmal) is an archaeological site in Baghdad Governorate (Iraq). Nowadays, it lies within the borders of modern Baghdad.

Sippar-Amnanum

Sippar-Amnanum (modern Tell ed-Der in Baghdad Governorate, Iraq) was an ancient Near Eastern tell (hill city) about 70 kilometers north of Babylon.

Taji, Iraq

Taji (Arabic: التاجي‎) is a rural district north of the city of Baghdad, within Baghdad Governorate and Saladin Governorate.

Taji District has about 400,000 inhabitants.

Taji District

Taji District is a district of the Baghdad Governorate, Iraq.

Places adjacent to Baghdad Governorate

Languages

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