Badminton at the Summer Olympics

Badminton had its debut at the 1992 Summer Olympics and has been contested in seven Olympiads. 69 different nations have appeared in the Olympic badminton competitions, with 19 appearing all seven times. It is governed by the Badminton World Federation.

Badminton at the Summer Olympics
Badminton pictogram
Governing bodyBWF
Events5 (men: 2; women: 2; mixed: 1)
Games
  • 1896
  • 1900
  • 1904
  • 1908
  • 1912
  • 1920
  • 1924
  • 1928
  • 1932
  • 1936
  • 1948
  • 1952
  • 1956
  • 1960
  • 1964
  • 1968
  • 1972
  • 1976
Note: demonstration or exhibition sport years indicated in italics

History

The 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich saw the first appearance of badminton, as a demonstration sport. Two decades later the sport debuted in competition at the Barcelona 1992 games where 4 events were held, with singles and doubles events for both men and women. Four medals were awarded in each event, including two bronzes. The next Olympics, Atlanta 1996, had 5 events with the addition of mixed doubles. There was also now a playoff between the two semifinal losers to determine the sole winner of the bronze medal. This format has continued to 2016.

Events

(d) = demonstration event
(e) = exhibition event

Current program
Event 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20
Men's singles (d) (e) X X X X X X X X
Men's doubles (d) (e) X X X X X X X X
Women's singles (d) (e) X X X X X X X X
Women's doubles (e) X X X X X X X X
Mixed doubles (d) (e) X X X X X X X
Events 0 0 0 0 5 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

Medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 China (CHN)1881541
2 Indonesia (INA)76619
3 South Korea (KOR)67619
4 Denmark (DEN)1348
5 Japan (JPN)1113
6 Spain (ESP)1001
7 Malaysia (MAS)0628
8 Great Britain (GBR)0123
9 India (IND)0112
10 Netherlands (NED)0101
11 Russia (RUS)0011
Totals (11 nations)343438106

Successful national teams

Below is the gold medalists shown based by category and countries after the 2016 Summer Olympics. China has been the most successful nation in the Summer Olympics. China is the only country ever to achieve a shutout of the medals, which they did at the 2012 Summer Olympic Games.

Rank Country 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
1  China 1 4 3 3 5 2 18
2  Indonesia 21 1 1 1 1 1 7
3  South Korea 21 2 1 1 6
4  Denmark 1 1
 Japan 1 1
 Spain 1 1

BOLD means overall winner of Badminton at Summer Olympic Games

^1 Indonesia and Korea are tied with two gold medals. However, Indonesia won two silver medals and Korea won one, thus Indonesia became the overall winner.

Medal summary by Event

Men’s Singles

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 China (CHN)4138
2 Indonesia (INA)2226
3 Denmark (DEN)1023
4 Malaysia (MAS)0314
5 South Korea (KOR)0101
Totals (5 nations)77822

Women’s Singles

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 China (CHN)42410
2 Indonesia (INA)1124
3 South Korea (KOR)1102
4 Spain (ESP)1001
5 India (IND)0112
6 Denmark (DEN)0101
 Netherlands (NED)0101
8 Japan (JPN)0011
Totals (8 nations)77822

Men’s Doubles

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Indonesia (INA)3126
2 South Korea (KOR)2237
3 China (CHN)2114
4 Malaysia (MAS)0213
5 Denmark (DEN)0101
6 Great Britain (GBR)0011
Totals (6 nations)77822

Women’s Doubles

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 China (CHN)53412
2 South Korea (KOR)1236
3 Japan (JPN)1102
4 Denmark (DEN)0101
5 Russia (RUS)0011
Totals (5 nations)77822

Mixed Doubles

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 China (CHN)3137
2 South Korea (KOR)2103
3 Indonesia (INA)1203
4 Great Britain (GBR)0112
5 Malaysia (MAS)0101
6 Denmark (DEN)0022
Totals (6 nations)66618

Qualification

The Badminton World Federation's ranking list is used to determine qualification for the Olympic tournament. For singles, 29 competitors are selected. For doubles, 19 pairs are selected.

The general method of selection is by ranking, though the selection process stops once all qualification positions are filled. All players or pairs from the top 16 places on that list qualify, though each National Olympic Committee can send a maximum of three players/pairs. Players and pairs through the 64th place on that ranking qualify, with the caveat that each NOC can send only two players/pairs from that portion of the list. Players and pairs ranked below that only qualify if they are the highest ranked competitor from their nation.

In addition, one place in each of the singles events is awarded by the Tripartite Commission. There are also regulations on minimum representation. Each continent must have at least one player/pair. This is the highest ranked player/pair from that continent if none have qualified through the standard selection process. The host nation, if it has not already qualified two competitors, receives two slots as well, either two singles players or one pair.

Competition

Olympic badminton consists of a single-elimination tournament. Each match is played to the best of three games. Games are to 21 points. Rally scoring is used, meaning a player does not need to be serving to score. A player must win by two points or be the first player to 30 points.

Participating nations

The following nations have taken part in the badminton competition. The numbers in the table indicate the number of competitors sent to that year's Olympics.

Nation 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016 Years
 Algeria 1 1
 Australia 2 8 7 6 6 5 5 7
 Austria 2 1 2 2 4
 Belarus 2 1 1 3
 Brazil 2 1
 Belgium 1 1 2 2 4
 Brunei 1 1
 Bulgaria 7 3 4 2 1 1 3 7
 Canada 6 7 6 7 4 4 2 7
 China 13 20 17 19 19 17 14 7
 Chinese Taipei 6 5 5 4 8 4 6
 Cuba 1 1
 Czech Republic 2 2 2 3
 Czechoslovakia 2 1
 Denmark 12 16 18 12 10 9 8 7
 Egypt 1 1 2
 Estonia 2 1 2 3
 Finland 2 2 2 3 2 2 1 7
 France 4 2 3 3 2 2 2 7
 Germany 4 6 6 6 5 6 7 7
 Great Britain 12 11 12 11 6 4 8 7
 Greece 2 1
 Guatemala 1 1 1 1 1 5
 Hong Kong 5 3 4 5 3 4 7 7
 Hungary 3 1 1 3
 Iceland 3 1 1 1 4
 India 3 2 2 3 2 5 7 7
 Indonesia 13 20 19 14 11 9 10 7
 Iran 1 1
 Ireland 1 2 2 2 4
 Israel 1 1 2
 Italy 1 1 1 3
 Jamaica 1 1
 Japan 11 7 9 11 10 11 9 7
 Lithuania 2 1 2
 Malaysia 6 7 6 9 9 6 8 7
 Maldives 1 1
 Mauritius 3 4 5 1 1 5
 Mexico 1 1 1 3
 Netherlands 3 5 8 4 1 3 6
 New Zealand 4 2 2 3 4
 Nigeria 2 1 2
 Norway 1 1 1 3
 Peru 1 1 1 2 4
 Philippines 1 1
 Poland 6 1 3 3 5 6 5 7
 Portugal 2 1 1 2 2 2 6
 Romania 1 1
 Russia 5 3 2 2 6 4 6
 Seychelles 2 1
 Singapore 3 1 3 5 4 2 6
 Slovakia 1 1 2
 Slovenia 1 1 1 3
 South Africa 2 6 5 4 1 5
 South Korea 12 17 12 15 13 12 14 7
 Spain 2 2 2 2 2 5
 Sri Lanka 1 1 2 1 4
 Suriname 1 1 1 3
 Sweden 8 10 6 3 1 1 1 7
 Switzerland 2 2 2 1 1 5
 Thailand 8 7 6 8 4 6 7 7
 Trinidad and Tobago 1 1
 Turkey 1 1 2
 Uganda 1 1 2
 Ukraine 3 3 2 2 2 5
 Unified Team 2 1
 United States 6 3 1 2 5 3 7 7
 Vietnam 2 1 2 3
 Zambia 1 1
Nations 36 37 28 32 50 51 46 69
Year 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016 7

See also

External links

Badminton at the 1972 Summer Olympics

Badminton was one of two demonstration sports at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. It was the first time that the sport was part of the Olympic program, and it would become an official Olympic sport 20 years later at the 1992 Summer Olympics.

Badminton at the 1988 Summer Olympics

Badminton was an exhibition sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul. There were five events: men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles. Competitions took place at the Seoul National University Gymnasium on 19 September 1988.

Badminton at the 1992 Summer Olympics

Badminton had its debut as an official medal sport at the 1992 Summer Olympics. It was held from 28 July to 4 August 1992. Four events were held in the first competition of the sport: men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles, and women's doubles. Badminton was contested in the Pavelló de la Mar Bella. 36 nations entered competitors, with a total of 177 entrants. Asian nations won fifteen of the sixteen medals, with their dominance being broken only by Denmark's bronze medal in the men's singles.

The tournament was single-elimination. Matches consisted of three sets, with sets being to 15 except in women's singles, where sets were to 11. No playoffs were contested for semi-final losers, meaning that two bronze medals were awarded in each event. Similarly, all four players/pairs defeated in the quarterfinals for each event were awarded fifth place. Men's Singles and Women's Singles champions (Alan Budikusuma and Susi Susanti) are now married to each other.

Badminton at the 1996 Summer Olympics

Badminton at the 1996 Summer Olympics included the four events (men's and women's singles, men's and women's doubles) as well as a new event: mixed doubles. An additional change to the tournament was the playoff game for the bronze medal rather than the awarding of two bronzes.

The tournament was single-elimination. Matches consisted of three sets, with sets being to 15 except. The tournament was held at the Georgia State University gymnasium.

Badminton at the 1996 Summer Olympics – Mixed doubles

Mixed doubles badminton event at the 1996 Summer Olympics was held from 26 July to 1 August 1996. The tournament was single-elimination. Matches consisted of three sets, with sets being to 15 for mixed doubles. The tournament was held at the Georgia State University Gymnasium.

Badminton at the 2000 Summer Olympics

Badminton at the 2000 Summer Olympics was held at the Sydney Showground Hall 3 from 17 – 23 September. Both men and women competed in their own singles and doubles events and together they competed in a mixed doubles event.

Badminton at the 2000 Summer Olympics – Mixed doubles

These are the results for the mixed doubles badminton tournament of 2000 Summer Olympics. The tournament was single-elimination. Matches consisted of three sets, with sets being to 15 for mixed doubles. The tournament was held at The Dome and Exhibition Complex.

Badminton at the 2004 Summer Olympics

Badminton at the 2004 Summer Olympics was held at the Goudi Olympic Hall at the Goudi Olympic Complex from 14 August through 21 August. Both men and women competed in their own singles and doubles events and together they competed in a mixed doubles event.

Badminton at the 2004 Summer Olympics – Mixed doubles

These are the results of the mixed doubles competition in badminton at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.

Badminton at the 2008 Summer Olympics

Badminton competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics were held from 9 August to 17 August at the Beijing University of Technology Gymnasium.

Badminton at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Mixed doubles

These are the results of the mixed doubles competition in badminton at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.

The tournament consisted of a single-elimination tournament. Matches were played using a best-of-three games format. Games were played to 21 points, using rally scoring. Each game had to be won by a margin of two points, except when the game was won by a player who reached 30 even if the lead was only 1 at that point.

The top four seeds in the tournament were placed in the bracket so as not to face each other until the semifinals. All other competitors were placed by draw.

Badminton at the 2012 Summer Olympics

The badminton tournaments at the 2012 Olympic Games in London took place between 28 July and 5 August at Wembley Arena.

A total of 172 athletes competed in five events: men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles, women's doubles and mixed doubles. The women's doubles tournament was marred by several disqualifications during the group stage for unethical play.

All of the gold medals were won by players from China. The Chinese team also collected two silvers and one bronze, to top the medal table with eight in total. Denmark finished in second place, with one silver and one bronze won. India and Russia won a medal in badminton for the first time.

Badminton at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Mixed doubles

The badminton mixed doubles tournament at the 2012 Olympic Games in London took place from 28 July to 3 August at Wembley Arena.

The draw was held on 23 July 2012. Thirty-two players from 14 nations competed in the event.The Chinese team of Zhang Nan and Zhao Yunlei won the gold medal, defeating Xu Chen and Ma Jin, also from China, in the final. Denmark pairing Joachim Fischer Nielsen and Christinna Pedersen won the bronze.

Badminton at the 2016 Summer Olympics

The badminton tournaments at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro took place from 11 to 20 August at the fourth pavilion of Riocentro. A total of 172 athletes competed in five events: men's singles, men's doubles, women's singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles.Similar to 2012 format, a combination of group play and knockout stages had been maintained at these Games. In all the doubles tournaments, the Badminton World Federation instituted several changes to the competition rules after the match fixing scandal from the previous Olympics, as all pairs finishing second in their groups would be placed into another draw to determine who they face in the next round, while the top pair in each group must have a fixed position matched to its designated seed in the knockout phase.The Games made use of about 8,400 shuttlecocks.

Badminton at the 2016 Summer Olympics – Mixed doubles

The badminton mixed doubles tournament at the 2016 Rio Olympic Games took place from 11–17 August at Riocentro - Pavilion 4. On July 21, the seeding was decided.

Badminton at the 2020 Summer Olympics

The badminton tournaments at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo will take place in July and August 2020. A total of 172 athletes will compete in five events: men's singles, men's doubles, women's singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles.

List of Olympic medalists in badminton

Badminton is a sport contested at the Summer Olympic Games. Badminton was first held as a demonstration sport at the 1972 Summer Olympics, and was an exhibition sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics; the men's and women's singles and doubles have been held at every Summer Olympics since the 1992 Summer Olympics. The mixed doubles badminton tournament started in the 1996 Summer Olympics.The Badminton World Federation (BWF) rankings are used to determine the qualification of the players for the tournament. In the 2008 Summer Olympics, each singles tournament had 38 competitors, while each doubles tournament had 16 pairs. All players or pairs from the top 16 places on the BWF rankings automatically qualify, although each National Olympic Committee (NOC) can send less than three players or pairs in each tournament. The top 64 then qualify with the caveat that each NOC can send only two players/pairs from that portion of the list. Players and pairs ranked below the 64th place only qualify if they are the highest-ranked competitor from their nation. Two places each in the men's and women's singles will be determined by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Tripartite Commission. The host nation, if it has not already qualified two competitors, receives at least either two singles players or one pair. The rules used in the tournament are the same as the BWF rules.Gao Ling is the all-time leader for the most Olympic medals in badminton, with two gold, one silver, and one bronze; Kim Dong-moon (two gold, one bronze) and Gil Young-ah (one of each) are second for the most medals in badminton, each with three. Gao, Kim, and Zhang Jun are the all-time leaders for the most gold medal wins, with two. In the 1992 Summer Olympics, Jalani and Razif Sidek were the first Malaysian Olympic medalists since Malaysia first participated the 1964 Summer Olympics. Mia Audina won her first silver in the 1996 Olympics representing Indonesia, but won her second silver in the 2004 Summer Olympics with the Netherlands. In the 2000 Summer Olympics, China swept the women's doubles tournament, winning all three medals, making it the only sweep in Olympic badminton history. China has been the most successful nation in badminton, winning 38 medals; 28 of them were from the women's singles and doubles and mixed doubles tournaments. Indonesia (18 medals) and South Korea (18 medals) are the only other nations to have more than seven medals. As of the 2008 Summer Olympics, 76 medals (24 gold, 24 silver, and 28 bronze) have been awarded to 96 medalists from 7 NOCs. There were four additional bronze medal winners in the 1992 Summer Olympics because no bronze medal matches were played in any of the four tournaments.

List of Olympic venues in badminton

For the Summer Olympics, there are eight venues that have been or will be used in badminton.

Victoria Wright

Victoria Wright (born Victoria Hristova; 1 May 1974) is a former Bulgarian badminton player, and later represented France. She competed for Bulgaria at the first edition of the badminton at the Summer Olympics in Barcelona. In Bulgaria, she won nine times National Championships title, 4 in the women's singles and 5 in the women's doubles event. She competed for France at the 2004 Summer Olympics in the mixed doubles event partnered with the former Bulgarian player Svetoslav Stoyanov. They lost to Jens Eriksen and Mette Schjoldager of Denmark in the round of 32. Wright won the French National Championships title, 2 times in the women's doubles event partnered with Tatiana Vattier, and 3 in the mixed doubles event with Stoyanov. She currently works at the British International School of Kuala Lumpur as head of the Romans house.

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