Babil Governorate or Babylon Province (Arabic: محافظة بابل Muḥāfaẓa Bābil) is a governorate in central Iraq. It has an area of 5,119 square kilometres (1,976 sq mi), with an estimated population of 1,651,565 people in 2002. The provincial capital is the city of Hillah, which lies opposite the ancient city of Babylon (بابل), on the Euphrates river.
|• Total||5,119 km2 (1,976 sq mi)|
The city was occupied from the 3rd millennium BC but became important early in the 2nd millennium under the kings of the First Dynasty of Babylon. The sixth king of this dynasty was Hammurabi (1792–1750 BC) who made Babylon the capital of a vast empire and is best remembered for his code of laws.
Babylon province is located between 32° to 33.25° North latitude and 44° to 45° East longitude.
The Babil Governorate is divided into four districts:
The Babil Governorate elections resulted in the election of 41 members of the Provincial Council (PC). The results are presented in the following table and the parenthesis indicates the position selected by the PC after their first meetings.2009 Babil governorate election
The Babil governorate election of 2009 was held on 31 January 2009 alongside elections for all other governorates outside Iraqi Kurdistan and Kirkuk.2013 Babil governorate election
The Babil governorate election of 2013 was held on 20 April 2013 alongside elections for all other governorates outside Iraqi Kurdistan, Kirkuk, Anbar, and Ninevah.Al-Hilla District
Al-Hillah (الحلة) is a district in Babil Governorate, Iraq. It is centred on the city of Al Hillah.Al-Mahawil
Al-Mahawil (Arabic: المحاويل) also Mahawil, Al Maḩāwīl, Qaḑā’ al Maḩāwīl, and Khān al Mahawīl) is one of a very few Sunni Arab towns in southern Iraq in the Babil Governorate. Before the invasion of Iraq, Sunnis made up the vast majority. Today, they are a shrinking minority of the population due to the influx of Shias from the surrounding countryside.Al-Mahawil District
Al-Mahawil (المحاويل) is a district in Babil Governorate, Iraq. It is centred on the town of Al-Mahawil.Al-Musayab District
Al-Musayyib (المسيب) is a district in Babil Governorate, Iraq. It is centred on the town of Al Musayyib.Al-Qasim, Iraq
Al-Qasim (Arabic: القاسم), formerly known as "Sura" in Aramaic, is a city in Babil Governorate, Iraq. It is located 115 kilometres (71 mi) south of Baghdad.Al Hashimiyah
Al Hashimiyah (Arabic: الهاشمية) is a city in Babil Governorate, Iraq. It is located 130 kilometres (81 mi) south of Baghdad.Al Kifl
Al Kifl (Arabic: الكفل; also known as Kifl) is a town in southeastern Iraq on the Euphrates River, between Najaf and Al Hillah. The population in and near the town is about 15,000. Kifl is the location of a tomb claimed to be that of holy man Dhul-Kifl who is believed be the biblical prophet Ezekiel. A project to renovate the tomb and develop it as a tourist attraction has proven controversial.Hashimiya District
Hashimiya District is a district of the Babil Governorate, Iraq. The seat of the district is Al Hashimiyah.Hindiya Barrage
The Hindiya Barrage is located on the Euphrates south of the town of Musayyib in Babil Governorate, Iraq. It was designed by British civil engineer William Willcocks in response to the silting up of the Hillah branch of the Euphrates. Construction of the dam, with a length of over 250 metres (820 ft), lasted between 1911 and 1913. Between 1984 and 1989, a new dam was built several kilometres upstream as a replacement for the Hindiya Barrage.Iskandariya
Al-Iskandariya or Alexandria (Arabic: الإسكندرية, also given as Iskandariyah, Iskanderiyah, Iskanderiya, Iskanderiyeh or Sikandariyeh or Al Askandariyah) is an ancient city in central Iraq, one of a number of towns in the Near East named after Alexander the Great (Al-Iskandar in Arabic). It is a majority Shia Arab district including Musayyib and Jurf Al Sakhr. The district capital is located about 70 kilometres (45 mi) south of Baghdad, near the Euphrates River. [Source: Liberation of Jurf Al Sakhar ]Kish (Sumer)
Kish (Sumerian: Kiš; transliteration: Kiški; cuneiform: 𒆧𒆠; Akkadian: kiššatu) was an ancient tell (hill city) of Sumer in Mesopotamia, considered to have been located near the modern Tell al-Uhaymir in the Babil Governorate of Iraq, east of Babylon and 80 km south of Baghdad.Kutha
Kutha, Cuthah, or Cutha (Sumerian: Gudua, modern Tell Ibrahim) is an archaeological site in Babil Governorate, Iraq. Archaeological investigations have revealed remains of the Neo-Babylonian period and Kutha appears frequently in historical sources.Latifiya
Latifiya (Arabic: اللطيفية), named after Latifiya river, is an Iraqi town south of Baghdad, between Mahmoudiyah and Iskandariya, inhabited originally by 97,043 people. It is a Sunni Arab and shia city and the surrounding rural areas are dominated by native Sunni Arabs.
During the period between 2003 and 2007, Latifiya was one of the most dangerous places for the Coalition Forces. The insurgent groups operated almost freely in Latifiya and the neighboring Sunni dominated Yusufiya.
It is home to the 1/4/6 Iraqi Army Battalion and US Patrol Base Latifiya (FOB ROW).Mahmudiya District
Al-Mahmudiya (المحمودية) is a district in Baghdad Governorate, Iraq. Its seat is Mahmoudiyah.
Mahmudiya District has approximately 550,000 inhabitants, about over 88 percent of them Shia and the rest Sunni. This ratio is the result of the Iraqi Civil War of 2006-2007, when the Shias of Yusufiya and Iskandariya moved to Mahmudiya, and the Sunnis of Mahmudiya sought refuge in the other two cities. Most of the inhabitants live in rural areas.
Tribal inhabitants of the district are of five tribes: Al Janabi, Dulaim, Al Ubaid, Qarghoul and Al JubourTell Uqair
Tell Uqair (Tell Uquair, Tell Aqair) is a tell or settlement mound northeast of Babylon and about 50 miles (80 km) south of Baghdad in modern Babil Governorate, Iraq.