Babil Governorate

Babil Governorate or Babylon Province[3][4][5] (Arabic: محافظة بابلMuḥāfaẓa Bābil) is a governorate in central Iraq. It has an area of 5,119 square kilometres (1,976 sq mi), with an estimated population of 1,651,565 people in 2002.[6] The provincial capital is the city of Hillah, which lies opposite the ancient city of Babylon (بابل), on the Euphrates river.

Babil Governorate

محافظة بابل

Babylon Province
Location of Babil Governorate
Coordinates: 32°37′N 44°33′E / 32.617°N 44.550°ECoordinates: 32°37′N 44°33′E / 32.617°N 44.550°E
Country Iraq
CapitalHillah
Area
 • Total5,119 km2 (1,976 sq mi)
Population
(2014 Estimate)[1]
 • Total2,000,000
HDI (2017)0.677[2]
medium

Government

  • Governor: Sadiq Madlool Hamad Jasim (Elected April 20, 2013; 6th Governor of Babylon)
  • Deputy Governor: Wisam Asslan S'oud Mashhad
  • Provincial Council Chairman (PCC): Ra'ad Hamza Alwan Abbood

History

The ancient city of Babylon in present-day Babylon Province was the capital of ancient Babylonia, situated on the Euphrates river south of Baghdad, Iraq.[1]

The city was occupied from the 3rd millennium BC but became important early in the 2nd millennium under the kings of the First Dynasty of Babylon. The sixth king of this dynasty was Hammurabi (1792–1750 BC) who made Babylon the capital of a vast empire and is best remembered for his code of laws.

The city achieved pre-eminence when Nebuchadnezzar II (605–562 BC) extended the Babylonian Empire over most of Western Asia.

In 1991 Babil Governorate was the center of a Shia uprising.[1]

Geography

Map of Babil Governorate by Districts
Map of Babil Governorate showing districts

Babylon province is located between 32° to 33.25° North latitude and 44° to 45° East longitude.

Districts

The Babil Governorate is divided into four districts:[1]

Cities

Postal codes

  • Hillah –51001— الحلة
  • University of Babylon –51002—جامعة بابل
  • Bab Al Mashhad–51003—باب المشهد
  • Eshtar –51004—عشتار
  • Al Emam –51005—الامام
  • Al Musayab –51006—المسيب
  • Al Eskandariya –51007—الاسكندرية
  • Al Muhaweel –51008—المحاويل
  • Al Mashrooa' –51009—المشروع
  • Saddat al Hindiyah –51010—سدة الهندية
  • Al Kifl –51011—الكفل
  • Al Hashimiyah –51012—الهاشمية
  • Al-Qasim –51013—القاسم
  • Al Showmali –51014—الشوملي
  • Abi Gharaq –51015—ابي غرق
  • Al Midhatiya –51016—المدحتية
  • Al Nile –51017—النيل
  • Al Talee'a –51018—الطليعة
  • Jurf Al Sakhar –51019—جرف الصخر

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c d "Babil Governorate Profile" (PDF). NGO Coordination Committee for Iraq (NCCI). 15 July 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 October 2015.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ Parkinson, Jennifer Ann, ed. (1997). "Iraq". Irrigation in the Near East Region in Figures. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). p. 103. ISBN 978-92-5-103969-4.
  4. ^ Mohammad, Mohammad Hadi (2012). "Prevalence of Bovine Sarcocystosis in Babylon province (مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية)". Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences. 3 (2): 78–83.
  5. ^ Al-Morshidy, Kassim A. H. & Al-Amari, Moayed J. Y. (2015). "Detection of parasitic contamination in Hilla city drinking water / Babylon province/ Iraq" (PDF). Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences. 9 (3): 80–84.
  6. ^ "Babil Governorate Profile" (PDF). United Nations Interagency Information Analysis Unit (IAU). 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 March 2015.
2005 Babil governorate council election

The Babil Governorate elections resulted in the election of 41 members of the Provincial Council (PC). The results are presented in the following table and the parenthesis indicates the position selected by the PC after their first meetings.

2009 Babil governorate election

The Babil governorate election of 2009 was held on 31 January 2009 alongside elections for all other governorates outside Iraqi Kurdistan and Kirkuk.

2013 Babil governorate election

The Babil governorate election of 2013 was held on 20 April 2013 alongside elections for all other governorates outside Iraqi Kurdistan, Kirkuk, Anbar, and Ninevah.

Al-Hilla District

Al-Hillah (الحلة) is a district in Babil Governorate, Iraq. It is centred on the city of Al Hillah.

Al-Mahawil

Al-Mahawil (Arabic: المحاويل‎) also Mahawil, Al Maḩāwīl, Qaḑā’ al Maḩāwīl, and Khān al Mahawīl) is one of a very few Sunni Arab towns in southern Iraq in the Babil Governorate. Before the invasion of Iraq, Sunnis made up the vast majority. Today, they are a shrinking minority of the population due to the influx of Shias from the surrounding countryside.

Al-Mahawil District

Al-Mahawil (المحاويل) is a district in Babil Governorate, Iraq. It is centred on the town of Al-Mahawil.

Al-Musayab District

Al-Musayyib (المسيب) is a district in Babil Governorate, Iraq. It is centred on the town of Al Musayyib.

Al-Qasim, Iraq

Al-Qasim (Arabic: القاسم‎), formerly known as "Sura" in Aramaic, is a city in Babil Governorate, Iraq. It is located 115 kilometres (71 mi) south of Baghdad.

Al Hashimiyah

Al Hashimiyah (Arabic: الهاشمية‎) is a city in Babil Governorate, Iraq. It is located 130 kilometres (81 mi) south of Baghdad.

Al Kifl

Al Kifl (Arabic: الكفل‎; also known as Kifl) is a town in southeastern Iraq on the Euphrates River, between Najaf and Al Hillah. The population in and near the town is about 15,000. Kifl is the location of a tomb claimed to be that of holy man Dhul-Kifl who is believed be the biblical prophet Ezekiel. A project to renovate the tomb and develop it as a tourist attraction has proven controversial.

Hashimiya District

Hashimiya District is a district of the Babil Governorate, Iraq. The seat of the district is Al Hashimiyah.

Hindiya Barrage

The Hindiya Barrage is located on the Euphrates south of the town of Musayyib in Babil Governorate, Iraq. It was designed by British civil engineer William Willcocks in response to the silting up of the Hillah branch of the Euphrates. Construction of the dam, with a length of over 250 metres (820 ft), lasted between 1911 and 1913. Between 1984 and 1989, a new dam was built several kilometres upstream as a replacement for the Hindiya Barrage.

Iskandariya

Al-Iskandariya or Alexandria (Arabic: الإسكندرية‎, also given as Iskandariyah, Iskanderiyah, Iskanderiya, Iskanderiyeh or Sikandariyeh or Al Askandariyah) is an ancient city in central Iraq, one of a number of towns in the Near East named after Alexander the Great (Al-Iskandar in Arabic). It is a majority Shia Arab district including Musayyib and Jurf Al Sakhr. The district capital is located about 70 kilometres (45 mi) south of Baghdad, near the Euphrates River. [Source: Liberation of Jurf Al Sakhar ]

Kish (Sumer)

Kish (Sumerian: Kiš; transliteration: Kiški; cuneiform: 𒆧𒆠; Akkadian: kiššatu) was an ancient tell (hill city) of Sumer in Mesopotamia, considered to have been located near the modern Tell al-Uhaymir in the Babil Governorate of Iraq, east of Babylon and 80 km south of Baghdad.

Kutha

Kutha, Cuthah, or Cutha (Sumerian: Gudua, modern Tell Ibrahim) is an archaeological site in Babil Governorate, Iraq. Archaeological investigations have revealed remains of the Neo-Babylonian period and Kutha appears frequently in historical sources.

Latifiya

Latifiya (Arabic: اللطيفية‎), named after Latifiya river, is an Iraqi town south of Baghdad, between Mahmoudiyah and Iskandariya, inhabited originally by 97,043 people. It is a Sunni Arab and shia city and the surrounding rural areas are dominated by native Sunni Arabs.

During the period between 2003 and 2007, Latifiya was one of the most dangerous places for the Coalition Forces. The insurgent groups operated almost freely in Latifiya and the neighboring Sunni dominated Yusufiya.

It is home to the 1/4/6 Iraqi Army Battalion and US Patrol Base Latifiya (FOB ROW).

Mahmudiya District

Al-Mahmudiya (المحمودية) is a district in Baghdad Governorate, Iraq. Its seat is Mahmoudiyah.

Mahmudiya District has approximately 550,000 inhabitants, about over 88 percent of them Shia and the rest Sunni. This ratio is the result of the Iraqi Civil War of 2006-2007, when the Shias of Yusufiya and Iskandariya moved to Mahmudiya, and the Sunnis of Mahmudiya sought refuge in the other two cities. Most of the inhabitants live in rural areas.

Tribal inhabitants of the district are of five tribes: Al Janabi, Dulaim, Al Ubaid, Qarghoul and Al Jubour

Tell Uqair

Tell Uqair (Tell Uquair, Tell Aqair) is a tell or settlement mound northeast of Babylon and about 50 miles (80 km) south of Baghdad in modern Babil Governorate, Iraq.

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