The BT Centre is the global headquarters and registered office of BT Group, located in a 10-storey office building on Newgate Street in the City of London, London, England. It is opposite St. Paul's tube station. It was completed in 1985.
A plaque on the outside of the building marks this as the location from which Guglielmo Marconi made the first public transmission of wireless signals, in 1897 while it was the Telegraph Office building of the General Post Office complex. The Telegraph Office building was severely damaged by bombing in 1940 and demolished in 1967.
Media related to BT Centre at Wikimedia CommonsBT Broadband
BT Broadband is a broadband service offered by BT Consumer; a division of BT Group in the United Kingdom. It was formerly known as BT Total Broadband, BT Yahoo! Broadband and BT Openworld. With the introduction of BT Infinity, the Broadband package now refers to the legacy ADSL broadband products, such as ADSL Max and ADSL2+.BT Centre for Major Programme Management
The BT Centre for Major Programme Management is an interdisciplinary research and center at University of Oxford on management of major programs, which are commonly also called "megaprojects". The Centre is located at Saïd Business School. The BT Centre for Major Programme Management conducts research into megaprojects to create a community of knowledge and it provides a resource for practitioners to locate the latest thinking on specialist topics. It is the centre's goal to disseminate its work to a wide audience of practitioners and academics alike through publications, case studies, workshops, executive education and events.BT Italia
BT in Italy is represented by BT Italia, which is the second largest business telecommunication operator in the Italian market, controlling an 11% share.BT Voyager
The BT Voyager series is a series of ADSL modems supplied by British Telecommunications plc. Several models include WiFi, routing and voice over IP capabilities.Bent Flyvbjerg
Bent Flyvbjerg (born 1952) is a Danish economic geographer. He is Professor of Major Programme Management at Oxford University's Saïd Business School and the first Director of the University's BT Centre for Major Programme Management. He was previously Professor of Planning at Aalborg University, Denmark and Chair of Infrastructure Policy and Planning at Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands. He is a fellow of St Anne's College, Oxford.Flyvbjerg is the author or editor of 10 books and more than 200 papers in professional journals and edited volumes. His publications have been translated into 19 languages. His research has been covered by Science, The Economist, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Financial Times, The BBC, CNN, Charlie Rose, and many other media.Flyvbjerg received his Ph.D. in urban geography and planning from Aarhus University, Denmark. He has written extensively about megaprojects, decision making, city management, and philosophy of social science. He was a member of the Danish Infrastructure Commission and a director of the Danish Court Administration. He has twice held the Fulbright Scholarship. Bent Flyvbjerg was knighted in the Order of the Dannebrog in 2002.
His research has shown that competition between megaprojects and their sponsors creates political and organizational pressures that leads to the consistent overestimating of project benefits and the underestimating of project costs. The best megaprojects do not get implemented, but rather the ones that look best on paper. He argues that the ones that look best on paper are the ones for which costs and benefits have been misrepresented the most.Buzby
Buzby was a yellow (later orange) talking cartoon bird, launched in 1976 as part of a marketing campaign by Post Office Telecommunications, which later became British Telecommunications (BT).Connected Earth
Connected Earth is a UK network of organisations, primarily museums, that preserve the history of telecommunications in the UK. Heritage artefacts are physically dispersed to Connected Earth partners and other institutions as appropriate, and are brought together again online through virtual galleries, searchable catalogues and educational resources at its website.Customer Service System
The Customer Service System (CSS) of the BT Group (previously British Telecommunications) is the core operational support system for BT, bringing in 70% of income for the company (figures from 1997). BT rolled out CSS nationally in 1989 and provided an integrated system for telephony—order handling, repair handling and billing.BT Customer Service System (BT/CSS) was developed by Logica in 1984, costing £1bn to implement, representing the largest computer project undertaken in Europe and the largest integrated database in the world, at the time.In 2005, the CSS databases deployed by BT handled 23 million customers, with 13 terabytes of data spread out over 28 mainframe images. The databases supported 230 million transactions per day generated by over 40,000 users.CSS is still used by BT but it is now controlled by Openreach. BT retail migrated all accounts from CSS to a new billing system known as Geneva/Oneview/Avalon. This was to support the migration to WLR3.Digital Access Signalling System 1
Digital Access Signalling System 1 (DASS1) is a proprietary protocol defined by British Telecom to provide ISDN services in the United Kingdom. It is now obsolete, having been replaced by DASS2. This too will become obsolete over the coming years as Q.931, a European standard, becomes widely adopted in the EU.EE Limited
EE (formerly Everything Everywhere) is a British mobile network operator, internet service provider and a division of BT Group. It was established in 2010 as a 50:50 joint venture between Deutsche Telekom and France Télécom (now Orange S.A.) through the merger of their respective T-Mobile and Orange businesses in the UK. It is the largest mobile network operator in the UK, with 29.6 million customers and the largest operator of 4G services in Europe.It was acquired by BT in January 2016 and subsequently became a second consumer division, operating alongside BT Consumer following BT's new organisational structure that took effect in April 2016. It retained its brand, network and retail stores while its business operations became part of newly formed BT Business and Public Sector division, and its MVNO operations became part of newly formed BT Wholesale and Ventures division. On 28 July 2017, BT announced organisational changes to "simplify its operating model, strengthen accountabilities and accelerate its transformation" and involves bringing together its BT Consumer and EE divisions into a new unified BT Consumer division that will operate across three brands – BT, EE and Plusnet. It will take effect from 1 April 2018.EE has its headquarters in Hatfield in the UK and also has main offices in BT Centre in London, Bristol, Darlington, Doxford, Greenock, Merthyr Tydfil, North Tyneside, Plymouth and Leeds. As of 23 November 2016, EE's 4G & 2G networks' combined coverage reaches more than 99% of the UK population, with double speed 4G reaching 80% while EE’s 3G network reaches 98% of the population.Faraday Building
The Faraday Building was the GPO's first telephone exchange in London.
It started life as the Central telephone exchange at the Savings Bank building in Queen Victoria Street, opening for business on 1 March 1902 with just 200 subscribers. The Faraday Building is erected on the former site of Doctors' Commons, which had been the location of the Admiralty, Probate, and principal Ecclesiastical Court in England.
The Post Office’s first London telephone exchange served nearly two-and-a-half square miles of the capital – notable subscribers included the Treasury, the War Office and Fleet Street.
Take-up of the telephone by the public was very quick so that by 1905 the exchange capacity was extended to 10,000 subscribers, and full capacity was exhausted just three years later. To meet the growing demand from businesses in the City, a new common battery exchange was installed in 1906 with a capacity of 15,000 lines. This became 'City' exchange and officially opened in November 1907. In common with other exchanges in London, Central was able to connect subscribers to the Electrophone exchange at Gerard Street. Electrophone allowed people to listen to performances at certain London theatres and music halls while sitting at home.
In 1933, Faraday became the telephone centre of the world with the opening of the international telephone exchange. In 1935, an automatic exchange was opened with more than 6,000 working lines. The complex task of switching subscribers over to the new exchange involved 60 engineers and the opening was the culmination of more than 15 months’ hard work.
The construction of the Faraday Buildings obscured the riverside view of St Paul's Cathedral and directly led to the legislation protecting the views of St Paul's that has been used to thwart large buildings being erected around the various vantage points to see the cathedral. The City of London School and another telephone exchange, Baynard House, were built between the riverside and Faraday Building but are restricted in height to just three levels above ground.
During the Second World War, the Faraday Building was transformed into a redoubt where the Cabinet could retreat if the need arose and the Prime Minister could run the war in greater security than Downing Street could provide.Guardian telephone exchange
Guardian Exchange was an underground telephone exchange built in Manchester in 1954. It was built together with the Anchor Exchange in Birmingham and the Kingsway exchange in London – all believed to provide hardened communications in the event of nuclear war. Today the underground site is used for telephone cabling. Constructed at a depth of 35 metres (115 ft), the tunnels are about 2 metres (80 in) in diameter. The exchange cost around £4 million (approximately £126 million in 2015 prices), part of which was funded by the United Kingdom's NATO partners.International Network Services Inc.
International Network Services Inc. (INS) was a network architecture services provider based in Mountain View, California. Previously closely associated with Cisco, it was acquired by the former Lucent in 1999 for $3.7bn. Following the collapse of the dot-com bubble, Lucent sold the unit back to employees and investors for an undisclosed sum. Then in 2007, INS was acquired by BT Group for £133 MM (now part of BT Advise Professional Services of BT (global services) based out of the USA.Manx Telecom
Manx Telecom Ltd. (Manx: Chellinsh Vannin) is the primary provider of broadband and telecommunications on the Isle of Man. It is a quoted company that trades on the AIM market.Robin (answering machine)
The Robin is the sales name for the BT Answering Machine number 202A or 202B. It was released by British Telecommunications plc (now called BT Group) in 1985 and manufactured by Team Concepts International Ltd (Hong Kong).
The answering machine had a rather serious problem in that, if it was in "answer mode" and was inactivated (perhaps by a mains power failure), when the power was restored, it would not return to "answer mode" until the user manually restored it to such using a switch on the front of the machine. Despite this, it was a vast improvement on the BT Osprey answering machine.St Nicholas Shambles
St Nicholas Shambles was a medieval church in the City of London, which stood on the corner of Butcher Hall Lane (now King Edward Street) and Newgate Street. It took its name from the Shambles, the butchers area in the west of Newgate Street. The church is first mentioned as St. Nicholas de Westrnacekaria. In 1253 Walter de Cantilupe, Bishop of Worcester granted indulgences to its parishioners.In 1546, Henry VIII gave the church, along with that of St Ewin (also known as St Audoen) and the dissolved Christ Church priory to the City corporation. A new parish was created for Christ Church, out of those of St Nicholas and St Ewin, and part of that of St Sepulchre. St Nicholas' was demolished in 1547.The site was extensively excavated in 1975–79 in preparation for construction of the GPO headquarters, (now the BT Centre). The excavations identified several phases of building. The original nave and chancel probably dated from the 11th century. They were extended in the late 12th century. Chapels were added to the east end in the 14th century, a north aisle was added to the nave in the first half of the 15th century, and, finally, the east end was rebuilt and a sacristy added on the north. The excavations included the grave yard. Among the finds was a woman who died in the later stages of childbirth.Surviving parish records, now held among the archives of St Bartholomew's Hospital, include an exceptionally detailed inventory of church books, plate, vestments and other possessions of 1457, and a series of churchwardens' accounts running from 1452 to 1526.Tinshill BT Tower
The Tinshill BT Tower (also known locally as Cookridge Tower) is a 60.96 metres ( 200 ft) tall telecommunication tower located on the east side of Otley Old Road in the north of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. It is in an elevated part of Leeds, with its base 192 metres above sea level. It is one of twelve BT towers built of reinforced concrete.
In 2002, prompted by a request from the local MP, Harold Best, it was the subject of a study by the Health Protection Agency, who concluded that the radio emissions from its various transmitters, were well below levels which might cause a risk to health for people nearby.Tolsford Hill BT Tower
Tolsford Hill BT Tower is a telecommunication tower built of reinforced concrete at Tolsford Hill on the North Downs near Folkestone, Kent. Tolsford Hill BT Tower is one of the few British towers built of reinforced concrete and is 67.36 metres ( 221 ft) high.Zouches Farm transmitting station
Zouches Farm transmitting station is a microwave radio link site located near the top of Blows Downs at Zouches Farm, Caddington, Bedfordshire, England (grid reference TL045210). It was part of the London to Birmingham chain designed in the 1940s, and is now owned and maintained by BT Group.
In September 1970, short segments of the BBC Television series Doctor Who were filmed at the relay station, for a serial entitled Terror of the Autons.
The 68.9 metres ( 226 ft) tall radio tower is also used for digital and analogue radio broadcasts; these are maintained by Arqiva.