|BSG Chemie Leipzig|
|Full name||Betriebssportgemeinschaft Chemie Leipzig e.V.|
|Founded||16 July 1997|
|2017–18||Regionalliga Nordost, 16th (relegated)|
The prewar identity of the club is rooted in the establishment of Britannia Leipzig in 1899 and its successor TuRa Leipzig. During the Soviet era the traditions of the club were continued in the East German teams BSG Chemie Leipzig and Lokomotive Leipzig before the emergence of FC Sachsen Leipzig following German reunification, which continued the clubs traditions.
BSG Chemie Leipzig shares the same logo and the same colours as the previously existing BSG Chemie Leipzig, founded on 16th of August 1950.
FC Sachsen Leipzig was founded in 1990. The reunification of East and West Germany saw significant change in football in the eastern half of the country. At the end of May 1990, the club was renamed FC Grün-Weiß Leipzig and quickly merged with SV Chemie Böhlen (formerly BSG Chemie Böhlen) to create FC Sachsen in August of that year and took up play in the Oberliga Nordost (III).
Two new sides soon appeared, both claiming to be the rightful heirs of the tradition of FC Sachsen. Founded on 21 May 2011, SG Leipzig Leutzsch took up the place of Sachsen in league play and moved into the ground at Alfred-Kunze-Sportpark. In mid-2013 the club re-adopted the name SG Sachsen Leipzig, but their financial difficulties continued and on 5 May 2014 the association was again bankrupt. However, the name Sachsen Leipzig was soon taken up again by a new club, the LFV Sachsen Leipzig, founded in 2014. LFV Sachsen Leipzig is playing the 2015-16 season in the 3. Kreisklasse. The team secured promotion to the 2016-17 2. Kreisklasse on 1 May 2016.
A new BSG Chemie Leipzig was founded in 1997 and the team began play in the lowest tier city competition, 3. Kreissklasse Leipzig, in 2008-09. That club won three successive promotions and quickly advanced to 6th-tier play after acquiring the place held by VfK Blau-Weiß Leipzig in the Sachsenliga with Blau-Weiß dropping down to 8th tier Stadtliga Leipzig, and by 2011-12 was playing alongside SG Sachsen in the regional Sachsenliga. Their progress stalled in 2013 when they slipped to Bezirkliga play for a single season.
Despite the fact that both clubs see themselves as the sole legitimate successors to the club that failed in 2009, they have agreed to cooperate at the youth level to help ensure that sporting opportunities remain available to area youth. They also hope to preserve and build on the historical tradition represented by Chemie and Sachsen.
In May 2014 it was announced that both clubs cooperated in the future at the junior level, as the SG Sachsen (the main tenant in the stadium) is insolvent, and the employed administrators decided the ultimate direction of the club. The ultimate goal was the survival of the Association, so that at least the youth teams of SG Sachsen were secured. In their press release it was called among others: "No matter what decision the liquidator of SG Sachsen in terms of the insolvency proceedings: BSG Chemie Leipzig will ensure that children and young people can play football even after 30 June in the Alfred-Kunze-Sportpark!".
The club had the overwhelming vast majority of the support of the traditional fans of Chemie, unlike the other attempted successor sides. After starting in the 12th division, the club rose through the amateur divisions, winning promotion to the 4th division in the 2016–17 season in front of officially 4999 fans in a match against SV Schott Jena.
The launch of the new BSG Chemie was mostly pushed ahead by younger fans of FC Sachsen Leipzig, especially the ultras group Diablos Leutzsch, who are expressly anti-fascist and tend to hold left-wing views. They were rejected by more seasoned FC Sachsen fans and the club management who described themselves as apolitical but were accused by Diablos and others from the younger, leftist field of being lenient toward racists. These elder supporters denied the new BSG's claim of being the legitimate heir to the original club of the same name active in the pre-1990 era. FC Sachsen and BSG Chemie fans both used the sobriquet Chemiker (i.e. "chemists").
The club's fans share a fierce and often violent rivalry with the supporters of 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig. When both teams met in the quarter finals of the Sachsenpokal in 2016, German daily newspaper Die Welt called the match the "German hooligan summit". An additional reason for the enmity between certain fans of the two clubs is a political one. The above-mentioned leftist and anti-fascist Chemie supporters and ultras are confronted with vocal groups of Lok fans from the right and far-right of the political spectrum.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
|Season||League||Division||Place||Goal difference||Points||Saxony Cup||German Cup|
|2008–09||3. Kreisklasse||12||1||158:18||76||did not qualify||did not qualify|
|2009–10||2. Kreisklasse||11||1||105:19||74||did not qualify||did not qualify|
|2010–11||1. Kreisklasse||10||1||99:27||79||did not qualify||did not qualify|
|2011–12||Sachsenliga||6||7||54:33||47||Round 3||did not qualify|
|2012–13||Sachsenliga||6||14||36:46||29||Round 2||did not qualify|
|2013–14||Bezirksliga Sachsen Nord||7||1||56:17||60||Round of 16||did not qualify|
|2014–15||Sachsenliga||6||3||54:29||56||Round 3||did not qualify|
|2015–16||Sachsenliga||6||1||68:30||60||Round 3||did not qualify|
|2016–17||NOFV-Oberliga Süd||5||1||69:21||71||Quarterfinals||did not qualify|
|2017-18||Regionalliga Nordost||4||16||21:51||35||Champion||did not qualify|
|2018-19||NOFV-Oberliga Süd||5||Round 2|
BSG Chemie Leipzig refers to a number of different entities but associated with the same sports organisation due to its complicated history of mergers and name changes.
It can refer to:
BSG Chemie Leipzig (1950), the first instance of a club under that name
FC Sachsen Leipzig, a successor club to the original after several mergers, playing under this name between 1990 and 2009. Several other attempted phoenix clubs were attempted under similar names.
BSG Chemie Leipzig (1997), a team founded by supporters in 1997 after financial trouble of Sachsen Leipzig, now the sole continuator of the original club's traditions.Phoenix club (sports)
The term phoenix club is one used in professional team sports to refer to a new parent company that is set up to replace the parent company of a club that has failed in business terms but not in sporting terms, ideally while maintaining the continuity of the sporting activity. In some cases, the phoenix club is created by the supporters of the club which has ended (or appears to be on the point of ending). A phoenix club will often have the same or similar name, logo and playing uniform to the original club. The term is particularly prevalent in the United Kingdom in relation to association football, though it is also used in other countries.
The term is also occasionally used to refer to a club formed by disgruntled supporters of a major team when a change of ownership or policy causes them to lose faith in the management of their favoured side (as happened in 2005 when F.C. United of Manchester were formed by fans of Manchester United as a protest at the sale of the latter to Malcolm Glazer). although their status as such may be disputed if the original club is still in existence at the time.
The term is taken from the mythical phoenix bird, which is said to resurrect itself from its own ashes. In the Australia-New Zealand A-League the demise of the sole New Zealand team, New Zealand Knights, resulted in the newly created club actually calling itself the Phoenix, albeit that the club moved to a different city, Wellington.
In some cases, phoenix clubs will retain the name of the club which they replaced, implying a continuation from the former team. In other cases, name changes occur, perhaps due to proprietorial ownership existing on the old club's name. An American football example is the Cleveland Browns, the original franchise of which moved to Baltimore in 1995 to become the Baltimore Ravens; the NFL however stipulated as part of the move the franchise would not be able to keep the team history and records of the Browns, a cornerstone NFL franchise. In 1999, the "new" Browns were granted an expansion franchise and were awarded all of the former team's history by the league, even though the extant Ravens had the original Browns players and personnel.
It does not also include teams that relocated and/or have been renamed as a going concern, although many of the former may have their founding date as the day they have moved and still have strong links to their past, however they are considered to be the same club and therefore cannot be a phoenix (unless their previous entity officially folded and was liquidated).
However, the term phoenix club is one that could be disputed depending on the criteria used, as there is no single universally accepted definition. Furthermore, there may be changes in what each country's football governing body and legal system defines as a phoenix club and not a resurrected club.
NOFV-Oberliga Süd (V) 2018–19 clubs