BMS World Mission

BMS World Mission is a Christian missionary society founded by Baptists from England in 1792. It was originally called the Particular Baptist Society for the Propagation of the Gospel Amongst the Heathen, but for most of its life was known as the Baptist Missionary Society. The headquarters is in Didcot, in the Great Britain.

BMS World Mission
BMS World Mission logo 2018
AbbreviationBMS
Formation1792
TypeMissionary Society
HeadquartersDidcot, Great Britain
General Director
Kang San-Tan
WebsiteOfficial website

History

The BMS was formed in 1792, at a meeting in Kettering, England, where 12 ministers signed an agreement. [1][2] They were: Thomas Blundel, Joshua Burton, John Eayres, Andrew Fuller, Abraham Greenwood, William Heighton, Reynold Hogg, Samuel Pearce, John Ryland, Edward Sherman, John Sutcliff, Joseph Timms.[3] William Staughton, present at the meeting, did not sign since he was not a minister.[4] It was also known as the Baptist Missionary Society. The first missionaries, William Carey and John Thomas, were sent to Bengal, India in 1793. [5][6] They were followed by many co-workers, firstly to India, and subsequently to other countries in Asia, the Caribbean, Africa, Europe and South America. Timothy Richard is perhaps one of the most well-known Baptist missionaries to China.

Francis Augustus Cox wrote a history of the Baptist Missionary Society from its formation until 1842.[6]

The current name was adopted in 2000.[7]

BMS World Mission supports over 350 workers in 40 countries.

List of missionaries

Programs

BMS works in many ways around the world, including church planting, development, disaster relief, education, health, and media and advocacy. Mission personnel can go long-term, mid-term, short-term or as part of a team.

See also

References

  1. ^ Robert E. Johnson, A Global Introduction to Baptist Churches, Cambridge University Press, UK, 2010, p. 99
  2. ^ J. Gordon Melton and Martin Baumann, Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 292
  3. ^ George Smith (30 June 2011). The Life of William Carey, D.D: Shoemaker and Missionary. Cambridge University Press. p. 52. ISBN 978-1-108-02918-6.
  4. ^ Alan Betteridge (1 August 2010). Deep Roots, Living Branches: A History of Baptists in the English Western Midlands. Troubador Publishing Ltd. p. 108. ISBN 978-1-84876-277-0.
  5. ^ Jonathan M. Yeager, Early Evangelicalism: A Reader, OUP USA, USA, 2013, p. 357
  6. ^ a b History of the Baptist Missionary Society, from 1792 to 1842, Francis Augustus Cox, 1842, accessed April 2009
  7. ^ R. G. Tiedemann, Reference Guide to Christian Missionary Societies in China: From the Sixteenth to the Twentieth Century: From the Sixteenth to the Twentieth, Routledge, USA, 2016, p. 125

External links

Asia Pacific Baptist Federation

The Asia Pacific Baptist Federation (APBF) is a regional organization of the Baptist World Alliance, a worldwide fellowship of churches that subscribe to Baptist distinctives. The APBF was formed in the then British colony of Hong Kong in 1973 as the Asian Baptist Federation (ABF). It adopted its current name in 2007 after a resolution was approved during the ABF Congress held in the city of Chiang Mai, Thailand from 2 May to 6 May 2007.

Bangladesh Baptist Sangha

The Bangladesh Baptist Church Sangha (English: Baptist Union of Bangladesh; BBS) is a national cooperative association of religious Baptist churches in Bangladesh. The BBCS is the oldest Baptist community in Bangladesh and traces its origins from the pioneering work started by William Carey and the Baptist Missionary Society in 1793 in Bengal.The church was one community known as the East Bengali Baptist Union (established in 1913 from the former Baptist Missionary Society's East Bengal Mission) until the partition of India and Pakistan in 1948 when it became known as the East Pakistan Baptist Union. With the independence of Bangladesh from the Pakistan in 1971, the church took its current name. The current president of the BBS is Joyanto Adhikari with Milton Biswas serving as General-Secretary.

Baptist Church of Mizoram

The Baptist Church of Mizoram (BCM) is a Protestant church of the Baptist denomination of Mizoram state in northeast India.

As of 2018, BCM has 1,73,988 members in 677 local churches along with 159 Pastors and 3,174 Elders in 84 Pastorates and 15 Area Baptist Councils.It is the second biggest church in Mizoram after the Mizoram Presbyterian Church Synod.

Baptist Union of Scotland

The Baptist Union of Scotland is the main association of Baptist churches in Scotland.

Baptists Together

Baptists Together (officially The Baptist Union of Great Britain) is the association of Baptist churches in England and Wales.

Billy Graham

William Franklin Graham Jr. (November 7, 1918 – February 21, 2018) was an American evangelist, a prominent evangelical Christian figure, and an ordained Southern Baptist minister who became well-known internationally in the late 1940s. One of his biographers has placed him "among the most influential Christian leaders" of the 20th century.As a preacher, he held large indoor and outdoor rallies with sermons broadcast on radio and television; some were still being re-broadcast into the 21st century. In his six decades of television, Graham hosted annual "Crusades", evangelistic campaigns, which ran from 1947 until his retirement in 2005. He also hosted the radio show Hour of Decision from 1950 to 1954. He repudiated racial segregation and insisted on racial integration for his revivals and crusades, starting in 1953; he also invited Martin Luther King Jr. to preach jointly at a revival in New York City in 1957. In addition to his religious aims, he helped shape the worldview of a huge number of people who came from different backgrounds, leading them to find a relationship between the Bible and contemporary secular viewpoints. According to his website, Graham preached to live audiences of 210 million people in more than 185 countries and territories through various meetings, including BMS World Mission and Global Mission.Graham was a spiritual adviser to U.S. presidents and provided spiritual counsel for every president from the 33rd, Harry S. Truman, to the 44th, Barack Obama. He was particularly close to Dwight D. Eisenhower, Lyndon B. Johnson (one of Graham's closest friends), and Richard Nixon. He was also lifelong friends with another televangelist, the founding pastor of the Crystal Cathedral, Robert Schuller, whom Graham talked into starting his own television ministry.Graham operated a variety of media and publishing outlets. According to his staff, more than 3.2 million people have responded to the invitation at Billy Graham Crusades to "accept Jesus Christ as their personal savior". Graham's evangelism was appreciated by mainline Protestant and Roman Catholic denominations as he encouraged new converts to become members of these Churches. As of 2008, Graham's estimated lifetime audience, including radio and television broadcasts, topped 2.2 billion. One special televised broadcast in 1996 alone may have reached a television audience of as many as 2.5 billion people worldwide. Because of his crusades, Graham preached the gospel to more people in person than anyone in the history of Christianity. Graham was on Gallup's list of most admired men and women 61 times, more than any man or woman in history. Grant Wacker writes that by the mid-1960s, he had become the "Great Legitimator": "By then his presence conferred status on presidents, acceptability on wars, shame on racial prejudice, desirability on decency, dishonor on indecency, and prestige on civic events".

Donald Foster Hudson

Donald Foster Hudson (Halifax, 1916-2003) was a British missionary in India and the author of Teach Yourself New Testament Greek.

Frederick William Savidge

Frederick William Savidge (1862 – 1935) was a pioneer English Christian missionary in northeast India. He and James Herbert Lorrain brought Protestantism to Mizoram, and some parts of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Together they were entirely responsible for the creation of written language in Mizo, beginning of literacy, origin of formal education and establishment of churches in Mizoram. They devised the original Mizo alphabets based on Roman script, prepared the first book and dictionary in Mizo, started the first school among the Mizos. Mizoram has become the most Christian populated state in India. As a professional educator Savidge was single-handedly responsible for introducing quality education in Mizoram (now the second highest in literacy rate in India). He is deservedly known as the Father of Mizo Education.

History of Christianity in Mizoram

The history of Christianity in Mizoram covers the origin and development of all forms of Christianity in Mizoram since the British occupation at the end of the 19th century. Christianity arrived as a consequence of tribal warfare, raids of British plantations, and the ensuing punitive British military expedition called the Lushai Expedition of 1871. The subsequent annexation of the erstwhile Lushai Hills to the British Empire opened the gateway for British Christian missions to evangelise the Mizo people.By the 1890s British Empire occupied all of Lushai Hills. It was still a chaotic administration as the natives were still under the influence of several tribal chiefdoms, practising animistic rituals and completely illiterate. Their rituals and tribal lifestyles were serious hindrance to law and order. There was an urgent need to introduce formal education. The solution came in the form of Christian missionaries. The pioneers were from Arthington Aborigines Mission in London, who entered Lushai Hills in 1894, the year venerated in Mizoram as the "advent of the Gospel". Although the Arthington mission was of Baptist persuasion, and the first two missionaries were of Baptist Church, the first church in Mizoram was however a Presbyterian Church. It was established in Aizawl in 1897 (which eventually became the capital city) by the Calvinistic Methodist Church of Wales. For this reason the population of Mizos is largely dominated by Presbyterians. Then the Baptist Church soon followed, setting their headquarters at Lunglei. Other denominations soon arrived, including Roman Catholic, Salvation Army, United Pentecostal Church, Seventh-day Adventists and others. Half a century later, the Mizos by and large were converted. A variety of indigenous denominations also emerged. The new religion was immensely effective at overturning the traditional culture. Christianity turned into a new culture and ethnic identity. By the end of 20th century Mizoram became the most Christian populated state (and third highest in literacy rate as of 2011 census) in the Indian Union, and the native population is almost entirely of Christians.

History of Mizoram

The history of Mizoram basically encompasses the history of Mizoram which lies in the remotest part of northeast India. It is a conglomerate history of several ethnic groups of Chin people who migrated from Chin State of Burma. But information of their patterns of westward migration are based on oral history and archaeological inferences, hence nothing definite can be said. The recorded history started relatively recently around the mid-19th century when the adjoining regions were occupied by the British monarchy. The land is now inhabited by a mixture of people from Chin Hills and Bangladesh and its history is therefore largely reflected by those of Lusei, Hmar, Lai, Mara and Chakmas tribes. Following religious, political and cultural revolutions in the mid-20th century majority of the people agglomerated into a super tribe, Mizo. Hence the officially recognised settlement of the Mizos became Mizoram.

The earliest documented records of Mizoram were from the British military officers in the 1850s, when they encountered series of raids in their official jurisdiction in Chittagong Hill Tracts from the neighbouring natives. By then they referred the land to as Lushai Hills. As a consequence of relentless tribal encroachment and often resulting in human mortality, British rulers were compelled to subjugate the tribal chiefdoms. Punitive British military expeditions in 1871 and 1889 forced the annexation of the entire Lushai Hills. After the Indian independence from British Empire in 1947, the land became Lushai Hills district under the Government of Assam. In 1972 the district was declared a union territory and was given a more culturally inclusive name Mizoram. Ultimately Mizoram became a full-fledged federal state of Indian Union in 1986.

Jamaica Baptist Union

Jamaica Baptist Union is a Baptist Christian denomination, affiliated with the Baptist World Alliance, in Jamaica. The headquarters is in Kingston, Jamaica. The president of the union is Karen Kirlew.

James Herbert Lorrain

James Herbert Lorrain, or Pu Buanga, (6 February 1870 – 1 July 1944) was a Scottish Baptist missionary in northeast India, including Mizoram, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh. He and Frederick William Savidge reduced the Lushai language (a Colonial British name, present Mizo language) to writing—devised an alphabet using Roman lettering and phonetic form of spelling based on Hunterian system translation; compiled grammar and dictionaries for missionary activities and clerical administration.He and F.W. Savidge were credited to the establishment of Christianity and education in Mizoram. They compiled the first Lushai grammar and dictionary. As a gifted lexicographer, Lorrain single-handedly was responsible for the origin of written language and hymns in Mizo. More popularly known as "Pu Buanga Dictionary", Dictionary of the Lushai Language became the foundation of Mizo language and literature.

James Phillippo

James Phillippo (1798, Norfolk, England – 11 May 1879, Spanish Town, Jamaica) was an English Baptist missionary in Jamaica who campaigned for the abolition of slavery. He served in Jamaica from 1823 to his death, with some periods lobbying in England for funds to support his work on the island. He led the founding of several Free Villages, having gained funds to grant freedmen and their families plots of land for farming in villages independent of planter control. He also wrote and published three books about Jamaica.

K. Asungba Sangtam

K. Asungba Sangtam is an Indian politician, industrialist, social worker and a former member of Lok Sabha. He was a member of the 12th and 13th Lok Sabha representing Nagaland Lok Sabha constituency.Born on 27 July 1945 at Chare, a small village in Tuensang district of the Northeast Indian state of Nagaland to Hopongki, Sangtam did his early schooling at St. Edmund's School, Shillong (1962) and completed his pre-university course at St. Edmund's College, Shillong in 1964. He started his graduate degree from St. Stephen's College, Delhi and completed it in 1970 from the Fazl Ali College, Mokokchung in Nagaland. Aligned with the Indian National Congress, he is a member of the Nagaland Pradesh Congress Committee, serving it as a joint secretary in 1987 and as a secretary in 1989. During his tenure as a member of Lok Sabha, he served as a member of the Committee on Communications and as a member of the Consultative Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture. He also contested the general elections of 2004 and 2009, though unsuccessfully. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 2009, for his contributions to society.Sangtam, who is the president of the Baptist Church Trust Association (BCTA), Delhi, a partner organisation of the BMS World Mission, is married to Yashila Asung and the couple has two sons and two daughters. He lives at Shamrock Dale at Mokokchung, in Nagaland.

Lashana Lynch

Lashana Lynch (born 27 November 1987) is a British actress. She plays the leading role of Rosaline in the ABC period drama series Still Star-Crossed.

Paul Carlson

Paul Carlson (March 31, 1928 – November 24, 1964) was an American physician and medical missionary who served in Wasolo, a town in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. He originated from Rolling Hills Covenant Church in Southern California, which is a member of the Evangelical Covenant Church denomination. He was killed in 1964 by rebel insurgents after being falsely accused of being an American spy.

Serkawn

Sêrkâwn is a village within Lunglei Administrative Block, Mizoram, India. It is continuous with Lunglei within 1 km area. It is 107 km from the state capital Aizawl. The place chosen by British missionaries, it is the home of Christianity and formal education in southern Mizoram. The oldest schools and hospital in southern Mizoram were established there. It still is the centre of administration of Baptist Church of Mizoram.

The British used to call it (as a literal translation) "Lemonvale". The name is due to abundant lemon trees native to the place during the British occupation. It remained the principal centre of learning and music during the 20th century.

William Carey (missionary)

William Carey (17 August 1761 – 9 June 1834) was a British Christian missionary, Particular Baptist minister, translator, social reformer and cultural anthropologist who founded the Serampore College and the Serampore University, the first degree-awarding university in India.He went to Kolkata, West Bengal, India in 1793, but was forced to leave the British Indian territory by non-Baptist Christian missionaries. He joined the Baptist missionaries in the Danish colony of Frederiksnagar in India (Serampore). One of his first contributions was to start schools for impoverished children where they were taught reading, writing, accounting and Christianity. He opened the first theological university in Serampore (India) offering divinity degrees, and campaigned to end the practice of sati.Carey is known as the "father of modern missions." His essay, An Enquiry into the Obligations of Christians to Use Means for the Conversion of the Heathens, led to the founding of the Baptist Missionary Society. The Asiatic Society commended Carey for “his eminent services in opening the stores of Indian literature to the knowledge of Europe and for his extensive acquaintance with the science, the natural history and botany of this country and his useful contributions, in every branch.”He translated the Hindu classic, the Ramayana, into English, and the Bible into Bengali, Oriya, Assamese, Marathi, Hindi and Sanskrit. William Carey has been called a reformer and illustrious Christian missionary.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.