Azem Vllasi

Azem Vllasi (born 23 December 1948) is a senior Kosovo Albanian politician and lawyer.

Azem Vllasi
11th President of the League of Communists of Kosovo
In office
May 1986 – 1988
Prime MinisterNazmi Mustafa
Kaqusha Jashari
Preceded byKolë Shiroka
Succeeded byKaqusha Jashari
Personal details
Born23 December 1948 (age 70)
Kosovska Kamenica, Yugoslavia
(now Kamenica, Kosovo)[a]
Political partyKosovar Social Democratic (from 2004)
Kosovar League of Communists (until 1989)
Spouse(s)Nadira Avdić-Vllasi
Professionlawyer, politician

Early years

Vllasi was born in Robovac, Kosovska Kamenica, Yugoslavia, in today's Kosovo[a]. In his youth and student years, Vllasi chaired a number of youth organizations: the student league of Kosovo and of Yugoslavia, and from 1974, the League of Socialist Youth of Yugoslavia. As socialist youth chairman, he became popular and gained the support of President Tito, which helped him to become the first re-elected youth leader. After graduation, he became a lawyer before joining big politics. In 1980, he publicly challenged the autocratic ruler of Albania, Enver Hoxha,[1] claiming that ethnic Albanians in Yugoslavia were better off than people in Albania and describing his rule as brutal and dictatorial. Azem Vllasi was a Chevening Scholarship holder in early 1970s and studied at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. [2]

Leader of Kosovo and dismissal

Later on, Vllasi became a member of the central committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia and became the leader of the League of Communists of Kosovo in 1986, and the president of Kosovo. Under Vllasi, the Albanian-led Party took a more assertive position towards the Serbian government, and could be expected to put up strong opposition to any moves to reassert Serbian authority over Kosovo. The autonomous province of Kosovo at the time had an equal vote in the federal presidency of Yugoslavia with the Yugoslav republics, and its own executive body, legislature, and judiciary.

In November 1988, Azem Vllasi and Kaqusha Jashari, as the two top-ranked Kosovo politicians, were toppled in the Anti-bureaucratic revolution because of their unwillingness to accept the constitutional amendments curbing Kosovo's autonomy, and replaced by appointees of Slobodan Milošević, the leader of the League of Communists of Serbia at the time. In response to this, the local population started a series of public demonstrations and a general strike, particularly the 1989 Kosovo miners' strike.

A partial state of emergency in Kosovo was declared on February 27, 1989, and the newly appointed leaders resigned on February 28. Soon thereafter, Kosovo's legislature, under a threat of force authorised by the federal presidency, acquiesced and passed the amendments allowing Serbia to assert its authority over Kosovo. Vllasi was arrested by the police on the charges of "counter-revolutionary activities". He was released from the Točak prison in Titova Mitrovica in April 1990.


Vllasi survived the war years and works today as a lawyer, author, and political adviser/consultant. He is a member of the Social Democratic Party of Kosovo (PSDK). In December 2005, Kosovo's prime minister Bajram Kosumi appointed Vllasi as special adviser for negotiations over the final status of Kosovo. Vllasi also served as a political advisor to Kosovo's prime minister Agim Çeku.

Vllasi is married to Nadira Avdić-Vllasi, a Bosniak journalist. They have two children, Adem, a practicing attorney in the United States, and Selma, a medical practitioner who also lives and works in the United States.


  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is recognized as an independent state by 103 out of 193 United Nations member states.

External links


  1. ^ RAD Background Report/325;
  2. ^
Preceded by
Slobodan Filipović
President of the
Yugoslav Olympic Committee

1982 – 1983
Succeeded by
Zdravko Mutin
1981 protests in Kosovo

In March and April 1981, a student protest in Pristina, the capital of the then Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo, led to widespread protests by Kosovo Albanians demanding more autonomy within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The Presidency of Yugoslavia declared a state of emergency in Pristina and Kosovska Mitrovica, which led to rioting. The unrest was suppressed by a large police intervention that caused numerous casualties, and a period of political repression followed.

1989 Kosovo miners' strike

The 1989 Kosovo miners' strike was a hunger strike initiated by the workers of the Trepča Mines on 20 February 1989 against the abolition of the autonomy of the Province of Kosovo by the Socialist Republic of Serbia. The strike quickly gained support in Slovenia and Croatia, while in Belgrade protests were held against the Slovenian, Albanian and Croatian leaderships. It eventually ended after the hospitalization of 180 miners and the resignation of the leaders of the League of Communists of Kosovo Rahman Morina, Ali Shukriu and Husamedin Azemi.


Azem is a given name. Notable people with the name include:

Azem Galica, Albanian soldier

Azem Hajdari, Albanian politician

Azem Maksutaj, Albanian kickboxer

Azem Vllasi, Kosovo Albanian politician

Jusuf Zejnullahu

Jusuf Zejnullahu (born 1944 in Democratic Federal Yugoslavia) was a Kosovar politician.

Kaqusha Jashari

Kaqusha Jashari (born 16 August 1946) is a Kosovo Albanian politician and engineer by profession. She is a member of the Assembly of Kosovo on the Democratic Party of Kosovo list since 2007.

From 1986 until November 1988, she and Azem Vllasi were the two leading Kosovo politicians. In November 1988, they were both dismissed in the "anti-bureaucratic revolution" because of their unwillingness to accept the constitutional amendments curbing Kosovo's autonomy, and were replaced by proxies of Slobodan Milošević, the leader of the League of Communists of Serbia at the time.

League of Communists of Kosovo

The League of Communists of Kosovo (Serbo-Croatian: Savez komunista Kosova, Савез комуниста Косова, SKK; Albanian: Lidhja Komuniste e Kosovës) was the Kosovo branch of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, the sole legal party of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1990.

Marko Orlandić

Marko Orlandić (Serbian Cyrillic: Марко Орландић) (born 23 February 1930) was a high-ranking Montenegrin politician in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) during the 1970s and '80s. In two terms, 1969-1971 and 1971-1974, he was a member of the Federal Executive Council of SFRY. He was the President of the Executive Council of the Socialist Republic of Montenegro from May 1974 to May 1978. From 1978 to 1982, he served as Ambassador of SFRY in Soviet Union (USSR).

He was the President of the Presidency of Montenegro from May 1983 to May 1984. From July 1984 to April 1986, he was the President of the Central Committee of the Montenegro League of Communists and a member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia (LCY). In 1986, he was again elected as a member of the Presidium of LCY. He held the post until his resignation on 1 February 1989. His resignation came after a series of demonstrations in Montenegro in the second half of 1988 and January 1989, orchestrated by the Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic and his followers. The demonstrations resulted in a collective resignation of the party and government leadership of Montenegro and Montenegrin representatives in the highest bodies of the Yugoslav government and party.

After the breakup of SFRY and the creation of new "Yugoslavia" consisting only of Serbia and Montenegro, Orlandić promoted full independence of Montenegro.[1] He authored three books in Serbo-Croatian: U Vrtlogu (1997), U Predvecerje Sloma (2002), and Crnogorsko Posrtanje (2005).

Milanko Renovica

Milanko Renovica (Serbian Cyrillic: Mилaнкo Peнoвицa; 19 October 1928 – 2 November 2013) was a Yugoslav politician. He was the president of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia and served as president of Bosnia and Herzegovina. He was an ethnic Serb.

Renovica lived in Bosnia and Herzegovina. He died on 2 November 2013 in Prague, Czech Republic, aged 85.

Olympic Committee of Serbia

The Olympic Committee of Serbia (Serbian: Олимпијски комитет Србије / Olimpijski komitet Srbije) is the National Olympic Committee representing Serbia. It organizes the country's representatives at the Olympic Games and other multisport events.

Members of the committee are 47 sports federations, which elect the Executive Council composed of the president and seventeen members.

Paraćin massacre

The Paraćin massacre (Serbo-Croatian: Paraćinski masakr / Параћински масакр) was a mass shooting which targeted Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) soldiers in the military barracks in Paraćin, Yugoslavia on 3 September 1987. The perpetrator was Aziz Kelmendi, a 20-year-old Kosovo Albanian conscript. Kelmendi fired an automatic weapon into two sleeping rooms before he fled and committed suicide. The shootings left four soldiers killed and five wounded.

Petar Škundrić

Petar Škundrić (Serbian Cyrillic: Петар Шкундрић; born February 21, 1947) is a Serbian politician. He is a member of the Socialist Party of Serbia who served as the Minister of Energy and Mining from 2008 to 2011.

Peter Čeferin

Peter Čeferin is a Slovenian attorney and the author of articles on issues related to the legal profession (specifically the position and profession of practicing attorneys). He is the father of Aleksander Čeferin, the current president of UEFA and FIFA council member.

President of the League of Communists of Kosovo

The Secretary of the Provincial Committee of the League of Communists of Kosovo (Albanian: Sekretari i Komitetit Krahinor të Lidhja e Komunistëve të Kosovës) was the head of the League of Communists of Kosovo, heading the Provincial Committee of the Party. The holder of the office was, for a significant period, the de facto most influential politician in the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo, an autonomous province of Serbia within Yugoslavia. The official name of the office was changed in June 1982 from "Secretary of the Provincial Committee" to President of the Presidency of the Provincial Committee of the League of Communists of Kosovo (Kryetari i Kryesisë së Komitetit Krahinor të Lidhja e Komunistëve të Kosovës).

The League of Communists of Kosovo was also an organization subordinate to the federal-level League of Communists of Yugoslavia and the republic-level League of Communists of Serbia. Between September 1944 and September 1952, the former was named the Communist Party of Kosovo (being part of the larger Communist Party of Yugoslavia), until both parties were renamed "League of Communists" in 1952.

Rrahman Morina

Rrahman Morina (Serbian: Рахман Морина/Rahman Morina; 1943 – 12 October 1990) was a Yugoslav police officer and communist politician. A Kosovo Albanian, he is remembered as being an opponent of Albanian separatism.

The Death of Yugoslavia

The Death of Yugoslavia is a BBC documentary series first broadcast in 1995, and it is also the title of a BBC book by Allan Little and Laura Silber that accompanies the series. It covers the collapse of Yugoslavia, the subsequent wars and the signing of the final peace accords. It uses a combination of archived footage interspersed with interviews with most of the main players in the conflict, including Slobodan Milošević, Radovan Karadžić, Franjo Tuđman and Alija Izetbegović, as well as members of the International political community, who were active in the various peace initiatives.

The series was awarded a BAFTA award in 1996 for Best Factual Series. It also won the 1995 Peabody Award. Interviews for the series have been used by ICTY in war crimes prosecutions.All the papers relating to the documentary series, including the full transcripts of the interviews, are lodged at the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives at King's College, University of London.During the trial of Slobodan Milošević before the ICTY, Judge Bonomy referred to "the tendentious nature of much of the commentary".

Vasil Tupurkovski

Vasil Tupurkovski (Macedonian Cyrillic: Васил Тупурковски) (born 8 April 1951) is a Macedonian academic, politician and the current president of the Macedonian Olympic Committee.He was born in Skopje, SR Macedonia, Yugoslavia. After graduation, he worked as a professor of International law at the University of Skopje. He was the founder of the centrist political party Democratic Alternative (Demokratska alternativa) in March 1998. Between 1999 and 2000 he served as Deputy Prime Minister in the government under Ljubčo Georgievski. In April 2009, he was sentenced to three years in jail on charges of embezzlement and misuse of public funds. This decision was reversed on 9 December 2009 by the Appellate court.

Vidoje Žarković

Vidoje Žarković (10 June 1927 – 29 September 2000) was a chairman of the Executive Council (1967–69), president of the People's Assembly (1969–74), member of the federal Presidency (1979–1984), secretary of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Montenegro (1984), and president of the Presidium of the League of Communists of SFRY (1985–86).

Đorđe Stojšić (Serbian politician, born 1928)

Đorđe Stojšić (Serbian Cyrillic: Ђорђе Стојшић; 28 May 1928 – 7 August 2014) was a politician in Serbia and a prominent figure in the political life of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina.

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