Prefecture building of the Aveyron department, in Rodez
Coat of arms
Location of Aveyron in France
|• President of the General Council||Jean-Claude Luche (UMP)|
|• Total||8,735 km2 (3,373 sq mi)|
|• Density||32/km2 (83/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
Aveyron is the centre of a triangle formed by the cities of Toulouse, Clermont-Ferrand, and Montpellier. The department approximately follows the outline of the former province of Rouergue. It is the 5th largest department in metropolitan France in terms of area (8,735 km2 (3,373 sq mi)). Its prefecture is Rodez.
Aveyron is located in the south of the Massif Central. The highest point in the department is the summit of Le Signal de Mailhebiau at 1469m on the Plateau of Aubrac. The Aveyron department is divided into several natural regions such as the Grand Causses and Rougiers.
The Lac de Villefranche-de-Panat is used as a reservoir to provide drinking water supplies for the region.
The first known historical inhabitants of the region were the Rutenii tribe, but the area was inhabited previously to this, boasting many prehistoric ruins including over 1,000 Dolmens - more than any other department in France.
In 1817, a local prosecutor Antoine Bernardin Fualdès was assassinated. The sordid circumstances of his death, following which his body was found floating in the Aveyron River, led to the matter becoming publicised as a cause célèbre. Recent studies have indicated that he met his end at the initiative of a right wing royalist organisation known as the Chevaliers de la Foi (Knights of the Faith).
|The Arms of Aveyron are those of the province of Rouergue and are blazoned as follows:
In 2010, the department had 276,805 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the department since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Sources : Historical data of Aube department on the SPLAF website Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)
According to the general census of the population on 1 January 2008, 17.8% of available housing in the department were second homes.
This table shows the main towns of Aveyron including second homes and occasionally exceed 10% of total housing .
|Town||Municipal Population||Number of Residences||Secondary Residences||% Secondary Residences|
The President of the General Council is Jean-Claude Luche of the Union for a Popular Movement.
|•||Union for a Popular Movement||13|
|Left Radical Party||2|
|Aveyron's 1st constituency||Stéphane Mazars||La République En Marche!|
|Aveyron's 2nd constituency||Anne Blanc||La République En Marche!|
|Aveyron's 3rd constituency||Arnaud Viala||LR|
The regional sub-dialect spoken in Aveyron is a form of Languedoc Occitan called Rouergat. Faced with the risk of disappearance of the language several associations asked the State and political communities for an ambitious language policy. In Rouergat, Aveyron is written:
Aveyron contains a part of the Cévennes National Park. Well-known tourist attractions are the castle of Najac, a medieval ruin perched high on a hill, and the many beautiful old castles and monasteries such as Conques Abbey, Sylvanès Abbey, Bonneval Abbey and Loc-Dieu Abbey, located near Martiel in a region with many dolmens. The small city of Millau is the site of the world's tallest bridge, the Millau viaduct, opened by President Chirac in December 2004.
Activities include horseriding, fishing, swimming in the Lacs du Lévézou and hiking/camping. The inhabitants are also very good craftsmen, and Aveyron is full of various craft objects, handmade, that can be found locally. Examples include the couteau de Laguiole, the world famous Roquefort cheese, from the village of the same name and other local produce. Markets take place every Saturday on market places around the region.
Ten towns in Aveyron fall within the classification of a 1901 association Les Plus Beaux Villages de France:
The 1st constituency of the Aveyron is a French legislative constituency in the Aveyron département.Aveyron's 2nd constituency
The 2nd constituency of the Aveyron is a French legislative constituency in the Aveyron département.Aveyron's 3rd constituency
The 3rd constituency of the Aveyron is a French legislative constituency in the Aveyron département.Boussac, Aveyron
Boussac is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.Cabanès, Aveyron
Cabanès is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.Calmont, Aveyron
Calmont is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.Campagnac, Aveyron
Campagnac is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.Communes of the Aveyron department
The following is a list of the 285 communes of the Aveyron department of France.
(CAR) Communauté d'agglomération du Grand Rodez, created in 2000.Flavin, Aveyron
Flavin is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.Gabriac, Aveyron
Gabriac (Occitan: Gabriac) is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.La Couvertoirade
La Couvertoirade is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.Monteils, Aveyron
Monteils is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.Montlaur, Aveyron
Montlaur is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.Naussac, Aveyron
Naussac is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.Plaisance, Aveyron
Plaisance is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.Saint-Hippolyte, Aveyron
Saint-Hippolyte is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.Saint-Juéry, Aveyron
Saint-Juéry is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.Sonnac, Aveyron
Sonnac is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.Tournemire, Aveyron
Tournemire (Occitan: Tornamira) is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.
|Climate data for Millau|
|Record high °C (°F)||17.6
|Average high °C (°F)||6.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||3.2
|Average low °C (°F)||0.2
|Record low °C (°F)||−17.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||55.4
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||8.7||7.7||7.9||9.4||8.8||6.7||4.2||5.5||6.8||8.8||9.3||8.8||92.6|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||100||115||173||183||218||262||296||261||208||132||100||98||2,146|
|Source #1: Meteorological data for Millau - 715m altitude, from 1981 to 2010 January 2015|
|Source #2: Record temperatures for Millau since 1951 January 2015|