Australian Navy Cadets

The Australian Navy Cadets (ANC) is a voluntary youth organisation owned and sponsored by the Royal Australian Navy. Together with the Australian Air Force Cadets and Australian Army Cadets, it forms the Australian Defence Force Cadets. It hosts over 91 units.

Australian Navy Cadets
RAN cadets crest
Australian Navy Cadet Crest
Active1907 – present
CountryAustralia Australia
AllegianceHM Queen Elizabeth II
BranchNavy
TypeVolunteer Youth Organisation
Size92 Units, 2,200 Cadets
Part ofAustralian Defence Force Cadets
HeadquartersDirectorate ANC, Russell Offices, Canberra
Nickname(s)ANC
Motto(s)Integrity and Endeavour
MarchRoyal Australian Navy
Anniversaries1 July
Vessels OperatedCorsair, Envy, Various Powerboats, RHIB, Scruffy, Bosun's mate, Hobi Catamaran
Websitewww.navycadets.gov.au
Commanders
Director General ANCCommodore David Greaves
National Commander ANCCaptain Kerry Rayner
Director of Flotilla'sLong term vacant
Chief of StaffVacant
Notable
commanders
Sir David Martin
Insignia
Australian Navy Cadets Ensign (2001–present)
ASeaCadetsFlag
Naval Reserve Cadets Ensign (1972–2001)
Naval Ensign of the Australian Navy Cadets
Australian Sea Cadet Corps Ensign (1956–1972)
Ensign of the Sea Cadet Corps
Naval Ensign (1907–1956)
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom

History

The organisation was founded in the early 1900s and officially recognised under the Naval Defence Act in 1910. Prior to 1973, the organisation was known as the Australian Sea Cadet Corps, and was jointly administered by the Royal Australian Navy and the Navy League of Australia. After 1973, the Navy assumed full responsibility for the Corps, which was renamed the Naval Reserve Cadets. The Australian Government review, 'Cadets The Future' recommended a final name change to Australian Navy Cadets in 2000.[1]

Admiral of the Corps
Appointee From To
King George VI 1942 1952
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh 1952 1992
Prince Andrew, Duke of York 1992 Present

Below is a list of names held by both the Naval League and Defence run/sponsored programs including the original 'Church of England – Boys Naval Brigade' from 1901 to 1911:[2]

  • Boys Naval Brigades (Victoria) 1901–1911 (Run in conjunction with the Church of England)
  • Australian Naval Cadet Corps ANCC 1907–1950 (Defence)
  • Navy League Sea Cadet Corps NLSCC (1920–1950) (Navy League)
  • RANR Cadets 1950–1973 (Defence)
  • Australian Sea Cadet Corps ASCC (1950–1972) (Navy League)
  • (1973– Navy League and Defence cadets merged into one unit, the NRC)
  • Naval Reserve Cadets NRC (1972-31 March 2000) (Defence)
  • Australian Navy Cadets ANC (1 April 2000 – Present) (Defence)

Aims

ANC training is nautical in nature and includes waterborne activities, which can include navigation, communications, first aid, drill, maritime history, firearms proficiency, and adventurous training.[3] The ANC also aims to achieve the following with its training program:

  • develop an interest in the Navy and its tradition;
  • encourage cadets to continue military or community service;
  • give cadets a foundation of military knowledge and discipline;
  • provide the foundations of life skills;
  • promote teamwork and critical-thinking;
  • develop the qualities of leadership, self-discipline, self-reliance, and initiative; and
  • provide training that may later assist in achieving competencies required during Navy induction training.

Organisation

The 91 Training Ships (units) across Australia have a total membership around 400 staff and 2,200 cadets,[4] including several that have been formed in high schools. However, 2012 reporting suggested membership has fallen drastically to about 1,600. The ANC adheres to a rank structure similar to the Royal Australian Navy, with cadets having the opportunity to progress from the rank of cadet recruit to cadet midshipman. Each unit has a complement which lays out how many cadets the unit is allowed to carry and how many are allowed at each rank. Training camps and examinations are held for promotion in rank. The structure and organisation of the ANC is based on that of the Royal Australian Navy, but additionally features a large community-involvement component.

ANC ranks

Ranks of the Australian Navy Cadets are divided into staff ranks and cadets ranks. Volunteers do not become staff until appointed by the ANC.

Staff ranks

Officer of Cadets (OOC) Ranks
Insignia 2 SBLT WD SRI 3 LEUTANC WD SRI 4 LCDRANC WD SRI 5 CMDRANC WD SRI 6 CAPTANC WD SRI
Rank Sub Lieutenant ANC Lieutenant ANC Lieutenant Commander ANC Commander ANC Captain ANC
Abbreviation SBLT, ANC LEUT, ANC LCDR, ANC CMDR, ANC CAPT, ANC
Instructor of Cadets (IOC) Ranks
Insignia 2 CDTAB WD SRI 3 CDTLS WD SRI 1 POANC WD SRI 5 CDTCPO WD SRI 6 CDTWO WD SRI
Rank Provisional Instructor ANC Able Seaman ANC
(Inactive rank)
Leading Seaman ANC
(Inactive rank)
Petty Officer ANC Chief Petty Officer ANC Warrant Officer ANC
(Inactive rank)
Abbreviation PIANC ABANC LSANC POANC CPOANC WOANC

Example of Use (officer); LCDR Joe Blogg, ANC
Example of Use (Instructor); POANC Joe Blogg

Cadet Ranks

Insignia Rankslide - Blank 1 CDT WD SRI 2 CDTAB WD SRI 3 CDTLS WD SRI 1 POANC WD SRI 5 CDTCPO WD SRI 6 CDTWO WD SRI 8 CDTMIDN WD SRI
Rank Cadet Recruit Cadet Seaman Cadet Able Seaman Cadet Leading Seaman Cadet Petty Officer Cadet Chief Petty Officer Cadet Warrant Officer

(inactive rank)

Midshipman ANC

(inactive rank)

Abbreviation CDTRCT CDTSMN CDTAB CDTLS CDTPO CDTCPO CDTWO MIDN, ANC

Example of Use; CDTPO Joe Bloggs

Volunteers

  • Unit Support Volunteer – USV

Example of Use; USV Joe Bloggs

National commanders and directors general

The basic naval reserve cadet (NRC) command structure prior to 2001 was:

Director of Naval Reserves and Cadets (DNRC) was a RANR Officer in Canberra who had overall authority of the Naval Reserve Cadets. Each state had a Senior Officer Naval Reserve Cadets (SONRC) who answered to the LNA or Local Naval Authority usually the Commanding Officer (CO) of the establishment on which the NRCHQ of that state resided. A Cadet Liaison Officer (CLO), usually a RANR Officer, was situated in HMAS Cairns, HMAS Moreton, HMAS Watson, HMAS Lonsdale, HMAS Encounter, HMAS Huon and HMAS Leeuwin (all shore bases at the time). The CLO had responsibility for the liaising between the NRC and RAN in their state. There was no national HQ or national staff until the ANC was established in 2001.

Rank Name Post-nominals Branch Tenure
Director NRC
Captain David Martin RAN 1973–1974
Commander Allan Vidler NRC
Commander Christine Reinks NRC
National Commander ANC
Captain Gavin Reeves ANC 2000 – 25 February 2007
Commander John Goss AM RANR 25 February 2007 – 13 August 2008 (Acting)
Captain Eliot Fisher ESM ANC 13 August 2008 – 13 August 2011
Captain John Gill ANC 13 August 2011 – 30 June 2014
Captain Eliot Fisher ESM, OAM ANC 13 August 2014 – 1 January 2017
Captain Kerry Rayner OAM ANC 1 January 2017

Prior to 2001 the ANC did not have the title or position 'Director General ANC', instead the overall Commander's position was called 'Director of Reserves Navy' which was a RANRANR position.

Rank Name Post-Nominals Branch Tenure
Director General ANC
Commodore Nigel Coates AM RAN 2005–2007
Commodore Karel de Laat CSC, RFD RANR 2007-2007
Commodore Michael Smith AM RANR 2007–?
Commodore Geoff Geraghty AM RANR ? – 1 February 2014
Director General Australian Navy Cadets and Reserves
Commodore Geoff Geraghty AM RANR 2 February 2014 – 30 November 2014
Commodore Bruce Kafer AM, CSC RANR 1 December 2014 – 9 March 2017
Commodore Mark Hill CSC RANR 10 March 2017 – May 2019
Commodore David Greaves RANR May 2019 – present

Uniforms/Awards

The uniforms of the Australian Navy Cadets are based on that of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), with only a few differences such as the shoulder flashes of the ANC reading "AUSTRALIAN NAVY CADETS" as opposed to the RAN's "AUSTRALIA" flashes.

Award Staff Cadet Years Service Notes
Personal Efficiency Badge All Ranks All Ranks (except RCT) completion of set qualification criteria
personal readiness with 12 month renewal
Staff (Silver Badges with Gold Wheel)
Cadet (Silver Badge with Silver Wheel)
Long Service & Good Conduct Stripe POANC All Ranks (except WO & MIDN) Staff
(1 for every 4 years of Service)
(1 for 4 years service as a cadet)
(1 for every 4 years service in the RAN or RANR)
(maximum of 3 stripes)
Cadet
(1 stripe for every year of service)
(maximum of 3 stripes)
5 Year Service Certificate All Ranks N/A completion of 5 years service
10 Year Service Certificate All Ranks N/A completion of 10 years service
Australian Cadet Forces Service Medal All Ranks N/A For 15 Years Long Service A bar is awarded for every five years thereafter.
National Commander ANC Commendation All Ranks N/A for meritorious service In Gold, Silver and Bronze.
Director General ANC Commendation All Ranks N/A for extraordinary meritorious service In Gold, Silver and Bronze.
Conspicuous Service Medal (CSM) All Ranks N/A The medal recognises commendable achievement or commitment to duty in a non-combative context. It is awarded to members of the Australian Defence Force and certain other people for example, Defence Force chaplains.
Conspicuous Service Cross (CSC) All Ranks N/A The cross recognises exceptional dedication to duty or outstanding achievement in skills or judgement in a non-combative context. It is awarded to members of the Australian Defence Force and certain other people such as members of philanthropic organisations.

Activities and Training

KP Nov 11 2012 gnangarra-1
Australian Navy Cadets marching during Remembrance Day ceremony Kings Park, Western Australia, 11 November 2012.

Courses and Skills

Cadets learn teamwork and leadership skills, and put these into practice at regular weekly parades. Cadets also have the opportunity to attend training camps for the purpose of promotion in rank, standard training, or to gain additional qualifications.

TS Hobart, a dedicated band unit, also offers musical activities as well as the normal cadet curriculum.

ANC and RAN Twinning Program

All ANC units can participate in sea rides on Royal Australian Navy ships, an initiative to provide a link between ANC units and RAN ships.[5]

In January of 2019, 30 cadets from NSW experienced a sea ride aboard the MV Sycamore for 6 days, in which they became familiar with life onboard. They experienced the different sections of the ship, from getting hands-on doing scullery in the galley to coiling lines with the bosuns to visiting engineering and getting a tour of the engine room . They all experienced standing 1-2 two hour watches per day, with each cadet having the opportunity to do lookout duty and take the helm of the vessel, learning hands-on how to control a ship.

International Exchanges

As the ANC is part of the International Sea Cadet Association, the opportunity is present for members to go on exchange programs with overseas cadet groups.

ANC and Young Endeavour Youth Scheme

The ANC/Young Endeavour Voyage Scheme is a sailing program for Australian Navy Cadets aged 16 and over, focused on building leadership, teamwork and communication skills through sail training. This scheme is being sponsored by the RAN and extends to 24 Australian Navy Cadets and three ANC staff members the chance to participate in two dedicated voyages on STS Young Endeavour. Sponsorship covers all voyage fees, airfares and accommodation. Nominations are sought from cadets over the age of 16 years and placement is offered to the top 24 cadets who can demonstrate outstanding personal and leadership qualities and who have made a valuable contribution to their local community during the past 12 months.

Over the course of the voyage, 24 Navy Cadets and three ANC staff members learn aspects of sailing a 44-metre, square rigged tall ship on the open sea including climbing the two 30 metre masts, setting sails, navigating, keeping watch, taking the helm and helping in the galley. ANC crew are trained by a professional Royal Australian Navy crew who are there to ensure the highest standards of safety and care.

The YEYS staff lead and run the Ship's usual training, games/sport and activity programs, with all ANC staff and cadets coming under the direction and supervision of the Ship's crew. This is not a military program. ANC staff do not have a leadership role while embarked in STS Young Endeavour and fully participate in the ship's youth development program on an equal footing with the cadets whom they would usually lead. The focus of the voyage is on self-development, the atmosphere is informal and all ship's company and youth crew are addressed on a first name basis.

Specialisations

When Cadets complete their basic training, and reach the required rank, they have the opportunity to go and do a specialisation course. Having a specialisation is not necessary to get promoted, but some flotilla's will require Able Seamen to do a Leadership And Management course before they can be promoted. Cadets are allowed to have more than one specialisation or category but each cadet will have a primary specialisation. Specialist courses are run on ACTs (as well as GT) which usually happen once a year. The awarding of categories mirrors that of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) even though sailors in the RAN can only gain one rate at any one time. The specialisations are available to cadets from any rank.

The specialisations available in the Australian Navy Cadets are:

  • Seamanship Development Course (SMNS)
  • Marine Technician (MT)
  • Ceremonial and weapons safety (CWS)
  • Cook (CK)
  • Communications (COM)
  • Musician (MUSN)
  • Stores (STR)
  • Hydrographic Surveyor (HS)

Promotional Specialisations:

  • Leadership and Management (L&M, required to become a Leading Seaman)
  • Seamanship Development Course (not required to become a Seaman)
  • General Training Instructor/Petty Officer Qualifications (PO Quals, required to become a Petty Officer)
  • Whole Ships Coordinator/Chief Petty Officer Qualifications (Chief Quals, required to become a Chief Petty Officer)

Former specialisations:

  • Physical Training Instructor (PTI)
  • Cadet Safety Representative (CSR)
  • Naval Airman (NA)
  • Writer (WTR)

Cadets can also attend an advanced course on most of the above specialisations.

Cuff Rates:

CSA (Cadet Special Award) are completed at cadets, camps and ACT (Annual Continuous Training). Cuff rates is a badge you get after completing the course and it is worn on ceremonial uniforms, with a maximum of three to be worn. Cuff rate include:

  • Sailing
  • Power boating
  • Canoeing
  • Pulling
  • Sailboarding
  • Drum Corp
  • Bugle Corp
  • Duke of Edinburgh Award
  • Adventurous Training
  • Diving
  • Weapons Safety
  • Marksmanship
  • Parachutist
  • First Aid
  • Solo Flight

the Adventurous Training Award is run by the Australian Army Cadets and is worn above the readiness badge.

Weekend Postings

Cadets also have the opportunity to attend Weekend Postings (WEP's), which occur over a period of Friday night to Sunday afternoon. WEP's are opportunities to get extra time to get activities done, and can be useful to run shortened versions of some ACT courses, some of which require to be conducted over two or more WEP's. However, they are most frequently used as opportunities to get on the water in the ANC's watercraft, and can take the form of sailing, powerboating, paddbleboarding/canoeing/kayaking.

WEP's are normally conducted with multiple units, with one unit hosting and the others travelling to that unit. Usually, one senior cadet from the host unit is chosen to be the Whole Ships Coordinator (WSC) and they will coordinate the staff and cadets of other units, and are often involved in the planning and preparation stages of the WEP. However, a senior cadet from another unit may sometimes be the WSC, normally if the host unit is lacking senior cadets.

Membership

US Navy 110707-N-CQ687-002 Sea Cadets from Australia and the United Kingdom operate a console of the rigid-hull inflatable boat
Australian Navy Cadet and a Royal Canadian Sea Cadet Petty Officer First Class during an international training activity

All cadets and staff in the ANC are workers of the ADF (Australian Defence Force) in accordance to the workplace health and safety act classifying them as workers but are not required to undertake military service.[6]

Cadet

The age period of membership as a cadet is twelve and a half, turning thirteen on the year of entry, to the day before turning eighteen. After turning eighteen years of age, it is no longer possible to be a member of the ANC as a cadet. [7] There is no specific recruitment time.

At many units, however, a trial period of four weeks is employed. During this trial period, a cadet is either not issued uniforms, or issued old working rig. They are free to leave at any point of the day but cannot participate in trans-unit activities such as WEP's or ACT's. At the end of this period they are officially appointed as cadets and are issued their correct uniforms.

Staff

All cadet units are staffed by paid officers and instructors (on a training allowance scheme), although some units may also have volunteer instructors. Adult staff involved in the organisation come from a variety of backgrounds and professions including:

  • Teachers
  • Members of community organisations
  • Ex-cadets
  • Parents and community members
  • Ex-servicemen and women
  • Occupational health and safety consultants
  • Specialist personnel such as HR, change or occupational health and safety managers, administrators or finance officers
  • People who provide support on a continuing or as required basis[8]

Some Cadet Staff are appointed for their professional expertise in instruction or administration. Cadets may apply to become Staff after 1 year after aging out.

The current National Command Authority are;

  • Commodore David Greaves, RANR – Director General ANCR
  • Captain Kerry Rayner, OAM, ANC – National Commander
  • Commander -vacant, ANC – Director of Flotillas[9]
  • Commander Lisa Foley, ANC – Director Training
  • Commander Martin Blume, ANC -Deputy Director Information Systems[10]
  • Commander Jared O'Connor, ANC – Director People and Culture.[11]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ History – Australian Navy Cadets (ANC Official Website) [1].
  2. ^ Navy League of Australia – History of the ANC
  3. ^ ABR5128 (AL2) Chapter 16
  4. ^ Official ANC Website Australian Navy Cadets – ANC. Retrieved 8 March 2008. Archived 23 October 2004 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Navy and cadets to bond through twinning initiative" (PDF). Sea Talk. Royal Australian Navy. Summer 2006. p. 29. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2011. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
  6. ^ ABR5128 (AL2) – Chapter 7
  7. ^ How to Join – Australian Navy Cadets How to Join – Australian Navy Cadets. Retrieved 27 October 2008. Archived 16 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Australian Navy Cadets – Staff FAQs [2]. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
  9. ^ ANC today Mar.2019
  10. ^ ANC Today Mar.2019
  11. ^ ANC Today Mar.2019

References

  • ABR 5128 (AL2) — Policy and Operating Instructions Manual for the Australian Navy Cadets

External links

1907 in Australia

The following lists events that happened during 1907 in Australia.

See also: 1906 in Australia, other events of 1907, 1908 in Australia, Timeline of Australian history.

Australian Air Force Cadets

The Australian Air Force Cadets (AAFC), known as the Air Training Corps (AIRTC) until 2001, is a Federal Government funded youth organisation. The parent force of the AAFC is the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). Along with the Australian Army Cadets (AAC) and the Australian Navy Cadets (ANC) it is part of the Australian Defence Force Cadets.

Australian Cadet Forces Service Medal

The Australian Cadet Forces Service Medal is awarded to recognise long and efficient service by officers and instructors in the Australian Defence Force Cadets. It is awarded for 15 years service. Additional clasps are issued for every 5 years additional service.

The medal is the successor to the Cadet Forces Medal which is awarded by the United Kingdom and New Zealand and ceased to be awarded by Australia in 1974.

Recipients of the Australian Cadet Forces Service Medal do not earn an entitlement to use post-nominal letters.

Australian Commendations and Citations

Australian Commendations are awards of recognition which applies to all Defence personnel. The Scheme provides a means to formally recognise outstanding/exceptional achievement, or specific acts of bravery for which awards from within the Australian Honours System are not an appropriate medium of recognition. The circumstances attracting the award of a commendation may relate to an isolated instance or to a series of instances over a period of time.

Australian Defence Force Cadets

The Australian Defence Force Cadets (ADFC) (Known as the Australian Service Cadet Scheme until 2001) consists of three Australian Defence Force affiliated community-based, youth development organisations of approximately 22,000 cadets and 2,200 cadet staff in 464 units and squadrons across Australia. Coordination of the Australian Defence Force Cadets is via the ADF HQ unit called Reserve and Youth Division, with Commander ADF Cadets - directly accountable to VCDF. The ADFC is funded by the Australian Government through the Department of Defence, in partnership with the community.

The Australian Defence Force Cadets have been a large part of the Australian community since the 19th century. After the cadets were re-raised in 1976 the three cadet services were grouped together as the Australian Services Cadet Scheme, beforehand the three organisations were run under the directions of single service policy, in 2001 the name was changed to the Australian Defence Force Cadets as recommended by a review. While the Australian Defence Force Cadets is sponsored by ADF (Australian Defence Force) and runs under a similar rank structure, uniform and training activities, the ADFC is not an official branch of the Defence Force and runs in accordance with the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict which Australia has signed.

Cadet units are referred to differently depending on the parent service. Air Force Cadet units are referred to as Squadrons, Navy Cadet units are referred to as Training Ships and Army Cadet units are referred to as Army Cadet Units. The ADFC encompasses three organizations:

Australian Navy Cadets (ANC)

Australian Army Cadets (AAC)

Australian Air Force Cadets (AAFC)

Bruce Kafer

Rear Admiral Bruce Kafer, (born 1959) is a senior Royal Australian Navy officer and former Commandant of the Australian Defence Force Academy, a position he held from December 2009 until December 2013. Kafer served as the Director-General of the Australian Navy Cadets and Reserves from December 2014 to December 2016, when he was appointed Head of the Cadet, Reserve and Employer Support Division.

Corsair (dinghy)

The Corsair is a class of sixteen foot, three handed sailing dinghy. The boat was designed by Australian designer Alan Payne who is famous for designing Sir Frank Packer's America's Cup challenge yachts Gretel and Gretel II.

Envy (dinghy)

The Envy is a 4.3 m (14 ft) fibreglass sailing dinghy that is sailed in Australia. It is often used as a training boat due to its simplicity but also has the option of a symmetrical spinnaker.The Envy is operated by the Australian Navy Cadets.

HMAS HDML 1321

HMAS HDML 1321, also known as Rushcutter was a 58-ton Harbour Defence Motor Launch of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Built by Purdon & Featherstone, Battery Point, Hobart, Tasmania and commissioned into the RAN on 11 November 1943, being the first Australian-built HDML to be commissioned and the last HDML in RAN service. She was assigned to Z Special Unit and delivered commandos for the 1945 ill-fated raid on Muschu Island. She was later reclassified as a Seaward Defence Boat and put into reserve after the war. She was recommissioned as HMAS Rushcutter (ML 1321) in 1953 and used as an unarmed training vessel for the Royal Australian Naval Reserve and Australian Navy Cadets until 1970. Paid off in August 1971, she was converted to pleasure craft MV Rushcutter and is now based in Darwin.

Rushcutter was moved from its mooring in Cossack Creek to the Small Boat Anchorage between Stokes Hill Wharf and the East Arm Wharf in 2016 while it was being offered for sale. It sank there on 19 October 2016. The hull, without any significant deck or hull structures, was raised and landed in July 2018; the wreck was bought by the conservation group from the owner, Ms Geddes, for a nominal AU$2. In mid July 2018, it was refloated by using buoyancy assistance and pumps, then removed from the water for further preservation.

HMAS Shoalhaven (K535)

HMAS Shoalhaven (K535/M535/F535), named for the Shoalhaven River in New South Wales, was a River-class frigate laid down by Walkers Limited at Maryborough, Queensland, on 18 December 1943, launched on 14 December 1944 by Senator Dorothy Tangney and commissioned at Urangan Pier in Hervey Bay in Queensland on 2 May 1946.

The ship operated during the Korean War, and received the battle honour "Korea 1950".HMAS Shoalhaven paid off to reserve on 19 December 1955, and was sold to H. C. Sleigh and Company, acting on behalf of Mitsubishi Australia Propriety Limited, in January 1962.

International Sea Cadet Association

The International Sea Cadet Association, referred to as "the ISCA", is a voluntary association of independent Sea Cadet Corps or corresponding organizations, committed to common concepts and goals, and wishing to share ideas and information, and, to the best of their ability, to engage in cadet exchanges and to provide mutual support in order to promote the benefits of Sea Cadet training worldwide.

List of Australian flags

This is a list of flags of different designs that have been used in Australia.

Naval Cadet Corps (Russia)

The Naval Cadet Corps (Russian: Морской кадетский корпус), occasionally translated as the Marine Cadet Corps or the Sea Cadet Corps, is an educational establishment for educating Naval officers for commissioning in the Russian Navy in Saint Petersburg.

It is the oldest existing institution of higher learning in Russia.

Navy League of Australia

The Navy League of Australia is an Australian organisation and advocacy group dedicated to creating interest in maritime and naval matters, particularly those relating to the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) and the Australian Merchant Navy.

The Navy League of Australia was established in November 1900 as the Australian branch of the United Kingdom Navy League. State-level sub-branches were combined under a federal body in 1939, and in 1950, the Navy League of Australia began to operate independently of its British parent.The organisation's main aims are to promote the ideas of a strong navy and merchant navy to Australian people, politicians, and the media, support organisations and industries that work towards improving and maintaining the maritime and defence industries, and promoting an interest in maritime matters that align with Liberal Party Australia policies. In 1920, the New South Wales branch of the Navy League established a cadet-training organisation, the Navy League Sea Cadet Corps. This operated until 1950, when the Australian Sea Cadet Corps was formed, operated by the Navy League with support from the Royal Australian Navy. In 1973 the Australian Sea Cadet Corps was merged with the RANR Cadets operated by the RAN Reserve to form the Naval Reserve Cadets (NRC). In 2000 the NRC was renamed as the Australian Navy Cadets (ANC), and although operated by the RAN, the Navy League continues to support and assist the ANC.A quarterly journal titled The Navy has been published by the Navy League of Australia since 1938, with a predecessor publication published between 1920 and 1932.

Nigel Coates (admiral)

Rear Admiral Nigel Stephen Coates, (8 March 1959 – 2 June 2010) was a senior officer in the Royal Australian Navy.

Royal Australian Naval Reserve

The Royal Australian Naval Reserve (RANR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Australian Navy in Australia.

The current Royal Australian Naval Reserve was formed in June 1973 by merging the former RANR (Seagoing) and the Royal Australian Naval Volunteer Reserve.

Sea Cadets

Sea Cadets are members of a Sea Cadet Corps, a formal uniformed youth organisation for young people with an interest in water borne activities and or the national Navy. The organisation may be sponsored in whole or in part by the Navy, Navy League or Naval supporter's organisation. In the United Kingdom, Sea Cadets are governed by the parent charity MSSC (Marine Society & Sea Cadets) and receives just over half of its funding from the Ministry of Defence. The Royal Navy is its principal supporter, but it is not a pre-service organisation and works in partnerships with the broader maritime community as well. The various organisations are listed in alphabetical order of their nation.

Sea Cadet organisations exist in most of the maritime nations of the world.

A Sea Cadet Corps or corresponding organisation is a voluntary, non-political and non-militant youth organisation, with membership unrestricted by race, sex or philosophical or religious convictions, which offers practical and theoretical training in nautical and maritime subjects within the context based on naval traditions.

Sea Scouts are part of the Scout Movement, and an entirely different style of organisation. They should not be confused with cadets as they have different aims and objectives from a cadet organisation.

Spectacle Island (Port Jackson)

Spectacle Island is an island in the Parramatta River and Sydney Harbour, in Sydney, Australia. It lies in the main channel of the western section of the harbour, upstream of the Harbour Bridge, adjacent to the Sydney suburb of Drummoyne.

The island is historically significant as it is the oldest naval explosives manufacturing and storage complex in Australia (from 1865). Originally built to store government gunpowder, the complex was converted to store naval munitions in 1893, for which purpose it hosts storesheds, jetties and an internal railway system. The island has been significantly increased in size by the use of waste from the nearby Balmain Colliery.

Today, the island is a depository of heritage items of the Royal Australian Navy, and also is the home of Training Ship Sydney, a unit of the Australian Navy Cadets.

Spectacle Island was added to the Commonwealth National Heritage List in June 2004.

Thomas Hiley

Sir Thomas Alfred Hiley, (25 November 1905 – 6 November 1990) was Treasurer of the Australian state of Queensland from 1957 to 1965.

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