Australian National University

The Australian National University (ANU) is a national research university located in Canberra, the capital of Australia. Its main campus in Acton encompasses seven teaching and research colleges, in addition to several national academies and institutes.[2]

Founded in 1946, it is the only university to have been created by the Parliament of Australia. Originally a postgraduate research university, ANU commenced undergraduate teaching in 1960 when it integrated the Canberra University College, which had been established in 1929 as a campus of the University of Melbourne.[3] ANU enrolls 10,052 undergraduate and 10,840 postgraduate students and employs 3,753 staff.[4] The university's endowment stood at A$1.13 billion in 2012.[1]

ANU is regarded as one of the world's leading research universities. It is ranked 1st in Australia and the whole of Oceania, 24th in the world by the 2019 QS World University Rankings,[5] and 49th in the world (second in Australia) by the 2019 Times Higher Education.[6] ANU was named the world's 7th (first in Australia) most international university in a 2017 study by Times Higher Education.[7] In the 2017 Times Higher Education Global Employability University Ranking, an annual ranking of university graduates' employability, ANU was ranked 21st in the world (first in Australia).[8] ANU is ranked 100th (first in Australia) in the CWTS Leiden ranking.[9][10] The university is particularly well known for its programmes in the arts and social sciences, and ranks among the best in the world for a number of disciplines including politics and international relations, social policy, and geography.[11]

ANU counts six Nobel laureates and 49 Rhodes scholars[12] among its faculty and alumni.[13] The university has educated two prime ministers, 30 current Australian ambassadors and more than a dozen current heads of government departments of Australia. The latest releases of ANU's scholarly publications are held through ANU Press online.[14]

The Australian National University
Australian National University coat of arms
Motto
Naturam Primum Cognoscere Rerum
Motto in English
"First to learn the nature of things"
TypePublic, National
Established1946
EndowmentA$1.13 billion[1]
ChancellorGareth Evans AC
Vice-ChancellorBrian Schmidt AC
Administrative staff
3,753
Students20,892
Undergraduates10,052
Postgraduates10,840
Location, ,
Australia
AffiliationsIARU, Group of Eight, APRU, AURA, ASAIHL
Websiteanu.edu.au
Australian National University (emblem)

History

Post-war origins

Calls for the establishment of a national university in Australia began as early as 1900.[15] After the location of the nation's capital, Canberra, was determined in 1908, land was set aside for the university at the foot of Black Mountain in the city designs by Walter Burley Griffin.[15] Planning for the university was disrupted by World War II but resumed with the creation of the Department of Post-War Reconstruction in 1942, ultimately leading to the passage of the Australian National University Act 1946 by the Chifley Government on 1 August 1946.[15]

Homopolar anu-MJC
Remains of the ANU homopolar generator designed by Mark Oliphant

A group of eminent Australian scholars returned from overseas to join the university, including Sir Howard Florey (co-developer of medicinal penicillin), Sir Mark Oliphant (a nuclear physicist who worked on the Manhattan Project), Sir Keith Hancock (the Chichele Professor of Economic History at Oxford) and Sir Raymond Firth (a professor of anthropology at LSE).[15] Economist Sir Douglas Copland was appointed as ANU's first Vice-Chancellor and former Prime Minister Stanley Bruce served as the first Chancellor.[16] ANU was originally organised into four centres—the Research Schools of Physical Sciences, Social Sciences and Pacific Studies and the John Curtin School of Medical Research.[15]

The first residents' hall, University House, was opened in 1954 for faculty members and postgraduate students.[3] Mount Stromlo Observatory, established by the federal government in 1924, became part of ANU in 1957.[3] The first locations of the ANU Library, the Menzies and Chifley buildings, opened in 1963.[3] The Australian Forestry School, located in Canberra since 1927, was amalgamated by ANU in 1965.[3]

Canberra University College

Canberra University College (CUC) was the first institution of higher education in the national capital, having been established in 1929 and enrolling its first undergraduate pupils in 1930.[15][17] Its founding was led by Sir Robert Garran, one of the drafters of the Australian Constitution and the first Solicitor-General of Australia.[18] CUC was affiliated with the University of Melbourne and its degrees were granted by that university.[15] Academic leaders at CUC included historian Manning Clark, political scientist Finlay Crisp, poet A. D. Hope and economist Heinz Arndt.[18]

In 1960, CUC was integrated into ANU as the School of General Studies, initially with faculties in arts, economics, law and science.[3] Faculties in Oriental studies and engineering were introduced later.[3] Bruce Hall, the first residential college for undergraduates, opened in 1961.[3]

ANU School of Art
ANU School of Art located at the former Canberra High School building

Modern era

The Canberra School of Music and the Canberra School of Art combined in 1988 to form the Canberra Institute of the Arts, and amalgamated with the university as the ANU Institute of the Arts in 1992.[3][19][20]

ANU established its Medical School in 2002, after obtaining federal government approval in 2000.[21]

On 18 January 2003, the Canberra bushfires largely destroyed the Mount Stromlo Observatory.[22] ANU astronomers now conduct research from the Siding Spring Observatory, which contains 10 telescopes including the Anglo-Australian Telescope.[23]

In February 2013, financial entrepreneur and ANU graduate Graham Tuckwell made the largest university donation in Australian history by giving $50 million to fund an undergraduate scholarship program at ANU.[24]

ANU is well known for its history of student activism and, in recent years, its fossil fuel divestment campaign, which is one of the longest-running and most successful in the country.[25] The decision of the ANU Council to divest from two fossil fuel companies in 2014 was criticised by ministers in the Abbott government, but defended by Vice Chancellor Ian Young, who noted:

On divestment, it is clear we were in the right and played a truly national and international leadership role. [...] [W]e seem to have played a major role in a movement which now seems unstoppable.[26]

As of 2014 ANU still had investments in major fossil fuel companies.[27]

A survey conducted by the Australian Human Rights Commission in 2017 found that the ANU had the second highest incidence of sexual assault and sexual harassment.[28][29] 3.5 per cent of respondents from the ANU reported being sexually assaulted in 2016. Vice Chancellor Brian Schmidt apologised to victims of sexual assault and harassment.[30]

In recent years the ANU has come under pressure with funding and staff cuts in the School of Music in 2011-15[31] and in the School of Culture, History and Language in 2016.[32][33][34] However, there is a range of global (governmental) endowments available for Arts and Social Sciences, designated only for ANU.[35] Some courses are now delivered online.[36]

Today ANU has exchange agreements in place for its students with many of the world's leading universities most notably in the Asia-Pacific region, including the National University of Singapore, the University of Tokyo, the University of Hong Kong, Peking University, Tsinghua University and Seoul National University. In other regions, notable universities include the George Washington University, the University of California, the University of Texas, the University of Toronto in North America and Imperial College London, King's College London, Sciences Po, ETH Zürich, Bocconi University, the University of Copenhagen and Trinity College Dublin in Europe.[37]

Campus

The City of Canberra (6769020867)
Acton, Canberra
Di Riddell Student Centre March 2019
Di Riddell Student Centre opened 2019

The main campus of ANU extends across the Canberra suburb of Acton, which consists of 358 acres (1.45 km2) of mostly parkland with university buildings landscaped within.[38] ANU is roughly bisected by Sullivans Creek, part of the Murray–Darling basin, and is bordered by the native bushland of Black Mountain, Lake Burley Griffin, the suburb of Turner and the Canberra central business district. Many university sites are of historical significance dating from the establishment of the national capital, with over 40 buildings recognised by the Commonwealth Heritage List and several others on local lists.[39]

With over 10,000 trees on its campus,[40] ANU won an International Sustainable Campus Network Award in 2009[41] and was ranked the 2nd greenest university campus in Australia in 2011.[42]

Four of Australia's five learned societies are based at ANU—the Australian Academy of Science, the Australian Academy of the Humanities, the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia and the Australian Academy of Law. The Australian National Centre for the Public Awareness of Science and the National Film and Sound Archive are also located at ANU, while the National Museum of Australia and CSIRO are situated next to the campus.

ANU occupies additional locations including Mount Stromlo Observatory on the outskirts of Canberra, Siding Spring Observatory near Coonabarabran, a campus at Kioloa on the South Coast of New South Wales and a research unit in Darwin.[43]

Library

The library of ANU originated in 1948 with the appointment of the first librarian, Arthur McDonald.[3] The library holds over 2.5 million physical volumes[44] distributed across six branches—the Chifley, Menzies, Hancock, Art & Music, and Law Libraries and the external Print Repository.[45] Chifley library is accessible for ANU staff and students 24 hours a day.[46]

Chifley library at anu

Chifley Library

Menzies Library April 2018

Menzies Library

Hancock Library in July 2016

Hancock Library

ANU College of Law South Wing August 2013

Law Library contained within the ANU College of Law

Residential halls and colleges

Eight residential facilities are affiliated with ANU—Bruce Hall, Ursula Hall, Burgmann College, John XXIII College, Toad Hall, Burton & Garran Hall, Graduate House and Fenner Hall.[47] All are located on campus except Fenner Hall, which is located in the nearby suburb of Braddon. Students also reside in the privately run units adjoining the campus—Davey Lodge, Kinloch Lodge, Warrumbul Lodge and Lena Karmel Lodge. In 2010, the non-residential Griffin Hall was established for students living off-campus. Another off-campus student accommodation was launched by UniGardens Pty, University Gardens[48] located in Belconnen.

Kinloch Lodge January 2013

Kinloch Lodge

Lena Carmal Lodge June 2013.jpeg

Lena Karmel Lodge

Fenner Hall North Tower

Fenner Hall

UniLodge ANU - Davey Lodge in Civic

Davey Lodge

Academic structure

Colleges

ANU was reorganised in 2006 to create seven Colleges, each College leads both teaching and research.[3]

Arts and Social Sciences

ANU School of Music, LLewellyn Hall
Llewllyn Hall, ANU School of Music

The ANU College of Arts and Social Sciences is divided into the Research School of Social Sciences (RSSS) and the Research School of Humanities and the Arts (RSHA). Within RSSS there are schools dedicated to history, philosophy, sociology, political science and international relations, Middle Eastern studies and Latin American studies.[49] RSHA contains schools focusing on anthropology, archaeology, classics, art history, English literature, drama, film studies, gender studies, linguistics, European languages as well as an art and music school.[50] In 2017, ANU ranked 6th in the world for politics, 8th in the world for Social Policy and Administration and 11th in the world for development studies.[51] It is also home to the Australian Studies Institute, the ANU Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research and the ANU Centre for Social Research and Methods.

The College's School of Philosophy houses the ANU Centre for Consciousness and the ANU Centre for Philosophy of the Sciences, as well as the ANU Centre for Moral, Social and Political Theory (CMSPT), an organization whose purpose is to "become a world-leading forum for exposition and analysis of the evolution, structure, and implications of our moral, social and political life."[52][53][54][55] Its president is Nicholas Southwood and key people include Seth Lazar, Geoff Brennan, Bob Goodin, Frank Jackson, Philip Pettit and Michael Smith.

Southern wing of the JG Crawford Building August 2013
The Crawford School of Public Policy is based at the ANU

Asia and the Pacific

The ANU College of Asia and the Pacific (CAP) is a specialist centre of Asian and Pacific studies and languages, among the largest collections of experts in these fields of any university in the English-speaking world.[56] The College is home to three academic schools: the Crawford School of Public Policy, a research intensive public policy school; the School of Culture, History and Language, the nation's centre dedicated to investigating and learning with and about the people, languages, and lands of Asia and the Pacific; and Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs, Australia's foremost collection of expertise in the politics and international affairs of Asia and the Pacific.[57]

The Strategic and Defence Studies Centre is also a component of the College. Peter Drysdale is known for laying the intellectual foundation of APEC at CAP. The College also houses the Australian Centre on China in the World, the School of Regulation and Global Governance (RegNet) and the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP), Australia.[58] It also has dedicated regional institutes for China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, the Pacific, Southeast Asia and South Asia. The Crawford School of Public Policy houses the Asia Pacific Arndt-Cohen Department of Economics, the Asia Pacific Network for Environmental Governance (APNEG), the Australia-Japan Research Centre, The Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, the Centre for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament, the East Asian Bureau of Economic Research, the Tax and Transfer Policy Institute, the ANU National Security College and the East Asia Forum publication. The Crawford School of Public Policy also hosts offices and programs for the Australia and New Zealand School of Government (ANZSOG). Many high performing Year in Asia program students gain the opportunity to travel to an Asian country of their choosing to study for one year specializing in one Asian language.[59] The College also has affiliation with Indiana University's Pan Asia Institute.[60]

Business and Economics

ANU campus Big Dish Paraboloidal CSP prototype
Paraboloidal dish for concentrated solar power at ANU

The ANU College of Business and Economics comprises four Research Schools, which carries research and teaching in economics, finance, accounting, actuarial studies, statistics, marketing and management.[61] Dedicated research centres within these schools include the Social Policy Evaluation, Analysis and Research Centre, the Australian National Centre for Audit and Assurance Research, the ANU Centre for Economic History, the National Centre for Information Systems Research and the ANU Centre for Economic Policy Research. The college is professionally accredited with the Institute of Chartered Accountants Australia, CPA Australia, the Australian Computer Society, the Actuaries Institute Australia, the Institute of Public Accountants, the Association of International Accountants, the Chartered Financial Analyst Institute and the Statistical Scoiety of Australia Inc. [62] It also has membership of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).[63]

Engineering and Computer Science

The ANU College of Engineering and Computer Science is divided into two Research Schools, which study a range of engineering and computer science topics respectively. ANU is home to the National Computational Infrastructure National Facility and was a co-founder of NICTA, the chief information and communications technology research centre in Australia. Research groups in ANU College of Engineering and Computer Science include Algorithms and Data, Applied Signal Processing, Artificial Intelligence, Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems, Computer Systems, Computer Vision and Robotics, Data-Intensive Computing, Information and Human Centred Computing, Logic & Computation, Materials and Manufacturing, Semiconductor and Solar Cells, Software Intensive Systems Engineering, Solar Thermal Group, Systems and Control.[64] Disciplinary areas include theories, operations and cutting-edge research that will enhance user experience by integrating ever-evolving information technology methods in engineering applications,[65][66] with the emphasis on energy source.[67]

JCMSR
ANU John Curtin School of Medical Research
Peter Baume Building Oct 2012
The Peter Baume Building houses the ANU Research School of Psychology.

Law

The ANU College of Law covers legal research and teaching, with centres dedicated to commercial law, international law, public law and environmental law.[68] In addition to numerous research programs, the College offers the professional LL.B. and J.D. degrees. It is the 7th oldest[69] of Australia's 36 law schools and was ranked 2nd among Australian and 12th among world law schools by the 2018 QS Rankings.[70] Students are given the chance to spend three weeks in Geneva concerning the institutional practice of International Law.[71]

Medicine, Biology and Environment

The ANU College of Medicine, Biology and Environment encompasses the John Curtin School of Medical Research (JCSMR), the ANU Medical School, the Fenner School of Environment & Society and Research Schools of Biology, Psychology and Population Health.[72] JCSMR was established in 1948 as a result of the vision of Nobel laureate Howard Florey.[73] Three further Nobel Prizes have been won as a result of research at JCSMR—in 1963 by John Eccles and in 1996 by Peter Doherty and Rolf M. Zinkernagel.

Linnaeus Way, Canberra (131308881)
Linnaeus Way at ANU

Physical and Mathematical Sciences

The ANU College of Physical & Mathematical Sciences comprises the Research Schools of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Mathematical Sciences and Physics. Under the direction of Mark Oliphant, nuclear physics was one the university's most notable early research priorities, leading to the construction of a 500 megajoule homopolar generator and a 7.7 megaelectronvolts cyclotron in the 1950s.[74] These devices were to be used as part of a 10.6 gigaelectronvolt synchrotron particle accelerator that was never completed, however they remained in use for other research purposes.[74] ANU has been home to eight particle accelerators over the years and operates the 14UD and LINAS accelerators.[75] Brian Schmidt (astrophysicist at Mount Stromlo Observatory) received the 2011 Nobel Prize for Physics for his work on the accelerating expansion of the universe.

Academics

Governance

ANU is governed by a 15-member Council, whose members include the Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor.[76] Gareth Evans, a former Foreign Minister of Australia, has been ANU Chancellor since 2010 and Brian Schmidt, an astrophysicist and Nobel Laureate, has served as Vice-Chancellor since 1 January 2016.[77]

Finances

In its most recent disclosure at the end of 2012, ANU recorded an endowment of A$1.13 billion.[1]

Rankings

University rankings
Australian National University
QS World[78]24
THE-WUR World[79]48
ARWU World[80]69
USNWR World[81]80=
CWTS Leiden World[82]86
Australian rankings
QS National[78]1
THE-WUR National[83]2
ARWU National[84]3
USNWR National[85]5
CWTS Leiden National[82]1
ERA National[86]1

ANU was ranked 24th in the world (first in Australia) by the 2019 QS World University Rankings,[87] and 49th in the world (second in Australia) by the 2019 Times Higher Education.[88] ANU was named the world's seventh (first in Australia) most international university in a 2017 study by Times Higher Education.[7] In the 2015 Times Higher Education Global Employability University Ranking, an annual ranking of university graduates' employability, ANU was ranked 32nd in the world (first in Australia).[89] ANU was ranked 100th in the world (first in Australia) in the CWTS Leiden ranking.

In the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2017, ANU was ranked sixth in the world for politics, eighth in the world for social policy and administration, tenth in the world for arts and humanities, thirteenth in the world for archaeology and fourteenth in the world for history.[90]

Students entering ANU in 2013 had a median Australian Tertiary Admission Rank of 93,[91][92] the equal-highest among Australian universities.

Student life

Australian National University Students' Association (ANUSA) is the student's union of the Australian National University and represents undergraduate and ANU College students, while the Postgraduate and Research Students' Association (PARSA) represents postgraduates. The Australian National University Union manages catering and retail outlets and function amenities on behalf of all students.

Woroni

Woroni is the student newspaper of the Australian National University, first formed in 1947. Woroni is published fortnightly in full colour tabloid format, and features broad coverage of university and local news, opinion, features, arts and culture, sports, and leisure. Most of the newspaper since its beginnings have been digitised through the Australian Newspapers Digitalisation Program of the National Library of Australia. Woroni also features an online radio broadcast, Woroni Radio, as well as video production through Woroni TV.

Notable alumni and faculty

Notable past faculty include Mark Oliphant, Keith Hancock, Manning Clark, Derek Freeman, H. C. Coombs, Gareth Evans, John Crawford, Hedley Bull, Frank Fenner, C. P. Fitzgerald, Pierre Ryckmans, A. L. Basham, Bernhard Neumann, and former Indonesian Vice-President Boediono. Nobel Prizes have been awarded to former ANU Chancellor Howard Florey and faculty members John Eccles, John Harsanyi, Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Peter Doherty and Brian Schmidt.[13] Notable present scholars include Hilary Charlesworth, Ian McAllister, Hugh White, Warwick McKibbin, Keith Dowding, Amin Saikal and Jeremy Shearmur.

ANU alumni are often visible in government. Bob Hawke and Kevin Rudd, former Australian Prime Ministers, attended the university, as did senior politicians Annastacia Palaszczuk, Barry O'Farrell, Nick Minchin, Kim Beazley Sr, Peter Garrett, Craig Emerson, Stephen Conroy, Gary Gray, Warren Snowdon, Joe Ludwig and Catherine King and Michael Keenan. ANU has produced 30 current Australian Ambassadors, and more than a dozen current heads of Australian Public Service departments, including Prime Minister & Cabinet secretaries Michael Thawley and Martin Parkinson, Finance secretary Jane Halton, Education secretary Lisa Paul, Agriculture secretary Paul Grimes, Attorney-General's secretary Chris Moraitis, Environment secretary Gordon de Brouwer, Employment secretary Renee Leon, Social Services secretary Finn Pratt, Industry secretary Glenys Beauchamp, ASIS director-general Nick Warner and ACCC chairman Rod Sims. Graduates also include Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands Gordon Darcy Lilo, Foreign Minister of Mongolia Damdin Tsogtbaatar, former Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa, former Governor of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand Don Brash, former British Secretary of State for Health Patricia Hewitt and former U.S. Ambassador to Israel Martin Indyk.

Other notable alumni include High Court of Australia judges Stephen Gageler and Geoffrey Nettle, Chief Federal Magistrate John Pascoe, political journalist Stan Grant, human rights lawyer Jennifer Robinson, former Chief of Army David Morrison, Kellogg's CEO John Bryant, former Singapore Airlines CEO Cheong Choong Kong, Indiana University president Michael McRobbie, University of Melbourne Vice-Chancellors Alan Gilbert and Glyn Davis, mathematician John H. Coates, computer programmer Andrew Tridgell, public intellectual Clive Hamilton, psychologist and journalist Bettina Arndt, and economists John Deeble, Ross Garnaut, Peter Drysdale and John Quiggin.

Notable Honorary Doctorate recipients have included former Australian public officials Stanley Bruce, Robert Menzies, Richard Casey, Angus Houston, Brendan Nelson, Owen Dixon, Australian notable persons Sidney Nolan, Norman Gregg, Charles Bean, foreign dignitaries Harold Macmillan, Lee Kuan Yew, Aung San Suu Kyi, Sheikh Hasina, K. R. Narayanan, Nelson Mandela, Desmond Tutu, Saburo Okita and notable foreign scientists John Cockcroft, Jan Hendrik Oort and Alexander R. Todd.

Bob Hawke 1987 portrait crop

Bob Hawke, 23rd Prime Minister of Australia (1983-1991).

The Hon. Kevin Rudd

Kevin Rudd, 26th Prime Minister of Australia (2007-2010, 2013).

Annastacia Palaszczuk 2016

Annastacia Palaszczuk, current and 39th Premier of Queensland.

120718-A-AO884-034 Australian Army Chief Lt. Gen. David Morrison cropped

Lt. Gen. David Morrison, retired former Australian Chief of Army (2011-2015).

Don.Brash

Don Brash, New Zealand former Opposition Leader (2003-2006) and former Reserve Bank of New Zealand Governor (1988-2002).

H. C. Coombs

H.C. Coombs, first Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia.

Howard Walter Florey 1945

Howard Florey, Nobel Prize in Medicine Laureate (1945) for his role in developing penicillin.

Boediono official portrait.jpeg

Boediono, former Vice President of Indonesia (2009-2014).

Ian Chubb

Ian Chubb, former Chief Scientist of Australia (2011-2016).

Gareth Evans University of Melbourne

Gareth Evans, former Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs (1988-1996) and current ANU Chancellor.

Brian Schmidt

Brian Schmidt, Nobel Prize in Physics Laureate (2011) and current ANU Vice-Chancellor.

Affiliations

ANU is a member of the Group of Eight, Association of Pacific Rim Universities and the International Alliance of Research Universities.

ANU participates in the US Financial Direct Loan program.[93] The RG Menzies Scholarship to Harvard University is awarded annually to at least one talented Australian who has gained admission to a Harvard graduate school.[94] ANU and University of Melbourne are the only two Australian partner universities of Yale University's Fox Fellowship program.[95]

See also

References

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External links

Coordinates: 35°16′40″S 149°07′14″E / 35.2778°S 149.1205°E

1880 in Australia

The following lists events that happened during 1880 in Australia.

ANU Press

ANU Press (originally ANU E Press) is an open-access scholarly publisher of books, textbooks and journals. It was established in 2004 to explore and enable new modes of scholarly publishing. In 2014, ANU E Press changed its name to ANU Press to reflect the changes the publication industry had seen since its foundation.

Australian Dictionary of Biography

The Australian Dictionary of Biography (ADB or AuDB) is a national co-operative enterprise founded and maintained by the Australian National University (ANU) to produce authoritative biographical articles on eminent people in Australia's history. Initially published in a series of twelve hard-copy volumes between 1966 and 2005, the dictionary has been published online since 2006.

The ADB project has been operating since 1957. Staff are located at the National Centre of Biography in the History Department of the Research School of Social Sciences at the Australian National University. Since its inception, 4,000 authors have contributed to the ADB and its published volumes contain 9,800 scholarly articles on 12,000 individuals. 210 of these are of Indigenous Australians, which has been explained by Bill Stanner's "cult of forgetfulness" theory around the contributions of Indigenous Australians to Australian society.

Australian National University Classics Museum

The Australian National University Classics Museum is a small museum in Canberra. It was established at the Australian National University (ANU) in 1962 as a teaching aid to help students in the Canberra region learn about the ancient Greek and Roman worlds.

Australian National University Students' Association

Australian National University Students' Association is the student's union of the Australian National University. It is better known by its acronym, ANUSA. It exists to represent The Australian National University undergraduate students in the University's decision-making, to act as the voice for students in the national higher education policy debate, and to provide direct services to the student body.

It is not to be confused with ANU Union, a not-for-profit association that once managed retail operations in the former ANU Union Building.

Brian Schmidt

Brian Paul Schmidt (born 24 February 1967) is the Vice-Chancellor of the Australian National University (ANU). He was previously a Distinguished Professor, Australian Research Council Laureate Fellow and astrophysicist at the University's Mount Stromlo Observatory and Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics. He is known for his research in using supernovae as cosmological probes. He currently holds an Australia Research Council Federation Fellowship and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2012. Schmidt shared both the 2006 Shaw Prize in Astronomy and the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics with Saul Perlmutter and Adam Riess for providing evidence that the expansion of the universe is accelerating, making him the only Montana-born Nobel laureate.

Chris Corrigan

Chris Corrigan (born 1946) is an Australian businessman. He was the Managing Director of the Patrick Corporation until it was taken over in 2006.

Born in country New South Wales, he was educated at Bowral High School, the Australian National University and Harvard University. In the US he developed an interest in marketing and media and acquired new techniques in retail finance, including margin lending, which he introduced to Australia.

He joined stockbroker Ord Minnett as an analyst in 1968 and moved to BT Australia as investment manager in 1970. He was appointed managing director in 1979. Corrigan formed a partnership with Peter Scanlon, a former Elders Limited executive, in 1990 when he set up an investment and management services business that first became the Lang Corporation and later stevedore company Patrick Corporation.

Corrigan is best known for the 1998 Australian waterfront dispute, in which he attempted to sack the heavily unionised workforce and replace it with strikebreakers, eventually leading to reform and restructuring of dockyard labour practices. In the 2007 miniseries Bastard Boys about the dispute, Corrigan was played by Geoff Morrell.

In 2007, Corrigan became non-executive chairman of companies associated with KFM Diversified Infrastructure and Logistics Fund which became Qube Logistics. The companies have bought into joint ventures in some of the stevedoring, wharf and shipping operations acquired by DP World when it took over P&O Transport Australia.

Colin Groves

Colin Peter Groves (24 June 1942 – 30 November 2017) was Professor of Biological Anthropology at the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia.Born in England, Groves completed a Bachelor of Science at University College London in 1963, and a Doctor of Philosophy at the Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine in 1966. From 1966 to 1973, he was a Postdoctoral Researcher and Teaching Fellow at the University of California, Berkeley, Queen Elizabeth College and the University of Cambridge. He emigrated to Australia in 1973 and joined the Australian National University, where he was promoted to full Professor in 2000 and remained Emeritus Professor until his death.Professor Groves' research interests included human evolution, primates, mammalian taxonomy, skeletal analysis, biological anthropology, ethnobiology, cryptozoology, and biogeography. He conducted extensive fieldwork in Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, India, Iran, China, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Along with the Czech biologist Professor Vratislav Mazák, Groves was the describer of Homo ergaster. Groves also wrote Primate Taxonomy published by the Smithsonian Institution Press in 2001, and Ungulate Taxonomy, co-authored by Peter Grubb (2011, Johns Hopkins Press).

He was an active member of the Australian Skeptics and had many published skeptical papers, as well as research papers covering his other research interests. He also conducted regular debates with creationists and anti-evolutionists.

Colin Hughes

Colin Anfield Hughes (4 May 1930 – 30 June 2017) was a distinguished British-Australian academic specialising in electoral politics and government. He is currently Emeritus professor of political science at the University of Queensland, and was Chairman of the Queensland Constitutional Review Commission (1999-2000).

Hughes was born in The Bahamas, where his Welsh father, John Anfield Hughes, was a school administrator, and later district commissioner of several Bahamian islands. During World War II, he moved to the United States where he received his B.A. and M.A. degrees from Columbia University and his Ph.D from the London School of Economics. In 1966, along with John S. Western, Hughes published a study of Australia's first ever televised policy speech on 12 November 1963, by then prime minister Sir Robert Menzies. At this time, Hughes was a Fellow in Political Science at the Australian National University. At time of the 1966 publication, he was a Professor of Political Science and Western Senior Lecturer in Political Science at the University of Queensland.Their study comprised 250 voters who viewed the policy speech, examined the effect of this form of political communication, and traced its impact on the knowledge, attitudes, and opinions of this group. This was the first such detailed study undertaken in Australia, providing a testing of theories of cognitive equilibrium in relation to voting behaviour, and an examination of television's use in political communication.Hughes was the first Australian Electoral Commissioner at the Australian Electoral Commission from 1984–1989 (in 1984 the AEC replaced the Australian Electoral Office, which had existed since 1902).

David Horner

David Murray Horner, (born 12 March 1948) is an Australian military historian and academic.

List of Prime Ministers of Australia

Thirty people have served as Prime Minister of Australia since the office was created in 1901.The parties shown are those to which the prime ministers belonged at the time they held office, and the electoral divisions shown are those they represented while in office. Several prime ministers belonged to parties other than those given and represented other electorates before and after their time in office.

Malcolm Ross (linguist)

Malcolm David Ross (born 1942) is an emeritus professor of linguistics at the Australian National University. He has published work on Austronesian and Papuan languages, historical linguistics, and language contact (especially metatypy). He was elected as a Fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities in 1996.Ross served as the Principal of Goroka Teachers' College in Papua New Guinea from 1980 to 1982, during which time he grew interested in the local languages, and began to collect data on them. In 1986, he received his PhD from the ANU under the supervision of Stephen Wurm, Bert Voorhoeve and Darrell Tryon. His dissertation was on the genealogy of the Oceanic languages of western Melanesia, and contained an early reconstruction of Proto Oceanic. It also introduced the concept of a linkage, a group of languages that evolves via dialect differentiation rather than by tree-like splits.

Together with Andrew Pawley and Meredith Osmond, Ross has contributed to the Proto-Oceanic Lexicon Project, which has produced several volumes of reconstructed Proto-Oceanic vocabulary in various semantic domains.More recently, Ross has published on Formosan languages, Papuan languages and the reconstruction of Proto-Austronesian phonology and syntax.

Mark Alwin Clements

Mark Alwin Clements (b. 1949) is an Australian botanist and orchidologist. He obtained his doctorate at the Australian National University defending his thesis entitled Reproductive Biology in relation to phylogeny of the Orchidaceae, especially the tribe Diurideae.In 2008 he was a researcher at the Center for Research on Plant Biodiversity at the Australian National Botanic Gardens in Canberra. As of January 2012, it had identified and classified 1,992 new species.

Mount Stromlo Observatory

Mount Stromlo Observatory located just outside Canberra, Australia, is part of the Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics at the Australian National University (ANU).

Premier of Western Australia

The Premier of Western Australia is the head of the executive branch of government in the Australian state of Western Australia. The Premier has similar functions in Western Australia to those performed by the Prime Minister of Australia at the national level, subject to the different Constitutions.

The incumbent Premier of Western Australia is Mark McGowan who won the 2017 state election and was sworn in on 17 March 2017 by Governor Kerry Sanderson as the 30th Premier of Western Australia.

Prime Minister of Australia

The Prime Minister of Australia is the head of government of Australia. The individual who holds the office is the most senior Minister of State, the leader of the Federal Cabinet. The Prime Minister also has the responsibility of administering the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, and is the chair of the National Security Committee and the Council of Australian Governments. The office of Prime Minister is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia but exists through Westminster political convention. The individual who holds the office is commissioned by the Governor-General of Australia and at the Governor-General's pleasure subject to the Constitution of Australia and constitutional conventions.

Scott Morrison has held the office of Prime Minister since 24 August 2018. He received his commission after replacing Malcolm Turnbull as the leader of the Liberal Party, the largest party in the Coalition government, following the Liberal Party leadership spill earlier the same day.

Rafe de Crespigny

Richard Rafe Champion de Crespigny (born 1936), more widely known as Rafe de Crespigny, also known as Zhang Leifu (Chinese: 張磊夫), is an Australian sinologist and historian, currently an adjunct professor in the College of Asia and the Pacific at the Australian National University. He specialises in the history, geography, and literature of the Han dynasty and has been acknowledged internationally as a pioneer in the translation and historiography of material concerning the Han dynasty and the Three Kingdoms period.

Rolf M. Zinkernagel

Rolf Martin Zinkernagel (born January 6, 1944) is Professor of Experimental Immunology at the University of Zurich. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1996 for the discovery of how the immune system recognizes virus-infected cells.

Siding Spring Observatory

Siding Spring Observatory near Coonabarabran, New South Wales, Australia, part of the Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics (RSAA) at the Australian National University (ANU), incorporates the Anglo-Australian Telescope along with a collection of other telescopes owned by the Australian National University, the University of New South Wales, and other institutions. The observatory is situated 1,165 metres (3,822 ft) above sea level in the Warrumbungle National Park on Mount Woorat, also known as Siding Spring Mountain. Siding Spring Observatory is owned by the Australian National University (ANU) and is part of the Mount Stromlo and Siding Spring Observatories research school.

More than A$100 million worth of research equipment is located at the observatory. There are over 60 telescopes on site, though not all are operational.

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