The Australian Multicam Camouflage Uniform (AMCU) is the combat uniform camouflage pattern for the Australian Defence Force, general issued from 2014 onwards. The AMCU is replacing the previously used Disruptive Pattern Camouflage Uniform (DPCU) and Australian Multicam Pattern - Operational Combat Uniform (AMP-OCU) camouflage patterns.
|Australian Multicam Camouflage Uniform|
Australian Army soldier in Iraq in 2016
|Place of origin||Australia|
|In service||2014 - present|
|Used by||Australian Army|
Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Navy
|Designer||Defence Science and Technology Organisation|
|Manufacturer||Australian Defence Apparel|
In December 2009, the Special Operations Task Group (SOTG) serving in Afghanistan as part of Operation Slipper, after trialling the Multicam pattern uniform worn by United States and British special forces, recommended adopting the Crye Precision Combat Uniform (CPCU) as their operational uniform. The SOTG trial found the uniform provided better concealment in urban, desert and alpine Afghan terrains over the current issue Disrupted Pattern Desert Uniform (DPDU) and was superior in terms of functionality and ergonomics. In November 2010, the Minister for Defence Materiel announced that the CPCU would be issued to the Mentoring Task Force close-combatant elements to wear on patrols for a one year trial. An urgent order for uniforms was placed with the United States manufacturer Crye Precision.
The DPDU had been designed by the Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO) in 2001 for the Afghan terrain. The initial DPDU pattern was a three-colour design which was urgently developed in six weeks and was produced with three days to spare. The DPDU was found to be too light and was improved by subsequent five-colour second and third iterations of the colour palette. The Chief of the Army had earlier in May 2010 announced that there would be trial of a new uniform the Disruptive Pattern Mid-Point Uniform (DPMP).
In May 2011, the Defence Materiel Organisation (DMO) purchased a licence from Crye Precision to be able to manufacture uniforms in Australia for US$4.7 million and also paid US$3.1 million for development of an Australian version of the camouflage pattern the Australian Multicam Pattern (AMP). In 2012, an Australian produced uniform was issued the Australian Multicam Pattern - Operational Combat Uniform (AMP-OCU) based on Crye Precision's G3 uniform, made with a stronger fabric and unique Australian pattern which had been chosen from three test pattern designs. The uniform was produced by Pacific Brands WorkWear Group using camouflage fabric produced by Bruck Textiles.
In 2013, the AMCU designed by the DSTO for terrain types in Australia and the immediate region, was trialled in northern Australia in grasslands, jungle, desert and shrub lands terrains by Diggerworks (part of DMO) and performed as well as or better than the DPCU and the AMP-OCU. The AMCU colour palette uses six colours, five from the DPCU, and has an extra colour to enhance camouflage properties by day.
The AMCU is manufactured by Australian Defence Apparel (ADA) using camouflage fabric produced by Bruck Textiles and has two variants: a field uniform and a combat uniform. The AMCU had an initial release in October 2014 to the Army's 3rd Brigade which resulted in a number of minor amendments to the design with the final design roll out commencing in January 2016.
The introduction of the AMCU coincided with the introduction of the Solider Combat Ensemble (SCE), which is being procured in AMCU, and consists of five elements: Ballistic Laser Ocular Protection (BLOPS), Tiered Combat Helment (TCE), Combat Hearing Protection (CHP), Load Carriage Elements (LCE) and Protective Elements (PE).
A combat uniform, field uniform, or battledress, is a casual type of uniform used by military, police, fire and other public uniformed services for everyday fieldwork and combat duty purposes, as opposed to dress uniforms worn in functions and parades. It generally consists of a jacket, trousers and shirt or T-shirt, all cut more loose and comfortable than more formal uniforms. Design may depend on regiment or service branch, e.g. army, navy, air force, marines, etc. In the army branches, fabrics tend to come in camouflage, disruptive pattern or else green, brown or khaki monochrome, in order to approximate the background and make the soldier less visible in nature. In Western dress codes, field uniform is considered equivalent to civilian casual wear. As such, field uniform is considered less formal than service dress uniform, generally aimed at office or staff use, as well as mess dress uniform, and full dress uniform.
British Indian Army in the mid 19th century were the first to use drab cotton uniforms for battle; they were first worn by the Corps of Guides in 1848 where the colour of drab light-brown uniform was called khaki by Indian troops. The first purpose-made and widely issued contemporary military camouflage fabric was for half-shelters by the Italian Army after the First World War. Germany was the first to use such shelter fabric for uniforms for their paratroopers, and by the war's end both various German as well as the older Italian fabric was widely used for camouflage uniforms. Most nations developed camouflage uniforms during the Second World War, initially only to "elite" units and then gradually to all armed forces.Disruptive Pattern Camouflage Uniform
Disruptive Pattern Camouflage Uniform (DPCU), also nicknamed Auscam or jelly bean camo is a five-colour military camouflage pattern used by the Australian Defence Force. It was developed and tested during the late 1970s and early 1980s.
The DPCU is being phased out by the Australian Army in favor of the Australian Multicam Camouflage Uniform (AMCU), which uses an Australian-designed multi-camouflage pattern based on the US and British MultiCam.List of equipment of the Australian Army
This is a list of the equipment currently used by the Australian Army.List of military clothing camouflage patterns
This is a list of military clothing camouflage patterns used for battledress. Military camouflage is the use of camouflage by a military force to protect personnel and equipment from observation by enemy forces. Textile patterns for uniforms have multiple functions, including camouflage, identifying friend from foe, and esprit de corps.The list is organized by pattern; only patterned textiles are shown. It includes current and past issue patterns, with dates; users may include armed, paramilitary, police, firefighting, search and rescue, counter-insurgency/counter-terrorism and other security forces and emergency services.MultiCam
MultiCam is a camouflage pattern designed for use in a wide range of conditions produced by Crye Precision. Variants of it, some unlicensed, are in use with armed forces worldwide. The pattern is also available for civilian usage.Operational Camouflage Pattern
Operational Camouflage Pattern (OCP), originally codenamed Scorpion W2, is a military camouflage pattern adopted in the mid-2010s by the United States Army for use as the U.S. Army's main camouflage pattern on uniforms. This pattern is in the process of replacing the U.S. Army's previous Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP) as the official combat uniform pattern for most U.S. soldiers. The pattern also superseded the closely related MultiCam, a pattern previously used for troops deploying to Afghanistan. The United States Air Force is also replacing their Airman Battle Uniform with the uniform after positive feedback from airmen who wore the uniform while being deployed to Afghanistan with Army soldiers.
The original "Scorpion" pattern was developed by a joint venture of the Army's Natick Labs and Crye Precision as part of the Objective Force Warrior (OFW) program more than a decade prior. It was then modified into MultiCam by Crye for commercial sales. The OFW version was modified from the initial pattern by Natick Labs. In July 2014, the Army announced that OCP could be used in the field by the summer of 2015.
In early April 2015, Army Chief of Staff Ray Odierno revealed that OCP uniforms were beginning to be issued to deployed soldiers going to Afghanistan, Iraq, Europe, and the Horn of Africa. The OCP ACU became available for soldiers to purchase starting 1 July 2015.Uniforms of the Australian Army
The uniforms of the Australian Army have changed significantly over the past century, although the accoutrements worn over this period have remained relatively similar. The forces of the Australian colonies and the early forces of the Commonwealth post-Federation in 1901 closely followed the uniforms of the British Army. Since then it has continued to be influenced by British but also US styles, as well as including some distinctly Australian designs, reflecting local conditions and trends.